Puneet Varma (Editor)

Scorpaeniformes

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Kingdom
  
Scientific name
  
Scorpaeniformes

Phylum
  
Chordata

Superorder
  
Higher classification
  
Rank
  
Order

Scorpaeniformes Fish list in New Zealand

Lower classifications
  
Scorpionfish, Sebastiscus marmoratus, Rockfish, Lionfish, Sea robins

The Scorpaeniformes are a diverse order of ray-finned fish, but have also been called the Scleroparei. It is one of the five largest orders of bony fishes by number of species with over 1,320.

Scorpaeniformes Port Phillip Bay Taxonomy Toolkit

They are known as "mail-cheeked" fishes due to their distinguishing characteristic, the suborbital stay: a backwards extension of the third circumorbital bone (part of the lateral head/cheek skeleton, below the eye socket) across the cheek to the preoperculum, to which it is connected in most species.

Scorpaeniformes httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Scorpaeniform fishes are carnivorous, mostly feeding on crustaceans and on smaller fish. Most species live on the sea bottom in relatively shallow waters, although species are known from deep water, from the midwater, and even from fresh water. They typically have spiny heads, and rounded pectoral and caudal fins. Most species are less than 30 cm (12 in) in length, but the full size range of the order varies from the velvetfishes, which can be just 2 cm (0.79 in) long as adults, to the lingcod, which can reach 150 cm (4.9 ft) in length.

Scorpaeniformes Scorpaeniformes Wikispecies

Classification

The division of Scorpaeniformes into families is not settled; accounts range from 26 to 35 families.

Order Scorpaeniformes

Scorpaeniformes Order Scorpaeniformes The Marine Compatibility Guide

  • Suborder Anoplopomatoidei
  • Anoplopomatidae (sablefish and skilfish)
  • Suborder Cottoidei
  • Superfamily Cottoidea
  • Abyssocottidae (deep-water sculpins)
  • Agonidae (poachers)
  • Bathylutichthyidae
  • Comephoridae (Baikal oilfishes)
  • Cottidae (cottids)
  • Cottocomephoridae (Baikal sculpins)
  • Ereuniidae (deepwater bullhead sculpins)
  • Hemitripteridae (sea ravens)
  • Icelidae (scaled sculpins)
  • Psychrolutidae (fatheads)
  • Rhamphocottidae (grunt sculpin)
  • Superfamily Cyclopteroidea
  • Cyclopteridae (lumpsuckers)
  • Liparidae (snailfishes)
  • Suborder Dactylopteroidei
  • Dactylopteridae (flying gurnards)
  • Suborder Hexagrammoidei
  • Hexagrammidae (greenlings)
  • Suborder Normanichthyiodei
  • Normanichthyidae (mote sculpins)
  • Suborder Platycephaloidei
  • Bembridae (deepwater flatheads)
  • Hoplichthyidae (ghost flatheads)
  • Parabembridae
  • Peristediidae (armored searobins)
  • Platycephalidae (flatheads)
  • Suborder Scorpaenoidei
  • Apistidae (wasp scorpionfishes)
  • Aploactinidae (velvetfishes)
  • Caracanthidae (orbicular velvetfishes)
  • Congiopodidae (horsefishes and pigfishes)
  • Eschmeyeridae
  • Gnathanacanthidae (red velvetfish)
  • Neosebastidae (gurnard scorpionfishes)
  • Pataecidae (Australian prowfishes)
  • Perryenidae (Whitenose pigfish)
  • Plectrogenidae
  • Scorpaenidae (scorpionfishes)
  • Sebastidae (sea perches)
  • Setarchidae (deep-sea bristly scorpionfishes)
  • Synanceiidae (stonefishes)
  • Tetrarogidae (waspfishes)
  • Triglidae (searobins)
  • References

    Scorpaeniformes Wikipedia