January 10 – The British submarine L-24 sinks in the English Channel; 43 lives are lost.
January 12 – Gopinath Saha shoots a man he erroneously thinks is Sir Charles Tegart, the police commissioner of Calcutta, and is arrested soon after.
January 21 – Following the death of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin immediately begins to purge his rivals to clear the way for his leadership.
January 22 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
January 23 – The Soviet Union officially declares that Lenin died January 21.
January 25 – The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, in the French Alps.
January 26 – Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) is renamed Leningrad. It reverts to Saint Petersburg in 1991.
January 27 – Lenin is buried in Lenin's Mausoleum in Moscow's Red Square.
February 1 – The United Kingdom recognizes the Soviet Union.
February 5 – GMT: A radio time signal is broadcast for the first time from the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
February 7 – Capital punishment: The first state execution using gas in the United States takes place in Nevada.
February 12 – Rhapsody in Blue, by George Gershwin, is first performed in New York City at Aeolian Hall.
February 14 – The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR), based in the U.S. state of New York, is renamed International Business Machines (IBM).
February 16-February 26 – Dock strikes break out in various U.S. harbors.
Treaty of Rome: Agreement for the Kingdom of Italy to annexe the Free State of Fiume and for the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to absorb Sušak.
Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
The 1,400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdülmecid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of President Kemal Atatürk.
The Free State of Fiume is annexed by the Kingdom of Italy.
March 6 – İsmet İnönü forms a new government in Turkey (2nd government).
March 8 – The Castle Gate Mine disaster kills 172 coal miners in Utah, United States.
March 25 – The Second Hellenic Republic is proclaimed in Greece.
March 29 – In France, the Third Ministry of Raymond Poincaré begins.
Adolf Hitler is sentenced to 5 years in jail for his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch (he serves only 8 months).
The first revenue flight for Belgium's Sabena Airlines takes place.
April 6 – Fascists win the elections in Italy with a ⅔ majority.
A referendum in Greece favors the formation of the Second Hellenic Republic.
The A.E.K. is founded in Greece.
April 16 – American media company Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) is founded in Los Angeles.
April 23 – British Empire Exhibition opens. It was the largest colonial exhibition with 58 countries of the empire dramatically represented.
April 26 – Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his "death ray" in London but fails to convince the British War Office.
April 27 – A group of Alawites kill several nuns in Syria; French troops march against them.
April 28 – An explosion in a mine at the Wheeling Steel Corporation in Benwood, West Virginia kills 119 men.
May 3 – The Aleph Zadik Aleph, the oldest Jewish youth fraternity, is founded in Omaha, Nebraska.
May 4 – The 1924 Summer Olympics opening ceremonies are held in Paris, France.
May 8 – Lithuania signs the Klaipėda Convention with the nations of the Conference of Ambassadors, taking the Klaipėda Region from East Prussia and making it into an autonomous region.
May 10 – J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head of the Bureau of Investigation.
May 11 – Mercedes-Benz is formed by the merging companies owned by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz.
May 21 – University of Chicago students Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a thrill killing.
May 24 – The Immigration Act of 1924 is signed into law in the United States, including the Asian Exclusion Act.
June 1 – Harry Grindell Matthews returns from Paris to London; he tries to use a Pathé film to demonstrate that his death ray works.
June 2 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
June 5 – Ernst Alexanderson sends the first facsimile across the Atlantic Ocean, which goes to his father in Sweden.
June 8 – George Mallory and Andrew Irvine are last seen "going strong for the top" of Mount Everest by teammate Noel Odell at 12:50 P.M. The two mountaineers are never seen alive again.
June 10 – Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
June 12 – Rondout Heist: Six men of the Egan's Rats gang rob a mail train in Rondout, Illinois; the robbery is later found to have been an inside job.
June 13 – In Hungary, a most devastating tornado called "Wildkansas" struck, and left a 500-1500m wide and 70 km long path of destruction, landed at Bia, and after 3 hours it ended near Vác, destroyed a village called Páty completely, and left many people homeless, killed 9 people, and 50 people got wounded. This was one of the strongest tornadoes ever not only in Hungary but in Europe also. It was estimated to be an F4.
June 16 – Whampoa Military Academy is founded in China.
June 23 – American airman Russell Maughan flies from New York to San Francisco in 21 hours and 48 minutes on a dawn-to-dusk flight in a Curtiss pursuit.
June 28 – A tornado touches down in Lorain, Ohio and kills 78 people.
June 30 – J.B.M. Hertzog becomes the third Prime Minister of South Africa.
July 4 – Supposed invention of Caesar salad by Caesar Cardini in Tijuana.
July 9 – John W. Davis of West Virginia is nominated by the Democrats to oppose Calvin Coolidge in the presidential election.
July 12 – The American military occupation of the Dominican Republic comes to an end. The constitutional government headed by General Horacio Vázquez, elected in the elections held in March, is established.
July 19 – The Napalpí massacre occurs in Argentina.
July 20 – The Soviet sports newspaper Sovetsky Sport is founded.
August 1 – Koshien Stadium, as well known for sports venues in Japan, open in Nishinomiya, suburb of Osaka.
August 16 – The Dawes Plan is accepted.
August 18 – France begins to withdraw its troops from Germany.
August 28 – August Uprising: Georgia rises against rule by the Soviet Union in an abortive rebellion in which several thousands die.
The Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
The 8-hour work day is introduced in Belgium.
September 9–September 11 – The Kohat riots break out in India.
September 28 – U.S. Army pilots John Harding and Erik Nelson complete the first aerial circumnavigation. It has taken them 175 days and 74 stops before their return to Seattle.
October 2 – The Geneva Protocol is adopted by the League of Nations Assembly as a means to strengthen the League, but later fails to be ratified.
Voting in federal elections becomes compulsory in Australia, after a private member's bill proposed by Tasmanian Nationalist senator Herbert Payne results in the passing of the Commonwealth Electoral (Compulsory Voting) Act 1924.
The Alpha Delta Gamma fraternity is founded at the Lake Shore Campus of Loyola University, Chicago.
October 12– October 15 – Zeppelin LZ-126 makes a transatlantic delivery flight from Friedrichshafen, Germany, to Lakehurst, New Jersey.
October 15 – The first Surrealist Manifesto is published, in which André Breton defines the movement as "pure psychic automatism".
October 18 – Sweden's Prime Minister Ernst Trygger and his cabinet, is replaced by Hjalmar Branting and his third and last government.
October 19 – Abdul Aziz declares himself protector of holy places in Mecca.
October 22 – The Toastmasters Club is founded.
The British Foreign Office publishes the Zinoviev letter.
Dixie Dean scores a hat-trick for Tranmere Rovers to become the youngest ever player to score three goals for The Superwhites.
October 25 – British authorities in India arrest Subhas Chandra Bose and jail him for the next 2½ years.
October 27 – The Uzbek SSR joins the Soviet Union.
Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first woman governor in the United States.
U.S. presidential election, 1924: Republican Calvin Coolidge defeats Democrat John W. Davis and Progressive Robert M. La Follette, Sr.
November 19 – In Los Angeles, famous silent film director Thomas Ince ("The Father of the Western") dies, reportedly of a heart attack, in his bed (rumors soon surface that he was shot dead by publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst).
November 21 – Ali Fethi Okyar forms new government in Turkey. (3rd government)
November 26 – The Mongolian People's Republic is founded.
129 communists, including several members of the Riigikogu, are convicted during the Trial of the 149 in Estonia.
In New York City the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.
A Soviet-backed communist coup attempt fails in Estonia.
George Gershwin's Lady Be Good and Fascinating Rhythm (book by Guy Bolton and Fred Thompson, lyrics by Ira Gershwin) premiere in New York, NY.
December 19 – German serial killer Fritz Haarmann is sentenced to death for a series of murders.
December 20 – In Germany Adolf Hitler is released from Landsberg Prison. Hitler served nine months for his crucial role in the Beer Hall Putsch from 1923.
An air crash at Croydon Air Field in London kills 8.
Albania becomes a republic.
A flash fire at a Christmas celebration in a one-room schoolhouse in Babbs, Oklahoma kills 36 people, mostly small children.
December 30 – Astronomer Edwin Hubble announces that Andromeda, previously believed to be a nebula, is actually another galaxy, and that the Milky Way is only one of many such galaxies in the universe.
The Taung Child is discovered.
Spring – Francophone explorer, spiritualist and former operatic soprano Alexandra David-Néel, disguised as a male pilgrim, makes a 2-month stay in the forbidden city of Lhasa, Tibet.
International Union of Official Organizations for Tourist Propaganda.
The powerful opiate hydromorphone is developed in Germany.
Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first one-hand bareback rigging at Stirling, Alberta Canada.
Alice Vanderbilt Morris, a wealthy heiress, founds the International Auxiliary Language Association in New York
HRH Edward, Prince of Wales makes state visit to Japan aboard HMS Renown.
U.S. bootleggers begin to use Thompson submachine guns.
The Earth inductor compass is invented in New York City.
In the United States both the Renegade Period and the Apache Wars end which brings the American Indian Wars to a close after 302 years.
The National Hockey League expands to the United States for the first time, adding the Boston Bruins.
January 4 – Walter Ris, American freestyle swimmer (d. 1989)
Ali Shariatmadari, Iranian academic and educationist (d. 2017)
Kim Dae-Jung, 15th President of South Korea (d. 2009)
Earl Scruggs, American musician (d. 2012)
January 7 – Geoffrey Bayldon, English actor
Geeta Mukherjee, Indian politician (d. 2000)
Ron Moody, English actor (d. 2015)
Earl Bakken, American inventor of the modern Artificial pacemaker
Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (d. 2007)
Roger Guillemin, French neuroendocrinologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
Slim Harpo, American musician (d. 1970)
Chris Chase (also known as Irene Kane), American model, film actress, writer and journalist (d. 2013)
Olivier Gendebien, Belgian race car driver (d. 1998)
January 13 – Roland Petit, French choreographer/dancer (d. 2011)
January 14 – Carole Cook, American actress and singer
January 16 – Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
January 19 – Jean-François Revel, French author (d. 2006)
January 21 – Benny Hill, English comedian and singer (d. 1992)
January 23 – Frank Lautenberg, American businessman and politician (d. 2013)
Husein Mehmedov, Bulgarian-Turkish Olympic wrestler (d. 2014)
Speedy West, American musician (d. 2003)
Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)
Alice Babs, Swedish singer and actress (d. 2014)
January 27 – Sabu, Indian actor (d. 1963)
January 28 – Betty Tucker, American female baseball player (d. 2012)
January 29 – Luigi Nono, Italian composer (d. 1990)
January 30 – Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
February 2 – Elfi von Dassanowsky, Austrian-born U.S. musician/producer (d. 2007)
February 4 – Dorothy Harrell, American female professional baseball player (d. 2011)
February 9 – George Guest, Welsh choral conductor (d. 2002)
February 14 – Juan Ponce Enrile, Filipino politician, President of the Senate of the Philippines since 2008.
February 17 – Margaret Truman, American novelist and only child of U.S. President Harry S. Truman and Bess Truman (d. 2008)
February 19 – Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
Gerson Goldhaber, American particle physicist and astrophysicist (d. 2010)
Gloria Vanderbilt, American heiress and entrepreneur
February 21 – Robert Mugabe, first Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
February 23 – Allan McLeod Cormack, South African physicist and 1979 Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
Freda Betti, French opera singer (d. 1979)
Noboru Takeshita, Japanese politician (d. 2000)
February 29 – Al Rosen, American baseball player (d. 2015)
March 1 – Deke Slayton, American astronaut (d. 1993)
Lys Assia, Swiss singer, first winner of Eurovision Song Contest (1956)
Tomiichi Murayama, former Prime Minister of Japan
Lilian Velez, Filipino actress (d. 1948)
John Woodnutt, British actor (d. 2006)
March 4 – Kenneth O'Donnell, aide to U.S. President John F. Kennedy (d. 1977)
March 7 – Kōbō Abe, Japanese novelist (d. 1993)
March 9 – Peter Scholl-Latour, German professor, journalist and author (d. 2014)
March 13 – Pierre Arpaillange, French author, senior judge and Government Minister (d. 2017)
March 15 – Walter Gotell, German actor (d. 1997)
Al Neuharth, American businessman and journalist (d. 2013)
Ivan Minatti, Slovenian poet, translator, and editor (d. 2012)
Yevgeny Ostashev, was the test pilot of rocket and space complexes, head of the 1st control polygon NIIP-5 (Baikonur), Lenin prize winner, Candidate of Technical Sciences, engineer-Lieutenant Colonel.(d. 1960)
March 24 – Norman Fell, American actor (d. 1998)
Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet (d. 2011)
József Zakariás, Hungarian footballer (d. 1971)
Machiko Kyō, Japanese actress
Sarah Vaughan, American jazz singer (d. 1990)
Herbert Zangs, German artist (d. 2003)
Hideko Takamine, Japanese actress (d. 2010)
March 28 – Freddie Bartholomew, British actor (d. 1992)
March 30 – Alan Davidson, British author (d. 2003)
April 1 – Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
Marlon Brando, American actor (d. 2004)
Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand author (d. 2005)
Doris Day, American singer and actress. Some sources give her year of birth as 1922.
Josephine Pullein-Thompson, British author (d. 2014)
April 4 – Gil Hodges, American baseball player (d. 1972)
April 6 – Jimmy Roberts, American singer (d. 1999)
April 7 – Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer (d. 2009)
April 9 – Milburn G. Apt, American test pilot (d. 1956)
April 12 – Raymond Barre, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
April 13 – Jack Chick, American fundamentalist Christian illustrator and publisher (d. 2016)
April 14 – Philip Stone, English actor (d. 2003)
April 15 – Sir Neville Marriner, English conductor and violinist (d. 2016)
April 15 – Rikki Fulton, Scottish comedian and actor (d. 2004)
April 16 – Henry Mancini, American composer and arranger (d. 1994)
Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, American blues musician (d. 2005)
Henry Hyde, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois (d. 2007)
Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (d. 2008)
Leslie Phillips, English actor
Ruth Leuwerik, German film actress (d. 2016)
Bobby Rosengarden, American jazz drummer (d. 2007)
Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician (d. 2009)
Nahuel Moreno, Argentine Trotskyist leader (d. 1987)
April 28 – Kenneth Kaunda, former President of Zambia
April 29 – Al Balding, Canadian golfer (d. 2006)
Art Fleming, American television host and presenter (d. 1995)
Grégoire Kayibanda, 2nd President of Rwanda (d. 1976)
Jamal Abro, Sindhi writer (d. 2004)
Theodore Bikel, Austrian-American actor, folk singer and musician (d. 2015)
May 10 – Zahrad, Western Armenian poet (d. 2007)
May 11 – Antony Hewish, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
May 12 – Tony Hancock, English comedian (d. 1968)
May 13 – Bruno A. Boley, Italian-born American engineer (d. 2017)
May 15 – Maria Koepcke, German ornithologist (d. 1971)
May 16 – Dawda Jawara, 1st President of the Gambia
May 18 – Priscilla Pointer, American actress
May 19 – Sandy Wilson, British composer (d. 2014)
May 21 &dnash; Hector Fautario, Argentine Air Force general (d. 2017)
May 22 – Charles Aznavour, French singer, actor, and songwriter
Vincent Cronin, British historical writer and biographer (d. 2011)
Victor Griffin, Irish Anglican clergyman and theologian (d. 2017)
Lars Bo, Danish artist and writer (d. 1999)
Lavonne "Pepper" Paire Davis, American female baseball player (d. 2013)
June 1 – Dr. William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
June 2 – June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author & social activist (d. 2007)
Ken Armstrong, English association football player (d. 1984)
Herk Harvey, American film director (d. 1996)
Torsten Wiesel, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Karunanidhi,Indian Politician,Tamil Nadu Former Chief Minister, fondly called as Kalaignar
Dennis Weaver, American actor (d. 2006)
Tofilau Eti Alesana, Samoan politician (d. 1999)
June 6 – Robert Abernathy, American science fiction author (d. 1990)
June 8 – Sheldon Allman, American-Canadian actor, singer, and songwriter (d. 2002)
Colin Cameron Davies, Spanish-born Kenyan prelate (d. 2017)
Friedrich L. Bauer, German computer scientist (d. 2015)
June 12 – George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States
June 13 – Bronisław Baczko, Polish philosopher and historian of ideas (d. 2016)
June 14 – James W. Black, British doctor (d. 2010)
June 15 – Ezer Weizman, 7th President of Israel (d. 2005)
June 17 – Charlotte Armstrong, American female baseball player (d. 2008)
June 18 – George Mikan, American basketball player (d. 2005)
June 19 – Anneliese Rothenberger, German operatic soprano (d. 2010)
Chet Atkins, American country guitar player and producer (d. 2001)
Rainer Barzel, German politician (d. 2006)
Marga López, Argentine-born Mexican actress (d. 2005)
Pierre Charles (homme politique, 1924), French politician
Ezzatolah Entezami, Iranian actor
Alojz Rebula, Slovene writer, playwright, essayist, and translator
Wally Fawkes, British-Canadian jazz clarinetist and a satirical cartoonist
Arno Stern, French researcher and educator
Frank Bolle, American comic strip artist, comic book artist and illustrator
Ted Gordon, American drawer and painter of art brut
Bayezid Osman, surname as required by the Turkish Republic (d. 2017)
David Rubinger, Israeli photographer
Eric Neal, Australian businessman and public officer
Leonard Everett Fisher, American artist known best for children's books
Brian Bevan, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1991)
Yatsuko Tan'ami, Japanese actress
William J. Castagna, American lawyer and judge
Milton Shadur, Senior United States District Court Judge
Hisao Sasaki, Japanese writer and novelist
Dimitar Isakov, Bulgarian football player
Sidney Lumet, American film director (d. 2011)
Charles Norman Shay, American Penobscot tribal elder, writer, and decorated veteran of both World War II and the Korean War
Bob Appleyard, English cricketer (d. 2015)
June 28 – Roy Austen-Smith, Royal Air Force officer who served as Commander of British Forces Cyprus
Gustaw Lutkiewicz, Polish actor and singer
Ezra Laderman, American composer (d. 2015)
Flo Sandon's, Italian singer (d. 2006)
Philip H. Hoff, American politician
Wang Huo, Chinese novelist and screenwriter
Curtis W. Harris, American minister, civil rights activist, and politician in Virginia
Georges Rivière, French actor who worked in Argentine cinema in the 1950s
July 2 – Charley Winner, American football player
Amalia Aguilar, Cuban born Mexican film actress and dancer
Arjun Naidu, Indian first-class cricketer
Michael Barrington, British actor (d. 1988)
S. R. Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (d. 2016)
Eva Marie Saint, American actress
Delia Fiallo, Cuban author and screenwriter
Roy Gibson, Director General of ESRO
Edward Cassidy, Australian Roman Catholic cardinal priest
Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (d. 2001)
Osman Lins, Brazilian novelist (d. 1978)
János Starker, Hungarian cellist (d. 2013)
July 6 – Robert Michael White, American military aircraft test pilot, fighter pilot, electrical engineer, and a Major general in the United States Air Force (d. 2010)
Graham Dunscombe, Australian rules footballer
Amir Murtono, Indonesian General during Suharto's New Order regime
Donald Prell, Venture capitalist & futurist
Jacqueline Chonavel, French policy
Benedikt Gröndal, Prime Minister of Iceland (d. 2010)
July 8 – Charles C. Droz, American politician
Jill Knight, British Conservative Member of Parliament
Domenico Pace, Italian fencer
F. James Rutherford, American science professor
Ilie Tudor, Romanian fencer
Oscar Wyatt, American businessman and self made millionaire
Brett Somers, Canadian actress (d. 2007)
Al Federoff, American professional baseball infielder and manager (d. 2011)
Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1971)
July 12 – Shirley Neil Pettis, U.S. Representative from California, wife of her predecessor, Jerry Pettis (d. 2016)
Carlo Bergonzi, Italian tenor (d. 2014)
Johnny Gilbert, American game show announcer
Piero Trapanelli, Italian football player and coach
David Evans, retired senior commander of the Royal Air Force
Val Avery, American character actor (d. 2010)
David Cox, British statistician
Marianne Bernadotte, Swedish actress
Makhmud Esambayev, Russian actor (d. 2000)
Peter Armitage, English statistician specialising in medical statistics
James L. Greenfield, American administrator
Bess Myerson, American politician, model and television actress (d. 2014)
Claude Abravanel, Swiss pianist and composer of classical music
July 17 – Li Li-Hua, Chinese Hong-Kong actress
Tullio Altamura, Italian film actor
Inge Sørensen, Danish swimmer (d. 2011)
Frank Ivancie, American businessman and politician
Sergio Sorrentino, Italian former sailor
Chandamama Artist Shankar, Indian artist
Bob Johnston, Australian economist
Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (d. 2005)
Pat Hingle, American actor (d. 2009)
Arthur Rankin Jr., American film director and producer, co-founder of Rankin/Bass Productions (d. 2014)
Lola Albright, American singer and actress
Robert D. Maurer, American industrial physicist
Tatyana Lioznova, Soviet film director (d. 2011)
Vivean Gray, Australian television and film actress (d. 2016)
Rahimuddin Khan, four-star general of the Pakistan Army
Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
July 25 – Leonardo Villar, Brazilian actor
July 28 – Anne Braden, American civil rights activist (d. 2006)
Lloyd Bochner, Canadian actor (d. 2005)
Lillian Faralla, American female professional baseball player
Robert Horton, American actor (d. 2016)
Elizabeth Short (The Black Dahlia), American actress and murder victim (d. 1947)
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (d. 2015)
Georges Charpak, Ukrainian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2010)
Michael Stewart (playwright), American playwright and librettist for the stage (d. 1987)
James Baldwin, American author (d. 1987)
Carroll O'Connor, American actor (d. 2001)
August 3 – Leon Uris, American writer (d. 2003)
August 6 – Ella Jenkins, American folk singer of children's music
August 7 – Kenneth Kendall, British newsreader and presenter (d. 2012)
August 9 – Marta Becket, American dancer (d. 2017)
August 10 – Nancy Buckingham, British romance novelist
Derek Shackleton, English cricketer (d. 2007)
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, leader of Pakistan (d. 1988)
Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia (d. 2016)
Pierre Lardinois, Belgian politician (d. 1987)
Holger Juul Hansen, Danish actor (d. 2013)
Georges Prêtre, French orchestral and opera conductor (d. 2017)
Werner Abrolat, German actor (d. 1997)
Robert Bolt, English writer (d. 1995)
Phyllis Schlafly, American activist (d. 2016)
Jo Benkow, Norwegian politician and writer (d. 2013)
Ralf Bendix, German Schlager singer, music producer, composer and songwriter (d. 2014)
Fess Parker, American former television actor, businessman (wine maker, resort operator) (d. 2010)
Inez Voyce, American female baseball player
Evan S. Connell, Jr., American novelist, poet, and short story writer (d. 2013)
Jean-Paul Alata, Frenchman who was a political prisoner in Camp Boiro, Guinea from January 1971 to July 1975 (d. 1978)
August 18 – Frank Logue, 25th mayor of New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2010)
August 19 – Willard Boyle, Canadian physicist (d. 2011)
August 22 – Orlando Ramón Agosti, Argentine general (d. 1997)
August 23 – Robert Solow, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
Alyn Ainsworth, British musician, singer and conductor of light entertainment music (d. 1990)
Ahmadou Ahidjo, former President of Cameroon (d. 1989)
Jimmy Gardner, British actor (d. 2010)
August 25 – Sergio Bergonzelli, Italian director, screenwriter, producer and actor (d. 2002)
August 28 – Peggy Ryan, American dancer (d. 2004)
August 29 – Dinah Washington, American singer and pianist (d. 1963)
August 31 – Buddy Hackett, American comedian and actor (d. 2003)
Daniel arap Moi, 2nd President of Kenya
Sidney Phillips, Physician and WW2 marine (d. 2015)
September 3 – Mary Grace Canfield, American actress (d. 2014)
Joan Aiken, English writer (d. 2004)
Anita Snellman, Finnish painter (d. 2006)
September 5 – Paul Dietzel, College football coach (d. 2013)
September 7 – Daniel Inouye, American politician who was the senior United States Senator from Hawaii and the President pro tempore of the United States Senate (d. 2012)
Hazel Brooks, American actress (d. 2002)
Mimi Parent, Canadian painter (d. 2005)
Jane Greer, American actress (d. 2001)
Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
Tom Landry, American football player and coach (d. 2000)
Rudolf Vrba, Noted Holocaust survivor; escapee from Auschwitz (d. 2006)
September 13 – Maurice Jarre, French composer (d. 2009)
September 14 – Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and author (d. 1994)
September 15 – Bobby Short, American entertainer (d. 2005)
September 16 – Lauren Bacall, American actress (d. 2014)
Don Harron, Canadian entertainer (d. 2015)
Suchitra Mitra, Indian singer and composer (d. 2011)
September 20 – Hermann Buhl, Austrian mountaineer (d. 1957)
Charles Keeping, English illustrator (d. 1988)
Gerald Schoenfeld, American chairman (d. 2008)
Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist
September 23 – Heinrich Schultz, Estonian cultural functionary (d. 2012)
Nina Bocharova, Soviet gymnast
Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (d. 1996)
September 30 – Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
William Rehnquist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
October 2 – Ruby Stephens, American female baseball player (d. 1996)
Harvey Kurtzman, influential editor/cartoonist and creator of Mad (d. 1993)
Alphons Egli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 2016)
John Nelder, British statistician (d. 2010)
Margaret Fulton, Australian food writer
Ed Wood, American filmmaker (d. 1978)
October 11 – Mal Whitfield, American Olympic athlete (d. 2015)
October 13 – Moturu Udayam, Indian women's activist (d. 2002)
October 14 – Robert Webber, American actor (d. 1989)
Lee Iacocca, American industrialist
Mark Lenard, American actor (d. 1996)
October 21 – Joyce Randolph, American actress
October 24 – Christine Glanville, English puppeteer (d. 1999)
October 25 – Billy Barty, American actor (d. 2000)
October 27 – Bonnie Lou, American singer (d. 2015)
November 1 – Süleyman Demirel, former President of Turkey (d. 2015)
November 5 – Alice Colonieu, French artist (d. 2000)
Harlon Block, U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (d. 1945)
Jeanette Schmid, famous German whistler (d. 2005)
November 9 – Robert Frank, Swiss photographer
November 10 – Russell Johnson, American actor (d. 2014)
Sunder Lal Patwa, Indian politician (d. 2016)
Evelyn Wawryshyn, Canadian professional baseball player
Motoo Kimura, Japanese population geneticist (d. 1994)
Edward F. Welch, Jr., American admiral (d. 2008)
November 16 – Mel Patton, American athlete (d. 2014)
William Russell, British actor
J. D. Sumner, American gospel singer (d. 1998)
November 20 – Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born mathematician (d. 2010)
November 21 – Joseph Campanella, American actor
November 22 – Geraldine Page, American actress (d. 1987)
November 23 – Anita Linda, Filipino actress
November 24 – Joanne Winter, American female professional baseball pitcher and LPGA player (d. 1996)
November 25 – Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher (d. 2012)
November 28 – Dennis Brutus, South African poet and anti-Apartheid activist (d. 2009)
Allan Sherman, American comedy writer, television producer, and song parodist (d. 1973)
Shirley Chisholm, American politician (d. 2005)
December 2 – Alexander M. Haig, Jr., American politician and former U.S. Secretary of State (d. 2010)
December 3 – Francisco Sionil José, Filipino novelist, Philippine National Artist for Literature
December 6 – Wally Cox, television and motion picture actor (d. 1973)
Bent Fabric, Danish pianist and composer
Mário Soares, 105th Prime Minister of Portugal and 17th President of Portugal (d. 2017)
December 11 – Heinz Schenk, German television moderator and actor (d. 2014)
December 12 – Ed Koch, Mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989 (d. 2013)
Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, 29th Prime Minister of Nepal (d. 2011)
Robert Coogan, American actor (d. 1978)
December 17 – Margaret Wigiser, American female professional baseball player
December 18 – Cicely Tyson, American actress
December 19 – Michel Tournier, French writer (d. 2016)
December 23 – Bob Kurland, American basketball player (d. 2013)
Abdirizak Haji Hussein, Somali diplomat and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Somalia (d. 2014)
Mohammed Rafi, Indian playback singer (d. 1980)
Moktar Ould Daddah, 1st President of Mauritania (d. 2003)
Rod Serling, American television screenwriter (d. 1975)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, 10th Prime Minister of India
Taylor Mead, American actor (d. 2013)
Frank J. Kelley, the 50th Michigan Attorney General
Tim Dinsdale, British aeronautical engineer and Loch Ness Monster seeker (d. 1987)
Harley D. Nygren, American admiral and engineer, first Director of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps
January 2 – Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer and novelist (b. 1834)
January 4 – John Peters, American 19th century baseball player (b. 1850)
Albert Abrams, American doctor (b. 1863)
Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (b. 1834)
January 14 – Luther Emmett Holt, American pediatrician (b. 1855)
January 16 – Licerio Gerónimo, Filipino military leader (b. 1855)
January 21 – Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary and first Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1870)
January 24 – Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
February 3 – Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1856)
John William Kendrick, American railroad executive (b. 1853)
Wilhelm Schmidt, German pioneer of superheated steam for use in locomotives (b. 1858)
Henry Bacon, American architect (b. 1866)
Augustin Boué de Lapeyrère, French admiral (b. 1852)
Panagiotis Danglis, Greek military leader and politician (b. 1853)
Daniel Ridgway Knight, American artist (b. 1839)
Robert Nivelle, French World War I general (b. 1856)
Louis Delluc, French film director (b. 1890)
William Macewen, Scottish surgeon (b. 1848)
March 24 – Prince Kachō Hirotada of Japan (b. 1902)
March 29 – Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer, resident in England (b. 1852)
March 31 – Nilo Peçanha, 7th President of Brazil (b. 1867)
April 1 – Frank Capone, American gangster and brother of Al Capone (b. 1895)
April 10 – Hugo Stinnes, German industrialist and politician (b. 1870)
April 14 – Louis Sullivan, American architect (b. 1856)
April 19 – Paul Boyton, Showman (b. 1848)
April 21 – Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)
April 24 – G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist and educator (b. 1846)
May 4 – E. Nesbit, English author (b. 1858)
May 5 – Kate Claxton, American stage actress (b. 1848)
May 15 – Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1852)
May 26 – Victor Herbert, Irish dramatist (b. 1859)
May 31 – Charles Stockton, American admiral (b. 1845)
June 3 – Franz Kafka, Austrian author (The Trial) (b. 1883)
Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (lost on Mount Everest) (b. 1902)
George Mallory, English mountain climber (lost on Mount Everest) (b. 1886)
June 10 – Giacomo Matteotti, Italian socialist politician (assassinated) (b. 1885)
June 11 – Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (b. 1837)
Isabella Ford, English socialist, feminist, trade unionist and writer (b. 1855)
Isabella Stewart Gardner, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1840)
July 23 – Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (b. 1860)
July 27 – Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist and composer (b. 1866)
August 3 – Joseph Conrad, Polish-born author (b. 1857)
August 7 – Bruce Grit, ex-slave and African-American historian
August 8 – Ernestine von Kirchsberg, Austrian painter (b. 1857)
August 15 – Francis Knollys, 1st Viscount Knollys, British Private Secretary to King Edward VII. (b. 1837)
August 17 – Pavel Urysohn, Russian mathematician (b. 1898)
August 18 – Antoine de Mitry, French general (b. 1857)
August 23 – Heinrich Berté, Austrian operetta composer (b. 1858)
August 25 – Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (b. 1818)
August 31 – Todor Aleksandrov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1881)
September 1 – Samuel Baldwin Marks Young, American general, first Chief of Staff of the United States Army (b. 1840)
September 6 – Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (b. 1868)
September 11 – Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, Sultan of Brunei (b. 1889)
September 15 – Frank Chance, American baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1877)
September 25 – Lotta Crabtree, American stage actress (b. 1847)
October 12 – Anatole France, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
October 18 – Giovanni Ancillotto, Italian World War I flying ace (b. 1896)
Frances Hodgson Burnett, Anglo-American writer (b. 1849)
John Marden, Australian headmaster and pioneer of women's education (b. 1855)
November 4 – Gabriel Fauré, French composer (b. 1845)
November 9 – Henry Cabot Lodge, American politician (b. 1850)
Sir Archibald Geikie, Scottish geologist (b. 1835)
Dean O'Banion, American gangster (b. 1892)
November 19 – Thomas Ince, American film producer (b. 1882)
November 21 – Florence Kling Harding, First Lady of the United States (b. 1860)
November 24 – Fernando Tamagnini de Abreu e Silva, Portuguese general (b. 1856)
November 29 – Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (b. 1858)
December 2 – Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian linguist (b. 1879)
December 6 – Gene Stratton-Porter, American author, screenwriter and naturalist (b. 1863)
December 13 – Samuel Gompers, American labor leader (b. 1850)
December 20 – Ricardo Bellver, Spanish sculptor (b. 1845)
December 29 – Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
December 31 – Sir Samuel William Knaggs, British civil servant (b. 1856)
Konstantinos Koumoundouros, Greek army officer and politician (b. 1846)
Physics – Manne Siegbahn
Chemistry – Not awarded
Physiology or Medicine – Willem Einthoven
Literature – Władysław Stanisław Reymont
Peace – Not awarded
1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1924th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 924th year of the 2nd millennium, the 24th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1920s decade.