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Italo Gariboldi

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Allegiance  Kingdom of Italy
Name  Italo Gariboldi
Rank  General officer

Italo Gariboldi Gen Italo Gariboldi Left Italian by Everett
Commands held  30 Infantry Division Sabauda V Corps Tenth Army Italian Army in Russia
Battles/wars  World War I Second Italo-Abyssinian War World War II North African Campaign Eastern Front Battle of Stalingrad
Died  February 3, 1970, Rome, Italy
Awards  Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Service/branch  Royal Italian Army during World War II
Battles and wars  Second Italo-Ethiopian War, World War II, North African Campaign
Similar People  Giovanni Messe, Rodolfo Graziani, Ettore Bastico, Richard O'Connor, Petre Dumitrescu

Italo Gariboldi (20 April 1879 – 3 February 1970) was a senior officer in the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) before and during World War II. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross by German Führer Adolf Hitler, for his leadership of Italian forces in the Battle of Stalingrad.


Italo Gariboldi Enrico pezzi Archivio


Italo Gariboldi httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Gariboldi was born in Lodi, Lombardy.

Italo Gariboldi Italo Gariboldi Erwin Rommel by YamaLama1986 on DeviantArt

From the end of World War I and through the interwar Period, Gariboldi rose in the ranks and held various staff, regimental, and brigade level commands.


Italo Gariboldi Italo Gariboldi Wikipedia

In 1935, Gariboldi commanded the 30th Infantry Division "Sabauda" on the northern front during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. His division was part of the I Corps based in Eritrea. After Italy defeated Ethiopia (Abyssinia) in May 1936, Eritrea, Abyssinia, and Italian Somaliland were joined to form the colony of Italian East Africa on 1 June 1936.

North Africa

Italo Gariboldi Liberators Italo Gariboldi Mutantbox

From 1939 to 1941, Gariboldi served as an army commander in Marshal Italo Balbo's "Supreme Command – North Africa". When Italy declared war in June 1940, Gariboldi commanded the Italian Fifth Army stationed on the border with French Tunisia. He ultimately commanded both armies located in Libya. After the Battle of France ended, the Fifth Army became a source of men, parts, and supply for the Italian Tenth Army on the border with Egypt.

In December 1940, when the British launched Operation Compass, Gariboldi was in temporary command of the Tenth Army because General Mario Berti was on sick leave. Ultimately, he was given command of the Tenth Army after it was virtually destroyed and Berti's replacement, General Giuseppe Tellera was killed in action.

On 25 March 1941, Gariboldi was promoted to Governor-General of Libya and replaced Marshal Rodolfo Graziani. By 19 July, Gariboldi himself was relieved because of his alleged lack of cooperation with Rommel. General Ettore Bastico took his place.


From 1942 to 1943, Gariboldi commanded the Italian Army in Russia (Armata Italiana in Russia, or ARMIR, or Italian 8th Army). He was in command of the Italian Army in Russia during the destruction of that army during the Battle of Stalingrad.


In 1943, Gariboldi was in Italy when King Victor Emmanuel III and Marshal Pietro Badoglio ousted dictator Benito Mussolini and then signed an armistice with the Allies. Like many members of the Italian military, Gariboldi was made a prisoner of war (POW) by the Germans. In 1944, he was condemned to death as a traitor.

Later in 1944, Gariboldi was released from prison by the Allies. He died in Rome in 1970.

His son, Mario Gariboldi, followed his father in a military career.

Military offices held

  • Chief of Staff of the 77th Division – 1919
  • Commanding Officer of the 26th Regiment – 1926
  • Commanding Officer of the 5th Brigade – 1931
  • Commander of the 30th Infantry Division "Sabauda,", Ethiopia – 1935 to 1936
  • Commander of the V Corps – 1938 to 1939
  • Commander of the 5th Army, Tripolitania – 1939 to 1941
  • Commander of the 10th Army, Cyrenaica – 1941
  • Governor-General of Italian Libya – 1941
  • Commander of Italian Army in Russia, southern Russia – 1942 to 1943
  • References

    Italo Gariboldi Wikipedia