| 12,582.47 km2 |
| Niigata University|
Niigata, Nagaoka, Joetsu, Sanjo, Shibata
Toki Messe, Naeba Ski Resort, Mount Myoko, Mount Naeba, Mount Hiuchi
2.365 million (Mar 31, 2012)
Niigata Prefecture Wikipedia
Niigata Prefecture (新潟県, Niigata-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Honshu on the coast of the Sea of Japan. The capital is the city of Niigata with which it shares the same name.
Until after the Meiji Restoration, the area that is now Niigata Prefecture was divided into Echigo Province (on the mainland) and Sado Province. During the Sengoku period, the Nagao clan, who were at times vassals to the Uesugi, ruled a fief in the western part of modern Niigata from Kasugayama Castle. The most notable member of the Nagao clan was Nagao Kagetora, later and better known as Uesugi Kenshin. He unified the leaders of Echigo Province and became its sole ruler. By taking the surname Uesugi, he also became the head of the Uesugi clan and effectively brought their realm under his control.
The city of Niigata is now the third largest Japanese city facing the Sea of Japan, after Fukuoka and Kitakyushu. It was the first Japanese port on the Sea of Japan to be opened to foreign trade following the opening of Japan by Matthew Perry. It has since played an important role in trade with Russia and Korea. A freighter from North Korea visits Niigata once a month, in one of the few forms of direct contact between Japan and that country.
The Etsuzankai organization, led by the politician Kakuei Tanaka, was highly influential in bringing infrastructure improvements to Niigata Prefecture in the 1960s and 1970s. These included the Jōetsu Shinkansen high-speed rail line and the Kanetsu Expressway to Tokyo.
On October 23, 2004, the Chūetsu earthquake struck Niigata Prefecture and was measured at Shindo 6+ at Ojiya.
On January 9, 2006, a heavy winter storm struck the prefecture and its neighbors. At least 71 people died and more than 1,000 were injured. Also in 2006, a massive tsunami and earthquake damaged homes and caused casualties in the maritime areas of Niigata Prefecture, especially near Sado Island.
On July 16, 2007, another earthquake hit the area.
Niigata Prefecture hosts the Fuji Rock Festival, an annual event held at the Naeba ski resort. The three-day event, organized by Smash Japan, features more than 200 Japanese and international musicians. It is one of the largest outdoor music events in Japan, with more than 100,000 people attending in 2005.
Niigata Prefecture stretches about 240 km along the Sea of Japan, from the southwest to the northeast, with a coastal plain between the mountains and the sea. It also includes Sado Island. Niigata Prefecture could be placed in either the Hokuriku or the Kōshinetsu, both of which are considered parts of the Chūbu region. The prefecture is generally divided into four geographical areas: Jōetsu region (上越) in the south, Chūetsu (中越) in the center, Kaetsu (下越) in the north, and Sado Island. The mouth of the Shinano River, the longest river in Japan, is located in Niigata Prefecture.
As of 1 April 2014, 25% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Bandai-Asahi, Chūbu-Sangaku, Nikkō, and Oze National Parks; Echigo Sanzan-Tadami and Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Parks; and thirteen Prefectural Natural Parks.
Twenty cities are located in Niigata Prefecture:
These are the towns and villages in each district:
The major industry in Niigata Prefecture is agriculture. Rice is the principal product, and among the prefectures of Japan Niigata is second only to Hokkaidō in rice output. The area around Uonuma is known for producing the Koshihikari variety, widely considered to be the highest-quality rice produced in Japan.
Rice-related industries are also very important to the prefectural economy. Niigata Prefecture is known throughout Japan for its high-quality sake, senbei, mochi, and arare. In sake production, the prefecture comes third after Gunma and Kyoto prefectures.
The prefecture was also the place of origin of the ornamental carp known as koi.
Niigata Prefecture produces the highest volume of azaleas and cut lilies in Japan, and is increasing production of cut flowers and flower bulbs. Along with Toyama Prefecture, it produces the highest volume of tulips in the country.
Crude oil is produced in Niigata Prefecture, although Japan relies heavily on petroleum imported from other countries. Kerosene heaters are also produced for use in the cold Niigata winters.
Kinzan, on Sado Island, was an active gold mine until it was closed in 1989.
Sanjō and Tsubame produce 9 percent of all the silverware made in Japan. The two cities are second after Osaka in the production of scissors, kitchen knives, and wrenches.
Niigata Prefecture may have been the first area in Japan to produce knitted textiles, although the earliest products may have been imported from China. The nuclear power plant which formerly had highest energy output in the world is located in the tiny village of Kariwa. It has been closed since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.
In the Census of 2003, Niigata ranked as the 14th most populous.
Niigata is known for the following regional specialities:Uonuma Koshihikari rice
Shoyu (soy sauce) and Yofu (western-style) katsudon
Wappa-meshi (seafood and rice steamed in a bamboo basket)
Sasa-dango (mochi balls filled with red bean paste, seasoned with mugwort and wrapped in bamboo leaves)
Poppo-yaki (steamed bread flavored with brown sugar)
Hegi-soba (soba from the Uonuma and Ojiya areas, which uses a special kind of seaweed)
"Tsubame-Sanjō ramen" (ramen made using thick udon-style noodles)
Tochio aburage (aburaage is called "aburage" in Tochio)
Kirazu (dishes using okara)
Kakinomoto (edible chrysanthemums)
Kanzuri (a special seasoning from Myōkō made by leaving chili peppers exposed on snow, then adding flour, salt and yuzu)
Snow Country (1947): a novel by Nobel laureate Yasunari Kawabata set in Yuzawa
"Niigata Snow": a track on the LP Aida, released by Derek Bailey in 1980
Kura: a film and TV series (1995) based on the 1993 book by Tomiko Miyao, an award-winning period piece about a Niigata family and its sake brewery
Blue (1996): a manga about high school girls, set in Niigata City, adapted as a film in 2001
Whiteout: an action film based on a novel published in 1995
United States of Tara (2011): a comedy-drama series on Showtime; Kate is about to embark on a trip to teach English in Niigata when a flight attendant tells her that the only thing she will hopefully find in Niigata is "a life lesson and a bullet train back to Tokyo."
Much of the tourism in Niigata centers around skiing, especially in the alpine areas of Myōkō and Yuzawa, and going to onsen. Sado Island off the west coast of Niigata is accessible via ferry (taking one to two and a half hours) from Naoetsu or Niigata City.
Professional sports clubs include Albirex Niigata, a J-League Division 1 Soccer Club, and Niigata Albirex BB, a BJ (Basketball Japan) League team.Tokamachi Snow Festival- February
Murakami Taisai – July 6–7
Iwafune Taisai – October 18–19, in Murakami
Niigata Festival – August
Niigata General Dancing Event -September 21–25
Shirone Kite Festival – June
Sanjo Kite Festival – June
Nagaoka Festival (with fireworks) – August
Niigata Tanrei Sake-no-Jin - March
Echigo-Tsumari Festival - August and September (every third year)
Niigata University of International and Information Studies
Niigata Sangyo University (Niigata Industrial University)
Niigata University of Health and Welfare
Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences
Niigata Institute of Technology
Niigata University of Management
Niigata College of Nursing
Nippon Dental University
Nagaoka University of Technology
Nagaoka Institute of Design
International University of Japan
Keiwa Gakuen University
Ban'etsu West Line
Hokuetsu Express Hokuhoku Line
Echigo Tokimeki Railway
Myōkō Haneuma Line
Nihonkai Hisui Line
Nihonkai Tōhoku Expressway
Route 7 (Niigata—Shibata—Murakami—Sakata—Akita—Noshiro—Hirosaki—Aomori)
Route 8 (Niigata—Nagaoka—Kashiwazaki—Jōetsu—Toyama—Kanazawa—Tsuruga—Kyoto)
Route 17 (Nagaoka—Ojiya—Minamiuonuma—Takasaki—Nihonbashi of Tokyo)
Route 18 (Jōetsu—Myōkō—Nagano—Karuizawa—Takasaki)
Route 49 (Niigata—Aizuwakamatsu—Kōriyama—Iwaki)
Route 113 (Niigata—Arakawa—Nan'yō—Shiroishi—Sōma)
Route 116 (Niigata—Tsubame—Izumozaki—Kashiwazaki)
Route 117 (Ojiya—Tōkamachi—Iiyama)
Route 148 (Itoigawa—Ōmachi)
Route 350 (Sado Island)
Niigata Port – Ferry route to Sado Island, Tsuruga, Akita, Otaru and Tomakomai, with International Container hub port
Ryotsu Port – Ferry route to Niigata
Masako, Crown Princess of Japan, former registered domicile (Honseki) was Murakami
Uesugi Kenshin (1530–1578), daimyo in the Sengoku period
Naoe Kanetsugu (1559–1620), samurai in the Sengoku period
Horibe Yasubei (1670–1703), samurai in the Edo period
Hachirō Arita (1884–1965), foreign minister, from Sado Island
Maejima Hisoka (1835–1919), founder of the Japanese postal service, from joetsu
Masuda Takashi(1848–1938), creation of a general trading company, Mitsui Bussan. established a newspaper, Nihon Keizai Shimbun. from Sado
Kita Ikki (1883–1937), nationalist author and intellectual, from Sado Island
Sakae Ōsugi(1885-1923), anarchist, lived in Shibata
Honma Masaharu (1887–1946)World War II lieutenant-general executed by the United States by war crimes committed in the Philippines
Hitoshi Imamura (1886–1968) World War II General in the Imperial Japanese Army, from Shibata highschool
Isoroku Yamamoto (1884–1943), commander of the Japanese Imperial Navy, from Nagaoka
Chiang Kai-shek (1887-1975), Chinese political and military leader, served in the Imperial Japanese Army from 1909 to 1911 in Joetsu (Takada)
Ba Maw (1893-1977), Burmese political leader, active during the interwar and World War II, lived in Minamiuonuma (Ichiuchi)
Kakuei Tanaka (1918–1993), prime minister, from Kashiwazaki
Hisashi Owada (born 1932), diplomat and father of Crown Princess Masako, from Shibata
Makiko Tanaka (born 1944), first female foreign minister, from Kashiwazaki
Zeami Motokiyo(1363– 1443), aesthetician, actor, and playwright,exile to Sado Island
Ryōkan (1758–1831), Zen Buddhist monk and poet, from Izumozaki
Etsu Inagaki Sugimoto, (1874–1950), autobiographer and novelist, Professor of literature and taught Japanese language, culture and history at Columbia University, from Nagaoka
Yaichi Aizu (1881–1956), poet, calligrapher and historian, from Niigata City
Kokei Kobayashi (1883–1957), Nihonga painter,from Joetsu
Mimei Ogawa (1882–1961), author of short stories, children's stories, and fairy tales, from Joetsu
Koganei Yoshikiyo (1859–1944), anatomist and anthropologist, from Nagaoka
Kyusaku Ogino (1882-1975), doctor specializing in obstetrics and gynecology, Niigata Takeyama Hospital
Kinichiro Sakaguchi(1897 – 1994), agricultural chemist and microbiologist, from Joetsu
Tetsuji Morohashi(1883– 1982) chief editor of the Dai Kan-Wa jiten, a comprehensive dictionary of Chinese characters, from Sanjo
Tetsuo Harada (born 1949 Niitsu-shi), sculptor working in Paris France
Tsuchida Bakusen (1887–1936), Japanese painter, from Sado
Fubō Hayashi (1900–1935), novelist from Sado Island
Inoue Enryō (1858–1919), Buddhist philosopher, from Nagaoka
Junzaburō Nishiwaki (1894–1982), Japanese poet and literary critic,from Ojiya
Daigaku Horiguchi (1892-1981), poet and translator of French literature, from Nagaoka
Makoto Aida (born 1965), Artist, from Niigata City
Donald Keene(born 1922), Japanese scholar, historian, teacher, writer and translator of Japanese literature, Honorary Citizen of Kashiwazaki
Kodo (taiko group), Based in Sado
Acter, Actress, singarKen Watanabe (born 1959), stage, TV and film actor, from Niigata
Princess Tenko (born 1959), magician, from Joetsu
Mina Fujii (born 1998), actress
Mikie Hara (born 1987), gravure idol and actress, from Murakami
Fumika Baba (born 1995), actress and model,from Niigata City
Maya Kobayashi (born 1979), journalist and newscaster, from Ojiya
Mao Kobayashi (actress) (born 1982), newscaster and former actress, from Ojiya
Miyuki Koizumi (born 1982), Model
Kazuyuki Sekiguchi (born 1955), bass player for the rock group Southern All Stars, from Agano
Makoto Ogawa (born 1987), former member of Morning Musume, actor and model, from Kashiwazaki
Kusumi Koharu (born 1992), former member of Morning Musume, actor and model, from Washima
Hitomi Saito (born 1981), former singer of leader of Melon Kinenbi , from Niigata City
Suneohair (born 1971), singer, from Nagaoka
Yasuyuki Okamura(born 1965), from Niigata Higashi High School
Double (singer),Japanese R&B singer
Negicco Based on Niigata City,Niigata
NGT48 Based on Niigata City,Niigata
Pop culture, manga, voice actorYoshifumi Kondō (1950–1998), animator, from Gosen
Hiroyuki Yamaga (born 1962), anime director and producer, and a founding member of the animation studio Gainax, from Niigata City
Daisuke Hirakawa (born 1973), voice actor
Ryō Hirohashi (born 1977), voice actress, from Nagaoka
Yoko Ishida (born 1973), singer, from Niigata City
Rumi Kasahara (born 1970), voice actress, from Itoigawa
Makoto Kobayashi (born 1958), manga artist, from Niigata City
Közi (born 1972), rock musician
Haruo Minami (1923–2001), enka singer, from Nagaoka
Hitomi Nabatame (born 1976), voice actress, from Sado Island
Tatsuyuki Nagai (born 1976), anime director
Kazuto Nakazawa (born 1968), animator
Kiriko Nananan (born 1972), manga artist, from Tsubame
Yukari Nozawa (born 1957), actor and voice actor
Takeshi Obata (born 1969), manga artist, from Niigata City
Etsushi Ogawa (born 1969), manga artist
Ikue Otani (born 1965), voice actress, from Kashiwazaki
Ango Sakaguchi (1906–1955), novelist and essayist, from Niigata City
Daisuke Sakaguchi (born 1973), voice actor, from Kashiwazaki
Shuichi Shigeno (born 1958), manga artist, from Tōkamachi
Bin Shimada (born 1954), voice actor, from Niigata City
Kunio Shimizu (born 1936), playwright from Niigata
Motoei Shinzawa (born 1958), manga artist, from Kashiwazaki
Yōko Sōmi (born 1965), voice actress
Rumiko Takahashi (born 1957), manga artist, from Niigata City
Kazuya Tsurumaki (born 1966), animator, from Gosen
Hajime Watanabe (born 1957), animator
Nobuhiro Watsuki (born 1970), manga artist, from Nagaoka
Hiroki Yagami (born 1967), manga artist, from Kashiwazaki
Akiko Yajima (born 1967), voice actress, from Kashiwazaki
Kimio Yanagisawa (born 1948), manga artist, from Gosen
Keiko Yokozawa (born 1952), voice actress, from Niigata City
Shiro Saigo(1866 – 1922), Judo, lived in aga(Tsugawa), lived in 1869-1882
Haguroyama Masaji (1914–1969), sumo wrestler from Nakanokuchi who was yokozuna for 12 years and three months; an all-time record
Shohei Baba (1938–1999), Japanese professional wrestler, from Sanjō
Sawao Kato (born 1946), winner of 12 Olympic medals in gymnastics
Killer Khan (born 1947), professional wrestler, from Tsubame
Ayumu Hirano (born 1998), snowboarder, from Murakami
Ayana Onozuka (born 1988), freestyle skier, from Minamiuonuma
Kentaro Minagawa (born 1977), alpine skier, from Yuzawa
Junko Hoshino (born 1989), freestyle skier, from Nagaoka
Reruhi Shimizu (born 1993), ski jumper, from Myoko
Mai Nakamura (born 1979), swimmer, from Nagaoka
Gōtoku Sakai (born 1991), footballer (2015– Hamburger SV), from Sanjo
Yujiro Takahashi (born 1981), professional wrestler from Niigata City.