This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1938.
Benny Goodman plays the first jazz concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City, considered a legitimisation of the genre. It is recorded live and issued in 1950 as The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert.
Béla Bartók's Sonata for two pianos and percussion is premièred in Basel.
First recording of Mahler's Symphony No. 9, a live performance by the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Bruno Walter at the Musikverein, the same location, conductor and orchestra that had presented the première 26 years earlier, but now in the face of the Anschluss.
May 12 – Arthur Honegger's oratorio Jeanne d'Arc au Bûcher is premièred in Basel, with Ida Rubinstein as Jeanne.
September 22 – Anton Webern's String Quartet is premièred in Pittsfield, Massachusetts.
October 31 - Sister Rosetta Tharpe makes her first recording.
Composer Ralph Vaughan Williams begins an affair with Ursula Wood.
Roy Acuff and the Crazy Tennesseans win a contract with the Grand Ole Opry.
Pete Seeger drops out of college to begin his career as a folk singer.
Jelly Roll Morton speaks, sings, and plays piano for an eight-hour Library of Congress recorded sound documentary produced by Alan Lomax.
Fred Buscaglione and Leo Chiosso meet.
The Andrews Sisters enjoy their first major hit with "Bei Mir Bist Du Schoen".
Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert – Benny Goodman
1938 in music Wikipedia
The following songs achieved the highest chart positions in the limited set of charts available for 1938."A Gypsy Told Me" by Ted Weems And His Orchestra With Perry Como
"A-Tisket, A-Tasket" by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb
"Begin the Beguine" by Artie Shaw
"Bei Mir Bist Du Schoen" by The Andrews Sisters
"Cry, Baby, Cry" by Larry Clinton
"Don't Be That Way" by Benny Goodman
"I Won't Tell a Soul (I Love You)" by Andy Kirk and his Twelve Clouds of Joy
"I've Got a Pocketful of Dreams" by Bing Crosby
"Music, Maestro, Please" by Tommy Dorsey
"My Reverie" by Larry Clinton
"Roll 'Em Pete' by Big Joe Turner And Pete Johnson
"Thanks for the Memory" recorded by
Bob Hope And Shirley Ross
"Ti-Pi-Tin" by Horace Heidt
"Walking in The Kings Highway" by The Carter Family
"Don't Wait 'Till The Night Before Christmas"- Eddy Duchin & His Orchestra
"Sunnyland" – Sonny Boy Williamson
"And the Angels Sing" w. Johnny Mercer m. Ziggy Elman
"At Long Last Love" w.m. Cole Porter
"At The Roxy Music Hall" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
"Back Bay Shuffle" m. Artie Shaw & Teddy McRae
"Be A Good Scout" w. Harold Adamson m. Jimmy McHugh Introduced by Deanna Durbin in the film That Certain Age
"Big Noise From Winnetka" w.m. Ray Bauduc, Bob Crosby, Bob Haggart & Gil Rodin
"The Biggest Aspidistra In The World" w.m. Thomas Connor, W. G. Haines & James S. Hancock
"Bolero at the Savoy" w.m. Charles Carpenter, Gene Krupa & James Mundy
"Boom!" w.m. E. Ray Goetz & Charles Trenet
"Boomps-A-Daisy" w.m. Annette Mills
"Boum !" w.m. Charles Trenet
"Change Partners" w.m. Irving Berlin introduced by Fred Astaire in Carefree
"Cherokee" m. Ray Noble
"Cinderella, Stay In My Arms" w. Jimmy Kennedy m. Michael Carr
"Colorado Sunset" Gilbert, Conrad
"Daydreaming (All Night Long)" w. Johnny Mercer m. Harry Warren. Introduced by Rudy Vallee in the film Gold Diggers in Paris.
"Dearest Love" w.m. Noël Coward
"Deep In A Dream" w. Eddie DeLange m. Jimmy Van Heusen
"Do You Wanna Jump Children?" w.m. Jimmy Van Heusen, Willie Bryant & Victor Selsman
"Doin' the Jive" m.w. Glenn Miller & Chummy MacGregor
"Don't Be That Way" w. Mitchell Parish m. Edgar Sampson & Benny Goodman
"Don't Let That Moon Get Away" w. Johnny Burke m. James V. Monaco
"Don't Worry 'Bout Me" w. Ted Koehler m. Rube Bloom
"Double Trouble" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger & Richard A. Whiting
"Exhibition Swing" m. Chalmers Wood
"F.D.R. Jones" w.m. Harold Rome. Introduced by Rex Ingram in the revue Sing Out the News.
"Falling In Love With Love" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Muriel Angelus in the musical The Boys from Syracuse. Performed in the 1940 film by Allan Jones.
"Ferdinand the Bull" w. Larry Morey m. Albert Hay Malotte. Performed by Sterling Holloway in the animated film of the same name.
"Flat Foot Floogie (with a Floy Floy)" w.m. Slim Gaillard, Slam Stewart & Bud Green
"Get Out of Town" w.m. Cole Porter from the musical Leave It to Me!
"Hawaiian War Chant" w. (Eng) Ralph Freed m. Johnny Noble & Prince Leleiohaku
"Heart And Soul" w. Frank Loesser m. Hoagy Carmichael
"Hi-Yo Silver" Erickson, De Leath
"Hold Tight – Hold Tight" w.m. Leonard Kent, Edward Robinson, Leonard Ware, Jerry Brandow & Willie Spotswood
"Hong Kong Blues" w.m. Hoagy Carmichael
"Hooray for Hollywood" w. Johnny Mercer m. Richard A. Whiting
"I Can Dream, Can't I?" w. Irving Kahal m. Sammy Fain. Performed by Tamara in the 1938 musical Right This Way
"I Hadn't Anyone Till You" w.m. Ray Noble
"I Have Eyes" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger
"I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart" w. Henry Nemo, John Redmond & Irving Mills m. Duke Ellington
"I Love To Whistle" Harold Adamson, Jimmy McHugh
"I Married An Angel" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
"I Must See Annie Tonight" w.m. Cliff Friend & Dave Franklin
"I'll Be Seeing You" w. Irving Kahal m. Sammy Fain
"I'll Tell the Man in the Street" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Vivienne Segal and Walter Slezak in the musical I Married an Angel. Performed in the film version by Nelson Eddy.
"I'm Gonna Lock My Heart" w. Jimmy Eaton m. Terry Shand
"I'm In Love With Vienna" w. Oscar Hammerstein II m. Johann Strauss II
"In A Little Toy Sailboat" Mandell, Littau
"In My Little Red Book" w.m. Ray Bloch, Nat Simon & Al Stillman.
"I've Got a Pocketful of Dreams" w. Johnny Burke m. James V. Monaco
"Jeepers Creepers" w. Johnny Mercer m. Harry Warren. Introduced by Louis Armstrong in the film Going Places.
"Joseph! Joseph!" w.(Eng) Sammy Cahn & Saul Chaplin m. Nellie Casman & Samuel Steinberg
"Jumpin' at the Woodside" m. Count Basie
"Just Let Me Look at You" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern. Introduced by Irene Dunne in the film Joy of Living
"Knees Up Mother Brown" w.m. Harris Weston & Bert Lee
"Love Walked In" w. Ira Gershwin m. George Gershwin
"March of the Bob Cats" m. The Bob Cats
"Mister Crosby And Mister Mercer" w. Johnny Mercer m. Ed Gallagher & Al Shean
"Moments Like This" w. Frank Loesser m. Burton Lane. Introduced by Florence George in the film College Swing.
"Most Gentlemen Don't Like Love" w.m. Cole Porter. Introduced by Sophie Tucker in the musical Leave It to Me!
"Music, Maestro, Please" w. Herb Magidson m. Allie Wrubel
"My Heart Belongs to Daddy" w.m. Cole Porter. Introduced by Mary Martin in the musical Leave It to Me!. Miss Martin also performed it in the 1946 film Night and Day. Marilyn Monroe sang the song in the 1960 film Let's Make Love.
"My Heart Is Taking Lessons" w. Johnny Burke m. James V. Monaco. Introduced by Bing Crosby in the film Doctor Rhythm
"My Heaven On Earth" w. Charles Tobias m. Phil Baker & Samuel Pokrass. Introduced by Gertrude Niesen in the film Start Cheering
"My Own" w. Harold Adamson m. Jimmy McHugh from the film That Certain Age
"My Reverie" w.m. Larry Clinton
"Nice People" w.m. Nat Mills & Fred Malcolm
"Nightmare" m. Artie Shaw
"Now it Can Be Told" w.m. Irving Berlin
"Oh! Ma-Ma!" w. (Eng) Lew Brown & Rudy Vallee m. Paolo Citorello
"One Day When We Were Young" w. Oscar Hammerstein II m. Johann Strauss II arr. Tiomkin
"The One I Love Will Come Along Some Day" w. Gus Kahn m. Bronislaw Kaper & Walter Jurmann. Introduced by Allan Jones in the film Everybody Sing
"Paradise In The Moonlight" w.m. Gene Autry & Fred Rose from the film Western Jamboree
"Penny Serenade" w. Hal Halifax m. Melle Weersma
"Please Be Kind" w.m. Sammy Cahn & Saul Chaplin
"Ride, Tenderfoot, Ride" w. Johnny Mercer m. Richard A. Whiting
"Rockin' The Town" w. Ted Koehler m. Johnny Green from the film Start Cheering
"San Antonio Rose" m. Bob Wills
"Says My Heart" w. Frank Loesser m. Burton Lane. Introduced by Harriet Hilliard with Harry Owens & his Orchestra in the film Cocoanut Grove
"Sent for You Yesterday, and Here You Come Today" w.m. Count Basie, Eddie Durham & Jimmy Rushing
"September Song" w. Maxwell Anderson m. Kurt Weill
"Shadows On The Moon" w. Gus Kahn m. Sigmund Romberg from the film The Girl Of The Golden West
"Sing for Your Supper" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Marcy Westcott, Muriel Angelus and Wynn Murray in the musical The Boys from Syracuse. Performed in the 1940 film by Martha Raye.
"Small Fry" w. Frank Loesser m. Hoagy Carmichael. Introduced by Bing Crosby, Fred MacMurray and Donald O'Connor in the film Sing You Sinners.
"Sold American" m. Glenn Miller & Chummy MacGregor
"Spring Is Here" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers. Introduced by Dennis King and Vivienne Segal in the musical I Married an Angel
"Start Cheering" w. Milton Drake m. Ben Oakland. Introduced by Gertrude Niesen in the film Start Cheering.
"The Stately Homes Of England" w.m. Noël Coward
"Thanks for the Memory" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger
"That Certain Age" w. Harold Adamson m. Jimmy McHugh from the film That Certain Age
"This Can't Be Love" w. Lorenz Hart m. Richard Rodgers
"This Is My Night To Dream" w. Johnny Burke m. James V. Monaco
"Ti-Pi-Tin" w. (English) Raymond Leveen, w. (Spanish) María Grever, m. María Grever
"Two Sleepy People" w. Frank Loesser m. Hoagy Carmichael
"The Umbrella Man" w. James Cavanaugh m. Vincent Rose & Larry Stock
"Undecided" w. Sid Robin m. Charlie Shavers
"We're Off to See the Wizard" w. E. Y. Harburg m. Harold Arlen
"When I Strut Away In My Cutaway" w.m. Jimmy Durante from the film Start Cheering
"Where Are The Songs We Sung?" w.m. Noël Coward
"Where The Dog Sits On The Tuckerbox" w.m. Jack O'Hagan
"While A Cigarette Was Burning" w.m. Charles Kenny & Nick Kenny
"Who Are We To Say? (Obey Your Heart)" w. Gus Kahn m. Sigmund Romberg from the film The Girl Of The Golden West
"You Couldn't Be Cuter" w. Dorothy Fields m. Jerome Kern Introduced by Irene Dunne in the film Joy of Living
"You Go To My Head" w. Haven Gillespie m. J. Fred Coots
"You Leave Me Breathless" w. Ralph Freed m. Friedrich Hollaender. Introduced by Fred MacMurray in the film Cocoanut Grove.
"You Must Have Been A Beautiful Baby" w. Johnny Mercer m. Harry Warren
"You're A Sweet Little Headache" w. Leo Robin m. Ralph Rainger
"You're As Pretty As A Picture" w. Harold Adamson m. Jimmy McHughfrom the film That Certain Age
"You're What's The Matter With Me" w.m. Jimmy Kennedy and Michael Carr. Introduced by Harry Richman and Evelyn Dall in the film Kicking the Moon Around.
Jean Absil – Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1
Alan Bush – Piano Concerto, Op. 18, with baritone and male choir in last movement
Aaron Copland – Billy the Kid (ballet)
Hanns Eisler – Roman Cantata
Hamilton Harty – The Children of Lir
Roy Harris – Symphony No. 3
Herbert Howells – Hymnus Paradisi
Janis Ivanovs – Symphony No. 3
Frank Martin – Sonata da chiesa
Carl Orff – Carmina Burana
Walter Piston – Symphony No. 1
Silvestre Revueltas – Sensemayá (Canto para matar una culebra [Chant for the Killing of a Snake])
Dmitri Shostakovich – String Quartet No. 1
Ernst Toch – Cantata of Bitter Herbs
Heitor Villa-Lobos – String Quartet No. 6 (Quarteto brasileiro no. 2)
Leó Weiner – Divertimento for Strings No. 2
Jenő Ádám - Mária Veronika
Paul Frederic Bowles – Denmark Vesey
Paul Hindemith – Mathis der Maler
Dmitri Kabalevsky – Colas Breugnon
Jeronimas Kacinskas – Nonet
Ernst Krenek - Karl V (composed 1931-33; first performance 1938)
Mark Lothar - Tailor Wibbel
Douglas Stuart Moore – The Devil and Daniel Webster
The Boys From Syracuse (Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart) – Broadway production opened at the Alvin Theatre on November 23 and ran for 235 performances
Great Lady Broadway production opened at the Majestic Theatre on December 1 and ran for only 20 performances
Maritza aka Countess Maritza, London production opened at the Palace Theatre on July 6
Hellzapoppin', Broadway revue opened at the 46th Street Theatre on September 22 and ran for 1404 performances
I Married An Angel, Broadway production opened at the Sam S. Shubert Theatre on May 11 and ran for 338 performances
Knickerbocker Holiday, Broadway production opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre on October 19 and ran for 168 performances
Leave It to Me!, Broadway production opened at the Imperial Theatre on November 9 and ran for 291 performances
Nine Sharp, London production opened at The Little Theatre on January 26 and ran for 405 performances
Operette, London production opened at His Majesty's Theatre on March 16
Right This Way, Broadway production opened at the 46th Street Theatre on January 5 and ran for 14 performances
Sing Out The News, Broadway revue opened at the Music Box Theatre on September 24 and ran for 105 performances
These Foolish Things London revue opened at the Palladium on September 29
You Never Know, Broadway production opened at the Winter Garden Theatre on September 21 and ran for 78 performances
Carefree, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
Champagnegaloppen, starring Svend Methling and Valdemar Møller.
Cocoanut Grove, starring Fred MacMurray, Harriet Hilliard, Ben Blue and Eve Arden.
Cowboy from Brooklyn, starring Dick Powell and Priscilla Lane
Doctor Rhythm, starring Bing Crosby, Mary Carlisle and Beatrice Lillie.
Dos amigos y un amor, directed by Lucas Demare
Es leuchten die Sterne, starring Ernst Fritz Fürbringer and Fridtjof Mjøen
Freshman Year, starring Constance Moore, William Lundigan and Dixie Dunbar. Directed by Frank McDonald.
The Girl Of The Golden West, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy
Going Places',' starring Dick Powell, Anita Louise, Allen Jenkins and Ronald Reagan and featuring Louis Armstrong and Maxine Sullivan
Gold Diggers in Paris, starring Rudy Vallee, Rosemary Lane, Hugh Herbert and Allen Jenkins. Directed by Ray Enright.
The Great Waltz',' released November 4 starring Luise Rainer and Miliza Korjus. Oscar Hammerstein II contributed new English lyrics to the music of Johann Strauss II
Happy Landing, starring Sonja Henie, Don Ameche and Ethel Merman and featuring the Raymond Scott Quintet
Hold That Co-ed, starring John Barrymore, George Murphy and Joan Davis
Honeysuckle, starring Hugo del Carril and Libertad Lamarque
It's in the Air, starring George Formby, Polly Ward and Jack Hobbs. Directed by Anthony Kimmins.
Jettatore, starring Tito Lusiardo, directed by Luis Bayon Herrera
Joy of Living, starring Irene Dunne and Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
Kicking the Moon Around, starring Bert Ambrose, Evelyn Dall, Harry Richman and Florence Desmond.
Kilómetro 111, starring Delia Garcés and Pepe Arias, directed by Mario Soffici
La Route Enchantée, starring Charles Trenet, directed by Pierre Caron
La Valentina starring Jorge Negrete and Esperanza Baur
Love Finds Andy Hardy starring Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland
Mad About Music, starring Deanna Durbin. Directed by Norman Taurog.
My Irish Molly, directed by Alex Bryce, starring Binkie Stuart, Tom Burke and Maureen O'Hara
My Lucky Star, starring Sonja Henie, Richard Greene, Joan Davis and Art Jarrett
Napoli d'altri tempi, starring Vittorio De Sica, Emma Gramatica and Elisa Cegani.
Outside of Paradise, starring Phil Regan and Penny Singleton
Radio City Revels, released February 11, starring Bob Burns, Jack Oakie and Kenny Baker and featuring Jane Froman performing with Hal Kemp's orchestra.
Romance in the Dark, starring Gladys Swarthout, John Boles, John Barrymore and Claire Dodd. Directed by H. C. Potter.
Sally, Irene and Mary, starring Alice Faye, Tony Martin, Fred Allen, Jimmy Durante, Joan Davis and Marjorie Weaver
Sing You Sinners, starring Bing Crosby, Fred MacMurray and Donald O'Connor.
The Singing Cop, starring Keith Falkner, Marta Labarr, Ivy St Helier and Bobbie Comber
Start Cheering, released March 3, starring Jimmy Durante, Gertrude Niesen and the Three Stooges.
Sweethearts, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy
That Certain Age, released October 7, starring Deanna Durbin. Songs by (lyrics) Harold Adamson and (music) Jimmy McHugh
Tropic Holiday, released July 1, starring Bob Burns, Dorothy Lamour, Ray Milland and Martha Raye
Volga-Volga, starring Lyubov Orlova, directed by Grigori Aleksandrov
We're Going to Be Rich starring Gracie Fields, Victor McLaglen and Brian Donlevy
January 6 – Adriano Celentano, singer-songwriter
January 11 – Narvel Felts, country singer
January 13 – Shivkumar Sharma, santoor player
Allen Toussaint, songwriter and record producer (d. 2015)
Jack Jones, singer
January 18 – Hargus "Pig" Robbins, session piano player
January 21 – Wolfman Jack, DJ (d. 1995)
Etta James, blues singer (d. 2012)
Vladimir Vysotsky, singer, songwriter, poet and actor (d. 1980)
Edith Mathis, Swiss operatic soprano
Bobby "Boris" Pickett, singer ("Monster Mash") (d. 2007)
February 16 – John Corigliano, composer
February 22 – Bobby Hendricks, R&B singer (The Drifters)
February 27 – Jake Thackray, singer-songwriter (d. 2002)
Simon Estes, operatic bass
Lawrence Payton, Motown tenor (The Four Tops) (d. 1997)
March 3 – Douglas Leedy, composer
March 12 – Dimitri Terzakis, composer
Hans-Joachim Hespos, composer
Jean-Claude Risset, composer
March 18 – Charley Pride, country singer
March 25 – Hoyt Axton, country singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1999)
April 2 – Booker Little, jazz trumpeter and composer
April 3 – Jeff Barry, songwriter
April 4 – Declan Mulligan, rock guitarist (The Beau Brummels)
Spencer Dryden, rock drummer (Jefferson Airplane, The Dinosaurs) (d. 2005)
Freddie Hubbard, jazz trumpeter (d. 2008)
April 13 – Frederic Rzewski, composer
April 19 – Jonathan Tunick, composer
Duane Eddy, guitarist
Maurice Williams, doo-wop vocalist (Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs)
May 4 – Tyrone Davis, singer
Henry Fambrough, R&B vocalist (The Spinners)
Maxim Shostakovich, orchestral conductor
Frankie Smith, African American doo-wop bass vocalist (The Monotones)
Lucille Starr, French-Canadian singer
May 15 – Lenny Welch, singer
May 26 – Teresa Stratas, operatic soprano
May 27 - Elizabeth Harwood, operatic soprano (d. 1990)
May 28 – Prince Buster, ska musician
June 9 – Charles Wuorinen, composer
June 13 – Gwynne Howell, opera singer
June 15 – Jean-Claude Eloy, composer
June 20 – Mickie Most, record producer (d. 2003)
June 24 – Edmund Falkiner, jazz saxophonist
June 26 - Billy Davis Jr., pop singer (The 5th Dimension)
July 1 – Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia, bansuri player
July 4 – Bill Withers, singer-songwriter
July 5 – Ronnie Self, American singer-songwriter (d. 1981)
July 9 - Paul Chihara, American composer
July 17 – Stanley Bronstein (Elephant's Memory Band)
July 28 – George Cummings, rock guitarist and songwriter (Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show)
August 8 – Jacques Hétu, composer
August 13 – Dave "Baby" Cortez, pop keyboard player
August 23 – Roger Greenaway, singer-songwriter (David & Jonathan)
David Freiberg, rock musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service)
Mason Williams, guitarist and composer
August 26 - Jet Black (The Stranglers)
August 28 – Clem Cattini (The Tornados)
September 3 – Larry Grossman, composer of Broadway musicals
September 6 – Joan Tower, composer and singer
Zygmunt Krauze, pianist and composer
Yuji Takahashi, composer
September 21 – Atli Heimir Sveinsson, composer
September 28 – Ben E. King, singer (d. 2015)
October 3 – Eddie Cochran, singer (d. 1960)
Marv Johnson, singer (d. 1993)
Fela Kuti, Afrobeat multi-instrumentalist (d. 1997)
October 16 – Nico, singer-songwriter, actress and model (d. 1988)
October 18 – Ronnie Bright, The Coasters
November 2 – Jay Black (Jay and the Americans)
November 4 – Harry Elston (Friends Of Distinction)
Jim Pike (The Lettermen)
P.J. Proby, singer
November 7 – Dee Clark, soul singer (d. 1990)
November 16 – Troy Seals, singer, songwriter
November 17 – Gordon Lightfoot, singer-songwriter
November 19 – Hank Medress (The Tokens)
December 1 – Sandy Nelson, drummer
December 5 – J. J. Cale, singer-songwriter
December 8 – Bernie Krause, bioacoustician
December 10 – Yuri Temirkanov, conductor
December 12 – Connie Francis, singer
December 15 – Fela Kuti, Afrobeat pioneer (d. 1997)
December 18 – Chas Chandler, musician, record producer and manager (d. 1996)
December 20 – John Harris Harbison, composer
December 28 – Charles Neville (The Neville Brothers)
Fanta Damba, jalimosolu singer
Atli Heimir Sveinsson, composer
January 19 – Rosa Mayreder, feminist writer, artist and musician, 79
January 20 – Nikolai Zhilyayev, musicologist, 56
January 29 – Carl Venth, violinist and composer, 77
February 4 – Dominique Heckmes, composer and music critic, 59
February 25 - Růžena Maturová, operatic contralto, 68
February 27 - Gianni Bettini, phonograph maker (born 1860)
March 2 – Ben Harney, ragtime composer & entertainer, 65
March 12 – Lyda Roberti, actress and singer, 31 (heart attack)
March 18 – Cyril Rootham, composer, 62
April 5 – Reine Davies, actress and singer, 51 (heart attack)
April 8 – Joe "King" Oliver, jazz trumpeter & band leader, 52
April 12 – Feodor Chaliapin, operatic bass, 65
April 18 – Richard Runciman Terry, musicologist, 72
May 7 - Papa Charlie Jackson, blues musician, 50
June 26 – James Weldon Johnson, US songwriter, author, diplomat and educationalist, 67
July 27 – James Thornton, English-born US songwriter and vaudeville comedian, 76
August 14 – Landon Ronald, pianist and composer, 65
August 16 – Robert Johnson, blues musician, 27 (suspected strychnine poisoning)
August 30 – James Scott, ragtime composer, 53
September 4 – Oreste Candi, violin-maker, 72
September 8 – Agustín Magaldi, tango singer, 39
September 12 – Mary Elizabeth Turner Salter, American soprano singer and composer, 82
September 28 – Con Conrad, songwriter, 47
October 22 – May Irwin, vaudeville star, 76
October 23 – Fred Barnes, music hall entertainer, 53 (Tuberculosis)
Alma Gluck, soprano, 54 (liver failure)
Khadija Gayibova, Azerbaijani pianist, 45 (executed)
November 21 – Leopold Godowsky, pianist and composer, 68
December 10 – Mario Pilati, composer, 35
December 21 - James Milton Black, hymn-writer and choir-master, 82
Minnie Egener, operatic mezzo-soprano (born 1881)
Attilio Salvaneschi, operatic tenor (born 1873)
probable – Oskar Böhme, trumpeter and composer (born 1870)