The United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and Denmark enter the European Economic Community, which later becomes the European Union.
CBS sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George Steinbrenner (3.2 million dollars less than CBS bought the Yankees for).
January 5 – American rock band Aerosmith releases their debut album.
January 7 – Mark Essex kills 9 people at the Howard Johnson's hotel in downtown New Orleans.
Elvis Presley's concert in Hawaii is the first worldwide telecast by an entertainer, that is watched by more people than watched the Apollo moon landings.
American football: The Miami Dolphins complete the first (and through 2015, only) perfect season in National Football League history by defeating the Washington Redskins 14-7 in Super Bowl VII at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.
January 15 – Vietnam War: Citing progress in peace negotiations, U.S. President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.
January 16 – Anna Christian Waters, 5 years old, disappears from her home in Purisima Canyon, near Half Moon Bay, California.
January 17 – Ferdinand Marcos becomes President for Life of the Philippines.
January 18 – Eleven Labour Party councillors in Clay Cross, Derbyshire, England, are ordered to pay £6,985 for not enforcing the Housing Finance Act.
January 20 – Richard Nixon is sworn in for a second term as President of the United States.
January 21 – The Communist League is founded in Denmark.
Roe v. Wade: The U.S. Supreme Court overturns state bans on abortion.
George Foreman defeats Joe Frazier to win the heavyweight world boxing championship.
A Royal Jordanian Boeing 707 flight from Jeddah crashes in Kano, Nigeria; 176 people are killed.
Former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson dies at his Stonewall, Texas, ranch, leaving no former U.S. President living until the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974.
The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission.
Eldfell on the Icelandic island of Heimaey erupts.
U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.
January 25 – English actor Derren Nesbitt is convicted of assaulting his wife Anne Aubrey.
January 27 – U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War ends with the signing of the Paris Peace Accords.
January 31 – Pan American and Trans World Airlines cancelled their options to buy 13 Concorde airliners.
February 6 – Toronto: Construction on the CN Tower begins.
February 8 – A military insurrection in Uruguay poses an institutional challenge to President Juan María Bordaberry.
February 11 – Vietnam War: The first American prisoners of war are released from Vietnam.
February 12 – Ohio becomes the first U.S. state to post distance in metric on signs (see Metrication in the United States).
February 13 – The United States dollar is devalued by 10%.
February 16 – The Court of Appeal of England and Wales rules that The Sunday Times can publish articles on thalidomide and Distillers Company, despite ongoing legal actions by parents (the decision is overturned in July by the House of Lords).
February 21 – Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 (Boeing 727) is shot down by Israeli fighter aircraft over the Sinai Desert, after the passenger plane is suspected of being an enemy military plane. Only 5 (1 crew member and 4 passengers) of 113 survive.
February 22 – Sino-American relations: Following President Richard Nixon's visit to mainland China, the United States and the People's Republic of China agree to establish liaison offices.
February 26 – Edward Heath's British government publishes a Green Paper on prices and incomes policy.
February 27 – The American Indian Movement occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota.
The Republic of Ireland general election is held. Liam Cosgrave becomes the new Taoiseach.
The landmark postmodern novel Gravity's Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon is published.
Charlotte's Web, the animated movie based on the same name of the children's book is released.
Dick Taverne, having resigned from the Parliament of the United Kingdom on leaving the Labour Party, is re-elected as a 'Democratic Labour' candidate.
Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon, one of rock's landmark albums, is released in the US. It is released in the UK on March 24.
March 2 – Wellington Street bus station in Perth, Australia, is opened by western Australia's premier John Tonkin
March 3 – Tottenham Hotspur wins the Football League Cup final at Wembley, beating Norwich City 1–0.
March 7 – Comet Kohoutek is discovered.
Northern Ireland sovereignty referendum (the "Border Poll"): 98.9% of those voting in the province want Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom. Turnout is 58.7%, although less than 1% for Catholics. This is the first referendum on regional government in the U.K.
Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs explode in Whitehall and the Old Bailey in London.
March 10 – Sir Richard Sharples, Governor of Bermuda, is assassinated in Government House.
March 12 – Last episode of original Laugh-In airs on NBC. The show will continue with re-runs until May 14, 1973.
Elizabeth II opens the modern London Bridge.
Many of the few remaining United States soldiers begin to leave Vietnam. One reunion of a former POW with his family is immortalized in the Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Burst of Joy.
March 20 – A British government White Paper on Northern Ireland proposes the re-establishment of an Assembly elected by proportional representation, with a possible All-Ireland council.
March 21 – The Lofthouse Colliery disaster occurs in Great Britain. Seven miners are trapped underground; none survive.
March 23 – Watergate scandal (United States): In a letter to Judge John Sirica, Watergate burglar James W. McCord, Jr. admits that he and other defendants have been pressured to remain silent about the case. He names former Attorney General John Mitchell as 'overall boss' of the operation.
March 26 – TV soap opera The Young and the Restless debuts on CBS.
March 27 – At the 45th Academy Awards, The Godfather wins best picture.
March 29 – The last United States soldier leaves Vietnam.
April 2 – The LexisNexis computerized legal research service begins.
April 3 – The first handheld mobile phone call is made by Martin Cooper of Motorola in New York City.
April 4 – The World Trade Center officially opens in New York City with a ribbon-cutting ceremony.
Fahri Korutürk becomes the sixth president of Turkey.
Pioneer 11 is launched on a mission to study the Solar System.
April 6 – Ron Blomberg of the New York Yankees becomes the first designated hitter in Major League Baseball.
April 7 – Tu te reconnaîtras by Anne-Marie David (music by Claude Morgan, text by Vline Buggy) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1973 for Luxembourg.
April 8 – Artist Pablo Picasso dies at his home in France.
April 10 – Israeli commandos raid Beirut, assassinating 3 leaders of the Palestinian Resistance Movement. The Lebanese army's inaction brings the immediate resignation of Prime Minister Saeb Salam, a Sunni Muslim.
April 11 – The British House of Commons votes against restoring capital punishment by a margin of 142 votes.
April 12 – The Labour Party wins control of the Greater London Council.
April 15 – Naim Talu, a former civil servant, forms the new government of Turkey (36th government).
The German counter-terrorist force GSG 9 is officially formed in response to the Munich massacre.
Federal Express officially begins operations, with the launch of 14 small aircraft from Memphis International Airport. On that night, Federal Express delivers 186 packages to 25 U.S. cities from Rochester, New York, to Miami, Florida.
The Morganza Spillway on the Mississippi River is opened for the first time in order to prevent catastrophic flooding of New Orleans.
April 20 – An Indian Pacific train en route to Perth derails near Broken Hill, New South Wales, destroying a quarter mile of track.
April 26 – The first day of trading on the Chicago Board Options Exchange.
The last section of the IRT Third Avenue Line from 149th Street to Gun Hill Road in The Bronx is closed.
Six Irishmen, including Joe Cahill, are arrested by the Irish Naval Service off County Waterford, on board a coaster carrying 5 tons of weapons destined for the Provisional Irish Republican Army.
April 30 – Watergate scandal: President Richard Nixon announces that White House Counsel John Dean has been fired and that Attorney General Richard Kleindienst has resigned along with staffers H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman.
May 1 – An estimated 1,600,000 workers in the United Kingdom stop work in support of a Trades Union Congress "day of national protest and stoppage" against the Government's anti-inflation policy.
May 3 – The Sears Tower in Chicago is finished, becoming the world's tallest building at 1,451 feet.
Shambu Tamang becomes the youngest person to climb to the summit of Mount Everest.
Sunderland A.F.C. defeats Leeds United A.F.C. in the 1973 FA Cup Final.
Secretariat wins the Kentucky Derby in a dramatic come from behind victory and setting a new Derby record of 1:59 2/5ths.
Led Zeppelin plays before 56,800 persons at Tampa Stadium on the band's 1973 North American Tour, thus breaking the August 15, 1965, record of 55,600 set by The Beatles at Shea Stadium.
May 8 – A 71-day standoff between federal authorities and American Indian Movement activists who were occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, ends with the surrender of the militants.
The Montreal Canadiens win the Stanley Cup 4 games to 2 over the Chicago Blackhawks, Yvan Cournoyer was voted MVP.
The Polisario Front, a Sahrawi movement dedicated to the independence of Spanish Sahara, is formed.
The New York Knicks defeat the Los Angeles Lakers, 102–93 in Game 5 of the NBA Finals to win the NBA title.
Bobby Riggs challenges and defeats Margaret Court, the world's #1 women's player, in a nationally-televised tennis match set in Ramona, CA northeast of San Diego. Riggs wins 6-2, 6-1 which leads to the huge Battle of the Sexes match against Billie Jean King later in the year on September 20.
Skylab, the United States' first space station, is launched.
The British House of Commons votes to abolish capital punishment in Northern Ireland.
May 17 – Watergate scandal: Televised hearings begin in the United States Senate.
May 18 – Second Cod War: Joseph Godber, British Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, announces that Royal Navy frigates will protect British trawlers fishing in the disputed 50-mile limit round Iceland.
May 19 – Secretariat wins the Preakness Stakes by 2 1/2 lengths over the amazingly quick 2nd placed Sham. A malfunction in the track's timing equipment prevented a confirmed new track record.
May 22 – Lord Lambton resigns from the British government over a 'call girl' scandal.
May 23 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police celebrate 100 year anniversary.
May 24 – Earl Jellicoe, Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords in Britain, resigns over a separate prostitution scandal.
Skylab 2 (Pete Conrad, Paul Weitz, Joseph Kerwin) is launched on a mission to repair damage to the recently launched Skylab space station.
Héctor José Cámpora becomes democratic president of the Argentine Republic ending the 1966 to 1973 Revolución Argentina military dictatorship.
May 27 – By virtue of the non-retroactivity of Soviet copyright laws, all works published before this date are public domain. This applies worldwide.Confirmation needed
May 30–Gordon Johncock wins the Indianapolis 500 in the Patrick Racing Special Eagle-Offenhauser, after only 133 laps, due to rain. (The race was begun May 28 but called due to rain.)
June 1 – The Greek military junta abolishes the monarchy and proclaims a republic.
June 3 – A Tupolev Tu-144 crashes at the Paris air show; 15 are killed.
June 4 – A patent for the ATM is granted to Donald Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain.
June 9 – Secretariat wins the Belmont Stakes shattering the record by an unbelievable 2 3/5ths seconds, becoming the first Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing winner since 1948.
June 10 – Henri Pescarolo and co-driver Gérard Larrousse (both France) win the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the Equipe Matra MS670B.
June 17 – The submersible Johnson Sea Link becomes entangled on the wreckage of the USS Fred T. Berry off Key West, Florida. The submersible is brought to the surface the following day, but 2 of the 4 men aboard die of carbon dioxide poisoning.
June 18 – U.S. President Richard Nixon begins several talks with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
June 20 – The Ezeiza massacre occurs in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers shoot at left-wing Peronists, killing at least 13 and injuring more than 300.
June 22 – W. Mark Felt ("Deep Throat") retires from the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
June 23 – A house fire in Kingston upon Hull, England, which kills a 6-year-old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 fire deaths caused over the next 7 years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.
June 24 – Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev addresses the American people on television, the first to do so.
Erskine Hamilton Childers is elected the 4th President of Ireland.
Watergate scandal: Former White House counsel John Dean begins his testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee.
June 26 – At Plesetsk Cosmodrome, 9 persons are killed in the explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
June 27 – Coup d'état in Uruguay: pressed by the military, President Juan María Bordaberry dissolves Parliament; a 12-year-long civic-military dictatorship begins.
June 28 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
June 30 – A very long total solar eclipse occurs. During the entire 2nd millennium, only 7 total solar eclipses exceeded 7 minutes of totality.
July 1 – The United States Drug Enforcement Administration is founded.
July 2 – The United States Congress passes the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA) mandating Special Education federally.
July 3 – Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE).
July 4 – MLB: The New York Mets fall 12½ games back in last place of the National League Eastern Division.
The Isle of Man Post begins to issue its own postage stamps.
The catastrophic BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) occurs in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, killing 11 firefighters. This explosion becomes a classic incident, studied in fire department training programs worldwide.
July 6 – St Andrew's Cathedral, Singapore is gazetted as a national monument.
The Bahamas gains full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
The grandson of J. Paul Getty is kidnapped in Rome.Confirmation needed
July 11 – Varig Flight 820 crashes near Orly, France; 123 are killed.
July 12 – National Personnel Records Center fire: A major fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri.
July 16 – Watergate scandal: Former White House aide Alexander Butterfield informs the United States Senate Watergate Committee that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially incriminating conversations.
July 17 – King Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan is deposed by his cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan while in Italy undergoing eye surgery.
July 20 –
France resumes nuclear bomb tests in Mururoa Atoll, over the protests of Australia and New Zealand.
Bruce Lee, American actor, philosopher, founder of Jeet Kune Do, dies in Hong Kong of cerebral edema (six days later his final film, Enter the Dragon, is released).
July 23 – The Avianca Building in Bogotá, Colombia suffers a serious fire.
July 25 – The Soviet Mars 5 space probe is launched.
July 27 – The New York Dolls release their debut album.
The Summer Jam at Watkins Glen, a massive rock festival featuring the Grateful Dead, The Allman Brothers Band and The Band, attracts over 600,000 music fans.
Skylab 3 (Owen Garriott, Jack Lousma, Alan Bean) is launched, to conduct various medical and scientific experiments aboard Skylab.
July 29 – Formula One racing driver Roger Williamson dies in an accident, witnessed live on European television, during the 1973 Dutch Grand Prix.
July 30 – An 11-year legal action for the victims of Thalidomide ends.Confirmation needed
Militant protesters led by Ian Paisley disrupt the first sitting of the Northern Ireland Assembly.
A Delta Air Lines DC-9 aircraft flying as Delta Air Lines Flight 173 lands short of Boston's Logan Airport runway in poor visibility, striking a sea wall about 165 feet (50 m) to the right of the runway centerline and about 3,000 feet (914 m) short. All 6 crew members and 83 passengers are killed, 1 of the passengers dying several months after the accident.
August 1 – Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) inaugurated.
August 2 – A flash fire kills 51 at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man.Confirmation needed
August 5 – Black September members open fire at the Athens airport; 3 are killed, 55 injured.
South Korean politician Kim Dae-jung is kidnapped in Tokyo by the KCIA.
The death of Dean Corll leads to the discovery of the Houston Mass Murders: a minimum of 28 boys were killed by Corll and his two teenage accomplices.
August 15 – The U.S. bombing of Cambodia ends, officially halting 12 years of combat activity in Southeast Asia according to the Case–Church Amendment-an act that prohibites military operations in Laos, Cambodia, and North and South Vietnam as a follow up of the Paris Peace Accords.
August 23 – The Norrmalmstorg robbery occurs, famous for the origin of the term Stockholm syndrome.
September 3 – The British Trades Union Congress expels 20 members for registering under the Industrial Relations Act 1971.
September 9 – Jackie Stewart places fourth at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza, becoming World Drivers' Champion, in the Tyrrell 003-Cosworth.
Chile's democratically elected government is overthrown in a military coup after serious instability. President Salvador Allende allegedly commits suicide during the coup in the presidential palace, and General Augusto Pinochet heads a U.S.-backed military junta that governs Chile for the next 16 years.
Art Garfunkel finally releases his solo debut album Angel Clare, 17 years after starting his career.
September 15 – Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden dies. His grandson, Carl XVI Gustaf, becomes king.
September 18 – The two German Republics, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), are admitted to the United Nations.
September 20 – The Battle of the Sexes: Billie Jean King defeats Bobby Riggs in a televised tennis match, 6–4, 6–4, 6–3, at the Astrodome in Houston, Texas. With an attendance of 30,492, this remains the largest live audience ever to see a tennis match in US history. The global audience that viewed on television in 36 countries was estimated at 90 million.
September 20 – Singer-songwriter Jim Croce dies following a gig at Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, Louisiana. Croce boarded a small chartered plane that crashed on takeoff. All six people aboard were killed.
September 22 – Henry Kissinger, United States National Security Advisor, starts his term as United States Secretary of State.
September 23 – The Oakland Raiders defeat the Miami Dolphins 12-7, ending the Dolphins' unbeaten streak at 18. It is the Miami Dolphins' first loss since January 16, 1972 in Super Bowl VI.
Soviet space program: Soyuz 12, the first Soviet manned flight since the Soyuz 11 tragedy in 1971, is launched.
Luís Cabral declares the independence of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau from the Estado Novo regime in Portugal. It is later granted in September 1974.
September 28 – The ITT Building in New York City is bombed in protest at ITT's alleged involvement in the September 11, 1973, coup d'état in Chile.
September 30 – Yankee Stadium, known as "The House That Ruth Built", closes for a two-year renovation at a cost of $160 million. The New York Yankees play all of their home games at Shea Stadium in 1974 and 1975.
Yom Kippur War begins: The fourth and largest Arab–Israeli conflict begins, as Egyptian and Syrian forces attack Israeli forces in the Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights on Yom Kippur.
French Formula One driver François Cevert is killed in the Tyrrell 003-Cosworth during the U.S. Grand Prix. Cevert's teammate, World Champion Jackie Stewart, announces his retirement after the event.
October 8 – LBC Radio begins broadcasting on 97.3 FM in London.
Spiro T. Agnew resigns as Vice President of the United States and then, in federal court in Baltimore, pleads no contest to charges of income tax evasion on $29,500 he received in 1967, while he was governor of Maryland. He is fined $10,000 and put on 3 years' probation.
October 14 – Thai popular uprising Students revolt in Bangkok – In the Thammasat student uprising over 100,000 people protest in Thailand against the Thanom military government, 77 are killed and 857 are injured by soldiers, Thailand.
October 15 – Typhoon Ruth crosses Luzon, Philippines, killing 27 people and causing $5 million in damage.
October 17 – An OPEC oil embargo against several countries supporting Israel triggers the 1973 energy crisis.
The Saturday Night Massacre: U.S. President Richard Nixon orders Attorney General Elliot Richardson to dismiss Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. Richardson refuses and resigns, along with Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus. Solicitor General Robert Bork, third in line at the Department of Justice, then fires Cox. The event raises calls for Nixon's impeachment.
The Sydney Opera House is opened by Elizabeth II after 14 years of construction work.
October 25 – The Yom Kippur War ends.
October 26 – The United Nations recognizes the independence of Guinea-Bissau.
October 27 – The Canon City meteorite, a 1.4 kilogram chondrite type meteorite, strikes Earth in Fremont County, Colorado.
October 30 – The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time in history.
October 31 – Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape: Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland after a hijacked helicopter lands in the exercise yard.
November 1 – Watergate scandal: Acting Attorney General Robert Bork appoints Leon Jaworski as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.Confirmation needed
Pan Am cargo flight 160, a Boeing 707-321C, crashes at Logan International Airport, Boston, killing 3 people.
Mariner program: NASA launches Mariner 10 toward Mercury (on March 29, 1974, it becomes the first space probe to reach that planet).
November 7 – The Congress of the United States overrides President Richard Nixon's veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.
November 8 – Millennium '73, a festival hosted by Guru Maharaj Ji at the Astrodome, is called by supporters the "most significant event in human history".
November 11 – Egypt and Israel sign a United States-sponsored cease-fire accord.
November 14 – In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips in Westminster Abbey (they divorce in 1992).
Skylab program: NASA launches Skylab 4 (Gerald Carr, William Pogue, Edward Gibson) from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on an 84-day mission.
U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.
Watergate scandal: In Orlando, Florida, U.S. President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors "I am not a crook."
The Athens Polytechnic uprising occurs against the military regime in Athens, Greece.
November 21 – U.S. President Richard Nixon's attorney, J. Fred Buzhardt, reveals the existence of an 18½-minute gap in one of the White House tape recordings related to Watergate.
November 25 – Greek dictator George Papadopoulos is ousted in a military coup led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis.
November 27 – The United States Senate votes 92–3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States.
November 29 – 104 people are killed in a Taiyo department store fire in Kumamoto, Kyūshū, Japan.
December – Chile breaks diplomatic contacts with Sweden.Confirmation needed
December 1 – Papua New Guinea gains self-government from Australia.
December 3 – Pioneer program: Pioneer 10 sends back the first close-up images of Jupiter.
December 6 – The United States House of Representatives votes 387–35 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States; he is sworn in the same day.
December 14 – Rhodesia executes two Blacks at Salisbury Central Prison for murder
December 15 – Gay rights: The American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from its DSM-II.
December 16 – O. J. Simpson of the Buffalo Bills became the first running back to rush for 2,000 yards in a pro football season.
December 18 – The Islamic Development Bank is created as a specialized agency of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) (effective 12 August 1974).
December 19 – Namco releases Mach Storm, a planetarium-like flight simulator simulating a McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II in which players can bomb rail yards, seaports, fuel tanks, power stations, supply depots, NVA and Viet Cong military camps, and airfields around Hanoi while fighting off enemy NVAF MiG-17s, MiG-21s, Shenyang J-5s, Shenyang J-6s, Mil Mi-8 gunships, Antonov An-2 biplanes, SA-2 surface-to-air missiles, and Soviet naval vessels in the Vietnam War during Operation Linebacker and the Christmas bombing of North Vietnam.
December 20 – Spanish prime minister Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated in Madrid by the separatist organization ETA.
December 23 – OPEC doubles the price of crude oil.Confirmation needed
December 25 – The movie premiere of The Sting, starring Robert Redford and Paul Newman, is held in Manhattan.
December 26 – The movie premiere of The Exorcist starring Ellen Burstyn and Linda Blair is opened in the United States.
December 28 – The Endangered Species Act is passed in the United States.
December 30 – Terrorist Carlos fails in his attempt to assassinate British businessman Joseph Sieff.Confirmation needed
December 31 – In the United Kingdom, due to coal shortages caused by industrial action, the Three-Day Week electricity consumption reduction measure comes into force.
ODECA functions are suspended.
Economist E. F. Schumacher publishes his book Small Is Beautiful.
The New York Bible Society International's New International Version of the New Testament translated into modern American English is published.
The National House Building Council is formed in the United Kingdom.
The COSC The Swiss Official Chronometer testing Institute is founded in Switzerland by 5 Watch Cantons & Federation of the Swiss Watch Industry.
The title Queen of Australia is created by the Royal Style and Titles Act.
A large Song dynasty trade ship of c. 1277 A.D. is dredged up from the waters near the southern coast of China with 12 compartments in its hull. It confirms the descriptions of bulkheaded hull compartments for junks in Zhu Yu's Pingzhou Table Talks of 1119.
The Sentosa Musical Fountain opens alongside the Fountain Gardens in Sentosa, Singapore.
5 teams tie for the rugby championship: Wales, England, France, Ireland, and Scotland.
Lite Beer is introduced in the U.S. by the Miller Brewing Company.
Danny Lloyd, American actor
Bryan Thao Worra, Lao writer
Jimi Mistry, English actor
January 4 – Greg de Vries, Canadian ice hockey player
Uday Chopra, Indian actor
January 6 – Scott Ferguson, Canadian ice hockey player
January 7 – Jonna Tervomaa, Finnish singer
January 9 – Sean Paul, Jamaican singer
Joseph M. Smith, American actor, writer and producer
Hande Yener, Turkish singer
Nikolai Khabibulin, Russian hockey player
Gloria Yip, Hong Kong actress
Giancarlo Fisichella, Italian race car driver
Katie Griffin, Canadian actress and singer
Tomáš Galásek, Czech football player
Essam El-Hadary, Egyptian goalkeeper
Maksim Martynov, Russian engineer
Josie Davis, American actress
Scott Greenall, musician, recording engineer, producer, and performance artist
January 17 – Cuauhtémoc Blanco, Mexican football player
Burnie Burns, American filmmaker
Crispian Mills, British musician (The Jeevas, Kula Shaker)
Ann Kristin Aarønes, Norwegian footballer
Wang Junxia, Chinese long-distance runner
Karen Lancaume, French actress (d. 2005)
Antero Manninen, Finnish cellist
Yevgeny Sadovyi, Russian swimmer
Aaron Yonda, American YouTube celebrity
January 21 – Chris Kilmore, American rock DJ (Incubus)
January 22 – Abi Tucker, Australian actor and singer
January 26 – Brendan Rodgers, Northern Irish football manager
January 27 – Shadmehr Aghili, Iranian pop singer, musician and composer
Louise Hindsgavl, Danish artist
Jason Schmidt, American baseball player
January 30 – Jalen Rose, American basketball player
Shingo Katayama, Japanese golfer
Portia de Rossi, American actress
Yuri Landman, Dutch artist and musician
Nick Mitchell, American wrestler
Makiko Ohmoto, Japanese voice actress
Óscar Pérez Rojas, Mexican football goalkeeper
February 2 – Aleksander Tammert, Estonian discus thrower
February 3 – Ilana Sod, Mexican journalist
James Hird, former Australian rules footballer for Essendon
Brett Hestla, American musician and record producer.
Oscar De La Hoya, American boxer
Trijntje Oosterhuis, Dutch pop singer
Deng Yaping, Chinese table tennis player
Turki Al-Dakhil, Saudi journalist
Juwan Howard, American retired professional basketball player
Angel Aquino, Filipina model, actress and host
Mie Sonozaki, Japanese voice actress
Kate Thornton, British television presenter
February 8 – Sonia Deol, British-Asian presenter
February 9 – Svetlana Boginskaya, Soviet gymnast
Gunn-Rita Dahle, Norwegian mountain biker
Núria Añó, Spanish writer
Jeon Do-yeon, South Korean actress
Mishal Husain, British news presenter for the BBC
Craig Jones, American rock sampler (Slipknot)
Varg Vikernes, Norwegian rock musician
February 12 – Tara Strong, Canadian-American voice actress
February 14 – Steve McNair, American football player (d. 2009)
Anna Dogonadze, German trampoline gymnast
Amy Van Dyken, American swimmer
February 16 – Cathy Freeman, Australian athlete
February 18 – Claude Makélélé, French footballer
February 20 – Kimberley Davies, Australian actress
February 21 – Heri Joensen, Faroese musician (Týr)
Shota Arveladze, Georgian football player
Gustavo Assis-Brasil, Brazilian guitarist
Scott Phillips, American rock drummer
Alexei Kovalev, Russian ice hockey player
Yordan Yovchev, Bulgarian gymnast
ATB, German DJ and music producer
Anders and Jonas Björler, guitarists
Marshall Faulk, American football player
Ole Gunnar Solskjær, Norwegian footballer
Jenny Thompson, American swimmer
February 27 – Peter Andre, English singer and television personality
Eric Lindros, Canadian hockey player
Masato Tanaka, Japanese professional wrestler
Jack Davenport, English actor
Anton Gunn, American politician
Ahmed El Sakka, Egyptian action actor
Kathrine Lee-Hinton, American flight attendant
Chris Webber, American basketball player
March 3 – Dejan Bodiroga, Serbian basketball player
March 4 – Jennifer Cole, American actress, model and game show hostess
March 5 – Ryan Franklin, American baseball pitcher
Peter Lindgren, Swedish musician
Rumi Ochiai, Japanese voice actress
March 7 – Rick Emerson, American talk show host and author
March 9 – Aaron Boone, American baseball player
Eva Herzigová, Czech model and actress
John LeCompt, American musician
Dan Swanö, Swedish musician
Edgar Davids, Dutch footballer
David Draiman songwriter and lead singer for the band Disturbed
Ólafur Darri Ólafsson, Icelandic actor
March 15 – Lee Jung-jae, South Korean actor and model
March 17 – Caroline Corr, Irish musician (The Corrs)
March 18 – Luci Christian, American voice actress
Magnus Hedman, Swedish footballer
Simmone Jade Mackinnon, Australian actor
March 20 – Arjun Atwal, Indian golfer
March 23 – Jason Kidd, American basketball player
Jacek Bąk, Polish footballer
Jim Parsons, American actor and comedian
March 25 – Anders Fridén, Swedish musician
T. R. Knight, American actor
Larry Page, American entrepreneur, founder of and former CEO of Google (2011-2015)
March 27 – Sayaka Aoki, Japanese comedian
Matt Nathanson, American singer-songwriter
Umaga, American wrestler (d. 2009)
Marc Overmars, Dutch footballer
Brandi Love, American porn actress
March 30 – Adam Goldstein, American DJ (d. 2009)
Stephen Fleming, New Zealand cricket captain
Rachel Maddow, American political commentator
Kris Marshall, British actor
April 2 – Roselyn Sánchez, Puerto Rican-American actress
Jamie Bamber, English actor
Matthew Ferguson, Canadian actor
David Blaine, American magician
Loris Capirossi, Italian motorcycle racer
Élodie Bouchez, French actress
Cho Sung-min, South Korean baseball pitcher (d. 2013)
Pharrell Williams, American musician and producer (The Neptunes)
Lori Heuring, American actress
Franck Marchis, American astronomer
Rie Miyazawa, Japanese actress and singer
April 7 – Christian O'Connell, British radio DJ and presenter
April 8 – Emma Caulfield, American actress
April 10 – Roberto Carlos, Brazilian footballer
April 11 – Jennifer Esposito, American actress
April 12 – Amr Waked, Egyptian film, television, and stage actor
April 13 – Sergey Shnurov, Russian singer
April 14 – Adrien Brody, Academy Award-winning American actor
April 15 – Emanuel Rego, Brazilian beach volleyball player
April 16 – Akon, Senegalese American rapper, R&B singer, songwriter, and record producer
April 18 – Haile Gebrselassie, Ethiopian long-distance runner
April 19 – George Gregan, Australian rugby union footballer
Mark Dexter, British actor
Katsuyuki Konishi, Japanese voice actor
April 22 – Christopher Sabat, American voice actor
Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricketer
Lee Westwood, English golfer
April 25 – Fredrik Larzon, Swedish rock musician (Millencolin)
April 27 – Sharlee D'Angelo, Swedish guitarist
Melissa Fahn, American actress
Elisabeth Röhm, German-American actress
April 29 – David Belle, French actor
April 30 – Jeff Timmons, American singer
Paul Burke, Irish rugby player
Diana Hayden, former Miss World and Indian actress
Oliver Neuville, German footballer
May 2 – Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck, German director
Brad Martin, American musician
Michael Reiziger, Dutch footballer
May 4 – Guillermo Barros Schelotto, Argentine footballer
May 5 – Johan Hedberg, Swedish retired hockey goaltender also known as "Moose"
May 7 – Paolo Savoldelli, Italian professional road racing cyclist
Hiromu Arakawa, Japanese manga artist
Marcus Brigstocke, British comedian
May 9 – Tegla Loroupe, Kenyan long-distance runner
Gareth Ainsworth, English footballer
Rüştü Reçber, Turkish football goalkeeper
Forbes March, American actor
Robert Tinkler, Canadian voice actor
Natalie Appleton, Canadian singer (All Saints)
Shanice, African-American singer
Jason Acuña, American skateboarder and actor
Tori Spelling, American actress
Kōsuke Toriumi, Japanese voice actor
Muna AbuSulayman, Influential Arab and Muslim Media personality
Sasha Alexander, American actress
Joshua Homme, American musician
Tamsier Joof, British dancer, choreographer and entrepreneur (of Senegalese and Gambian descent)
May 18 – Kaz Hayashi, Japanese professional wrestler
May 19 – Dario Franchitti, former Scottish racecar driver
May 20 – Kaya Yanar, German comedian
May 21 – Noel Fielding, British comedian
Emperor Magus Caligula, Swedish Musician
Jacopo Gianninoto, Italian musician
Bartolo Colón, Dominican baseball player
Dermot O'Leary, British TV presenter
Ruslana, Ukrainian pop star, activist, Eurovision Song Contest 2004 winner
Jean-Pierre Canlis, American glass artist
Demetri Martin, American comedian
May 30 – Leigh Francis, British comedian
Cadaveria, Italian singer (Opera IX)
Dominique van Roost, Belgian tennis player
Fred Deburghgraeve, Belgian swimmer
Adam Garcia, Australian actor and singer
Heidi Klum, German model
Derek Lowe, American baseball player
Carlos Acosta, Cuban-born ballet dancer
Kevin Feige, American film producer and president of Marvel Studios
June 8 – Lexa Doig, Canadian actress
June 9 – Tedy Bruschi, American football player
June 10 – Faith Evans, American singer
Mitsuki Saiga, Japanese voice actress
Darryl White, Australian footballer
June 13 – Sam Adams, American football player
June 14 – Ceca Raznatovic, Serbian folk singer
Dean McAmmond, Canadian hockey player
Neil Patrick Harris, American actor, comedian, singer, presenter, and host
Greg Vaughan, American actor
June 18 – Yumi Kakazu, Japanese voice actress
June 19 – Yuko Nakazawa, Japanese singer
June 20 – Chino Moreno, American musician
June 21 – Juliette Lewis, American actress
June 22 – Carson Daly, American television personality, host of NBC's The Voice and Last Call with Carson Daly
June 23 – Marija Naumova (Marie N), Latvian singer, Eurovision Song Contest 2002 winner
June 24 – Alexander Beyer, German actor
June 25 – Jamie Redknapp, English footballer
June 26 – Paweł Małaszyński, Polish actor
June 27 – Olve Eikemo, Norwegian musician
Adrián Annus, Hungarian athlete
Frost, Norwegian musician
Andre Lange, German Olympic bobsledder
Robert Bales, United States Army staff-sergeant and suspect of the Kandahar massacre
Chan Ho Park, Korean Major League Baseball player
July 2 – Peter Kay, British comedian
Emma Cunniffe, British actress
Patrick Wilson, American actor
July 4 – Gackt, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor
July 6 – Charizma, African-American rapper (d. 1993)
July 7 – Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga artist
July 9 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player
July 11 – Konstantinos Kenteris, Greek athlete
July 12 – Christian Vieri, Italian footballer
July 13 – Roberto Martínez, Spanish football manager
July 14 – Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
John Dolmayan, Lebanese-born rock drummer for the band System of a Down
Brian Austin Green, American actor
Stefano Garzelli, Italian professional road racing cyclist
Graham Robertson, American filmmaker and author
Daimaou Kosaka, Japanese comedian
Eric Moulds, American football player
Liam Kyle Sullivan, American comedian
Aílton Gonçalves da Silva, Brazilian football player
Peter Forsberg, Swedish hockey player
HRH Crown Prince Haakon of Norway
Daniel Jones, Australian musician and record producer
Rufus Wainwright, American-Canadian musician
Omar Epps, American actor
Nomar Garciaparra, American baseball player
Fran Healy, Scottish singer-songwriter
Monica Lewinsky, American former White House intern
Dani Filth, British vocalist
Kevin Phillips, English footballer
Tony Vincent, American actor and singer
July 26 – Kate Beckinsale, English actress
July 27 – Gorden Tallis, Australian rugby league player
July 28 – Steve Staios, Canadian ice hockey player
July 29 – Wanya Morris, American singer
Markus Näslund, Swedish ice hockey player
Sonu Nigam, Indian singer
July 31 – Jacob Aagaard, Danish-Scottish chess player
August 1 – Edurne Pasaban, Basque Spanish mountaineer
Miguel Mendonca, Anglo-Azorean writer
Susie O'Neill, Australian swimmer
Asia Carrera, American actress
Vera Farmiga, American actress
Jessica Calvello, American voice actress
Scott Stapp, American singer and songwriter (Creed)
Filippo Inzaghi, Italian footballer
Oleksandr Ponomariov, Ukrainian singer
August 11 – Carolyn Murphy, American model
August 12 – Richard Reid, English terrorist
August 13 – Ryoko Shinohara, Japanese actress
Jared Borgetti, Mexican footballer
Jay-Jay Okocha, Nigerian footballer
Kieren Perkins, Australian swimmer
Adnan Sami, Turkish music composer, pianist, singer
Kris Mangum, Professional football player
August 16 – Damian Jackson, American baseball player
HRH Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway
Marco Materazzi, Italian football player
August 20 – Todd Helton, American baseball player
Sergey Brin, Russian-born American entrepreneur, co-founder of Google
Steve McKenna, American hockey player
Nikolai Valuev, Russian heavyweight boxing champion
Howie D., American singer (Backstreet Boys)
Kristen Wiig, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter
Dave Brown, English comedian
Inge de Bruijn, Dutch swimmer
Dave Chappelle, African-American actor, comedian
Grey DeLisle, voice actress
Carmine Giovinazzo, American actor
August 28 – Kirby Morrow, Canadian voice actor
August 29 – Abdo Hakim, Lebanese actor and voice actor
August 30 – Lisa Ling, American journalist
September 1 – Ram Kapoor, Indian actor
September 3 – Jennifer Paige, American singer-songwriter
Jason David Frank, American actor and martial artist
Diosbelys Hurtado, Cuban boxer
September 5 – Rose McGowan, American actress
Carlo Cudicini, Italian footballer
Greg Rusedski, Canadian-British tennis player
September 7 – Shannon Elizabeth, American actress
September 9 – Kazuhisa Ishii, Japanese baseball player
Darren Campbell, British athlete
Paul Walker, American actor (d. 2013)
September 13 – Fabio Cannavaro, Italian footballer
Andrew Lincoln, British actor
Nas, African-American rapper
Indira Levak, Croatian lead vocalist of Colonia
Julie Cox, English actress
Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland, né Olof Daniel Westling, Swedish prince, married to Crown Princess Victoria
September 17 – Ada Choi, Hong Kong actress
Paul Brousseau, Canadian ice hockey player
James Marsden, American actor
Ami Onuki, Japanese singer
Mark Shuttleworth, South African entrepreneur
José Azevedo, Portuguese cyclist
David Zepeda, Mexican actor, model and singer
September 20 – Jo Pavey, British athlete
September 21 – Oswaldo Sánchez, Mexican footballer
Craig McRae, Australian footballer
Yoo Chae-yeong, South Korean singer and actress
September 24 – Eddie George, American football player
September 25 – Bridgette Wilson-Sampras, American actress
September 26 – Lainey Lui, Canadian television personality; one of the co-hosts of etalk
Alfie Boe, English tenor
Joe Hulbig, American ice hockey player
October 1 – Christian Borle, American actor and singer
Melissa Harris-Perry, African-American political commentator
Lene Nystrøm, Norwegian singer (Aqua)
Verka Serduchka, Ukrainian Drag queen, comedian and singer, Eurovision Song Contest 2007 runner-up
Neve Campbell, Canadian actress
Richard Ian Cox, Welsh voice actor and radio host
Chris Parks, American professional wrestler
Craig Robert Young, British actor and singer (Deuce)
October 5 – Annabelle Chvostek, Canadian singer-songwriter
October 6 – Ioan Gruffudd, Welsh actor
October 8 – Kari Korhonen, Finnish cartoonist
Steve Burns, Blue's Clues actor
Fabio Lione, Italian singer
October 10 – Mario López, American actor
Takeshi Kaneshiro, Taiwanese/Japanese actor
Daisuke Sakaguchi, Japanese voice actor
Matt Hughes, American mixed martial arts fighter
Nanako Matsushima, Japanese actress
October 14 – Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician
Susy Pryde, New Zealand cyclist
Dax Riggs, American musician
October 16 – Todd van der Heyden, Canadian journalist and news anchor
Rachel Nichols, American sports journalist
Alex Tagliani, Canadian race car driver
October 19 – Joaquin Gage, Canadian ice hockey player
October 21 – Beverley Turner, British TV and radio presenter
October 22 – Ichiro Suzuki, Japanese baseball player
October 24 – Levi Leipheimer, American professional cyclist
Lamont Bentley, American actor (d. 2005)
Maxi Mounds, American female stripper
Seth MacFarlane, American animator and voice actor; creator of Family Guy and American Dad!
Taka Michinoku, Japanese professional wrestler
Maryam Nawaz, Pakistani politician
Montel Vontavious Porter, WWE Raw wrestler
October 29 – Robert Pirès, French football player
Adam Copeland, retired Canadian professional wrestler and 4-time WWE Champion
Silvia Corzo, Colombian newsreader
Assia, Algerian singer
Li Xiaoshuang, Chinese gymnast
Aishwarya Rai, Indian actress, Miss World 1994
Mick Thomson, American guitarist
Kirk Jones, African-American rapper (Onyx)
Johnny Damon, baseball player
Peter Emmerich, American illustrator
November 6 – Rumi Shishido, Japanese voice actress and singer
November 8 – David Muir, American journalist and news anchor
Alyson Court, Canadian actress
Nick Lachey, American singer
Maija Vilkkumaa, Finnish pop rock singer
Jacqui Abbott, English singer
Róbert Gulya, Hungarian composer
Lawyer Milloy, American football player
Dana Snyder, American voice actor
Billy Currington, American country singer
Savion Glover, American tap dancer
November 20 – Sav Rocca, American football player and Australian rules footballer
November 22 – Cassie Campbell, Canadian ice hockey forward and CBC commentator
November 26 – Peter Facinelli, American actor
November 27 – Sharlto Copley, South African producer, actor, and director
Rob Conway, American professional wrestler
Jade Puget, American guitarist
Gina Tognoni, American actress
Ryan Giggs, Welsh footballer
Raphael Smith, South African screenwriter and songwriter
Nimród Antal, Hungarian-American film director, screenwriter and actor
Im Chang-jung, South Korean actor
Jason Reso, Canadian professional wrestler
Monica Seles, Hungarian-Yugoslavian tennis player
Jan Ullrich, German professional road bicycle racer
Francisco Islas Rueda, Mexican professiomal wrestler
Holly Marie Combs, American actress
Tyra Banks, American supermodel, talk show host
Steven Menzies, Australian rugby league player
Michael Jackson, former English football defender
Sorin Grindeanu, Prime Minister of Romania
Mikelangelo Loconte, Italian singer
Neil Codling, Member of Suede
Terrell Owens, American football player
Damien Rice, Irish singer-songwriter, musician and record producer
December 8 – Corey Taylor, American rock vocalist (Slipknot, Stone Sour)
December 9 – Bárbara Padilla, American operatic soprano
December 10 – Arden Myrin, American comedian
December 11 – Mos Def, African-American rapper and actor
Tomasz Radzinski, Canadian footballer
Thuy Trang, Vietnamese-born actress (d. 2001)
December 15 – Surya Bonaly, French figure skater
December 16 – Scott Storch, American hip-hop producer
December 17 – Paula Radcliffe, British athlete
December 18 – Darryl Brown, Trinidad and West Indian cricketer
December 20 – Antti Kasvio, Finnish swimmer
December 21 – Mike Alstott, American football player
Paul Foot, English comedian
Stephenie Meyer, American novelist
Kerry Nettle, Australian politician
Shalom Harlow, Canadian model and actress
Chris Harris, American professional wrestler
Wilson Cruz, American actor
Kristoffer Zegers, Dutch composer
Seth Meyers, American actor and comedian, currently hosts Late Night with Seth Meyers
Ids Postma, Dutch speed skater
Theo Epstein, American baseball general manager
Pimp C, American rap artist
Jason Behr, American actor
Ato Boldon, West Indian athlete
December 31 – Nikolay Tsiskaridze, Russian dancer
Tiago Carneiro da Cunha, Brazilian artist
Eimear Quinn, Irish Celtic singer, Eurovision Song Contest 1996 winner
Sir Arthur Elton, pioneer of the British documentary film industry (b. 1906)
Sergei Kourdakov, former KGB agent (b. 1951)
January 2 – Eleazar López Contreras, 32th President of Venezuela (b. 1883)
January 7 – Mark Essex, American spree killer (b. 1949)
January 8 – Dudley Foster, British actor (b. 1924)
January 12 – Turk Edwards, American football player (Washington Redskins) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1907)
January 17 – Herbert D. Riley, United States Navy admiral (b. 1904)
January 19 – Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (b. 1903)
January 22 – Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States (b. 1908)
January 23 – Kid Ory, American musician (b. 1886)
January 24 – J. Carrol Naish, American actor (b. 1897)
January 26 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (b. 1893)
January 28 – John Banner, Austrian-born actor (b. 1910)
January 29 – Ludwig Stössel, Austrian actor (b. 1883)
January 31 – Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
February 11 – Hans D. Jensen, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
Wally Cox, American actor (b. 1924)
Tim Holt, American actor (b. 1919)
February 16 – Francisco Caamaño, Dominican politician (b. 1932)
February 17 – Harold Saxton Burr, American scientist (b. 1889)
February 19 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (b. 1892)
Elizabeth Bowen, Irish novelist (b. 1899)
Katina Paxinou, Greek actress (b. 1900)
February 23 – Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
February 28 – Cecil Kellaway, South African actor (b. 1893)
March 3 – Vera Panova, Soviet-Russian writer (b. 1905)
March 4 – Marie-Anne Desmarest, French novelist (b. 1904)
March 6 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
March 8 – Ron "Pigpen" McKernan, American rock musician (Grateful Dead) (b. 1945)
March 10 – Bull Connor, Commissioner of Public Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, during the American Civil Rights Movement and member of the Ku Klux Klan during the 1920s (b. 1897)
March 10 – Robert Siodmak, German-American director (b. 1900)
March 12 – Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
March 13 – Melville Cooper, British actor (b. 1896)
Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (b. 1907)
Chic Young, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
Johannes Aavik, Estonian philologist (b. 1880)
Lauritz Melchior, Danish opera singer (b. 1890)
March 20 – Adolf Strauss, German general (b. 1879)
March 23 – Ken Maynard, American actor (b. 1895)
March 25 – Edward Steichen, American photographer (b. 1879)
Safford Cape, American composer and musicologist (b. 1906)
Sir Noël Coward, English composer and playwright (b. 1899)
George Sisler, American baseball player (St. Louis Browns) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1893)
March 30 – Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 14th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nobleman and pioneering aviator (b. 1903)
April 4 – Xu Lai, Chinese actress and secret agent (b. 1909)
April 8 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (b. 1881)
Henry Darger, reclusive American outsider artist (b.1892)
Arthur Freed, American film producer (b. 1894)
April 14 – Károly Kerényi, Hungarian philologist and mythologist (b. 1897)
Nino Bravo, Spanish singer (b. 1944)
Istvan Kertesz, Hungarian conductor (b. 1929)
April 19 – Hans Kelsen, Austrian-born legal theorist (b. 1881)
April 20 – Robert Armstrong, American actor (b. 1890)
Merian C. Cooper, American aviator, director, and producer (b. 1893)
Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
Armand Annet, French colonial official (b. 1888)
Frank Jack Fletcher, American admiral (b. 1885)
April 26 – Irene Ryan, American actress (b. 1902)
April 28 – Jacques Maritain, Catholic philosopher (b. 1882)
April 30 – Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator (b. 1911)
May 1 – Asger Jorn, Danish painter (b. 1914)
May 2 – Alan Carney, American actor and comedian (b. 1909)
May 6 – Myrna Fahey, American actress (b. 1933)
May 8 – Alexander Vandegrift, American general (b. 1887)
May 10 – Jack E. Leonard, American comedian (b. 1910)
May 11 – Lex Barker, American actor (b. 1919)
May 12 – Frances Marion, American screenwriter (b. 1888)
May 14 – Jean Gebser, German author, linguist, and poet (b. 1905)
May 16 – Jacques Lipchitz, French American sculptor (b. 1891)
Dieudonné Costes, French aviator (b. 1892)
Jeannette Rankin, first U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1880)
May 20 – Jarno Saarinen, Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)
Ivan Konev, Marshal of the USSR (b. 1897)
Vaughn Monroe, American singer (b. 1911)
Jay C. Higginbotham, American musician (b. 1906)
Karl Löwith, German philosopher (b. 1897)
May 29 – P. Ramlee, Malaysian film actor, director, singer, songwriter, composer, and producer (b. 1929)
June 1 – Mary Kornman, American actress (b. 1915)
June 3 – Dory Funk, American professional wrestler (b. 1919)
June 4 – Arna Bontemps, African-American Harlem Renaissance writer (b. 1902)
June 5 – Max Terhune, American actor (b. 1891)
June 8 – Emmy Göring nee Sonnemann, German actress, second wife of Hermann Göring (b. 1893)
June 9 – Erich von Manstein, German field marshal (b. 1887)
June 10 – William Inge, American playwright (b. 1913)
June 18 – Roger Delgado, English actor (b. 1918)
June 23 – Fay Holden, American actress (b. 1893)
June 24 – Mary Carr, American actress (b. 1874)
June 26 – Ernest Truex, American actor (b. 1889)
Nancy Mitford, English novelist (b. 1904)
Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R, Ukrainian Catholic bishop and martyr (b. 1903)
July 1 – Yosef Alon, Israeli pilot, co-founder of the Israeli Air Force, assassinated in the United States (b. 1929)
Betty Grable, American actress (b. 1916)
Chick Hafey, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1903)
George Macready, American actor (b. 1899)
Swede Savage, American race car driver (b. 1946)
July 5 – Golwalkar, Second sarsanghchalak of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (b. 1906)
Joe E. Brown, American actor (b. 1892)
Otto Klemperer, German-born conductor (b. 1885)
Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1895)
Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1922)
Arthur Calwell, Australian labor politician (b. 1896)
Ben-Zion Dinur, Russian-born Israeli educator, historian and politician (b. 1884)
Wilfred Rhodes, English cricketer (b. 1877)
Alexander Mosolov, Russian composer (b. 1900)
Robert Ryan, American actor (b. 1909)
July 12 – Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor (b. 1906)
July 13 – Willy Fritsch, German actor (b. 1901)
July 18 – Jack Hawkins, British actor (b. 1910)
Bruce Lee, Chinese-American martial artist and actor (b. 1940)
Robert Smithson, American artist (b. 1938)
July 23 – Eddie Rickenbacker, American World War I flying ace and race car driver (b. 1890)
Amy Jacques Garvey, Jamaican-born journalist and activist (b. 1895)
Louis St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1882)
Henri Charrière, French writer (b. 1906)
Roger Williamson, British race car driver (b. 1948)
Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (b. 1882)
Walter Ulbricht, East German leader (b. 1893)
August 2 – Jean-Pierre Melville, French film director (b. 1917)
August 4 – Eddie Condon, American jazz musician (b. 1905)
Fulgencio Batista, 2-Time President of Cuba (b. 1901)
James Beck, British actor (b. 1929)
August 9 – Charles Daniels, American Olympic swimmer (b. 1885)
August 10 – Douglas Kennedy, American actor (b. 1915)
August 11 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1898)
Dayanand Bandodkar, Chief Minister of Goa (b. 1911)
Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1881)
August 13 – Willy Rey, American model (b. 1949)
Veda Ann Borg, American actress (b. 1915)
Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1888)
Conrad Aiken, American writer (b. 1889)
Jean Barraqué, French composer (b. 1928)
Paul Williams, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1939)
August 27 – Tol Avery, American actor (b. 1915)
August 30 – Michael Dunn, American actor (b. 1934)
August 31 – John Ford, American film director (b. 1894)
Diana Sands, American actress (b. 1934)
J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (b. 1892)
September 11 – Salvador Allende, 30th President of Chile (b. 1908)
Betty Field, American actress (b. 1913)
Sajjad Zaheer, Urdu writer and revolutionary (b. 1905)
King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1882)
Víctor Jara, Chilean politician and singer-songwriter (b. 1932)
Robert B. McClure, American general (b. 1896)
September 18 – Ken Harada, first diplomat from Japan to the Holy See (age 80)
September 19 – Gram Parsons, American musician (b. 1946)
Jim Croce, American songwriter (b. 1943)
Glenn Strange, American actor (b. 1899)
September 23 – Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
September 24 – Josué de Castro, Brazilian writer, physician, geographer and activist against hunger (b. 1908)
Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver (b. 1928)
Anna Magnani, Italian actress (b. 1908)
September 28 – Norma Crane, American actress (b. 1928)
September 29 – W. H. Auden, English poet (b. 1907)
September 30 – Peter Pitseolak, Inuit photographer and author (b. 1902)
Paul Hartman, American dancer and actor (b. 1904)
Paavo Nurmi, Finnish Olympic athlete (b. 1897)
Sidney Blackmer, American actor (b. 1895)
François Cevert, French race car driver (b. 1944)
October 8 – Gabriel Marcel, French Catholic existential thinker (b. 1889)
October 10 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian economist (b. 1881)
Edmund A. Chester, American broadcaster and journalist (b. 1897)
Ahmed Hamdi, Egyptian general who fought in Yom Kippur (b. 1929)
October 16 – Gene Krupa, American jazz drummer (b. 1909)
October 17 – Ingeborg Bachmann, Austrian writer (b. 1926)
Walt Kelly, American cartoonist (b. 1913)
Crane Wilbur, American actor (b. 1886)
October 19 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American magazine publisher (b. 1886)
October 22 – Pablo Casals, Spanish cellist and conductor (b. 1876)
October 25 – Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian Olympic athlete (b. 1932)
October 26 – Semyon Budyonny, Cossack cavalryman and Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1883)
October 27 – Allan "Rocky" Lane, American actor (b. 1909)
October 28 – Cleo Moore, American actress (b. 1928)
November 2 – Greasy Neale, American football coach (Philadelphia Eagles) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1891)
November 3 – Marc Allégret, French film director (b. 1900)
November 7 – Kiyohide Shima, Japanese admiral (b. 1890)
November 9 – Apostol Karamitev, Bulgarian actor (b. 1923)
David "Stringbean" Akeman, American banjo player (b. 1915)
Morton Deyo, American admiral (b. 1887)
November 11 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
November 13 – Lila Lee, American actress (b. 1901)
November 16 – Alan Watts, British philosopher (b. 1915)
November 20 – Allan Sherman, American comedy writer, television producer, and song parodist (b. 1924)
Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese-American actor (b. 1889)
Constance Talmadge, American actress (b. 1897)
Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (b. 1931)
Laurence Harvey, English actor (b. 1928)
November 27 – Frank Christian, American musician (b. 1887)
November 28 – John Rostill, English bassist, musician and composer (The Shadows) (b. 1942)
November 29 – Philip D. Gallery, American admiral (b. 1907)
December 1 – David Ben-Gurion, 1st Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1886)
December 2 – Richard G. Colbert, American admiral (b. 1915)
Emile Christian, American musician (b. 1895)
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, 47th President of Mexico (b. 1889)
Lauri Lehtinen, Finnish Olympic athlete (b. 1908)
Michael O'Shea, American actor (b. 1906)
December 5 – Sir Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish engineer, radar pioneer (b. 1892)
Luis Carrero Blanco, first minister of Spain (assassinated) (b. 1904)
Bobby Darin, American singer, songwriter, musician, actor, dancer, impressionist and TV presenter (b. 1936)
December 23 – Gerard Kuiper Netherlands-born American astronomer (b. 1905)
December 24 – Fritz Gause, German historian (b. 1893)
İsmet İnönü, Turkish general and statesman, 3-Time Prime Minister of Turkey and 2nd President of Turkey (b. 1884)
Adrian Scott, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1912)
Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (b. 1880)
William Haines, American actor (b. 1900)
Harold B. Lee, American president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1899)
December 30 – Marcel-Bruno Gensoul, French admiral (b. 1880)
Physics – Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian David Josephson
Chemistry – Ernst Otto Fischer, Geoffrey Wilkinson
Medicine – Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen
Literature – Patrick White
Peace – Henry Kissinger, Lê Đức Thọ
Economics – Wassily Leontief
1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1973rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 973rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1970s decade.