Harman Patil (Editor)

Perciformes

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Kingdom  Animalia
Superorder  Acanthopterygii
Higher classification  Acanthopterygii
Phylum  Chordata
Scientific name  Perciformes
Perciformes Profiles index perciformes Fish Tanks and Ponds

Order  PerciformesBleeker, 1859
Lifespan  Siamese fighting fish: 3 – 5 years, Oscar: 10 – 13 years, Mahi-mahi: 7 years, Palette surgeonfish: 8 – 20 years
Length  Siamese fighting fish: 7 cm, Largehead hairtail: 46 cm
Mass  European perch: 2.6 kg, Zander: 11 kg
Clutch size  Siamese fighting fish: 10 – 40, Oreochromis aureus: 160 – 1,600
Lower classifications  Cichlid, Japanese sea bass, Goby, Percoidei, Wrasse

Fish with toast perciformes rutilus rutilus


Perciformes, also called the Percomorpha or Acanthopteri, are the largest order of vertebrates, containing about 41% of all bony fish. Perciformes means "perch-like". They belong to the class of ray-finned fish, and comprise over 10,000 species found in almost all aquatic ecosystems.

Contents

The order contains about 160 families, which is the most of any order within the vertebrates. It is also the most variably sized order of vertebrates, ranging from the 7-mm (1/4-in) Schindleria brevipinguis to the marlin in the Makaira genus. They first appeared and diversified in the Late Cretaceous.

Perciformes httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Among the well-known members of this group are cichlids, California sheephead, bluegill, damselfish, snappers, bass, and perch.

Curious fish in a lake fische im see perciformes


Characteristics

Perciformes Index of academicsciencemathresarealoricariidVenezuela200405

The dorsal and anal fins are divided into anterior spiny and posterior soft-rayed portions, which may be partially or completely separated. The pelvic fins usually have one spine and up to five soft rays, positioned unusually far forward under the chin or under the belly. Scales are usually ctenoid, although sometimes they are cycloid or otherwise modified.

Taxonomy

Perciformes Perciformes CreationWiki the encyclopedia of creation science

Classification is controversial. As traditionally defined before the introduction of cladistics, the Perciformes are almost certainly paraphyletic. Other orders that should possibly be included as suborders are the Scorpaeniformes, Tetraodontiformes, and Pleuronectiformes. Of the presently recognized suborders, several may be paraphyletic, as well. These are grouped by suborder/superfamily, generally following the text Fishes of the World.

  • Suborder Percoidei
  • Superfamily Percoidea
  • Acropomatidae (Temperate ocean-basses)
  • Ambassidae (Asiatic glassfishes)
  • Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes)
  • Arripidae (Australasian salmon)
  • Badidae (Chameleonfishes)
  • Banjosidae (Banjofish)
  • Bathyclupeidae (Deepsea herrings)
  • Bramidae (Pomfrets)
  • Caesionidae (Fusiliers)
  • Callanthiidae (Splendid perches)
  • Carangidae (Jacks)
  • Caristiidae (Manefishes)
  • Centrarchidae (Freshwater sunfishes)
  • Centrogenyidae (False scorpionfishes)
  • Centropomidae (Snooks)
  • Chaetodontidae (Butterflyfishes)
  • Coryphaenidae (Dolphinfishes)
  • Datnioididae (Tigerfishes)
  • Dichistiidae (Galjoen fishes)
  • Dinolestidae (Long-finned pike)
  • Dinopercidae (Cavebass)
  • Drepaneidae (Sicklefishes)
  • Echeneidae (Remoras)
  • Emmelichthyidae (Rovers)
  • Enoplosidae (Old wife)
  • Epigonidae (Deepwater cardinalfishes)
  • Gerreidae (Mojarras)
  • Glaucosomatidae (Pearl perches)
  • Grammatidae (Basslets)
  • Haemulidae (Grunts)
  • Howellidae (Oceanic basslets)
  • Inermiidae (Bonnetmouths)
  • Kuhliidae (Flagtails)
  • Kyphosidae (Sea chubs)
  • Lactariidae (False trevallies)
  • Lateolabracidae (Temperate bass)
  • Latidae (Lates)
  • Leiognathidae (Ponyfishes)
  • Leptobramidae (Beachsalmon)
  • Lethrinidae (Emperor breams)
  • Lobotidae (Tripletails)
  • Lutjanidae (Snappers)
  • Malacanthidae (Tilefishes)
  • Menidae (Moonfish)
  • Monodactylidae (Moonyfishes)
  • Moronidae (Temperate basses)
  • Mullidae (Goatfishes)
  • Nandidae (Asian leaffishes)
  • Nematistiidae (Roosterfish)
  • Nemipteridae (Threadfin breams)
  • Opistognathidae (Jawfishes)
  • Oplegnathidae (Knifejaws)
  • Ostracoberycidae (Shellskin alfonsinos)
  • Parascorpididae (Jutjaws)
  • Pempheridae (Sweepers)
  • Pentacerotidae (Armorheads)
  • Percichthyidae (Temperate perches)
  • Percidae (Perches)
  • Plesiopidae (Roundheads)
  • Polycentridae (Leaffishes)
  • Polynemidae (Threadfins)
  • Polyprionidae (Wreckfishes)
  • Pomacanthidae (Marine angelfishes)
  • Pomatomidae (Bluefish)
  • Priacanthidae (Bigeyes)
  • Pristolepididae (Asian leaffishes)
  • Pseudochromidae (Dottybacks)
  • Rachycentridae (Cobia)
  • Sciaenidae (Croakers)
  • Scombropidae (Gnomefish)
  • Serranidae (Grouper, Comber, Perchlet)
  • Sillaginidae (Whitings)
  • Sparidae (Sea breams)
  • Symphysanodontidae (Slopefishes)
  • Terapontidae (Grunters)
  • Toxotidae (Archerfishes)
  • Superfamily Cirrhitoidea
  • Aplodactylidae (Marblefishes)
  • Cheilodactylidae (Morwongs)
  • Chironemidae (Kelpfishes)
  • Cirrhitidae (Hawkfishes)
  • Latridae (Trumpeters)
  • Superfamily Cepoloidea
  • Cepolidae (Bandfishes)
  • Suborder Elassomatoidei
  • Elassomatidae (Pygmy sunfishes)
  • Suborder Labroidei
  • Cichlidae (Cichlids)
  • Embiotocidae (Surfperches)
  • Labridae (Wrasses)
  • Odacidae (Cales)
  • Pomacentridae (Damselfishes)
  • Scaridae (Parrotfishes)
  • Suborder Zoarcoidei
  • Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
  • Bathymasteridae (Ronquils)
  • Cryptacanthodidae (Wrymouths)
  • Pholidae (Gunnels)
  • Ptilichthyidae (Quillfish)
  • Scytalinidae (Graveldiver)
  • Stichaeidae (Pricklebacks)
  • Zaproridae (Prowfish)
  • Zoarcidae (Eelpouts)
  • Suborder Notothenioidei (sometimes included in Percoidei)
  • Artedidraconidae (Barbeled plunderfishes)
  • Bathydraconidae (Antarctic dragonfishes)
  • Bovichthyidae (Thornfishes)
  • Channichthyidae (Crocodile icefishes)
  • Eleginopsidae (Patagonian blennies)
  • Harpagiferidae (Spiny plunderfishes)
  • Nototheniidae (Cod icefishes)
  • Pseudaphritidae (Catadromous icefishes)
  • Suborder Trachinoidei
  • Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
  • Champsodontidae (Crocodile toothfishes)
  • Cheimarrhichthyidae (Torrent fish)
  • Chiasmodontidae (Snaketooth fishes)
  • Creediidae (Sandburrowers)
  • Leptoscopidae (Southern sandfishes)
  • Percophidae (Duckbills)
  • Pholidichthyidae (Convict blennies)
  • Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
  • Trachinidae (Weeverfishes)
  • Trichodontidae (Sandfishes)
  • Trichonotidae (Sanddivers)
  • Uranoscopidae (Stargazers)
  • Suborder Blennioidei
  • Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies)
  • Chaenopsidae (Flagblennies)
  • Clinidae (Clinids)
  • Dactyloscopidae (Sand stargazers)
  • Labrisomidae (Labrisomids)
  • Tripterygiidae (Threefin blennies)
  • Suborder Icosteoidei
  • Icosteidae (Ragfish)
  • Suborder Callionymoidei
  • Callionymidae (Dragonets)
  • Draconettidae (Slope dragonets)
  • Suborder Gobioidei
  • Eleotridae (Sleepers)
  • Gobiidae (Gobies)
  • Kraemeriidae (Sand darters)
  • Microdesmidae (Wormfishes)
  • Odontobutidae (Freshwater sleepers)
  • Rhyacichthyidae (Loach gobies)
  • Schindleriidae (Infantfishes)
  • Xenisthmidae (Collared wrigglers)
  • Suborder Kurtoidei
  • Kurtidae (Nurseryfishes)
  • Suborder Acanthuroidei
  • Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes)
  • Ephippidae (Spadefishes)
  • Luvaridae (Louvar)
  • Scatophagidae (Scats)
  • Siganidae (Rabbitfishes)
  • Zanclidae (Moorish idol)
  • Suborder Scombrolabracoidei
  • Scombrolabracidae (Longfin escolar)
  • Suborder Scombroidei
  • Sphyraenidae (Barracudas)
  • Gempylidae (Snake mackerels)
  • Trichiuridae (Cutlassfishes)
  • Scombridae (Mackerels)
  • Xiphiidae (Swordfish)
  • Istiophoridae (Marlins)
  • Suborder Stromateoidei
  • Amarsipidae (Bagless glassfish)
  • Ariommatidae (Ariommatids)
  • Centrolophidae (Medusafishes)
  • Nomeidae (Driftfishes)
  • Tetragonuridae (Squaretails)
  • Stromateidae (Butterfishes)
  • Suborder Anabantoidei
  • Anabantidae (Climbing gouramies)
  • Osphronemidae (Gouramies)
  • Helostomatidae (Kissing gourami)
  • Suborder Channoidei
  • Channidae (Snakeheads)
  • Suborder Caproidei
  • Caproidae (Boarfishes)
  • References

    Perciformes Wikipedia