Cabinet of Turkey National Security Council
The President In accordance with voting in the Grand National Assembly
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Ankara Government) İsmet İnönü (Republic)
The Prime Minister of Turkey (Turkish: Başbakan) is the head of government of Turkey. The prime minister is the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The current holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.
In the Ottoman Empire, the prime minister of the Ottoman sultan was called Grand Vizier. After the Tanzimat period in the 19th century, the grand viziers came to assume a role more like that of the prime ministers of contemporary Western European monarchies. Later, with the Ottoman constitution of 1876, a parliament was established to oversee the prime minister, and with the amendments to the constitution during the Second Constitutional Era, the prime minister was made answerable to the parliament rather than the sultan. Finally, with the declaration of republic in 1923, the appointer of the prime minister became the president, instead of the sultan.