Unix time begins at 00:00:00 UTC.
First Quarter Storm begin in the Philippines.
January 5 – The 7.1 Mw Tonghai earthquake shakes Tonghai County, Yunnan province, China, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). Between 10,000–14,621 were killed and 26,783 were injured.
January 5 – The first episode of United States soap opera All My Children is broadcast on the ABC television network.
January 12 – Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian Civil War.
January 14 – Diana Ross and The Supremes perform their farewell live concert together at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas. Ross's replacement, Jean Terrell, is introduced onstage at the end of the last show.
January 15 – After a 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria, Biafran forces under Philip Effiong formally surrender to General Yakubu Gowon.
January 20 – The Greater London Council announces its plans for the Thames Barrier at Woolwich to prevent flooding (the barrier opens in 1981).
Five lifeboatmen are killed when a Fraserburgh, Scotland vessel, The Duchess of Kent, capsizes.
Pan American Airways offers the first commercially scheduled Boeing 747 service from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
January 23 – Joseph Fielding Smith becomes the 10th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
January 26 – Mick Jagger is fined £200 for possession of cannabis.
February 1 – The Benavidez rail disaster near Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 236.
February 10 – An avalanche at Val-d'Isère, France kills 41 tourists.
February 11 – Ōsumi, Japan's first satellite, is launched on a Lambda-4 rocket.
February 13 – Black Sabbath's eponymous debut album is released; often regarded as the first true heavy metal album.
February 14 – The iconic live album The Who: Live at Leeds is recorded.
MacDonald family massacre: Jeffrey R. MacDonald kills his wife and children at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, claiming that drugged-out "hippies" did it.
Author David Irving is ordered to pay £40,000 libel damages to Capt. John Broome over his book The Destruction of Convoy PQ17.
February 18 – A jury finds the Chicago Seven defendants not guilty of conspiring to incite a riot, in charges stemming from the violence at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Five of the defendants are found guilty on the lesser charge of crossing state lines to incite a riot.
February 19 – Poseidon bubble: shares in Australian nickel mining company Poseidon NL, which stood at $0.80 in September 1969, peak at around $280 before the speculative bubble bursts.
February 21 – Construction begins on the Boğaziçi Bridge crossing the Bosphorus in Istanbul.
February 22 – Guyana becomes a Republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
February 26 – Chevrolet releases the second generation Camaro.
March 1 – Rhodesia severs its last tie with the United Kingdom, declaring itself a republic.
March 5 – The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect, after ratification by 56 nations.
A bomb being constructed by members of the Weathermen and meant to be planted at a military dance in New Jersey, explodes, killing 3 members of the organization.
Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (32nd government).
Citroën introduces the SM at the Geneva Auto Salon.
A solar eclipse passes along the Atlantic coast region. Totality is visible across southern Mexico and across the southeast coast of the United States, Nantucket, and Nova Scotia.
March 12 – Teenagers in the United Kingdom vote for the first time, in a by-election in Bridgwater.
March 15 – The Expo '70 World's Fair opens in Suita, Osaka, Japan.
March 16 – The complete New English Bible is published.
March 17 – The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the My Lai Massacre.
General Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
United States Postal Service workers in New York City go on strike; the strike spreads to the state of California and the cities of Akron, Ohio, Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, and Denver; 210,000 out of 750,000 U.S. postal employees walk out. President Nixon assigns military units to New York City post offices. The strike lasts 2 weeks.
March 20 – The Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation (ACCT) (Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique) is founded.
The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.
"All Kinds of Everything", sung by Dana (music and text by Derry Lindsay and Jackie Smith), wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1970 for Ireland.
NASA's Explorer 1, the first American satellite and Explorer program spacecraft, reenters Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.
Japan Airlines Flight 351, carrying 131 passengers and 7 crew from Tokyo to Fukuoka, is hijacked by Japanese Red Army members. All passengers are eventually freed.
American President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, banning cigarette television advertisements in the United States from January 1, 1971.
American Motors Corporation introduces the Gremlin.
The 1970 United States Census begins. There are 203,392,031 United States residents on this day.
April 4 – Fragments of burnt human remains believed to be those of Adolf Hitler, Eva Braun, Joseph Goebbels, Magda Goebbels and the Goebbels children are crushed and scattered in the Biederitz river at a KGB center in Magdeburg, East Germany.
April 6 – BBC Radio 4 broadcasts the first edition of PM.
A huge gas explosion at a subway construction site in Osaka, Japan kills 79 and injures over 400.
Israeli Air Force F-4 Phantom II fighter bombers kill 47 Egyptian school children at an elementary school in what is known as Bahr el-Baqar massacre. The single-floor school is hit by 5 bombs and 2 air-to-ground missiles.
In a press release written in mock-interview style, that is included in promotional copies of his first solo album, Paul McCartney announces that he has left The Beatles.
An avalanche at a tuberculosis sanatorium in the French Alps kills 74, mostly young boys.
Apollo program: Apollo 13 (Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, Jack Swigert) is launched toward the Moon.
April 13 – An oxygen tank in the Apollo 13 spacecraft explodes, forcing the crew to abort the mission and return in 4 days.
Rev. Ian Paisley wins a by-election to gain a seat in the House of Commons of Northern Ireland.
The National Westminster Bank begins trading in the United Kingdom.
April 17 – Apollo program: Apollo 13 splashes down safely in the Pacific.
April 21 – The Principality of Hutt River "secedes" from Australia (it remains unrecognised by Australia and other nations).
April 22 – The first Earth Day is celebrated in the U.S.
April 24 – China's first satellite (Dong Fang Hong 1) is launched into orbit using a Long March-1 Rocket (CZ-1).
April 26 – The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is founded.
April 29 – The U.S. invades Cambodia to hunt out the Viet Cong; widespread, large antiwar protests occur in the U.S.
May 1 – Demonstrations against the trial of the New Haven Nine, Bobby Seale, and Ericka Huggins draw 12,000. President Richard Nixon orders U.S. forces to cross into neutral Cambodia, threatening to widen the Vietnam War, sparking nationwide riots and leading to the Kent State shootings.
May 4 – Kent State shootings: Four students at Kent State University in Ohio, USA are killed and 9 wounded by Ohio National Guardsmen, at a protest against the incursion into Cambodia.
Arms Crisis in the Republic of Ireland: Charles Haughey and Neil Blaney are dismissed as members of the Irish Government, for accusations of their involvement in a plot to import arms for use by the Provisional IRA in Northern Ireland.
Feyenoord wins the European Cup after a 2–1 win over Celtic.
Hard Hat Riot: Unionized construction workers attack about 1,000 students and others protesting the Kent State shootings near the intersection of Wall Street and Broad Street and at New York City Hall.
The Beatles release their 12th and final album, Let It Be.
The New York Knicks win their first NBA championship, defeating the Los Angeles Lakers 113-99 in Game 7 of the world championship series at Madison Square Garden.
May 9 – In Washington, D.C., 100,000 people demonstrate against the Vietnam War.
May 10 – The Boston Bruins win their first Stanley Cup since 1941 when Bobby Orr scores a goal 40 seconds into overtime for a 4-3 victory which completes a four-game sweep of the St. Louis Blues.
Henry Marrow is killed in an alleged hate crime in Oxford, North Carolina.
Lubbock tornado: An F5 tornado hits downtown Lubbock, Texas, the first to hit a downtown district of a major city since Topeka, Kansas in 1966; 28 are killed.
May 12 – The 1976 Winter Olympics are awarded to Denver, Colorado but it is later rejected in 1972.
Ulrike Meinhof helps Andreas Baader escape and create the Red Army Faction which exists until 1998.
In the second day of violent demonstrations at Jackson State University in Jackson, Mississippi, state law enforcement officers fire into the demonstrators, killing 2 and injuring 12.
May 17 – Thor Heyerdahl sets sail from Morocco on the papyrus boat Ra II, to sail the Atlantic Ocean.
May 23 – A fire occurs in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Strait near Bangor, Caernarfonshire, Wales, contributing to its partial destruction and amounting to approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
May 24 – The scientific drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the USSR.
May 26 – The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.
May 27 – A British expedition climbs the south face of Annapurna I.
The 7.9 Mw Ancash earthquake shakes Peru with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe) and a landslide buries the town of Yungay, Peru. Between 66,794–70,000 were killed and 50,000 were injured.
The 1970 FIFA World Cup is inaugurated in Mexico.
June 1 – Soyuz 9, a two-man spacecraft, is launched in the Soviet Union.
June 2 – Norway announces it has rich oil deposits off its North Sea coast.
June 4 – Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom.
June 7 – The Who become the first act to perform rock music (their rock opera, Tommy) at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York.
June 8 – A coup in Argentina brings a new junta of service chiefs; on June 18, Roberto M. Levingston becomes President.
June 11 – The United States gets its first female generals, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington.
June 12 – NDFLOAG guerrillas attack military garrisons at Izki and Nizwa in Oman.
June 13 – The Long and Winding Road becomes the Beatles' 20th and final single to reach number one on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart.
June 15 – Operation Wedding: fifteen refuseniks try to escape from the Soviet Union by hijacking a plane.
June 18 – United Kingdom general election, 1970: the Conservative Party wins and Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister, ousting the Labour government of Harold Wilson after nearly six years in power. The election result is something of a surprise, as most of the opinion polls had predicted a third successive Labour win.
Brazil defeats Italy 4–1 to win the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico.
Penn Central declares Section 77 bankruptcy, the largest ever US corporate bankruptcy up to this date.
June 24 – The United States Senate repeals the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of 1964.
June 28 – U.S. ground troops withdraw from Cambodia.
June 30 – Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati opens.
Colorado State College changes its name to University of Northern Colorado.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is subordinated to Public Health Service.
July 3 – The French Army detonates a 914 kiloton thermonuclear device in the Mururoa Atoll. It is their fourth and largest nuclear test.
A chartered Dan-Air De Havilland Comet crashes into the mountains north of Barcelona; at least 112 people are killed.
Bob Hope and other entertainers gather in Washington, D.C. for Honor America Day, a nonpartisan holiday event.
Longtime radio music countdown show American Top 40 debuts on 5 U.S. stations with Casey Kasem as host.
July 5 – Air Canada Flight 621 crashes at Toronto International Airport, Toronto, Ontario; all 109 passengers and crew are killed.
July 11 – The first tunnel under the Pyrenees links the towns of Aragnouet (France) and Bielsa (Spain).
July 12 – Thor Heyerdahl's papyrus boat Ra II arrives in Barbados.
July 16 – Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh opens.
July 21 – The Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
Said bin Taimur, Sultan of Muscat and Oman, is deposed in a palace coup by his son, Qaboos.
Two CS gas canisters are thrown into the chamber of the British House of Commons.
July 30 – Damages totalling £485,528 are awarded to 28 Thalidomide victims.
July 31 – NBC anchor Chet Huntley retires from full-time broadcasting.
August 7 – Harold Haley, Marin County Superior Court Judge, is taken hostage and murdered, in an effort to free George Jackson from police custody.
The United States sinks 418 containers of nerve gas into the Gulf Stream near the Bahamas.
Venera program: Venera 7 is launched toward Venus. It later becomes the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet.
August 24 – Vietnam War protesters bomb Sterling Hall at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, leading to an international manhunt for the perpetrators.
Women's Strike for Equality takes place down Fifth Avenue in New York City.
The Isle of Wight Festival 1970 begins on East Afton Farm off the coast of England. Some 600,000 people attend the largest rock festival of all time. Artists include Jimi Hendrix, The Who, The Doors, Chicago, Richie Havens, John Sebastian, Joan Baez, Ten Years After, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, The Moody Blues and Jethro Tull.
August 29 – Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, East Los Angeles, California. Police riot kills three people, including journalist Rubén Salazar.
September 1 – An assassination attempt against King Hussein of Jordan precipitates the Black September crisis.
September 3 – September 6 – Israeli forces fight Palestinian guerillas in southern Lebanon.
Vietnam War – Operation Jefferson Glenn: The United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien Province (the operation ends in October 1971).
Formula One driver Jochen Rindt is killed in qualifying for the Italian Grand Prix. He becomes World Driving Champion anyhow, first to earn the honor posthumously.
September 6 – Dawson's Field hijackings, The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacks 4 passenger aircraft from Pan Am, TWA and Swissair on flights to New York from Brussels, Frankfurt and Zürich.
An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
Fighting breaks out between Arab guerillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.
September 8 –September 10 – The Jordanian government and Palestinian guerillas make repeated unsuccessful truces.
Guinea recognizes the German Democratic Republic.
Elvis Presley begins his first concert tour since 1958 in Phoenix, Arizona, at the Veterans Memorial Coliseum.
Cambodian government forces break the siege of Kompong Tho after 3 months.
The Chevrolet Vega is introduced.
September 11 – The Ford Pinto is introduced.
The covert incursion of Operation Tailwind is instigated by the American forces in southeast Laos.
The first New York City Marathon begins.
September 15 – King Hussein of Jordan forms a military government with Muhammad Daoud as the prime minister.
September 18 – American musician Jimi Hendrix dies from an overdose of sleeping pills.
Syrian armored forces cross the Jordanian border.
Luna 16 lands on the Moon and lifts off the next day with samples. It lands on Earth September 24.
Palestinian armored forces reinforce Palestinian guerillas in Irbidi, Jordan.
Monday Night Football debuts on ABC; the Cleveland Browns defeat the New York Jets 31-21 in front of more than 85,000 fans at Cleveland Stadium.
The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) is founded.
Tunku Abdul Rahman resigns as prime minister of Malaysia, and is succeeded by his deputy Tun Abdul Razak.
September 23 – The first women's only tennis tournament begins in Houston, known as the Houston Women's Invitation.
September 26 – The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, burning 175,425 acres (709.92 km2).
September 27 – Richard Nixon begins a tour of Europe, visiting Italy, Yugoslavia, Spain, the United Kingdom and Ireland.
September 28 – Gamal Abdel Nasser dies; Vice President Anwar Sadat is named temporary president of Egypt.
The U.S. Congress gives President Richard Nixon authority to sell arms to Israel.
In Berlin, Red Army Faction members rob 3 banks, with loot totalling over DM200,000.
Under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) Corps, one of seven federal uniformed services of the United States, is renamed to NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps under the soon to be formed National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The Wichita State University football team's "Gold" plane crashes in Colorado, killing most of the players. They were on their way (along with administrators and fans) to a game with Utah State University.
Pink Floyd releases Atom Heart Mother. It becomes their first number 1 album.
In Lebanon, the government of Prime Minister Rashid Karami resigns.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is formed.
The Weather Bureau is renamed to National Weather Service, as part of NOAA.
Jochen Rindt becomes Formula One World Driving Champion, first to earn the honor posthumously.
In Bolivia, Army Commander General Rogelio Miranda and a group of officers rebel and demand the resignation of President Alfredo Ovando Candía, who fires him.
National Educational Television ends operations, being succeeded by PBS.
U.S. President Richard Nixon's European tour ends.
The Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) kidnaps James Cross in Montreal and demands release of all its imprisoned members. The next day the Canadian government announces it will not meet the demand, beginning Quebec's October Crisis.
The Public Broadcasting Service begins broadcasting.
Bolivian President Alfredo Ovando Candía resigns; General Rogelio Miranda takes over but resigns soon after.
French President Georges Pompidou visits the Soviet Union.
October 7 – General Juan José Torres becomes the new President of Bolivia.
The U.S. Foreign Office announces that renewal of arms sales to Pakistan.
Soviet author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects U.S. President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."
October 9 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia which begins the Civil War with the Khmer Rouge.
Fiji becomes independent.
October Crisis: In Montreal, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
October 11 – Eleven French soldiers are killed in a shootout with rebels in Chad.
October 12 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas.
Canada and the People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations.
Saeb Salam forms a government in Lebanon.
October 14 – A Chinese nuclear test is conducted in Lop Nor.
In Egypt, a referendum supports Anwar Sadat 90.04%.
A section of the new West Gate Bridge in Melbourne collapses into the river below, killing 35 construction workers.
The domestic Soviet Aeroflot Flight 244 is hijacked and diverted to Turkey.
October 16 – October Crisis: The Canadian government declares a state of emergency and outlaws the Quebec Liberation Front.
October Crisis: Pierre Laporte is found murdered in south Montreal.
A cholera epidemic breaks out in Istanbul.
Anwar Sadat officially becomes President of Egypt.
The Soviet Union launches the Zond 8 lunar probe.
Egyptian president Anwar Sadat names Mahmoud Fawzi as his prime minister.
October 21 – A U.S. Air Force plane makes an emergency landing near Leninakan, Soviet Union. The Soviets release the American officers, including 2 generals, November 10.
October 22 – Chilean army commander René Schneider is shot in Santiago; the government declares a state of emergency. Schneider dies October 25.
October 24 – Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.
October 25 – The wreck of the Confederate submarine Hunley is found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine in history to sink a ship in warfare.
October 26 – Garry Trudeau's comic strip Doonesbury debuts in approximately two dozen newspapers in the United States.
In Jordan, the government of Ahmed Toukan resigns; the next prime minister is Wasfi al-Tal.
A cholera outbreak in eastern Slovakia causes Hungary to close its border with Czechoslovakia.
Gary Gabelich drives the rocket-powered Blue Flame to an official land speed record at 622.407 mph (1,001.667 km/h) on the dry lake bed of the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The record, the first above 1 000 km/h, stands for nearly 13 years.
October 30 – In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in 6 years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
Club Cinq-Sept fire in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, kills 146.
Polish vice president killed at Karachi airport, Pakistan
Democrats sweep the U.S. Congressional midterm elections; Ronald Reagan is reelected governor of California; Jimmy Carter is elected governor of Georgia.
Salvador Allende becomes president of Chile.
Vietnam War – Vietnamization: The United States turns control of the air base in the Mekong Delta to South Vietnam.
Social workers in Los Angeles take custody of Genie, a girl who had been kept in solitary confinement since her birth.
November 5 – Vietnam War: The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in 5 years (24 soldiers die that week, which is the fifth consecutive week the death toll is below 50; 431 are reported wounded that week, however).
Egypt, Libya and Sudan announce their intentions to form a federation.
Tom Dempsey, who was born with a deformed right foot and right hand, sets a National Football League record by kicking a 63-yard field goal to lift the New Orleans Saints to a 19-17 victory over the Detroit Lions at Tulane Stadium.
The British comedy television series, The Goodies debuts on BBC 2.
The Soviet Union launches Luna 17.
Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6–3 not to hear a case by the state of Massachusetts, about the constitutionality of a state law granting Massachusetts residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
November 10 – Vietnam War – Vietnamization: For the first time in 5 years, an entire week ends with no reports of United States combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.
November 12 – Soviet author Andrei Amalrik is sentenced to 3 years for 'anti-Soviet' writings.
Hafez al-Assad comes to power in Syria, following a military coup within the Ba'ath Party.
1970 Bhola cyclone: A 120-mph (193 km/h) tropical cyclone hits the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), killing an estimated 500,000 people (considered the 20th century's worst cyclone disaster). It gives rise to the temporary island of New Moore / South Talpatti.
Southern Airways Flight 932 crashes in Wayne County, West Virginia; all 75 on board, including 37 players and 5 coaches from the Marshall University football team, are killed.
The Soviet Union enters the ICAO, making Russian the fourth official language of the organization.
November 16 – The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar flies for the first time.
Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai Massacre.
Luna programme: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world, and is released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for US$155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government (US $85 million is for military assistance to prevent the overthrow of the government of Premier Lon Nol by the Khmer Rouge and North Vietnam).
The United Nations Security Council demands that no government recognize Rhodesia.
November 19 – European Economic Community prime ministers meet in Munich.
November 20 – The Miss World 1970 beauty pageant, hosted by Bob Hope at the Royal Albert Hall, London is disrupted by Women's Liberation protesters. Earlier on the same evening a bomb is placed under a BBC outside broadcast vehicle by The Angry Brigade, in protest at the entry of separate black and white contestants by South Africa.
Syrian Prime Minister Hafez al-Assad forms a new government but retains the post of defense minister.
In Ethiopia, the Eritrean Liberation Front kills an Ethiopian general.
Vietnam War – Operation Ivory Coast: A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Sơn Tây prison camp in an attempt to free American POWs thought to be held there (no Americans are killed, but the prisoners have already moved to another camp; all U.S. POWs are moved to a handful of central prison complexes as a result of this raid).
November 22 – Guinean president Ahmed Sékou Touré accuses Portugal of an attack when hundreds of mercenaries land near the capital Conakry.
November 23–24 – The Guinean army repels the landing attempts.
Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! makes its network TV debut, when CBS telecasts the 1955 film version as a 3-hour Thanksgiving special.
The American Indian Movement seizes a replica of the Mayflower in Boston.
November 25–November 29 – A U.N. delegation arrives to investigate the Guinea situation.
November 25 – In Tokyo, author and Tatenokai militia leader Yukio Mishima and his followers take over the headquarters of the Japan Self-Defense Forces in an attempted coup d'état. After Mishima's speech fails to sway public opinion towards his right-wing political beliefs, including restoration of the powers of the Emperor, he commits seppuku (public ritual suicide).
East Pakistan leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman accuses the central government of negligence in catastrophe relief.
Pope Paul VI begins an Asian tour.
November 27 – Bolivian artist Benjamin Mendoza tries to assassinate Pope Paul VI during his visit in Manila.
November 28 – The Montréal Alouettes defeated the Calgary Stampeders to become victors in the 58th Grey Cup 23-10.
November 30 – British Caledonian Airways Ltd. (BCal) is formed.
The Italian House of Representatives accepts the new divorce law.
Ethiopia recognizes the People's Republic of China.
The Basque ETA kidnaps West German Eugen Beihl in San Sebastián.
Luis Echeverría becomes president of Mexico.
December 2 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency is established.
October Crisis: In Montreal, kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross is released by the Front de libération du Québec terrorist group after being held hostage for 60 days. Police negotiate his release and in return the Government of Canada grants 5 terrorists from the FLQ's Chenier Cell their request for safe passage to Cuba.
Burgos Trial: In Burgos, Spain, the trial of 16 Basque terrorism suspects begins.
The Spanish government declares a 3-month martial law in the Basque county of Guipuzco, over strikes and demonstrations.
The U.N. announces that Portuguese navy and army units were responsible for the attempted invasion of Guinea.
The Asian and Australian tour of Pope Paul VI ends.
Fluminense wins the Brazil Football Championship.
Giovanni Enrico Bucher, the Swiss ambassador to Brazil, is kidnapped in Rio de Janeiro; kidnappers demand the release of 70 political prisoners.
The U.N. General Assembly supports the isolation of South Africa for its apartheid policies.
During his visit to the Polish capital, German Chancellor Willy Brandt goes down on his knees in front of a monument to the victims of the Warsaw Ghetto, which will become known as the Warschauer Kniefall ("Warsaw Genuflection").
December 12 – A landslide in western Colombia leaves 200 dead.
December 13 – The government of Poland announces food price increases. Riots and looting lead to a bloody confrontation between the rioters and the government on December 15.
The USSR's Venera 7 becomes the first spacecraft to land successfully on Venus and transmit data back to Earth.
The South Korean ferry Namyong Ho capsizes off Korea Strait; 308 people are killed.
December 16 – The Ethiopian government declares a state of emergency in the county of Eritrea over the activities of the Eritrean Liberation Front.
December 17 – Polish 1970 protests: Soldiers fire on civilians returning to work in Gdynia. Martial law is imposed in the country until December 22.
General Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party, Władysław Gomułka, resigns; Edward Gierek replaces him.
An Egyptian delegation leaves for Moscow to ask for economic and military aid.
December 21 – The Grumman F-14 Tomcat makes its first flight.
The Libyan Revolutionary Council declares that it will nationalize all foreign banks in the country.
Franz Stangl, the ex-commander of Treblinka, is sentenced to life imprisonment.
The Polish government freezes food prices for 2 years.
The Bolivian government releases Régis Debray.
The North Tower of the World Trade Center is topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m), making it the tallest building in the world.
Law 70-001 is enacted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, amending article 4 of the constitution and making the country a one-party state.
December 25 – The ETA releases Eugen Beihl.
December 27 – India's president declares new elections.
Burgos Trial: Three Basques are sentenced to death, twelve others sentenced to imprisonment (terms from 12 to 62 years), and one is released.
The suspected killers of Pierre Laporte, Jacques and Paul Rose and Francis Sunard, are arrested near Montreal.
December 29 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signs into law the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
December 30 – In Viscaya in the Basque country of Spain, 15,000 go on strike in protest at the Burgos trial death sentences. Francisco Franco commutes the sentences to 30 years in prison.
December 31 – Paul McCartney sues in Britain to dissolve The Beatles' legal partnership.
The Roman Catholic Church creates the first female Doctors of the Church, Saints Catherine of Siena and Teresa of Ávila.
The first Regional Technical Colleges open in Ireland.
Sada Abe, Japanese former prostitute and later actress, disappears.
The Sweet Track is discovered in England. It was the world's oldest engineered roadway at the time of its discovery.
Alvin Toffler publishes his book Future Shock.
Sammlung zeitgenössischer Kunst der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, the Federal collection of contemporary art, is established in Germany.
Xerox PARC computer laboratory opens in Palo Alto, California.
The American Football League and NFL merge, creating the National Football Conference and American Football Conference. All AFL teams go to the AFC with a few NFL teams while the NFC is composed entirely of NFL teams.
Royce Clayton, American baseball player
Oksana Omelianchik, Soviet artistic gymnast
Eric Whitacre, American composer
January 3 – Christian Duguay, American comic actor
January 4 – Chris Kanyon, American professional wrestler (d. 2010)
Julie Chen, American television news anchor and host
Keenan McCardell, American football player
Gabrielle Reece, American volleyball player and model
Todd Day, American basketball player
Doug E. Doug, American comedian, actor and director
January 8 – Nick Miller, British weather forecaster
January 9 – Lara Fabian, Canadian/Belgian singer
January 12 – Zack de la Rocha, American musician
Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (d. 2004)
Shonda Rhimes, American TV producer and writer
January 15 – Shane McMahon, American professional wrestler and executive
Jeremy Roenick, American hockey player
Genndy Tartakovsky, Russian animator
January 18 – DJ Quik, American rapper and producer
Tim Foster, British rower
Udo Suzuki, Japanese comedian
January 20 – Skeet Ulrich, American actor
January 22 – Alex Ross, American comic artist
January 24 – Matthew Lillard, American actor
January 27 – Adam Brand, Australian singer
Heather Graham, American actress
Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, Indian shooter
Paul Ryan, American politician and Speaker of the House since 2015; 2012 Republican nominee for Vice President under Mitt Romney
January 31 – Minnie Driver, English actress
February 1 – Malik Sealy, American basketball player (d. 2000)
Keith Carney, American hockey player
Warwick Davis, English actor
Stephanie Courtney, American actress and comedian
John Filan, Australian footballer
Alonzo Mourning, American basketball player
February 9 – Glenn McGrath, Australian test cricketer
Sarah Aldrich, American actress
Ardy Wiranata, Indonesian badminton player
February 11 – Fredrik Thordendal, Swedish musician
Sean Hill, American hockey player
Simon Pegg, British comedian, actor, and screenwriter
February 16 – Armand Van Helden, American DJ and music producer
Tommy Moe, American Alpine skier
Dominic Purcell, English-Australian actor
February 18 – Raine Maida, Canadian musician and beat poet
February 21 – Dayna Devon, American news anchor
February 22 – Dominic Roussel, Canadian ice hockey player
February 24 – Jeff Garcia, American football player
Linda Brava, Finnish violinist
Cathrine Lindahl, Swedish curler
February 27 – Matthias Lechner, German art director
Daniel Handler, American author
Noureddine Morceli, Algerian athlete
March 2 – Alexander Armstrong, English comedian, actor and presenter
March 3 – Julie Bowen, American actress
John Frusciante, American rock musician
Lisa Robin Kelly, American actress (d. 2013)
Vladislav Adelkhanov, Russian classical violinist and writer
Jeff Hordley, English actor
Rachel Weisz, British-American actress
March 8 – Jason Elam, American football player
March 9 – Martin Johnson, English rugby player
Michel van der Aa, Dutch composer
Antonio Edwards, American football player
March 11 – Jane Slavin, British actress and author
March 12 – Dave Eggers, American memoirist, writer and publisher
March 16 – Paul Oscar (Páll Óskar Hjálmtýsson), Icelandic pop singer, songwriter and disc jockey
March 18 – Queen Latifah, American rapper and actress
Bernhard Hoëcker, German comedian
Michele Jaffe, American novelist
Michael Rapaport, American actor
Jaya, Filipino pop singer
Shiho Niiyama, Japanese voice actress (d. 2000)
March 22 – Leontien van Moorsel, Dutch cyclist
Lara Flynn Boyle, American actress
Sharon Corr, Irish musician
Mariah Carey, American singer
Elizabeth Mitchell, American actress
Leila Pahlavi, Iranian princess (d. 2001)
March 28 – Vince Vaughn, American actor, writer, and producer
March 31 – Alenka Bratušek, Prime Minister of Slovenia
Sean Kelly, Canadian musician
Barry Pepper, Canadian actor
April 5 – Miho Hatori, Japanese singer and songwriter
April 8 – Andrej Plenković, Prime Minister of Croatia
April 10 – Q-Tip, American musician and actor
April 11 – Trevor Linden, Canadian hockey player
April 12 – Nick Hexum, American musician
Eduardo Capetillo, Mexican actor and singer
Ricky Schroder, American actor
April 14 – Matt Allwright, English television presenter and journalist notable for Rogue Traders, which became part of Watchdog
April 15 – Flex Alexander, American actor
April 17 – Redman, American rapper and actor
April 18 – Heike Friedrich, German swimmer
April 19 – Luis Miguel, Mexican singer
April 20 – Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer
Rob Riggle, American actor and comedian
Nicole Sullivan, American actress, comedian, and writer
April 22 – Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer and actress
Sadao Abe, Japanese actor
Andrew Gee, Australian rugby league footballer
Hans Välimäki, Finnish cook
Tomoko Kawakami, Japanese voice actress (d. 2011)
Jason Lee, American skateboarder and actor
Melania Trump, Slovenian-American model, First Lady of the United States, wife of Donald Trump
Tionne Watkins, American actress and singer-songwriter
Nicklas Lidström, Swedish hockey player
Diego Simeone, Argentine footballer and manager
Andre Agassi, American tennis player
Uma Thurman, American actress
April 30 – Halit Ergenç, Turkish actor
May 3 – Jeffrey Sebelia, American fashion designer
Will Arnett, Canadian actor
Karla Homolka, Canadian serial killer and rapist
Kyan Douglas, American television personality
Todd Newton, American television personality
Roland Kun, Nauruan politician
Kavan Smith, Canadian actor
Michael Bevan, Australian cricketer
Luis Enrique, Spanish footballer
Naomi Klein, American cultural critic
Doug Christie, American basketball player and TV personality
Ghostface Killah, American rapper
May 10 – Angelica Agurbash, Belarusian singer and model
Eric Champion, American Christian musician
Samantha Mathis, American actress
Ronald and Frank de Boer, Dutch footballers
Rod Smith, American football player
May 16 – Gabriela Sabatini, Argentine tennis player
Jordan Knight, American singer
Fadwa Soliman, Syrian actress and voice actress
May 18 – Tina Fey, American comedian and actress
K.J. Choi, South Korean golfer
Mario Dumont, Canadian politician
Jason Gray-Stanford, Canadian actor
May 20 – Juliana Pasha, Albanian singer
May 22 – Naomi Campbell, British model and actress
Matt Flynn, American musician
Robert Peirce, American attorney
May 24 – Jeff Zgonina, American football player
Jamie Kennedy, American actor and comedian
Octavia Spencer, American actress
Satsuki Yukino, Japanese voice actress
May 26 – Nobuhiro Watsuki, Japanese cartoonist
Joseph Fiennes, British actor
Bianka Panova, Bulgarian rhythmic gymnast
May 28 – Glenn Quinn, Irish actor (d. 2002)
May 30 – Jeffrey Sebelia, American fashion designer
June 1 – Alexi Lalas, American soccer player
June 2 – B-Real, American rapper
Ammon McNeely, American rock climber
Peter Tägtgren, Swedish musician
Deborah Compagnoni, Italian alpine skier
Izabella Scorupco, Polish model and actress
John Marquez, British actor and cinematographer
Deborah Yates, American dancer and actress
Andrian Dushev, Bulgarian canoeist
Anthony Norris, American professional wrestler
Ronaldo da Costa, Brazilian long-distance runner
Mike Modano, American hockey player
Gabrielle Giffords, American politician
Kelli Williams, American actress
June 10 – Katsuhiro Harada, Japanese game designer
Rivers Cuomo, American musician
Mikael Ljungberg, Swedish wrestler (d. 2004)
Cheryl "Coko" Clemons, American singer
Claus Norreen, Danish musician
Leah Remini, American actress
Younus AlGohar, Pakistani spiritualist
Phil Mickelson, American golfer
Will Forte, American actor and comedian
Sasha Sokol, Mexican singer
Michael Showalter, American actor, writer, and director
June 18 – Katie Derham, British newsreader
June 19 – Quincy Watts, American athlete
Russell Garcia, British field hockey player
Moulay Rachid, Prince of Morocco
Michelle Reis, Hong Kong actress and beauty queen
Athol Williams, South African poet and social philosopher
June 21 – Pete Rock, American rapper and DJ
Michel Elefteriades, Greek-Lebanese politician, artist, producer and businessman
Freddy Soto, American comedian and actor
Glenn Medeiros, American singer and songwriter
Andres Raag, Estonian actor and singer
Lucy Benjamin, British actress
Roope Latvala, Finnish guitarist
Paul Thomas Anderson, American screenwriter and director
Sean Hayes, American actor and comedian
Patrick Norton, American writer and television host
Chris O'Donnell, American actor
Nick Offerman, American actor, writer and carpenter
Jim Edmonds, American baseball player
Jo Frost, English nanny and television host
June 28 – Steve Burton, American actor
June 29 – Mike Vallely, American skateboarder, actor, and musician
June 30 – Stephen O'Connor, Australian citizen
Derrick Adkins, American Olympic athlete
Steve Morrow, Northern Irish footballer
Teemu Selänne, Finnish hockey player
Shawnee Smith, American actress
July 5 – Mac Dre, American rapper (d. 2004)
July 6 – Demonaz Doom Occulta, Norwegian musician
July 7 – Wayne McCullough, Northern Irish boxer
July 8 – Beck, American singer
July 9 – Trent Green, American football quarterback
Jason Orange, British singer
John Simm, British actor
Justin Chambers, American actor and fashion model
Saj Karim, British politician
July 19 – Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish politician
Thea Dorn, German writer
Saulius Skvernelis, Prime Minister of Lithuania
July 25 – Julien Fountain, English cricket coach
July 29 – Andi Peters, British TV presenter and producer
Christopher Nolan, English screenwriter and director
MC Trouble, African American rapper (d. 1991)
Quentin Coryatt, American football player
David James, English football goalkeeper
Tony Amonte, American hockey player
Kevin Smith, American screenwriter, film director, and actor
August 3 – Masahiro Sakurai, Japanese video game director, designer and writer
August 4 – Pete Abrams, American webcomic artist
August 5 – James Gunn, American filmmaker
August 6 – M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-American film director and writer
August 9 – Thomas Lennon, American actor, comedian, and writer
Doug Flach, American tennis player
Bret Hedican, American ice hockey player
Brendon Julian, New Zealand cricket player
Steve Mautone, Australian football player and coach
August 12 – Jim Schlossnagle, American baseball coach
Will Clarke, American novelist
Lee Byung-hun, South Korean actor
Alan Shearer, English footballer
August 14 – Leah Purcell, Australian actress
August 15 – Anthony Anderson, American actor
Bonnie Bernstein, American sportscaster
Dean Del Mastro, Canadian politician
Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor
Manisha Koirala, Indian actress
August 17 – Jim Courier, American tennis player
August 18 – Malcolm-Jamal Warner, American actor
August 19 – Fat Joe, American rapper
John D. Carmack, American computer game programmer
Fred Durst, American rapper
August 21 – Erik Dekker, Dutch professional cyclist
Giada De Laurentiis, Italian-American celebrity chef
Ricco Groß, German biathlete
Jay Mohr, American actor and comedian
River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993)
Fabian Wilnis, Dutch footballer
August 25 – Claudia Schiffer, German model
Olimpiada Ivanova, Russian race walker
Melissa McCarthy, American actress, comedian, and film producer
Peter Ebdon, English snooker player
Pokwang, Filipino comedian and actress
Jim Thome, American baseball player
August 28 – Sherrié Austin, Australian actress and singer
August 29 – Jacco Eltingh, Dutch tennis player
August 30 – Guang Liang, Malaysian singer
Debbie Gibson, American singer
Epic Mazur, American singer and rapper
Queen Rania of Jordan, Queen consort of Jordan
Zack Ward, Canadian actor
September 1 – Hwang Jung-min, South Korean actor
Daisy Dee, Dutch singer and actress
Ione Skye, British-born American actress
September 5 – Liam Lynch, American musician, comedian, and puppetteer
Gao Min, Chinese diver
Tom Everett Scott, American actor
Benny Ibarra, Mexican singer
Latrell Sprewell, American basketball player
Molly McKay, LGBT activist
Ménélik, French rapper
Taraji P. Henson, American actress
Laura Wright, American actress
September 13 – Susumu Chiba, Japanese voice actor
Mike Burns, American soccer player
September 15 – Jukka Jokikokko, Finnish musician and studio engineer
September 18 – Darren Gough, English cricketer
Dan Bylsma, American ice hockey player
Yuka Imai, Japanese voice actress
Takanori Nishikawa, Japanese singer
September 20 – Gert Verheyen, Belgian footballer
September 21 – Samantha Power, Irish-American government official and writer
Mike Matheny, American baseball player
Mystikal, American rapper
September 23 – Ani DiFranco, American musician
September 25 – Aja Kong, Japanese professional wrestler
Marco Etcheverry, Bolivian football player
Frank Guinta, American politician
Yukio Iketani, Japanese gymnast
September 27 – Yoshiharu Habu, Japanese professional shogi player
Isabelle Brasseur, Canadian figure skater
Kimiko Date-Krumm, Japanese tennis player
Joe Doucet, American designer, inventor and artist
Emily Lloyd, English actress
Yoshihiro Tajiri, Japanese professional wrestler
Natasha Gregson Wagner, American actress
September 30 – Mark Smith, English actor and bodybuilder
October 1 – Moses Kiptanui, Kenyan athlete
October 2 – Kelly Ripa, American actress and TV personality
Richard Hancox, English footballer
Zdravko Zdravkov, Bulgarian footballer
Matt Damon, American actor
Sadiq Khan, British politician; Mayor of London
Tetsuya Nomura, Japanese video game and film director
October 9 – Annika Sörenstam, Swedish golfer
Silke Kraushaar, German luger
Sir Matthew Pinsent, British rower
Lee Bong-Ju, South Korean long-distance runner
Andy Marriott, English footballer
Kirk Cameron, American actor and Christian activist
Charlie Ward, American football and basketball player
October 14 – Daniela Peštová, Czech supermodel
October 15 – Ginuwine, African-American singer
October 16 – Mehmet Scholl, German footballer
Anil Kumble, Indian cricketer
Marciano Vink, Dutch footballer
October 18 – Jose Padilla, American gang member and convicted terrorist
October 20 – Michelle Malkin, American political commentator
Louis Koo, Hong Kong actor
Tony Mortimer, English singer
October 24 – Raúl Esparza, American actor
October 25 – Adam Goldberg, American actor
October 27 – Adrian Erlandsson, Swedish drummer
Phillip Cocu, Dutch footballer
Edwin van der Sar, Dutch footballer
Ben Bailey, American host
Nia Long, American actress
Xie Jun, Chinese chess grandmaster
Nolan North, American actor
Linn Berggren, Swedish singer
Ely Buendia, Filipino rock lead singer and rhythm guitarist (Eraserheads)
Sharmell Sullivan-Huffman, American wrestling valet
November 3 – Dawn Marie Psaltis, American professional wrestler
November 4 – Tony Sly, American singer (d. 2012)
November 5 – Javy López, American baseball player
November 6 – Ethan Hawke, American actor, writer, and film director
Neil Hannon, Northern Irish musician
Morgan Spurlock, American filmmaker and activist
November 8 – Tom Anderson, American co-founder of Myspace
Chris Jericho, Canadian pro wrestler
Scarface, American rapper
Orny Adams, American comedian
Warren G, American rapper
November 12 – Tonya Harding, American figure skater
Patrick M'Boma, Cameroonian footballer
Jack Ingram, American country music singer
Matt Healy, British actor
Martha Plimpton, American actress
Paul Allender, English guitarist
Tania Zaetta, Australian actress and television presenter
November 18 – Peta Wilson, Australian actress
November 20 – Joe Zaso, American actor and producer
November 21 – Karen Davila, Filipina journalist, TV host and news personality
November 22 – Stel Pavlou, British novelist and screenwriter
Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter
Oded Fehr, Israeli-American actor
November 26 – Dave Hughes, Australian comedian
Mr. Lobo, television personality
Humberto Ramos, Mexican comic book penciller
Richard Osman, English television presenter, producer and director.
Walter Emanuel Jones, American actor
Natalie Williams, American basketball player
December 1 – Sarah Silverman, American comedian
Joshua Seth, American voice actor and hypnotist
Treach, American rapper
December 3 – Jimmy Shergill, Indian actor
December 4 – Kevin Sussman, American actor
December 5 – Tim Hetherington, English-born photojournalist (d. 2011)
December 6 – Ulf "Buddha" Ekberg, Swedish musician
December 9 – Kara DioGuardi, American songwriter
Jennifer Connelly, American actress
Regina Hall, American actress
December 13 – Bart Johnson, American actor
December 15 – Michael Shanks, Canadian actor
December 17 – Craig Doyle, Irish television presenter
DMX, American rapper and actor
Miles Marshall Lewis, American author
Victoria Pratt, Canadian-born actress and model
Rob Van Dam, American professional wrestler
Nicole de Boer, Canadian actress
Massimo Ellul, Maltese entrepreneur and philanthropist
Ted Cruz, Canadian-American politician, U.S. Senator (R-Tx.) since 2013, and unsuccessful 2016 presidential candidate
Gary Anderson, Scottish darts player
Clay Dreslough, American game designer
December 23 – Catriona Le May Doan, Canadian speed skater
December 25 – Emmanuel Amuneke, Nigerian footballer
December 26 – Krissada Sukosol Clapp, Thai actor and singer
December 28 – Francesca Le, American porn actress and director
Aled Jones, Welsh singer and television presenter
Kevin Weisman, American actor
December 31 – Bryon Russell, American basketball player
Przemysław Truściński, Polish artist
January 1 – Alfred Lauck Parson, British chemist and physicist (b. 1889)
Jean-Étienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)
David John Williams, Welsh-language writer and Welsh nationalist (b. 1885)
January 5 – Max Born, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1882)
January 7 – Robert Barrat, American actor (b. 1889)
January 10 – Pavel Belyayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1925)
January 14 – Harry M. Woods, American songwriter (b. 1896)
January 18 – David O. McKay, 9th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1873)
January 19 – Hal March, American actor (b. 1920)
Jane Bathori, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1877)
Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film director and special effects designer (Godzilla, Ultraman) (b. 1901)
Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
Erich Heckel, German painter (b. 1883)
January 28 – Thomas J. Ryan, American admiral (b. 1901)
Lawren Harris, Canadian painter. (b. 1885)
Basil Liddell Hart, British military historian (b. 1895)
Thelma Morgan, American socialite (b. 1904)
January 30 – Fritz Bayerlein, German general (b. 1899)
January 31 – Slim Harpo, American singer (b. 1924)
Lawrence Gray, American actor (b. 1898)
Bertrand Russell, English logician and philosopher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1872)
February 3 – Italo Gariboldi, Italian general (b. 1879)
February 4 – Louise Bogan, American poet (b. 1897)
February 5 – Rudy York, American baseball player (b. 1913)
February 6 – Roscoe Karns, American actor (b. 1891)
John Davidson, Scottish-Canadian botanist. (b. 1878)
Tobias Geffen, Lithuanian-born, American Orthodox rabbi. (b.1870)
Alfred Roberts, English lay preacher, politician, and father of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1892)
Arthur Edeson, American cinematographer (b. 1891)
Sasha Siemel, adventurer, hunter, guide, actor, writer, photographer, and lecturer. (b. 1890)
Harry Stradling, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (b. 1880)
February 15 – Hugh Dowding, British RAF Fighter Commander during the Battle of Britain (b. 1882)
February 16 – Francis Peyton Rous, American pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1879)
Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
Alfred Newman, American film composer (b. 1901)
February 19 – Jules Munshin, American actor (b. 1915)
Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist (b. 1885)
João Café Filho, 18th President of Brazil (b. 1899)
February 21 – Johannes Semper, Estonian writer and translator (b. 1892)
February 22 – Edward Selzer, American film producer (b. 1893)
February 24 – Conrad Nagel, American actor (b. 1897)
Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai, Indian social reformer (b. 1878)
Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (b. 1903)
February 26 – Terence Patrick O'Sullivan, engineer (b. 1913)
March 6 – William Hopper, American actor (b. 1915)
Erle Stanley Gardner, American crime writer (b. 1889)
Lucille Hegamin, American singer and entertainer (b. 1894)
March 8 – Waldo Peirce, American painter (b. 1884)
March 9 – Nicholas Timasheff, Russian sociologist (b. 1886)
March 13 – Alec Clunes, English actor (b. 1912)
March 14 – Ma Hongkui, prominent warlord in China during the Republic of China era (b. 1892)
March 16 – Tammi Terrell, African-American singer (b. 1945)
March 18 – William Beaudine, American film director (b. 1892)
March 23 – Del Lord, Canadian film director (b. 1894)
March 26 – Patricia Ellis, American actress (b. 1916)
March 29 – Vera Brittain, British writer (b. 1893)
March 30 – Heinrich Brüning, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1885)
Semyon Timoshenko, Soviet general, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
George Wootten, Australian soldier, public servant, political activist and solicitor (b. 1893)
April 5 – Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
April 6 – Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (b. 1933)
Cathy O'Donnell, American actress (b. 1923)
John O'Hara, American writer (b. 1905)
Joseph Schechtman, writer and Revisionist political activist (b. 1891)
April 16 – Richard Neutra, Austrian American architect (b. 1892)
April 17 – Alexy I, 13th Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus' (b. 1877)
April 20 – Paul Celan, Romanian poet and translator (suicide) (b. 1920)
April 23 – Herb Shriner, American humorist (b. 1918)
April 25 – Anita Louise, American actress (b. 1915)
April 26 – Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress (b. 1911)
April 27 – Arthur Shields, Irish actor (b. 1896)
April 28 – Ed Begley, American actor (b. 1901)
April 30 – Inger Stevens, Swedish-born actress (b. 1934)
Yi Un, Crown Prince of Korea (b. 1897)
Ralph Hartley, American inventor (b. 1888)
Giovanni Giuriati, Italian Fascist politician (b. 1876)
Helen Kinnear, Canadian lawyer (b. 1894)
Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
Walter Reuther, American labor union leader (b. 1907)
Mari Blanchard, American actress (b. 1927)
Leslie H. Sabo, Jr., Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1948)
May 11 – Johnny Hodges, American jazz musician (b. 1906)
Władysław Anders, General of the Polish Army (b. 1892)
Nelly Sachs, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
May 13 – Sir William Dobell, Australian artist (b. 1899)
May 14 – Billie Burke, American actress (b. 1885)
May 17 – Heinz Hartmann, Austrian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (b. 1894)
May 19 – Ray Schalk, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1892)
May 21 – E. L. Grant Watson, Australian scientist and writer (b. 1885)
May 22 – Joseph Wood Krutch, American writer and naturalist. (b. 1893)
John Gunther, American writer (b. 1901)
Eva Hesse, German-born American sculptor (b. 1936)
May 31 – Terry Sawchuk, Canadian hockey player (b. 1929)
June 1 – George Watkins, American baseball player (b. 1900)
Albert Lamorisse, French filmmaker (b. 1922)
Bruce McLaren, Formula 1 driver (b. 1937)
Ruth Sawyer, American storyteller and writer (b. 1880)
Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi German economic minister (b. 1877)
June 4 – Sonny Tufts, American actor (b. 1911)
June 7 – E. M. Forster, English writer (b. 1879)
June 8 – Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
Alexander Kerensky, Russian revolutionary politician (b. 1881)
Frank Laubach, working at a remote location in the Philippines (b. 1884)
June 13 – Gonzalo Roig, Cuban musician, composer, musical director and founder of several orchestras. (b. 1890)
June 14 – William H. Daniels, American cinematographer (b. 1901)
June 15 – John Noble Kennedy, British Army officer (b. 1893)
Heino Eller, Estonian composer and composition teacher (b. 1887)
Brian Piccolo, American football star (b. 1943)
June 21 – Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (b. 1901)
June 22 – Frank J. Wilson, Chief of the United States Secret Service (b. 1887)
June 26 – Leopoldo Marechal, Argentine writer (b. 1900)
Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler (b. 1902)
Edwin La Dell, British artist (b. 1914)
June 30 – Arthur Leslie, British actor (b. 1901)
July 6 – Marjorie Rambeau, American actress (b. 1889)
July 10 – Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic Foreign Minister and 11th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1908)
July 12 – L. Wolfe Gilbert, Russian-born American songwriter. (b. 1886)
July 11 – André Lurçat, French modernist architect, landscape architect, (b. 1894)
July 14 – Preston Foster, American actor (b. 1900)
July 15 – Frits Lugt, self-taught collector and connoisseur of Dutch drawings and prints and a selfless (b. 1884)
July 17 – Ernst Wellmann, highly decorated German Army officer (b. 1904)
July 19 – Egon Eiermann, German architect (b. 1904)
July 21 – Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
July 22 – Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (b. 1892)
July 24 – Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman (b. 1897)
July 26 – Milner Baily "Bernie" Schaefer, American fisheries scientist (b. 1912)
July 27 – António de Oliveira Salazar, Prime Minister of Portugal (de facto dictator) (b. 1889)
July 28 – Baba Bujha Singh, Indian revolutionary
John Barbirolli, English conductor (b. 1899)
George Szell, Hungarian conductor (b. 1897)
July 31 – Wilfrid Kent Hughes, Australian Olympian and politician (b. 1895)
Delia Akeley, American explorer. (b. 1875)
Frances Farmer, American actress (b. 1913)
Doris Fleeson, American journalist (b. 1901)
Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician and physiologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1883)
Bernd Alois Zimmermann, German composer (b. 1918)
August 18 – Soledad Miranda, Spanish actress (b. 1943)
August 19 – Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian (b. 1909)
August 20 – Mickey Daniels, American actor (b. 1914)
August 22 – Vladimir Propp, Soviet folklorist (b. 1895)
Thomas Hunton, Royal Marines officer (b. 1885)
William McCance, Scottish artist (b. 1894)
September 1 – François Mauriac, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
September 2 – Marie-Pierre Koenig, French general and politician (b. 1898)
Vince Lombardi, American football coach (b. 1913)
Alan Wilson, American blues rock musician (b. 1943)
Jesse Pennington, English footballer (b. 1883)
Jochen Rindt, Austrian race car driver (b. 1942)
September 7 – Yitzhak Gruenbaum, noted leader of the Zionist (b. 1879)
Ernst May, German architect (b. 1886)
Chester Morris, American actor (b. 1901)
Boes Boestami, Indonesian actor (b. 1922)
September 18 – James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix, American rock musician (b. 1942)
September 22 – Alice Hamilton, the first woman appointed to the faculty of Harvard University (b. 1869)
September 23 – André Bourvil, French actor (b. 1917)
September 25 – Erich Maria Remarque, German author (All Quiet On The Western Front) (b. 1898)
John Dos Passos, American novelist (b. 1896)
Gamal Abdel Nasser, second President of Egypt (b. 1918)
September 29 – Edward Everett Horton, American actor (b. 1886)
October 4 – Janis Joplin, American rock singer (Mercedes Benz) (b. 1943)
October 10 – Édouard Daladier, 3-Time Prime Minister of France, signed Munich Agreement (b. 1884)
October 13 – Julia Culp, mezzo-soprano (b. 1880)
October 17 – Pierre Laporte, Canadian statesman (assassinated) (b. 1921)
Ernest Haller, American cinematographer (b. 1896)
John T. Scopes, American Scopes Monkey Trial defendant (b. 1900)
October 24 – Richard Hofstadter, American historian (b. 1916)
October 25 – Ülo Sooster, Estonian painter (b. 1924)
October 25 – Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma (b. 1893)
Abram Samoilovitch Besicovitch, Russian mathematician (b. 1891)
Fernand Gravey, French actor (b. 1904)
November 3 – Peter II of Yugoslavia, Last King of Yugoslavia (b. 1923)
November 7 – Eddie Peabody, American musician (b. 1902)
November 8 – Napoleon Hill, American author in the area of the new thought (b. 1883)
November 9 – Charles de Gaulle, President of France (b. 1890)
Louis Rich, American entrepreneur (b. 1896)
Howard Winkler, Canadian politician (b. 1891)
November 19 – Andrei Yeremenko, Soviet military leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1892)
November 20 – John Louis Clarke, Blackfoot wood carver from Montana. (b. 1881)
November 21 – C. V. Raman, Indian physicist. (b. 1888)
November 23 – Yusof bin Ishak, 1st President of Singapore (b. 1910)
Louise Glaum, American actress (b. 1888)
Yukio Mishima, Japanese novelist (b. 1925)
November 26 – David Brown, Scottish footballer (b. 1887)
November 27 – Helene Madison, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1913)
November 29 – Robert T. Frederick, American combat commander (b. 1907)
December 7 – Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist (b. 1883)
Christopher Kelk Ingold, British chemist (b. 1893)
Philip Edward Smith, American endocrinologist (b. 1884)
December 12 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
December 15 – Ernest Marsden, English-New Zealand physicist.(b. 1889)
December 23 – Charles Ruggles, American actor (b. 1886)
December 24 – Charles M. Cooke, Jr., American admiral (b. 1886)
December 29 – Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (b. 1886)
December 30 – Lenore Ulric, American actress (b. 1892)
Ray Henderson, American songwriter (b. 1896)
Cyril Scott, English composer, writer, and poet (b. 1879)
Physics – Hannes Alfvén, Louis Néel
Chemistry – Luis Federico Leloir
Medicine – Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler, Julius Axelrod
Literature – Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn
Peace – Norman E. Borlaug
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences – Paul Samuelson
1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.