Trisha Shetty (Editor)

20th century in literature

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Literature of the 20th century refers to world literature produced during the 20th century (1901 to 2000).

Contents

In terms of the Euro-American tradition, the main periods are captured in the bipartite division, Modernist literature and Postmodern literature, flowering from roughly 1900 to 1940 and 1960 to 1990 respectively, divided, as a rule of thumb, by World War II. The somewhat malleable term of contemporary literature is usually applied with a post-1960 cutoff point.

Although these terms (modern, contemporary and postmodern) are most applicable to Western literary history, the rise of globalization has allowed European literary ideas to spread into non-Western cultures fairly rapidly, so that Asian and African literatures can be included into these divisions with only minor qualifications. And in some ways, such as in Postcolonial literature, writers from non-Western cultures were on the forefront of literary development.

Technological advances during the 20th century allowed cheaper production of books, resulting in a significant rise in production of popular literature and trivial literature, comparable to the similar developments in music. The division of "popular literature" and "high literature" in the 20th century is by no means absolute, and various genres such as detectives or science fiction fluctuate between the two. Largely ignored by mainstream literary criticism for the most of the century, these genres developed their own establishments and critical awards; these include the Nebula Award (since 1965), the British Fantasy Award (since 1971) or the Mythopoeic Awards (since 1971).

Towards the end of the 20th century, electronic literature developed due to the development of hypertext and later the world wide web.

The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded annually throughout the century (with the exception of 1914, 1918, 1935 and 1940–1943), the first laureate (1901) being Sully Prudhomme. The New York Times Best Seller list has been published since 1942.

The best-selling works of the 20th century are estimated to be Quotations from Chairman Mao (1966, 900 million copies), The Lord of the Rings (1954/55, 150 million copies), Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (1997, 120 million copies) and And Then There Were None (1939, 115 million copies). The Lord of the Rings was also voted "book of the century" in various surveys. Perry Rhodan (1961 to present) proclaimed as the best-selling book series, with an estimated total of 1 billion copies sold.

1901–18

The Fin de siècle movement of the Belle Époque persisted into the 20th century, but was brutally cut short with the outbreak of World War I (an effect depicted e.g. in Thomas Mann's The Magic Mountain, published 1924). The Dada movement of 1916-1920 was at least in part a protest against the bourgeois nationalist and colonialist interests which many Dadaists believed were the root cause of the war; the movement heralded the Surrealism movement of the 1920s.

1900

  • Lord Jim by Joseph Conrad (Poland, England)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum (USA)
  • 1901

  • Buddenbrooks by Thomas Mann (Germany)
  • The Inheritors by Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford (England)
  • Kim by Rudyard Kipling (India, England)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Purple Cloud by M. P. Shiel (Montserrat, England)
  • The First Men in the Moon by H. G. Wells (England)
  • 1902

  • Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
  • The Immoralist by André Gide (France)
  • The Wings of the Dove by Henry James (USA, England)
  • The Grand Babylon Hotel by Arnold Bennett (England)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Hound of the Baskervilles by Arthur Conan Doyle (Scotland)
  • Just So Stories by Rudyard Kipling
  • Plays

  • Man and Superman by George Bernard Shaw (Ireland)
  • 1903

  • Romance by Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford
  • The Ambassadors by Henry James
  • The Pit by Frank Norris (USA)
  • In Wonderland by Knut Hamsun (Norway)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Call of the Wild by Jack London (USA)
  • The Riddle of the Sands by Erskine Childers (England, Ireland)
  • 1904

  • The Golden Bowl by Henry James
  • Nostromo by Joseph Conrad
  • The Napoleon of Notting Hill by G. K. Chesterton (England)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Food of the Gods by H. G. Wells
  • The Sea-Wolf by Jack London
  • Green Mansions by William Henry Hudson (Argentina, England)
  • Plays

  • John Bull's Other Island by George Bernard Shaw
  • 1905

  • Hadrian the Seventh by Frederick Rolfe aka Baron Corvo (England, Italy)
  • Where Angels Fear to Tread by E. M. Forster (England)
  • Kipps by H. G. Wells
  • The House of Mirth by Edith Wharton (USA)
  • The Club of Queer Trades by G. K. Chesterton
  • 1906

  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair (USA)
  • The Confusions of Young Törless by Robert Musil (Austria)
  • Genre fiction

  • Puck of Pook's Hill by Rudyard Kipling
  • Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens by J. M. Barrie (Scotland)
  • Time and the Gods by Lord Dunsany (Ireland, England)
  • White Fang by Jack London
  • Plays

  • The Aran Islands by John Millington Synge (Ireland)
  • 1907

  • The Secret Agent by Joseph Conrad
  • The Longest Journey by E. M. Forster
  • Genre fiction

  • The Listener and Other Stories by Algernon Blackwood (England) - contains The Willows, one of the first 'cosmic horror' stories
  • The Hill of Dreams by Arthur Machen (England)
  • Plays

  • The Playboy of the Western World by John Millington Synge
  • Poetry

  • Cautionary Tales for Children by Hilaire Belloc (France, England)
  • 1908

  • The Man Who Was Thursday by G. K. Chesterton
  • A Room with a View by E. M. Forster
  • The Iron Heel by Jack London
  • Hell by Henri Barbusse (France, Russia)
  • The Magician by Somerset Maugham (England, France) - based on the author's meeting with Aleister Crowley
  • Genre fiction

  • The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame (England)
  • Poetry

  • Personae by Ezra Pound (USA, England, Italy) - one of the first examples of 'modernist' poetry
  • 1909

  • Martin Eden by Jack London
  • Sparrows: the story of an unprotected girl by Horace W C Newte
  • Tono-Bungay by H. G. Wells
  • Three Lives by Gertrude Stein (USA, France)
  • Poetry

  • Exultations by Ezra Pound
  • Poems by William Carlos Williams (USA)
  • Plays

  • The Blue Bird by Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgium)
  • 1910

  • Howards End by E. M. Forster
  • The Card by Arnold Bennett
  • The History of Mr Polly by H. G. Wells
  • 1911

  • Zuleika Dobson by Max Beerbohm (England)
  • In a German Pension by Katherine Mansfield (England) - short stories
  • Under Western Eyes by Joseph Conrad
  • The White Peacock by D. H. Lawrence (England)
  • Jennie Gerhardt by Theodore Dreiser (USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • Peter and Wendy by J. M. Barrie (Scotland)
  • 1912

  • The Trespasser by D. H. Lawrence
  • Death in Venice by Thomas Mann (Germany)
  • Genre fiction

  • Riders of the Purple Sage by Zane Grey (USA)
  • The Lost World by Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs (USA)
  • Plays

  • Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw
  • 1913

  • Petersburg by Andrei Bely (Russia)
  • Swann's Way by Marcel Proust (France)
  • Le Grand Meaulnes by Alain-Fournier (France)
  • Sons and Lovers by D. H. Lawrence
  • Chance by Joseph Conrad
  • Genre fiction

  • A Prisoner in Fairyland by Algernon Blackwood - adapted into a play, it later became the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Starlight Express
  • The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu by 'Sax Rohmer' (England)
  • Poetry

  • Alcools by Guillaume Apollinaire (Poland, France) - dada poems
  • Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore
  • 1914

  • Dubliners by James Joyce (Ireland, France, Italy) - short stories
  • The Prussian Officer and Other Stories by D. H. Lawrence - short stories
  • The Vatican Cellars by André Gide
  • Tender Buttons by Gertrude Stein
  • The Golem by Gustav Meyrink (Austria)
  • Maurice by E. M. Forster - unpublished
  • Sinister Street by Compton Mackenzie (Scotland, Greece)
  • The Flying Inn by G. K. Chesterton
  • Poetry

  • North of Boston by Robert Frost (USA)
  • 1915

  • The Good Soldier by Ford Madox Ford
  • The Rainbow by D. H. Lawrence
  • The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka
  • Of Human Bondage by Somerset Maugham
  • Victory by Joseph Conrad
  • Pointed Roofs by Dorothy Richardson
  • The Voyage Out by Virginia Woolf (England)
  • Vainglory by Ronald Firbank (England)
  • Rashōmon by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa
  • Genre fiction

  • The Thirty-Nine Steps by John Buchan (Scotland, Canada)
  • 1916

  • A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce
  • Women in Love by D. H. Lawrence - initially banned, published in 1920
  • Genre fiction

  • Greenmantle by John Buchan
  • Poetry

  • Salt-Water Poems and Ballads by John Masefield (England)
  • Mountain Interval by Robert Frost
  • 1917

  • Under Fire by Henri Barbusse (France, Russia)
  • Walpurgis Night by Gustav Meyrink
  • Growth of the Soil by Knut Hamsun
  • The Shadow Line by Joseph Conrad
  • Caprice by Ronald Firbank
  • Poetry

  • Dulce et Decorum est and Anthem for Doomed Youth by Wilfred Owen (England) - published posthumously
  • Prufrock and Other Observations by T. S. Eliot (USA, England)
  • 1918

  • Tarr by Wyndham Lewis (Canada, England)
  • Man of Straw by Heinrich Mann (Germany)
  • Poetry

  • Calligrammes by Guillaume Apollinaire - dada poetry
  • Non-fiction

  • Eminent Victorians by Lytton Strachey (England)
  • Interwar period

    The 1920s were a period of literary creativity, and works of several notable authors appeared during the period. D. H. Lawrence's novel Lady Chatterley's Lover was a scandal at the time because of its explicit descriptions of sex. James Joyce's novel, Ulysses, published in 1922 in Paris, was one of the most important achievements of literary modernism.

    1919

  • Within a Budding Grove by Marcel Proust
  • Night and Day by Virginia Woolf
  • Winesburg, Ohio by Sherwood Anderson (USA) - the first 'lost generation' novel
  • Valmouth by Ronald Firbank
  • Bazaar-e-Husn by Premchand (publ. in Hindi as Seva-sadan)
  • Genre fiction

  • Dope by Sax Rohmer - inspired by the true story of Limehouse dope-dealer Brilliant Chang
  • Dope Darling by Leda Burke (David Garnett) (England)
  • 1920

  • We by Yevgeny Zamyatin (Russia)
  • Limbo by Aldous Huxley (England) - short stories
  • The Lost Girl by D. H. Lawrence
  • This Side of Paradise by F. Scott Fitzgerald (USA)
  • The London Venture by Michael Arlen (Armenia, England)
  • Storm of Steel by Ernst Jünger (Germany)
  • A Voyage to Arcturus by David Lindsay (Scotland)
  • Main Street by Sinclair Lewis (USA)
  • The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton (USA)
  • Plays

  • Six Characters in Search of an Author by Luigi Pirandello (Italy)
  • Beyond the Horizon and Anna Christie by Eugene O'Neill - Pulitzer prize winner
  • 1921

  • The Guermantes Way by Marcel Proust
  • Crome Yellow by Aldous Huxley
  • England, My England and Other Stories by D. H. Lawrence - short stories
  • The Forsyte Saga by John Galsworthy (England) - pentology, first volume published in 1906
  • My Life and Loves by Frank Harris (England, USA) - four volumes of quasi-factual sex gossip, the fifth completed by Alex Trocchi
  • Plays

  • Back to Methuselah by George Bernard Shaw
  • R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Čapek - from which the term 'robot' was coined
  • 1922

  • Ulysses by James Joyce
  • Jacob's Room by Virginia Woolf
  • Sodom and Gomorrah by Marcel Proust
  • Croatian God Mars by Miroslav Krleža
  • The Enormous Room by E. E. Cummings (USA)
  • Futility by William Gerhardie (Russia, England)
  • The Beautiful and Damned by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Mortal Coils by Aldous Huxley - short stories
  • Aaron's Rod by D. H. Lawrence Kim
  • The Garden Party by Katherine Mansfield - short stories
  • Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse (Germany, Switzerland)
  • Peter Whiffle by Carl Van Vechten (USA)
  • Babbitt by Sinclair Lewis
  • Lady into Fox by David Garnett
  • Poetry

  • The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot
  • 1923

  • Confessions of Zeno by Italo Svevo (Italy)
  • The Good Soldier Švejk by Jaroslav Hašek (Czechoslovakia)
  • The Captive by Marcel Proust
  • Kangaroo by D. H. Lawrence
  • Antic Hay by Aldous Huxley
  • Three Soldiers by John Dos Passos (USA)
  • The Great American Novel by William Carlos Williams
  • The Devil in the Flesh by Raymond Radiguet (France)
  • Aelita by Alexey Tolstoy (Russia)
  • Plays

  • The Shadow of a Gunman by Seán O'Casey (Ireland)
  • Poetry

  • New Hampshire by Robert Frost
  • The Duino Elegies by Rainer Maria Rilke
  • 1924

  • The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann (Germany)
  • In Our Time by Ernest Hemingway (USA) - short stories
  • A Passage to India by E. M. Forster
  • Little Mexican by Aldous Huxley - short stories
  • The Fox and The Captain's Doll by D. H. Lawrence - short stories
  • Genre fiction

  • The Murder of Roger Ackroyd by Agatha Christie (England)
  • Plays

  • Juno and the Paycock by Seán O'Casey
  • The Vortex by Noël Coward (England)
  • 1925

  • Mrs Dalloway by Virginia Woolf
  • The Trial by Franz Kafka (Czechoslovakia) - posthumous, first English translation in 1930
  • The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald - often described as the epitome of the "Jazz Age" in American literature
  • The Green Hat by Michael Arlen - perhaps the epitome of the jazz age in British literature
  • Paris Peasant by Louis Aragon (France)
  • Albertine disparue by Marcel Proust
  • Manhattan Transfer by John Dos Passos
  • In the American Grain by William Carlos Williams
  • The Desert of Love by François Mauriac (France)
  • Gentlemen Prefer Blondes by Anita Loos (USA)
  • Those Barren Leaves by Aldous Huxley
  • St Mawr by D. H. Lawrence - short stories
  • The Making of Americans by Gertrude Stein
  • Heart of a Dog by Mikhail Bulgakov (Russia)
  • Genre fiction

  • Beau Geste by P. C. Wren (England)
  • Poetry

  • The Hollow Men by T. S. Eliot
  • Non-fiction

  • The Old Straight Track by Alfred Watkins (England) - introducing ley lines
  • 1926

  • The Castle by Franz Kafka - posthumous, first English translation in 1932
  • The Counterfeiters by André Gide
  • The Sun Also Rises aka Fiesta by Ernest Hemingway
  • Moravagine by Blaise Cendrars (France)
  • Nigger Heaven by Carl Van Vechten
  • Two or Three Graces by Aldous Huxley - short stories
  • The Plumed Serpent by D. H. Lawrence
  • The Call of Cthulhu by H. P. Lovecraft
  • Genre fiction

  • Winnie-the-Pooh by A. A. Milne (England)
  • Poetry

  • A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle by 'Hugh MacDiarmid' (Scotland)
  • Plays

  • The Plough and the Stars by Seán O'Casey
  • Non-fiction

  • Seven Pillars of Wisdom by T. E. Lawrence (England, Arabia)
  • 1927

  • To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf
  • Time Regained by Marcel Proust
  • Steppenwolf by Hermann Hesse
  • Men Without Women by Ernest Hemingway - short stories
  • Vestal Fire by Compton Mackenzie
  • Dusty Answer by Rosamond Lehmann (England)
  • Elmer Gantry by Sinclair Lewis
  • The Rocking-Horse Winner by D. H. Lawrence - short stories
  • Plays

  • The Silver Tassie by Seán O'Casey
  • 1928

  • Berlin Alexanderplatz by Alfred Döblin (Germany)
  • Nadja by André Breton (France)
  • Story of the Eye by Georges Bataille (France)
  • Parade's End by Ford Madox Ford - war tetralogy, first volume in 1926
  • Point Counter Point by Aldous Huxley
  • Lady Chatterley's Lover by D. H. Lawrence - banned until 1963
  • Decline and Fall by Evelyn Waugh (England)
  • Amerika by Franz Kafka - posthumous, first English translation in 1938
  • Plays

  • Strange Interlude by Eugene O'Neill (USA) - Pulitzer prize winner
  • Messrs. Glembay by Miroslav Krleža
  • Non-fiction

  • All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque (Germany) - recounts the horrors of World War I and also the deep detachment from German civilian life felt by many men returning from the front
  • 1929

  • Les Enfants Terribles by Jean Cocteau (France)
  • A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway (USA)
  • Look Homeward, Angel by Thomas Wolfe
  • Death of a Hero by Richard Aldington (England)
  • The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner (USA)
  • Mario and the Magician by Thomas Mann (Germany)
  • The Escaped Cock by D. H. Lawrence (England)
  • The Defence by Vladimir Nabokov (Russia, France)
  • Wolf Solent by John Cowper Powys (England)
  • The Good Companions by J. B. Priestley (England)
  • Non-fiction

  • Good-Bye to All That by Robert Graves (England)
  • A Room of One's Own by Virginia Woolf (England)
  • Genre fiction

  • Red Harvest by Dashiell Hammett (USA) - the first hard-boiled American detective novel
  • 1930

  • Vile Bodies by Evelyn Waugh
  • The Apes of God by Wyndham Lewis
  • Brief Candles by Aldous Huxley - short stories
  • As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner
  • Narcissus and Goldmund by Hermann Hesse
  • Angel Pavement by J. B. Priestley
  • The Virgin and the Gypsy and Love Among the Haystacks by D. H. Lawrence - short stories
  • Genre fiction

  • Last and First Men by Olaf Stapledon (England)
  • The Maltese Falcon by Dashiell Hammett (USA)
  • Poetry

  • Whoroscope by Samuel Beckett (Ireland, France)
  • Plays

  • Private Lives by Noël Coward
  • Non-fiction

  • Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man by Siegfried Sassoon (England) - 2 volumes, 1st in 1929
  • 1931

  • The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck
  • The Waves by Virginia Woolf
  • Night Flight by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (France)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Glass Key by Dashiell Hammett
  • At the Mountains of Madness by H. P. Lovecraft
  • Plays

  • Mourning Becomes Electra by Eugene O'Neill
  • Cavalcade by Noël Coward
  • Non-fiction

  • Axel's Castle by Edmund Wilson (USA)
  • Music at Night by Aldous Huxley
  • 1932

  • The Return of Philip Latinowicz by Miroslav Krleža
  • Journey to the End of Night by Louis-Ferdinand Céline (France)
  • Brave New World by Aldous Huxley (England)
  • The Memorial by Christopher Isherwood (England)
  • Laughter in the Dark by Vladimir Nabokov (Russia, France)
  • Light in August by William Faulkner
  • A Glastonbury Romance by John Cowper Powys
  • Stamboul Train by Graham Greene (England)
  • Black Mischief by Evelyn Waugh
  • Radetzky March by Joseph Roth (Austria)
  • Jew Boy by Simon Blumenfeld (England)
  • Poetry

  • The Orators by W. H. Auden (England)
  • 1933

  • Man's Fate by André Malraux (France)
  • Love on the Dole by Walter Greenwood (England)
  • Miss Lonelyhearts by Nathanael West (USA)
  • The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas by Gertrude Stein
  • Genre fiction

  • Lost Horizon by James Hilton (England)
  • Murder Must Advertise by Dorothy L. Sayers (England)
  • Non-fiction

  • Down and Out in Paris and London by George Orwell (England)
  • Texts and Pretexts by Aldous Huxley
  • In Praise of Shadows by Jun'ichirō Tanizaki
  • 1934

  • Tropic of Cancer by Henry Miller (USA) - a groundbreaking obscenity case before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1961 allowed its publication there
  • Call It Sleep by Henry Roth (Austria, USA)
  • Tender Is the Night by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Threepenny Novel by Bertolt Brecht (Germany)
  • Despair by Vladimir Nabokov
  • It's a Battlefield by Graham Greene
  • A Handful of Dust by Evelyn Waugh
  • 20,000 Streets Under the Sky by Patrick Hamilton (England)
  • Voyage in the Dark by Jean Rhys (Dominica, France, England)
  • Appointment in Samarra by John O'Hara (USA)
  • A Scots Quair by Lewis Grassic Gibbon (Scotland) - trilogy, first volume published in 1932
  • Genre fiction

  • The Postman Always Rings Twice by James M. Cain (USA)
  • Novel with Cocaine aka Cocain Romance by M. Ageyev (Russia)
  • Poetry

  • 18 Poems by Dylan Thomas (Wales)
  • Non-fiction

  • Burmese Days by George Orwell
  • Death in the Afternoon by Ernest Hemingway
  • 1935

  • Mr Norris Changes Trains by Christopher Isherwood
  • Eyeless in Gaza by Aldous Huxley
  • Auto-da-Fe by Elias Canetti (Bulgaria, Germany)
  • A Clergyman's Daughter by George Orwell
  • England Made Me by Graham Greene
  • A House in Paris by Elizabeth Bowen (Ireland)
  • Tortilla Flat by John Steinbeck (USA)
  • Studs Lonigan by James T. Farrell (USA) - trilogy, first volume published in 1932
  • Genre fiction

  • Little House on the Prairie by Laura Ingalls Wilder (USA)
  • Poetry

  • Collected Poems by Cecil Day-Lewis (Northern Ireland)
  • Plays

  • Waiting for Lefty by Clifford Odets (USA)
  • 1936

  • Death on the Installment Plan by Louis-Ferdinand Céline
  • Black Spring by Henry Miller
  • U.S.A. by John Dos Passos
  • Mephisto by Klaus Mann (Germany, USA)
  • Absalom, Absalom! by William Faulkner
  • Keep the Aspidistra Flying by George Orwell
  • Confession of a Murderer by Joseph Roth
  • Invitation to a Beheading by Vladimir Nabokov
  • The Wessex Novels by John Cowper Powys (England) - tetralogy, 1st vol published in 1927
  • Godaan by Premchand
  • Poetry

  • Ballads of Petrica Kerempuh by Miroslav Krleža
  • Genre fiction

  • Jamaica Inn by Daphne du Maurier (England)
  • Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell (USA)
  • A Gun for Sale by Graham Greene
  • 1937

  • To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway
  • The Years by Virginia Woolf
  • Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck
  • Lions and Shadows by Christopher Isherwood
  • The Black Book by Lawrence Durrell (UK, Egypt)
  • Revenge for Love by Wyndham Lewis
  • White Mule by William Carlos Williams
  • Wide Boys Never Work by Robert Westerby (England, USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • Star Maker by Olaf Stapledon
  • Night and the City by Gerald Kersh (England, USA)
  • The Face on the Cutting-Room Floor by Cameron McCabe (Ernest Bornemann) (Germany, England)
  • The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien (England)
  • Non-fiction

  • The Road to Wigan Pier by George Orwell
  • How Green Was My Valley by Richard Llewellyn (Wales)
  • 1938

  • Nausea by Jean-Paul Sartre (France)
  • Murphy by Samuel Beckett
  • Tropic of Capricorn by Henry Miller
  • Man's Hope by André Malraux
  • The Death of the Heart by Elizabeth Bowen
  • Brighton Rock by Graham Greene
  • Scoop by Evelyn Waugh
  • The Gift by Vladimir Nabokov
  • Genre fiction

  • Brighton Rock by Graham Greene
  • Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier
  • Non-fiction

  • Journey to a War by W. H. Auden and Christopher Isherwood
  • Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell
  • Enemies of Promise by Cyril Connolly (England)
  • 1939

  • The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
  • Finnegans Wake by James Joyce
  • The Banquet in Blitva by Miroslav Krleža
  • At Swim-Two-Birds by Flann O'Brien (Ireland)
  • Goodbye to Berlin by Christopher Isherwood
  • After Many a Summer by Aldous Huxley
  • Coming Up for Air by George Orwell
  • On the Marble Cliffs by Ernst Jünger
  • Good Morning, Midnight by Jean Rhys
  • The Day of the Locust by Nathanael West
  • The Legend of the Holy Drinker by Joseph Roth
  • Lotte in Weimar by Thomas Mann
  • The Confidential Agent by Graham Greene
  • Mister Johnson by Joyce Cary (Ireland)
  • Wind, Sand and Stars by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  • Pal Joey by John O'Hara
  • Genre fiction

  • The Big Sleep by Raymond Chandler (USA)
  • Rogue Male by Geoffrey Household (England)
  • The Mask of Dimitrios by Eric Ambler
  • And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie
  • Poetry

  • Autumn Journal by Louis MacNeice (N Ireland)
  • The Map of Love by Dylan Thomas
  • Plays

  • This Happy Breed by Noël Coward
  • World War II

    1940

  • Darkness at Noon by Arthur Koestler (Hungary, England)
  • The Master and Margarita by Mikhail Bulgakov - published in English 1966
  • For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway
  • The Power and the Glory by Graham Greene
  • Native Son by Richard Wright (USA, France)
  • The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter by Carson McCullers (USA)
  • Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog by Dylan Thomas
  • Owen Glendower by John Cowper Powys
  • You Can't Go Home Again by Thomas Wolfe
  • And Quiet Flows the Don by Mikhail Sholokhov (Russia) - two volumes, first published in 1934
  • Genre fiction

  • Journey into Fear by Eric Ambler (England)
  • Farewell, My Lovely by Raymond Chandler
  • Plays

  • The Iceman Cometh by Eugene O'Neill
  • Non-fiction

  • To the Finland Station by Edmund Wilson
  • 1941

  • Hangover Square by Patrick Hamilton
  • Reflections in a Golden Eye by Carson McCullers
  • The Third Policeman by Flann O'Brien
  • Genre fiction

  • Mildred Pierce by James M. Cain
  • Non-fiction

  • Grey Eminence by Aldous Huxley
  • 1942

  • The Stranger by Albert Camus (Algeria, France)
  • Our Lady of the Flowers by Jean Genet (France)
  • Flight to Arras by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
  • Plays

  • The Flies by Jean-Paul Sartre
  • 1943

  • Arrival and Departure by Arthur Koestler
  • The Ministry of Fear by Graham Greene
  • The Man Without Qualities by Robert Musil (Austria) - trilogy, first volume published 1930
  • Genre fiction

  • Double Indemnity by James M. Cain
  • The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (France)
  • Poetry

  • Selected Poems by Keith Douglas (England)
  • Non-fiction

  • Being and Nothingness by Jean-Paul Sartre
  • The Myth of Sisyphus by Albert Camus
  • 1944

  • The Horse's Mouth by Joyce Cary
  • Ficciones by Jorge Luis Borges (Argentina) - short stories
  • The Razor's Edge by Somerset Maugham
  • Time Must Have a Stop by Aldous Huxley
  • Plays

  • The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams (USA)
  • 1945

  • Animal Farm by George Orwell
  • Watt by Samuel Beckett - published in 1953
  • Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh
  • Black Boy by Richard Wright
  • Lark Rise to Candleford by Flora Thompson (England) - trilogy, first volume in 1939
  • Genre fiction

  • If He Hollers Let Him Go by Chester Himes (USA, France)
  • The Space Trilogy by C. S. Lewis (N Ireland) - first volume published in 1938
  • 1946

  • Cry, the Beloved Country by Alan Paton (South Africa)
  • The Miracle of the Rose by Jean Genet
  • Froth on the Daydream by Boris Vian (France)
  • The Member of the Wedding by Carson McCullers
  • Poetry

  • Deaths and Entrances by Dylan Thomas
  • Plays

  • The Winslow Boy by Terence Rattigan (England)
  • Non-fiction

  • Alamein to Zem Zem by Keith Douglas
  • Memoirs of Hecate County by Edmund Wilson
  • 1947

  • The Plague by Albert Camus
  • Under the Volcano by Malcolm Lowry (England, Canada)
  • Bend Sinister by Vladimir Nabokov
  • The Victim by Saul Bellow (Canada, USA)
  • The Conformist by Alberto Moravia (Italy)
  • The Middle of the Journey by Lionel Trilling (USA)
  • Slaves of Solitude by Patrick Hamilton
  • Of Love and Hunger by Julian MacLaren-Ross (England)
  • Funeral Rites by Jean Genet
  • Snow Country by Yasunari Kawabata
  • Plays

  • A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams
  • Non-fiction

  • The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank (Netherlands)
  • 1948

  • The Naked and the Dead by Norman Mailer (USA)
  • Confessions of a Mask by 'Yukio Mishima' (Japan)
  • The Heart of the Matter by Graham Greene
  • The City and the Pillar by Gore Vidal (USA)
  • Ape and Essence by Aldous Huxley
  • Querelle of Brest by Jean Genet
  • Genre fiction

  • No Orchids for Miss Blandish by James Hadley Chase (England)
  • Plays

  • The Browning Version by Terence Rattigan
  • Non-fiction

  • The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir (France — early feminist study
  • 1949

  • Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell
  • The Roads to Freedom by Jean-Paul Sartre - trilogy, first volume published 1945
  • The Thief's Journal by Jean Genet
  • The Man with the Golden Arm by Nelson Algren (USA)
  • The Train Was on Time by Heinrich Böll (Germany)
  • The Aleph by Jorge Luis Borges
  • The Kingdom of this World by Alejo Carpentier (Mexico)
  • The Heat of the Day by Elizabeth Bowen
  • Genre fiction

  • The Trouble with Harry by Jack Trevor Story (England)
  • The Mating Season by P. G. Wodehouse
  • Plays

  • Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller (USA)
  • Postwar period

    The intermediate postwar period separating "Modernism" from "Postmodernism" (1950s literature) is the floruit of the beat generation and the classical science fiction of Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke and Robert A. Heinlein. This period also saw the publication of Samuel Beckett's trilogy of novels, Molloy, Malone Dies, and The Unnameable, which enacted the dissolution of the self-identical human subject and inspired later novelists such as Thomas Bernhard, John Banville, and David Markson.

    1950

  • Scenes from Provincial Life by William Cooper (England) - the first of the British 1950s 'kitchen sink' novels
  • Genre fiction

  • A Town Like Alice by Nevil Shute (England, Australia)
  • Strangers On a Train by Patricia Highsmith (USA)
  • Non-fiction

  • The Authoritarian Personality by Theodor Adorno (Germany, USA)
  • 1951

  • Molloy by Samuel Beckett (Ireland, France)
  • Malone Dies by Samuel Beckett (Ireland, France)
  • The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger (USA)
  • Porius (A Romance of the Dark Ages) by John Cowper Powys (England)
  • The Grass Harp by Truman Capote (USA)
  • Memoirs of Hadrian by Marguerite Yourcenar (France)
  • The Opposing Shore by Julien Gracq (France)
  • Non-fiction

  • The Rebel by Albert Camus (France)
  • 1952

  • Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison (USA)
  • Wise Blood by Flannery O'Connor (USA)
  • Go by John Clellon Holmes (USA) - the first Beat novel
  • The Natural by Bernard Malamud (USA)
  • The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway
  • East of Eden by John Steinbeck
  • Genre fiction

  • The Tiger in the Smoke by Margery Allingham (England)
  • The Killer Inside Me by Jim Thompson (USA)
  • Plays

  • The Chairs by Eugène Ionesco (Romania, France)
  • 1953

  • The Unnameable by Samuel Beckett (Ireland, France)
  • Junkie and Queer by William S. Burroughs (USA)
  • Go Tell It On the Mountain by James Baldwin (USA, France)
  • The Outsider by Richard Wright
  • The Adventures of Augie March by Saul Bellow
  • Hurry on Down by John Wain (England) - the first 'angry young man' novel
  • Genre fiction

  • Casino Royale by Ian Fleming (England, Jamaica) - first James Bond novel
  • The Long Goodbye by Raymond Chandler
  • Childhood's End by Arthur C. Clarke (England, Sri Lanka)
  • Foundation by Isaac Asimov (USA) - trilogy, first volume published in 1951
  • Prelude to a Certain Midnight by Gerald Kersh
  • Plays

  • Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett
  • 1954

  • Lord of the Flies by William Golding (England)
  • Lucky Jim by Kingsley Amis (England) - the most famous 'angry young man' novel
  • Under the Net by Iris Murdoch (England)
  • Bonjour Tristesse by Françoise Sagan (France)
  • Genre fiction

  • Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury (USA)
  • Story of O by Pauline Réage (France)
  • Plays

  • Under Milk Wood by Dylan Thomas
  • The Quare Fellow by Brendan Behan (Ireland)
  • Non-fiction

  • The Doors of Perception by Aldous Huxley
  • 1955

  • Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov
  • One by David Karp (USA)
  • The Quiet American by Graham Greene
  • The Bread of Those Early Years by Heinrich Böll
  • The Tree of Man by Patrick White (Australia)
  • The Inheritors by William Golding
  • The Voyeur by Alain Robbe-Grillet (France)
  • The Genius and the Goddess by Aldous Huxley
  • The Deer Park by Norman Mailer
  • The Recognitions by William Gaddis (USA)
  • Memed, My Hawk by Yaşar Kemal (Turkey)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien, first volume in 1954
  • The Talented Mr. Ripley by Patricia Highsmith
  • Plays

  • Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams
  • Bus Stop by William Inge (USA)
  • Poetry

  • The Less Deceived by Philip Larkin (England)
  • 1956

  • The Fall by Albert Camus
  • The Devil to Pay in the Backlands by João Guimarães Rosa
  • Giovanni's Room by James Baldwin
  • The Lonely Londoners by Samuel Selvon (Trinidad, England)
  • A Walk on the Wild Side by Nelson Algren
  • Genre fiction

  • The Chronicles of Narnia by C. S. Lewis (N Ireland) - seven volumes, first in 1950
  • Peyton Place by Grace Metalious
  • The Hundred and One Dalmatians by Dodie Smith (England)
  • Plays

  • Look Back In Anger by John Osborne (England) - the first 'angry young man' play
  • Poetry

  • Howl and Other Poems by Allen Ginsberg (USA)
  • Non-fiction

  • Heaven and Hell by Aldous Huxley
  • 1957

  • On the Road by Jack Kerouac (Canada, USA)
  • Young Adam by Alexander Trocchi (Scotland)
  • Room at the Top by John Braine (England)
  • Doctor Zhivago by Boris Pasternak (Russia)
  • Voss by Patrick White
  • The Assistant by Bernard Malamud
  • Second Thoughts by Michel Butor (France)
  • Pnin by Vladimir Nabokov
  • Cairo Trilogy by Naguib Mahfouz (Egypt)
  • Gimpel the Fool by Isaac Bashevis Singer (Poland, USA) - short stories, originally published in Yiddish years earlier
  • Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand (USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • On the Beach by Nevil Shute
  • Plays

  • The Room and The Birthday Party by Harold Pinter (England)
  • Endgame by Samuel Beckett
  • The Entertainer by John Osborne
  • Orpheus Descending by Tennessee Williams
  • The Visit by Friedrich Dürrenmatt (Switzerland)
  • 1958

  • If This Is a Man by Primo Levi (Italy)
  • Breakfast At Tiffany's by Truman Capote
  • The Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac
  • Saturday Night and Sunday Morning by Alan Sillitoe (England)
  • A Taste of Honey by Shelagh Delaney (England)
  • Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe (Nigeria)
  • The Bell by Iris Murdoch
  • Fowlers End by Gerald Kersh
  • Our Man in Havana by Graham Greene
  • Candy by Terry Southern (USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • Exodus by Leon Uris (USA)
  • Zimiamvian Trilogy by E. R. Eddison (England) - first volume in 1935
  • Molesworth by Geoffrey Willans (England) and Ronald Searle (England, France) - tetrology, first book in 1954
  • Plays

  • Krapp's Last Tape by Samuel Beckett
  • Suddenly, Last Summer by Tennessee Williams
  • Non-fiction

  • The Theatre and Its Double by Antonin Artaud (France)
  • Borstal Boy by Brendan Behan
  • 1959

  • The Tin Drum by Günter Grass (Germany)
  • Naked Lunch by William S. Burroughs
  • The Last of the Just by André Schwarz-Bart (France)
  • Goodbye, Columbus by Philip Roth (USA)
  • Zazie in the Metro by Raymond Queneau (France)
  • In the Labyrinth by Alain Robbe-Grillet
  • The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner by Alan Sillitoe
  • Billy Liar by Keith Waterhouse (England)
  • The Long Day Wanes by Anthony Burgess (England) - trilogy, first volume published in 1956
  • The Magic Christian by Terry Southern
  • Genre fiction

  • The Gormenghast Trilogy by Mervyn Peake (England) - first volume in 1946
  • The Getaway by Jim Thompson
  • Plays

  • The Dumb Waiter and The Caretaker by Harold Pinter
  • Rhinoceros by Eugène Ionesco
  • Cold War period 1960–89

    1960

  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee (USA)
  • The London Trilogy by Colin MacInnes (England) - first volume, Absolute Beginners, published in 1957
  • Cain's Book by Alexander Trocchi (UK, France, USA)
  • This Sporting Life by David Storey (UK)
  • A Burnt-Out Case by Graham Greene
  • Hiroshima Mon Amour by Marguerite Duras (France)
  • The Ballad of Peckham Rye by Muriel Spark (Scotland)
  • The Rosy Crucifixion by Henry Miller (USA) - trilogy, first volume published 1949
  • The Sot-Weed Factor by John Barth (USA),
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • The Morning of the Magicians by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier (France) - the 1960s obsession with the occult starts here. Published in English 1963
  • A Canticle for Leibowitz by Walter M. Miller Jr. (USA)
  • 1961

  • Catch 22 by Joseph Heller (USA)
  • A House for Mr Biswas by V. S. Naipaul (Trinidad, England)
  • Riders in the Chariot by Patrick White
  • The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie by Muriel Spark
  • A Severed Head by Iris Murdoch
  • Sword of Honour by Evelyn Waugh - trilogy, first volume published in 1952
  • Revolutionary Road by Richard Yates (USA)
  • Hear Us O Lord from Heaven Thy Dwelling Place by Malcolm Lowry - posthumous
  • Genre fiction

  • Solaris by Stanisław Lem (Poland)
  • Stranger in a Strange Land by Robert A. Heinlein (USA)
  • The Man in the High Castle by Philip K. Dick (USA)
  • 1962

  • One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (Russia)
  • A Clockwork Orange and The Wanting Seed by Anthony Burgess (England)
  • Pale Fire by Vladimir Nabokov
  • Island by Aldous Huxley
  • The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing (Zimbabwe, England)
  • The Death of Artemio Cruz by Carlos Fuentes (Mexico)
  • The Alexandria Quartet by Lawrence Durrell - first volume published 1957
  • Big Sur by Jack Kerouac - the last of the Lost Generation at the end of the Beat Generation
  • Genre fiction

  • The IPCRESS File by Len Deighton (England) - first of the Harry Palmer novels
  • Non-fiction

  • Silent Spring by Rachel Carson (USA) - the first major popular study on the deterioration of the environment
  • 1963

  • V. by Thomas Pynchon (USA)
  • The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath (USA, England)
  • The Time of the Hero by Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru)
  • One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey (USA)
  • The Collector by John Fowles (England)
  • The Lowlife by Alexander Baron (England)
  • Cat's Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut (USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • Planet of the Apes by Pierre Boulle (France)
  • The Spy Who Came in from the Cold by John le Carré (England)
  • The Grifters by Jim Thompson
  • Non-fiction

  • The Truce by Primo Levi)
  • 1964

  • Herzog by Saul Bellow
  • A Single Man by Christopher Isherwood
  • Last Exit to Brooklyn by Hubert Selby (USA)
  • The Spire by William Golding (England)
  • Nothing Like the Sun by Anthony Burgess
  • Genre fiction

  • Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl (UK)
  • The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch by Philip K. Dick (USA)
  • Little Big Man by Thomas Berger (USA)
  • Non-fiction

  • Understanding Media by Marshall McLuhan (Canada)
  • 1965

  • The Magus by John Fowles
  • The Interpreters by Wole Soyinka (Nigeria)
  • Cosmicomics by Italo Calvino (Italy)
  • The Painted Bird by Jerzy Kosinski (Poland, USA)
  • Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush by Hunter Davies (England) - the kitchen sink novel mutates into the swinging 1960s novel
  • Plays

  • Marat/Sade by Peter Weiss (Germany, Sweden)
  • Poetry

  • Briggflatts by Basil Bunting
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby by Tom Wolfe (USA)
  • The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Alex Haley (USA)
  • 1966

  • A Man of the People by Chinua Achebe (Nigeria)
  • Alfie by Bill Naughton (England)
  • The Comedians by Graham Greene
  • Wide Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys
  • Tremor of Intent by Anthony Burgess
  • Genre fiction

  • Pavane by Keith Roberts (England)
  • The Anti-Death League by Kingsley Amis
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • In Cold Blood by Truman Capote
  • Hell's Angels: The Strange and Terrible Saga of the Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs by Hunter S. Thompson (USA)
  • Been Down So Long It Looks Like Up to Me by Richard Fariña (USA)
  • 1967

  • One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia)
  • The Crying of Lot 49 by Thomas Pynchon
  • The Vendor of Sweets by R. K. Narayan (India)
  • Poor Cow by Nell Dunn (England)
  • A Grain of Wheat by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o
  • Non-fiction

  • In the First Circle by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • The Medium is the Message by Marshall McLuhan and Quentin Fiore
  • 1968

  • Cocksure by Mordecai Richler (Canada)
  • Couples by John Updike (USA)
  • The Public Image by Muriel Spark
  • Lunar Caustic by Malcolm Lowry - posthumous
  • Non-fiction and quasi-fiction

  • Cancer Ward by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe
  • The Armies of the Night and Miami and the Siege of Chicago by Norman Mailer
  • Bomb Culture by Jeff Nuttall (England)
  • Slouching Towards Bethlehem by Joan Didion (USA)
  • The Teachings of Don Juan by Carlos Castaneda (USA)
  • 1969

  • Portnoy's Complaint by Philip Roth
  • The French Lieutenant's Woman by John Fowles
  • A Void by Georges Perec (France)
  • Passacaille by Robert Pinget (France)
  • Dark as the Grave wherein my Friend is Laid by Malcolm Lowry - posthumous
  • Genre fiction

  • Barefoot in the Head by Brian Aldiss
  • The Final Programme by Michael Moorcock (England, USA)
  • Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut (USA)
  • The Godfather by Mario Puzo (Italy)
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • Papillon by Henri Charrière (France)
  • The View Over Atlantis by John Michell (England)
  • 1970

  • Play It as It Lays by Joan Didion
  • Mr. Sammler's Planet by Saul Bellow
  • October Ferry to Gabriola by Malcolm Lowry - posthumous
  • Genre fiction

  • The Hot Rock by Donald E. Westlake (USA)
  • Deliverance by James Dickey (USA)
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • The Female Eunuch by Germaine Greer (Australia, England)
  • Groupie by Jenny Fabian (England)
  • Playpower by Richard Neville (Australia, England)
  • Revolt into Style by George Melly (England)
  • Soledad Brother by George Jackson (USA) - prison letters
  • Soul On Ice by Eldridge Cleaver (USA)
  • 1971

  • In a Free State by V. S. Naipaul (Trinidad, England)
  • M/F by Anthony Burgess
  • Our Gang by Philip Roth
  • The Dice Man by Luke Rhinehart (USA)
  • Another Roadside Attraction by Tom Robbins (USA)
  • Being There by Jerzy Kosiński
  • Genre fiction

  • The Day of the Jackal by Frederick Forsyth (England)
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • The Happy Hooker by Xaviera Hollander (Indonesia, Netherlands)
  • Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas by Hunter S. Thompson
  • 1972

  • The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffman by Angela Carter (England)
  • Invisible Cities by Italo Calvino
  • G by John Berger (England, France)
  • The Good for Nothing by Oğuz Atay (Turkey)
  • Genre fiction

  • The Friends of Eddie Coyle by George V. Higgins (USA)
  • Jonathan Livingston Seagull by Richard Bach (USA)
  • The Odessa File by Frederick Forsyth
  • Poetry

  • Crossing the Water and Winter Trees by Sylvia Plath
  • 1973

  • Gravity's Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon
  • Crash by J. G. Ballard (England)
  • Season of Anomy by Wole Soyinka (Nigeria)
  • Life Is Elsewhere by Milan Kundera (Czechoslovakia, France)
  • Sweet Dreams by Michael Frayn (England)
  • Fear of Flying by Erica Jong (USA)
  • The Great American Novel by Philip Roth
  • Genre fiction

  • Frankenstein Unbound by Brian Aldiss
  • 1974

  • The Conservationist by Nadine Gordimer (South Africa)
  • The Fan Man by William Kotzwinkle (USA)
  • The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum by Heinrich Böll
  • Napoleon Symphony by Anthony Burgess
  • Myra Breckinridge and Myron by Gore Vidal - first of pair published in 1968
  • Genre fiction

  • Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy by John le Carré
  • Fletch by Gregory Mcdonald (USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • Jaws by Peter Benchley (USA)
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • All the President's Men by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein (USA)
  • 1975

  • Humboldt's Gift by Saul Bellow
  • The Deptford Trilogy by Robertson Davies - first volume published 1970
  • Dead Babies by Martin Amis (England)
  • The Autumn of the Patriarch by Gabriel García Márquez
  • The History Man by Malcolm Bradbury (England)
  • The Periodic Table by Primo Levi - short stories
  • Genre fiction

  • Watership Down by Richard Adams (England)
  • The Choirboys by Joseph Wambaugh (USA)
  • Shōgun by James Clavell (England, USA)
  • 'Salem's Lot by Stephen King (USA)
  • 1976

  • Ragtime by EL Doctorow (USA)
  • Genre fiction

  • Interview with the Vampire by Anne Rice (USA)
  • Non-fiction and quasi-fiction

  • Roots by Alex Haley
  • Drama

  • Death and the King's Horseman by Wole Soyinka
  • 1977

  • The Engineer of Human Souls by Josef Škvorecký (Czechoslovakia)
  • Song of Solomon by Toni Morrison (USA)
  • 1978

  • Success by Martin Amis
  • The Sea, the Sea by Iris Murdoch
  • Lanark: A Life in Four Books by Alasdair Gray (Scotland)
  • Life A User's Manual by Georges Perec
  • The Book of Laughter and Forgetting by Milan Kundera
  • Jake's Thing by Kingsley Amis
  • The World According to Garp by John Irving (USA)
  • 1985 by Anthony Burgess
  • Horatio Stubbs by Brian Aldiss - trilogy, first volume published in 1970
  • Genre fiction

  • Rumpole of the Bailey by John Mortimer (England)
  • 1979

  • A Bend in the River by V. S. Naipaul
  • The Unlimited Dream Company by J. G. Ballard
  • Sophie's Choice by William Styron (USA)
  • Non-fiction and Quasi-fiction

  • The White Album by Joan Didion
  • The Right Stuff by Tom Wolfe (USA)
  • 1980

  • The Name of the Rose by Umberto Eco
  • Pascali's Island by Barry Unsworth (England)
  • Earthly Powers by Anthony Burgess
  • 1981

  • Midnight's Children by Salman Rushdie (India, UK)
  • The Comfort of Strangers by Ian McEwan (England)
  • The White Hotel by D. M. Thomas (England)
  • Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel García Márquez
  • What We Talk About When We Talk About Love by Raymond Carver (USA) - short stories
  • Genre fiction

  • The Red Dragon by Thomas Harris (USA)
  • Gorky Park by Martin Cruz Smith (England, Russia)
  • 1982

  • Schindler's Ark by Thomas Keneally (Australia)
  • An Ice-Cream War by William Boyd (Ghana, Scotland)
  • The Color Purple by Alice Walker (USA)
  • A Wild Sheep Chase by Haruki Murakami
  • Genre fiction

  • Prizzi's Honor by Richard Condon
  • 1983

  • Waterland by Graham Swift (England)
  • Shame by Salman Rushdie
  • Genre fiction

  • The Colour of Magic by Terry Pratchett (England) - first book of the Discworld series
  • 1984

  • Money by Martin Amis
  • Bright Lights, Big City by Jay McInerney (USA)
  • The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Milan Kundera
  • Flaubert's Parrot by Julian Barnes (England)
  • Nights at the Circus by Angela Carter
  • Enderby by Anthony Burgess - tetrology, first volume published in 1963
  • The Witches of Eastwick by John Updike
  • Non-fiction

  • Empire of the Sun by J. G. Ballard
  • 1985

  • White Noise by Don DeLillo (USA)
  • Less Than Zero by Bret Easton Ellis (USA)
  • Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit by Jeanette Winterson (England)
  • The Accidental Tourist by Anne Tyler (USA)
  • Hawksmoor by Peter Ackroyd (England)
  • Illywhacker by Peter Carey (Australia)
  • The Kingdom of the Wicked by Anthony Burgess
  • Genre fiction

  • L.A. Noir by James Ellroy (USA) - trilogy, first volume published 1984
  • The Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood - (USA)
  • 1986

  • Slaves of New York by Tama Janowitz (USA)
  • The Old Devils by Kingsley Amis
  • An Artist of the Floating World by Kazuo Ishiguro (Japan, UK)
  • Non-fiction

  • Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o
  • 1987

  • The Satanic Verses by Salman Rushdie
  • The Bonfire of the Vanities by Tom Wolfe
  • Anthills of the Savannah by Chinua Achebe
  • The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho (Brasil)
  • Genre fiction

  • Presumed Innocent by Scott Turow (USA)
  • 1988

  • Mother London by Michael Moorcock
  • Libra by Don DeLillo
  • Oscar and Lucinda by Peter Carey (Australia)
  • Love in the Time of Cholera by Gabriel García Márquez
  • Genre fiction

  • Sprawl by William Gibson (Canada, USA) - trilogy, first volume published 1984
  • 1989

  • London Fields by Martin Amis
  • Foucault's Pendulum by Umberto Eco
  • The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro
  • To the Ends of the Earth by William Golding - trilogy, first volume published 1980
  • The Book of Evidence by John Banville (Ireland)
  • The Trick of It by Michael Frayn
  • 1990s

  • The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje
  • Boris Akunin
  • Slam poetry
  • 1990

  • The New York Trilogy by Paul Auster (USA) - first volume published 1985
  • The Black Book by Orhan Pamuk (Turkey)
  • Restoration by Rose Tremain (England)
  • Possession by A. S. Byatt (England)
  • The Buddha of Suburbia by Hanif Kureishi (England)
  • Dirty Weekend by Helen Zahavi (England)
  • Genre fiction

  • Devil in a Blue Dress by Walter Mosley (USA)
  • Good Omens by Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett
  • 1996

  • Infinite Jest by David Foster Wallace (USA)
  • 1997

  • Underworld by Don DeLillo (USA)
  • American Pastoral by Philip Roth
  • Genre fiction

  • Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone by J. K. Rowling (England) - first in series
  • References

    20th century in literature Wikipedia


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