Neha Patil

Taxonomy of the animals (Hutchins et al., 2003)

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The taxonomy of the animals presented by Hutchins et al. in 2003 in Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia is a system of classification which covers all the metazoans, from phyla to orders (or families, for Hexapoda and Pisces, or species, for Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia).

Contents

Phylum Porifera

  • Phylum Porifera
  • Class Calcarea
  • Order Baeriida
  • Order Clathrinida
  • Order Leucosoleniida
  • Order Lithonida
  • Order Murrayonida
  • Class Hexactinellida
  • Order Amphidiscosida
  • Order Aulocalycoida
  • Order Hexactinosida
  • Order Lychniscosida
  • Order Lyssacinosida
  • Class Demospongiae
  • Order Agelasida
  • Order Astrophorida
  • Order Chondrosida
  • Order Dendroceratida
  • Order Dictyoceratida
  • Order Hadromerida
  • Order Halichondrida
  • Order Halisarcida
  • Order Haplosclerida
  • Order Homosclerophorida
  • Order Poecilosclerida
  • Order Spirophorida
  • Order Verongida
  • Order Verticillitida
  • Phylum Placozoa

  • Phylum Placozoa
  • No order designations
  • Phylum Monoblastozoa

  • Phylum Monoblastozoa
  • No order designations
  • Phylum Rhombozoa

  • Phylum Rhombozoa
  • Order Dicyemida
  • Order Heterocyemida
  • Phylum Orthonectida

  • Phylum Orthonectida
  • Order Orthonectida
  • Phylum Cnidaria

  • Phylum Cnidaria
  • Class Anthozoa
  • Order Actiniaria
  • Order Alcyonacea
  • Order Antipatharia
  • Order Ceriantharia
  • Order Corallimorpharia
  • Order Helioporacea
  • Order Pennatulacea
  • Order Scleractinia
  • Order Zoanthidea
  • Class Hydrozoa
  • Order Actinulida
  • Order Capitata
  • Order Conica
  • Order Cystonectae
  • Order Filifera
  • Order Laingiomedusae
  • Order Limnomedusae
  • Order Moerisiida
  • Order Narcomedusa
  • Order Proboscoida
  • Order Physonectae
  • Order Polypodiozoa
  • Order Trachymedusa
  • Class Cubozoa
  • Order Cubomedusae
  • Class Scyphozoa
  • Order Coronatae
  • Order Rhizostomeae
  • Order Semaeostomeae
  • Order Stauromedusae
  • Phylum Ctenophora

  • Phylum Ctenophora
  • Order Beroida
  • Order Cestida
  • Order Cydippida
  • Order Ganeshida
  • Order Lobata
  • Order Platyctenida
  • Order Thalassocalycida
  • Phylum Platyhelminthes

  • Phylum Platyhelminthes
  • Class Acoela
  • No order designations
  • Class Turbellaria
  • Order Catenulida
  • Order Haplopharyngida
  • Order Lecithoepitheliata
  • Order Macrostomida
  • Order Polycladida
  • Order Prolecithophora
  • Order Proplicastomata
  • Order Proseriata
  • Order Rhabdocoela
  • Order Tricladida
  • Class Trematoda
  • Order Aspidogastrida
  • Order Azygiida
  • Order Echinostomida
  • Order Opisthorchiida
  • Order Plagiorchiida
  • Order Strigeatida
  • Class Monogenea
  • Order Monopisthocotylea
  • Order Polyopisthocotylea
  • Class Cestoda
  • Order Amphilinidea
  • Order Caryophyllidea
  • Order Cyclophyllidea
  • Order Diphyllidea
  • Order Gyrocotylidea
  • Order Haplobothriidea
  • Order Lecanicephalidea
  • Order Litobothriidea
  • Order Nippotaeniidea
  • Order Proteocephalidea
  • Order Pseudophyllidea
  • Order Spathebothriidea
  • Order Tetrabothriidea
  • Order Tetraphyllidea
  • Order Trypanorhyncha
  • Phylum Nemertea

  • Phylum Nemertea
  • Class Anopla
  • Order Heteronemertea
  • Order Palaeonemertea
  • Class Enopla
  • Order Hoplonemertea
  • Phylum Rotifera

  • Phylum Rotifera
  • Order Bdelloida
  • Order Collothecacea
  • Order Flosculariacea
  • Order Ploimida
  • Order Seisonida
  • Phylum Gastrotricha

  • Phylum Gastrotricha
  • Order Chaetonotida
  • Order Macrodasyida
  • Phylum Kinorhyncha

  • Phylum Kinorhyncha
  • Order Cyclorhagida
  • Order Homalorhagida
  • Phylum Nematoda

  • Phylum Nematoda
  • Class Adenophorea
  • Order Araeolaimida
  • Order Chromadorida
  • Order Desmodorida
  • Order Desmoscolecida
  • Order Dorylaimida
  • Order Enoplida
  • Order Isolaimida
  • Order Mermithida
  • Order Monhysterida
  • Order Mononchida
  • Order Muspiceida
  • Order Stichosomida
  • Order Trichocephalida
  • Class Secernentea
  • Order Aphelenchida
  • Order Ascaridida
  • Order Camallanida
  • Order Diplogasterida
  • Order Rhabditida
  • Order Spirurida
  • Order Strongylida
  • Order Tylenchida
  • Phylum Nematomorpha

  • Phylum Nematomorpha
  • Order Gordioidea
  • Order Nectonematoidea
  • Phylum Acanthocephala

  • Phylum Acanthocephala
  • Order Apororhynchida
  • Order Echinorhynchida
  • Order Gigantorhynchida
  • Order Gyracanthocephala
  • Order Moniliformida
  • Order Neoechinorhynchida
  • Order Oligacanthorhynchida
  • Order Polymorphida
  • Phylum Entoprocta

  • Phylum Entoprocta
  • Order Coloniales
  • Order Solitaria
  • Phylum Micrognathozoa

  • Phylum Micrognathozoa
  • Order Limnognathida
  • Phylum Gnathostomulida

  • Phylum Gnathostomulida
  • Order Bursovaginoidea
  • Order Filospermoidea
  • Phylum Priapulida

  • Phylum Priapulida
  • Order Halicryptomorphida
  • Order Priapulimorphida
  • Order Seticoronarida
  • Phylum Loricifera

  • Phylum Loricifera
  • Order Nanaloricida
  • Phylum Cycliophora

  • Phylum Cycliophora
  • Order Symbiida
  • Phylum Echinodermata

  • Phylum Echinodermata
  • Class Crinoidea
  • Order Bourgueticrinida
  • Order Comatulida
  • Order Cyrtocrinida
  • Order Isocrinida
  • Order Millericrinida
  • Class Asteroidea
  • Order Brisingida
  • Order Forcipulatida
  • Order Notomyotida
  • Order Paxillosida
  • Order Spinulosida
  • Order Valvatida
  • Order Velatida
  • Class Concentricycloidea
  • Order Peripodida
  • Class Ophiuroidea
  • Order Euryalida
  • Order Oegophiurida
  • Order Ophiurida
  • Class Echinoidea
  • Order Arbacioida
  • Order Cassiduloida
  • Order Cidaroida
  • Order Clypeasteroida
  • Order Diadematoida
  • Order Echinoida
  • Order Echinothuroida
  • Order Holasteroida
  • Order Holectypoida
  • Order Pedinoida
  • Order Phymosomatoida
  • Order Salenoida
  • Order Spatangoida
  • Order Temnopleurida
  • Class Holothuroidea
  • Order Apodida
  • Order Aspidochirotida
  • Order Dactylochirotida
  • Order Dendrochirotida
  • Order Elasipodida
  • Order Molpadiida
  • Phylum Chaetognatha

  • Phylum Chaetognatha
  • Order Aphragmophora
  • Order Phragmophora
  • Phylum Hemichordata

  • Phylum Hemichordata
  • Order Cephalodiscida
  • Order Rhabdopleurida
  • Phylum Chordata

  • Phylum Chordata
  • Subphylum Urochordata
  • Class Ascidiacea
  • Order Enterogona
  • Order Pleurogona
  • Class Thaliacea
  • Order Doliolida
  • Order Pyrosomatida
  • Order Salpida
  • Class Appendicularia
  • Order Copelata
  • Class Sorberacea
  • Order Aspiraculata
  • Subphylum Cephalochordata
  • Order Amphioxiformes
  • Subphylum Craniata
  • Superclass Pisces

  • Superclass Pisces (polyphyletic)
  • Class Myxini
  • Order Myxiniformes
  • Class Cephalaspidomorphi
  • Order Petromyzoniformes
  • Class Chondrichthyes
  • Order Chimaeriformes
  • Order Heterodontiformes
  • Order Orectolobiformes
  • Order Carcharhiniformes
  • Order Lamniformes
  • Order Hexanchiformes
  • Order Squaliformes
  • Order Squatiniformes
  • Order Pristiophoriformes
  • Order Rajiformes
  • Class Sarcopterygii
  • Order Coelacanthiformes
  • Order Ceratodontiformes
  • Order Lepidosireniformes
  • Class Actinopterygii
  • Order Polypteriformes
  • Order Acipenseriformes
  • Order Lepisosteiformes
  • Order Amiiformes
  • Order Osteoglossiformes
  • Order Elopiformes
  • Order Albuliformes
  • Order Anguilliformes
  • Order Saccopharyngiformes
  • Order Clupeiformes
  • Order Gonorynchiformes
  • Order Cypriniformes
  • Order Characiformes
  • Order Siluriformes
  • Order Gymnotiformes
  • Order Esociformes
  • Order Osmeriformes
  • Order Salmoniformes
  • Order Stomiiformes
  • Order Aulopiformes
  • Order Myctophiformes
  • Order Lampridiformes
  • Order Polymixiiformes
  • Order Percopsiformes
  • Order Ophidiiformes
  • Order Gadiformes
  • Order Batrachoidiformes
  • Order Lophiiformes
  • Order Mugiliformes
  • Order Atheriniformes
  • Order Beloniformes
  • Order Cyprinodontiformes
  • Order Stephanoberyciformes
  • Order Beryciformes
  • Order Zeiformes
  • Order Gasterosteiformes
  • Order Synbranchiformes
  • Order Scorpaeniformes
  • Order Perciformes
  • Suborder Percoidei
  • Suborder Labroidei
  • Suborder Zoarcoidei
  • Suborder Nototheniodei
  • Suborder Trachinoidei
  • Suborder Blennioidei
  • Suborder Icosteoidei
  • Suborder Gobiesocoidei
  • Suborder Callionymoidei
  • Suborder Gobioidei
  • Suborder Acanthuroidei
  • Suborder Scombroidei
  • Suborder Stromateoidei
  • Suborder Anabantoidei
  • Suborder Channoidei
  • Order Pleuronectiformes
  • Order Tetraodontiformes
  • Class Amphibia

  • Class Amphibia
  • Order Anura
  • Order Caudata
  • Order Gymnophiona
  • Class Reptilia

  • Class Reptilia
  • Order Testudines
  • Order Crocodylia
  • Order Rhynchocephalia
  • Order Squamata
  • Class Aves

  • Class Aves
  • Order Struthioniformes
  • Order Procellariiformes
  • Order Sphenisciformes
  • Order Gaviiformes
  • Order Podicipediformes
  • Order Pelecaniformes
  • Order Ciconiiformes
  • Order Phoenicopteriformes
  • Order Falconiformes
  • Order Anseriformes
  • Order Galliformes
  • Order Opisthocomiformes
  • Order Gruiformes
  • Order Charadriiformes
  • Order Pterocliformes
  • Order Columbiformes
  • Order Psittaciformes
  • Order Musophagiformes
  • Order Cuculiformes
  • Order Strigiformes
  • Order Caprimulgiformes
  • Order Apodiformes
  • Order Coliiformes
  • Order Trogoniformes
  • Order Coraciiformes
  • Order Piciformes
  • Order Passeriformes
  • Class Mammalia

  • Class Mammalia
  • Order Monotremata
  • Order Didelphimorphia
  • Order Paucituberculata
  • Order Microbiotheria
  • Order Dasyuromorphia
  • Order Peramelemorphia
  • Order Notoryctemorphia
  • Order Diprotodontia
  • Order Xenarthra
  • Order Insectivora
  • Order Scandentia
  • Order Dermoptera
  • Order Chiroptera
  • Order Primates
  • Order Carnivora
  • Order Cetacea
  • Order Tubulidentata
  • Order Proboscidea
  • Order Hyracoidea
  • Order Sirenia
  • Order Perissodactyla
  • Order Artiodactyla
  • Order Pholidota
  • Order Rodentia
  • Order Lagomorpha
  • Order Macroscelidea
  • Phylum Annelida

  • Phylum Annelida
  • Class Polychaeta
  • Order Amphinomida
  • Order Capitellida
  • Order Chaetopterida
  • Order Cirratulida
  • Order Cossurida
  • Order Ctenodrilida
  • Order Dinophilida
  • Order Eunicida
  • Order Flabelligerida
  • Order Magelonida
  • Order Nerillida
  • Order Opheliida
  • Order Orbiniida
  • Order Oweniida
  • Order Phyllodocida
  • Order Poeobiida
  • Order Polygordiida
  • Order Protodrilida
  • Order Psammodrilida
  • Order Sabellariida
  • Order Sabellida
  • Order Spintherida
  • Order Spionida
  • Order Sternaspida
  • Order Terebellida
  • Class Myzostomida
  • Order Pharyngidea
  • Order Proboscidea
  • Class Oligochaeta
  • Order Haplotaxida
  • Order Lumbriculida
  • Order Moniligastrida
  • Order Opisthopora
  • Class Hirudinea
  • Order Arhynchobdellae
  • Order Rhynchobdellida
  • Class Pogonophora
  • Order Athecanephria
  • Order Thecanephria
  • Phylum Vestimentifera

  • Phylum Vestimentifera
  • Order Basibranchia
  • Order Riftiidae
  • Phylum Sipuncula

  • Phylum Sipuncula
  • Order Aspidosiphoniformes
  • Order Golfingiaformes
  • Order Phascolosomatiformes
  • Order Sipunculiformes
  • Phylum Echiura

  • Phylum Echiura
  • Order Bonellioinea
  • Order Echiuroinea
  • Order Heteromyota
  • Order Xenopneusta
  • Phylum Onychophora

  • Phylum Onychophora
  • No order designations
  • Phylum Tardigrada

  • Phylum Tardigrada
  • Order Arthrotardigrada
  • Order Echiniscoidea
  • Order Parachela
  • Order Apochela
  • Order Mesotardigrada
  • Phylum Arthropoda

  • Phylum Arthropoda
  • Subphylum Crustacea

  • Subphylum Crustacea
  • Class Remipedia
  • Order Nectiopoda
  • Class Cephalocarida
  • Order Brachypoda
  • Class Branchiopoda
  • Order Anostraca
  • Order Notostraca
  • Order Conchostraca
  • Order Cladocera
  • Class Malacostraca
  • Subclass Phyllocarida
  • Order Leptostraca
  • Subclass Eumalacostraca
  • Order Stomatopoda
  • Order Bathynellacea
  • Order Anaspidacea
  • Order Euphausiacea
  • Order Amphionidacea
  • Order Decapoda
  • Order Mysida
  • Order Lophogastrida
  • Order Cumacea
  • Order Tanaidacea
  • Order Mictacea
  • Order Spelaeogriphacea
  • Order Thermosbaenacea
  • Order Isopoda
  • Order Amphipoda
  • Class Maxillopoda
  • Subclass Thecostraca
  • Order Acrothoracica
  • Order Ascothoracica
  • Order Rhizocephala
  • Order Thoracica
  • Subclass Tantulocarida
  • No order designations
  • Subclass Branchiura
  • Order Arguloida
  • Subclass Mystacocarida
  • No order designations
  • Subclass Copepoda
  • Order Calanoida
  • Order Cyclopoida
  • Order Gelyelloida
  • Order Harpacticoida
  • Order Misophrioida
  • Order Monstrilloida
  • Order Mormonilloida
  • Order Platycopioida
  • Order Siphonostomatoida
  • Subclass Ostracoda
  • Order Myodocopida
  • Order Palaeocopida
  • Order Podocopida
  • Class Pentastomida
  • Order Cephalobaenida
  • Order Porocephalida
  • Subphylum Cheliceriformes

  • Subphylum Cheliceriformes
  • Class Pycnogonida
  • Order Pantopoda
  • Class Chelicerata
  • Subclass Merostomata
  • Order Xiphosura
  • Subclass Arachnida
  • Order Acari
  • Order Amblypygi
  • Order Araneae
  • Order Opiliones
  • Order Palpigradi
  • Order Pseudoscorpiones
  • Order Ricinulei
  • Order Schizomida
  • Order Scorpionida
  • Order Solpugida
  • Order Uropygi
  • Subphylum Uniramia

  • Subphylum Uniramia
  • Class Myriapoda
  • Subclass Chilopoda
  • Order Craterostigmomophora
  • Order Geophilomorpha
  • Order Lithobiomorpha
  • Order Scolopendromorpha
  • Order Scutigeromorpha
  • Subclass Diplopoda
  • Order Callipodida
  • Order Chordeumatida
  • Order Glomerida
  • Order Glomeridesmida
  • Order Julida
  • Order Platydesmida
  • Order Polydesmida
  • Order Polyxenida
  • Order Polyzoniida
  • Order Siphoniulida
  • Order Siphonophorida
  • Order Sphaerotheriida
  • Order Spirobolida
  • Order Spirostreptida
  • Order Stemmiulida
  • Subclass Symphyla
  • Order Symphyla
  • Subclass Pauropoda
  • Order Hexamerocerata
  • Order Tetramerocerata
  • Subphylum Hexapoda

  • Subphylum Hexapoda
  • Class Entognatha
  • Order Protura
  • Order Collembola
  • Order Diplura
  • Class Insecta
  • Order Microcoryphia
  • Order Thysanura
  • Order Ephemeroptera
  • Order Odonata
  • Order Plecoptera
  • Order Blattodea
  • Order Isoptera
  • Order Mantodea
  • Order Grylloblattodea
  • Order Dermaptera
  • Order Orthoptera
  • Order Mantophasmatodea
  • Order Phasmida
  • Order Embioptera
  • Order Zoraptera
  • Order Psocoptera
  • Order Phthiraptera
  • Order Hemiptera
  • Order Thysanoptera
  • Order Megaloptera
  • Order Raphidioptera
  • Order Neuroptera
  • Order Coleoptera
  • Order Strepsiptera
  • Order Siphonaptera
  • Order Diptera
  • Order Trichoptera
  • Order Lepidoptera
  • Order Hymenoptera
  • Phylum Mollusca

  • Phylum Mollusca
  • Class Aplacophora
  • Order Cavibelonia
  • Order Neomeniomorpha
  • Order Pholidoskepia
  • Class Monoplacophora
  • Order Tryblidioidea
  • Class Polyplacophora
  • Order Acanthochitonida
  • Order Ischnochitonida
  • Order Lepidopleurida
  • Class Gastropoda
  • Subclass Opisthobranchia
  • Order Acochlidioidea
  • Order Anaspidea
  • Order Cephalaspidea
  • Order Gymnosomata
  • Order Notaspidea
  • Order Nudibranchia
  • Order Runcinoidea
  • Order Sacoglossa
  • Order Thecosomata
  • Subclass Pulmonata
  • Order Actophila
  • Order Basommatophora
  • Order Stylommatophora
  • Order Systellommatophora
  • Order Patellogastropoda
  • Superorder Vetigastropoda
  • Order Haliotoidea
  • Order Lepetodriloidea
  • Order Vetigastropoda
  • Order Cocculiniformia
  • Order Neritopsina
  • Order Caenogastropoda
  • Class Bivalvia
  • Order Arcoida
  • Order Hippuritoida
  • Order Limoida
  • Order Myoida
  • Order Mytiloida
  • Order Nuculoida
  • Order Ostreoida
  • Order Pholadomyoida
  • Order Pterioida
  • Order Solemyoida
  • Order Trigonioida
  • Order Unionoida
  • Order Veneroida
  • Class Scaphopoda
  • Order Dentaliida
  • Order Gadilida
  • Class Cephalopoda
  • Order Nautilida
  • Order Octopoda
  • Order Sepioidea
  • Order Spirulida
  • Order Teuthoidea
  • Order Vampyromorphida
  • Phylum Phoronida

  • Phylum Phoronida
  • No order designations
  • Phylum Ectoprocta

  • Phylum Ectoprocta
  • Class Phylactolaemata
  • No order designations
  • Class Stenolaemata
  • Order Cyclostomata
  • Class Gymnolaemata
  • Order Cheilostomatida
  • Order Ctenostomata
  • Phylum Brachiopoda

  • Phylum Brachiopoda
  • Class Inarticulata
  • Order Acrotretida
  • Order Lingulida
  • Class Articulata
  • Order Rhynchonellida
  • Order Terebratulida
  • Order Thecideidina
  • References

    Taxonomy of the animals (Hutchins et al., 2003) Wikipedia


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