Poland becomes the first country in Eastern Europe to begin abolishing its state socialist economy. Poland also withdraws from the Warsaw Pact.
The first Internet companies catering to commercial users, PSInet and EUnet begin selling Internet access to commercial customers in the United States and Netherlands respectively.
Glasgow begins its year as European Capital of Culture.
Rowan Atkinson's Mr. Bean debuts in a Thames Television special.
January 3 – United States invasion of Panama: General Manuel Noriega is deposed as leader of Panama and surrenders to the American forces.
January 4 – Two trains collide in Sangi, Pakistan, killing between 200 and 300 people and injuring an estimated 700 others.
January 7 – The Leaning Tower of Pisa is closed to the public because of safety concerns.
January 9 – Ugandan Lt. Gen. Bazilio Olara-Okello, who led a coup against Dr. Apolo Milton Obote's government, dies in Ormduruman Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan.
January 11 – Singing Revolution: In the Lithuania SSR, 300,000 demonstrate for independence.
January 12-January 19 - Most of the remaining 50,000 Armenians are driven out of Baku in the Azerbaijan SSR during the Baku pogrom.
The National Assembly of Bulgaria votes to end one party rule by the Bulgarian Communist Party.
Thousands storm the Stasi headquarters in East Berlin in an attempt to view their government records.
Martin Luther King Day Crash – Telephone service in Atlanta, St. Louis, and Detroit, including 9-1-1 service, goes down for nine hours, due to an AT&T software bug.
January 17 – Smith & Wesson introduce the .40 S&W cartridge.
Cold War: Soviet troops occupy Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, under the state of emergency decree issued by Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev, and kill over 130 protesters who were demonstrating for independence.
Clashes break out between Indian troops and Muslim separatists in Kashmir.
The government of Haiti declares a state of emergency, under which it suspends civil liberties, imposes censorship, and arrests political opponents. The state of siege is lifted on January 29.
The League of Communists of Yugoslavia votes to give up its monopoly on power.
Robert Tappan Morris is convicted of releasing the Morris worm.
Avianca Flight 52 crashes into Cove Neck, Long Island, New York after a miscommunication between the flight crew and JFK Airport officials, killing 73 people on board.
Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto gives birth to a girl, becoming the first modern head of government to bear a child while in office.
Pope John Paul II begins an eight-day tour of Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Chad.
January 25–26 – The Burns' Day storm kills 97 in northwestern Europe.
January 27 – The city of Tiraspol in the Moldavian SSR briefly declares independence.
January 28 – Four months after their exit from power, the Polish United Workers' Party votes to dissolve itself and reorganize itself as the Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland.
The trial of Joseph Hazelwood, former skipper of the Exxon Valdez, begins in Anchorage, Alaska. He is accused of negligence that resulted in America's second worst oil spill to date.
In Holmdel, New Jersey, scientists at Bell Labs announce they have created a digital optical processor that could lead to the development of superfast computers that use pulses of light rather than electric currents to make calculations.
Globalization – The first McDonald's in Moscow, Russia opens 8 months after construction began on 3 May 1989. 8 months later the first McDonald's in Mainland China is opened in Shenzhen.
Liberal Muslim Rashad Khalifa is murdered in Tucson, Arizona; his killer is theorized to be a member of an early al-Qaeda sleeper cell.
President of the United States George H. W. Bush gives his first State of the Union address and proposes that the U.S. and the Soviet Union make deep cuts to their military forces in Europe.
February/March - 100,000 Kashmiri Pandits leave their homeland in Jammu and Kashmir's Valley after being targeted by Islamist extremists.
February – Smoking is banned on all cross-country flights in the United States.
February 2 – Apartheid: F. W. de Klerk announces the unbanning of the African National Congress and promises to release Nelson Mandela.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union votes to end its monopoly of power, clearing the way for multiparty elections.
In the Tajik SSR, rioting breaks out against the settlement of Armenian refugees there.
President of South Africa F. W. de Klerk announces that Nelson Mandela will be released the next day.
Las Cruces Bowling Alley massacre: 2 people walked into the 10 Pin Alley in Las Cruces, New Mexico, (known then as the Las Cruces Bowl) and shot seven people, four of whom were killed. The case is currently unsolved.
February 11 – Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison, near Cape Town, South Africa, after 27 years behind bars.
February 12 – Representatives of NATO and the Warsaw Pact meet in Ottawa for an "Open Skies" conference. The conference results in agreements about superpower troop levels in Europe and on German reunification.
German reunification: An agreement is reached for a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
Drexel Burnham Lambert files for bankruptcy protection, Chapter 11.
February 14 – The Pale Blue Dot photograph of Earth is sent back from the Voyager 1 probe after completing its primary mission, from around 3.5 billion miles away.
The United Kingdom and Argentina restore diplomatic relations after 8 years. The UK had severed ties in response to Argentina's invasion of the Falkland Islands, a British Dependent Territory, in 1982.
In Cartagena, Colombia, a summit is held between President of the United States George H. W. Bush, President of Bolivia Jaime Paz Zamora, President of Colombia Virgilio Barco Vargas, and President of Peru Alan García. The leaders pledge additional cooperation in fighting international drug trafficking.
The Sandinistas are defeated in the Nicaraguan elections, with Violeta Chamorro elected as the new president of Nicaragua (the first elected woman president in the Americas), replacing Daniel Ortega.
The USSR agrees to withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czechoslovakia by July, 1991.
February 27 – Exxon Valdez oil spill: Exxon and its shipping company are indicted on 5 criminal counts.
February 28 – President of Nicaragua Daniel Ortega announces a cease-fire with the U.S.-backed contras.
A fire at the Sheraton Hotel in Cairo, Egypt, kills 16 people.
Steve Jackson Games is raided by the U.S. Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
The Royal New Zealand Navy discontinues its daily rum ration.
Luis Alberto Lacalle, a grandson of the late politician and diplomat Luis Alberto de Herrera, is sworn in as President of Uruguay.
March 3 – The International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition, a group of six explorers from six nations, completes the first dog sled crossing of Antarctica.
March 6 – An SR-71 sets a U.S. transcontinental speed record of 1 hour 8 minutes 17 seconds, on what is publicized as its last official flight.
March 8 – The Nintendo World Championships were held within the Fair Park's Automobile Building, kickstarting an almost year long gaming competition across 29 American cities.
Police seal off Brixton in South London after another night of protests against the poll tax.
Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland's approval of the Meech Lake Accord.
March 10 – Eighteen months after seizing power in a coup, Prosper Avril is ousted in Haiti.
March 11 – Singing Revolution: The Lithuanian SSR declares independence from the Soviet Union with the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.
Cold War: Soviet soldiers begin leaving Hungary under terms of an agreement to withdraw all Soviet troops by June 1.
Patricio Aylwin is sworn in as the first democratically elected Chilean president since 1970.
March 13 – The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union approves changes to the Constitution of the Soviet Union to create a strong U.S.-style presidency. Mikhail Gorbachev is elected to a five-year term as the first-ever President of the Soviet Union on March 15.
Iraq hangs British journalist Farzad Bazoft for spying. Daphne Parish, a British nurse, is sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment as an accomplice.
The first high speed (T1) transatlantic Internet connection is made over the TAT-8 fiber optic cable between CERN and Cornell University, allowing faster Internet communication between North America and Europe.
Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
Singing Revolution: The Soviet Union announces that Lithuania's declaration of independence is invalid.
Fernando Collor de Mello takes office as President of Brazil, Brazil's first democratically elected president since Jânio Quadros in 1961. The next day, he announces a currency freeze and freezes large bank accounts for 18 months.
Twelve paintings and a Shang dynasty vase, collectively worth $100 to $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts by two thieves posing as police officers. This is the largest art theft in US history, and the paintings (as of 2015) have not been recovered.
Cold War: East Germany holds its first free elections.
March 20 – Ferdinand Marcos's widow, Imelda Marcos, goes on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.
March 21 – After 75 years of South African rule since World War I, Namibia becomes independent.
March 24 – In the Australian federal election, the Australian Labor Party, led by Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke, clings to power with a reduced majority.
In New York City, a fire due to arson at an illegal social club called "Happy Land" kills 87.
Archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie announces his intention to retire at the end of the year.
In the Hungarian parliamentary election, Hungary's first multiparty election since 1948, the Hungarian Democratic Forum wins the most seats.
March 26 – The 62nd Academy Awards, hosted by Billy Crystal, are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California, with Driving Miss Daisy winning Best Picture.
March 27 – The United States begins broadcasting Radio y Televisión Martí to Cuba.
March 28 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush posthumously awards Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
March 30 – Singing Revolution: After its first free elections on March 18, the Estonian SSR declares the Soviet rule to have been illegal since 1940 and declares a transition period for full independence.
March 31 – "The Second Battle of Trafalgar": A massive anti-poll tax demonstration in Trafalgar Square, London, turns into a riot; 471 people are injured, and 341 are arrested.
The Community Charge (poll tax) takes effect in England and Wales amid widespread protests
Strangeways Prison riot: The longest prison riot in Britain's history begins at Strangeways Prison in Manchester, and continues for 3 weeks and 3 days, until April 25.
The Ultimate Warrior defeats Hulk Hogan to win the WWF Championship in a Title for Title, winner takes all match at WrestleMania VI in front of nearly 68,000 people at the SkyDome in Toronto, Ontario.
The 1990 United States Census begins. There are 248,709,873 residents in the U.S.
April 6 – Robert Mapplethorpe's "The Perfect Moment" show of nude and homoerotic photographs opens at the Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center, in spite of accusations of indecency by Citizens for Community Values.
Iran–Contra affair: John Poindexter is found guilty of 5 charges for his part in the scandal; the convictions are later reversed on appeal.
Scandinavian Star, a Bahamas-registered ferry, catches fire en route from Norway to Denmark, leaving 158 dead.
In Nepal, Birendra of Nepal lifts a ban on political parties following violent protests.
In the Greek legislative election, the conservative New Democracy wins the most seats in the Hellenic Parliament; its leader, Konstantinos Mitsotakis, becomes Prime Minister of Greece on April 11.
In the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Socialist Republic of Slovenia holds Yugoslavia's first multiparty election since 1938. After the election, a center-right coalition led by Lojze Peterle forms Yugoslavia's first non-Communist government since 1945.
April 9 – Comet Austin, the brightest comet visible from Earth since 1975, makes its closest approach to the sun.
April 12 – Lothar de Maizière becomes prime minister of East Germany, heading a conservative coalition that favors German reunification.
April 13 – Cold War: The Soviet Union apologizes for the Katyn massacre.
April 14 – Junk bond financier Michael Milken pleaded guilty to fraud-related charges. He agreed to pay US$500 million in restitution and was sentenced on November 21 to 10 years in jail.
Lebanon hostage crisis: Lebanese kidnappers release American educator Robert Polhill, who had been held hostage since January 1987.
Earth Day 20 is celebrated by millions worldwide.
Cold War: West Germany and East Germany agree to merge currency and economies on July 1.
STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope is launched aboard Space Shuttle Discovery.
President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko lifts a 20-year ban on opposition parties.
April 25 – Violeta Chamorro is elected President of Nicaragua, the first woman elected in her own right as a head of state in the Americas.
April 28 – Liverpool F.C. win their 18th and as to date last English Football League Title when they beat Queens Park Rangers 2-1 at Anfield thanks to goals from Ian Rush and John Barnes. Their nearest challengers Aston Villa can only draw 3-3 at home to Norwich City.
April 30 – Lebanon hostage crisis: Lebanese kidnappers release American educator Frank H. Reed, who had been held hostage since September 1986.
May 1 – The former Episcopal Church in the Philippines (supervised by the Episcopal Church of the United States of America) is granted full autonomy and raised to the state of an Autocephalous Anglican province and renamed the Episcopal Church of the Philippines.
May 2 – In London, a man brandishing a knife robs a courier of bearer bonds worth £292 million (the second largest mugging to date).
May 2–4 – First talks between the government of South Africa and the African National Congress.
May 4 – Singing Revolution: The Latvian SSR declares independence from the Soviet Union.
May 6–13 – Pope John Paul II visits Mexico.
Singing Revolution: The Estonian SSR restores the formal name of the country, the Republic of Estonia, as well as other national emblems (the coat of arms, the flag and the anthem).
Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier assumes office as President of Costa Rica.
May 9 – In South Korea, police battle anti-government protesters in Seoul and two other cities.
In the Philippines, gunmen kill two United States Air Force airmen near Clark Air Base on the eve of talks between the Philippines and the United States over the future of American military bases in the Philippines.
The Dinamo–Red Star riot took place at Maksimir Stadium in Zagreb, Croatia between the Bad Blue Boys (fans of Dinamo Zagreb) and the Delije (fans of Red Star Belgrade).
Singing Revolution: The pro-Soviet Intermovement attempts to take power in Tallinn, Estonia, but are forced down by local Estonians.
Portrait of Dr. Gachet by Vincent van Gogh is sold for a record $82.5 million.
May 17 – The World Health Organization removes homosexuality from its list of diseases. This marked the beginning of a slow change towards public acceptance of homosexuality which is still ongoing.
May 18 – German reunification: East Germany and West Germany sign a treaty to emerge their economic and social systems, effective July 1.
May 19 – The US and the USSR agree to end production of chemical weapons and to destroy most of their stockpiles of chemical weapons.
May 20 – Cold War: The first post-Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania.
May 21 – In Kashmir, a Kashmiri Islamic leader is assassinated and Indian security forces open fire on mourners carrying his body, killing at least 47 people.
Cold War: The leaders of the Yemen Arab Republic and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen announce the unification of their countries as the Republic of Yemen.
Microsoft releases Windows 3.0.
In the Burmese general election, Burma's first multiparty election in 30 years, the National League for Democracy led by Aung San Suu Kyi wins in a landslide, but the State Law and Order Restoration Council nullifies the election results.
In the Colombian presidential election, César Gaviria is elected President of Colombia; he takes office on August 7.
Mikhail Gorbachev arrives in Ottawa for a 29-hour visit.
Boris Yeltsin is elected as the first ever elected president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) founded.
May 30 – George H. W. Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev begin a four-day summit meeting in Washington, D.C.
June – Joanne Rowling gets the idea for Harry Potter while on a train from Manchester to London Euston railway station. She begins writing Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone which will be completed in 1995 and published in 1997.
Cold War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty to end chemical weapon production and begin destroying their respective stocks.
Members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army shoot and kill Major Michael Dillon-Lee and Private William Robert Davies of the British Army. Dillon-Lee is killed outside his home in Dortmund, Germany and Davies is killed at a railway station in Lichfield, England.
The Lower Ohio Valley tornado outbreak spawns 88 confirmed tornadoes in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio, killing 12; 37 tornadoes occur in Indiana, eclipsing the previous record of 21 during the Super Outbreak of April 1974.
Namibia recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
June 4 – Violence breaks out in the Kirghiz SSR between the majority Kyrgyz people and minority Uzbeks over the distribution of homestead land.
Metropolitan Alexy of Leningrad is elected Russian Orthodox Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus'.
Nickelodeon Studios opens
Universal Studios Orlando opens
The 1990 FIFA World Cup begins in Italy. This was the first broadcast of digital HDTV in history; Europe would not begin HDTV broadcasting en masse until 2004.
Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Shamir ends 88 days with only an acting government by forming a coalition of right-wing and religious parties led by Shamir's Likud party.
June 8–9 – In the Czechoslovakian parliamentary election, Czechoslovakia's first free election since 1946, the Civic Forum wins the most seats but fails to secure a majority.
June 9 – Mega Borg oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico near Galveston, Texas.
Alberto Fujimori is elected President of Peru; he takes office on July 28.
First round of the Bulgarian Constitutional Assembly election sees the Bulgarian Socialist Party win a majority. The second round of voting is held June 17.
June 11 – Sri Lankan Civil War: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam massacre over 600 unarmed police officers in the Eastern Province.
Cold War: The Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
In the Algerian local elections, Algeria's first multiparty election since 1962, the Islamic Salvation Front wins control of more than half of municipalities and 32 of Algeria's 48 provinces.
Cold War – The destruction of the Berlin Wall by East Germany officially starts, 7 months after it was opened the previous November.
June 13–15 – June 1990 Mineriad: Clashes break out in Bucharest between supporters and opponents of the ruling National Salvation Front.
June 17–30 – Nelson Mandela tours North America, visiting 3 Canadian and 8 U.S. cities.
June 19 – The Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is founded in Moscow.
June 21 – The 7.4 Mw Manjil–Rudbar earthquake affects northern Iran with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme), killing 35,000–50,000, and injuring 60,000–105,000.
The underwater volcano of Mount Didicas erupts in the Philippines.
Cold War: Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled.
June 23 – In Canada, the Meech Lake Accord of 1987 dies after the Manitoba and Newfoundland legislatures fail to approve it ahead of the deadline.
June 24 – Kathleen Young and Irene Templeton are ordained as priests in St Anne's Cathedral in Belfast, becoming the first female Anglican priests in the United Kingdom.
July 1 – German reunification: East Germany and West Germany merge their economies, the West German Deutsche Mark becoming the official currency of the East also. The Inner German border (constructed 1945) also ceases to function.
1990 Hajj stampede: A stampede in a pedestrian tunnel leading to Mecca kills 1,426.
A U.S. District Court acquits Imelda Marcos on racketeering and fraud charges.
July 5 – In Kenya, riots erupt against the Kenya African National Union's monopoly on power.
President of Bulgaria Petar Mladenov resigns over accusations that he ordered tanks to disperse anti-government protests in December 1989.
Somali President Siad Barre's bodyguards massacre anti-government demonstrators during a soccer match; 65 people are killed, more than 300 seriously injured.
July 7–8 – In tennis, Martina Navratilova of the United States wins the 1990 Wimbledon Championships – Women's Singles and Stefan Edberg of Sweden wins the 1990 Wimbledon Championships – Men's Singles.
July 8 – 1990 FIFA World Cup Final (Association football): West Germany defeats Argentina 1–0 to win the 1990 FIFA World Cup.
July 9–11 – The 16th G7 summit is held in Houston.
July 11 – Terrorists blow up a passenger bus travelling from Kalbajar to Tartar in Azerbaijan. 14 people are killed, 35 wounded.
July 16 – 1990 Luzon earthquake: An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter magnitude scale kills more than 1,600 in the Philippines.
July 22 – First round of the Mongolian legislative election, the first multiparty ever held in Mongolia; the Mongolian People's Party wins by a wide margin after the second round of voting on July 29.
George Carey, Bishop of Bath and Wells, is named as the new Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.
The Serb Democratic Party (Croatia) declares the sovereignty of the Serbs in Croatia.
July 26 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act, designed to protect disabled Americans from discrimination.
The parliament building and a government television house in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago are stormed by the Jamaat al Muslimeen in a coup d'état attempt which lasts 5 days. Approximately 26 to 30 people are killed and several are wounded (including the Prime Minister, A. N. R. Robinson, who is shot in the leg).
Cold War: Belarus declares its sovereignty, a key step toward independence from the Soviet Union.
July 28 – Alberto Fujimori becomes president of Peru.
July 28 – First Walmart in California and on the West Coast opens in Lancaster.
July 30 – A Provisional Irish Republican Army car bomb kills former British politician and former Member of Parliament Ian Gow outside his home in England.
The National Assembly of Bulgaria elects Zhelyu Zhelev as the first non-Communist President of Bulgaria in 40 years.
RELCOM is created in the Soviet Union by combining several computer networks. Later in August, the Soviet Union got its first connection to the Internet.
Gulf War: Iraq Invades Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War.
The first ban of smoking in bars in the US (and possibly the world) is passed in San Luis Obispo, California.
Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council orders a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to its invasion of Kuwait.
President of Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan dismisses Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, accusing her of corruption and abuse of power.
The South African government and ANC begin talks on ending Apartheid in South Africa.
U.S. President Bush orders U.S. combat planes and troops to Saudi Arabia to prevent a possible attack by Iraq.
Prime Minister of India V. P. Singh announces plan to reserve 49% of civil service jobs for lower-caste Hindus. The plan triggers riots, leaving at least 70 dead by September.
Iraq announces its formal annexation of Kuwait.
The government of Peru announces an austerity plan that results in huge increases in the price of food and gasoline. The plan sets off days of rioting and a national strike on August 21.
Egypt, Syria, and 10 other Arab states vote to send military forces to Saudi Arabia to discourage an invasion from Iraq.
A passenger bus, traveling along the route "Tbilisi-Agdam", is blown up; 20 people died and 30 were injured. The organizers of the crime were Armenians A. Avanesian and M. Tatevosian who were brought to criminal trial.
In South Africa, fighting breaks out between the Xhosa people and the Zulu people; more than 500 people are killed by the end of August.
"Sue", the best preserved Tyrannosaurus rex specimen ever found, is discovered near Faith, South Dakota by Sue Hendrickson.
August 19 – Leonard Bernstein conducts his final concert, ending with Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 7 performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
August 21 – Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone send peacekeepers to intervene in the First Liberian Civil War.
August 22 – U.S. President Bush calls up U.S. military reservists for service in the Persian Gulf Crisis.
August 23 – East Germany and West Germany announce they will unite on October 3.
The Armenian SSR declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
Northern Ireland writer Brian Keenan is released from Lebanon after being held hostage for nearly 5 years.
August 26 – In Sofia, protesters set fire to the headquarters of the governing Bulgarian Socialist Party.
August 28 – The Plainfield Tornado (F5 on the Fujita scale) strikes the towns of Plainfield, Crest Hill, and Joliet, Illinois, killing 29 people (the strongest tornado to date to strike the Chicago metropolitan area).
September 1–10 – Pope John Paul II visits Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda and Ivory Coast.
September 2 – Cold War: Transnistria declares its independence from the Moldavian SSR; however, the declaration is not recognized by any government.
September 4 – Geoffrey Palmer resigns as Prime Minister of New Zealand and is replaced by Mike Moore.
September 4–6 – Premier of North Korea Yon Hyong-muk meets with President of South Korea Roh Tae-woo, the highest level contact between leaders of the two Koreas since 1945.
September 5 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers massacre 158 civilians.
September 6 – In Myanmar, the State Law and Order Restoration Council orders the arrest of Aung San Suu Kyi and five other political dissidents.
U.S. President Bush and Soviet President Gorbachev meet in Helsinki to discuss the Persian Gulf crisis.
First Liberian Civil War: Liberian president Samuel Doe is captured by rebel leader Prince Johnson and killed in a filmed execution.
Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers massacre 184 civilians in Batticaloa.
September 10 – The first Pizza Hut opens up in the Soviet Union.
Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush delivers a nationally televised speech in which he threatens the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait.
First Pizza Hut opens in the People's Republic of China, nearly 3 years after the first KFC opened there in 1987.
Cold War: The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German reunification.
A judge in Australia orders the arrest of media tycoon Christopher Skase, former owner of the Seven Network, after he fails to give evidence in a liquidator's examination of failed shipbuilding company Lloyds Ships Holdings, an associate of Skase's Qintex Australia Ltd.
September 17 – In what is now regarded as a landmark event in regards to women in journalism, reporter Lisa Olson was sexually harassed by multiple New England Patriots players while trying to conduct a locker room interview.
The International Olympic Committee awards the 1996 Summer Olympics to Atlanta.
The Provisional Irish Republican Army tries to assassinate Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter Terry at his home near Stafford, England. Hit by at least 9 bullets, the former Governor of Gibraltar survives.
September 24 – The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union grants Gorbachev special powers for 18 months to secure the Soviet Union's transition to a market economy.
September 27 – David Souter is confirmed to serve on the Supreme Court, replacing retiring Justice William Brennan.
September 29 – Washington, D.C.'s National Cathedral is finished.
September 29–30 – The United Nations World Summit for Children draws more than 70 world leaders to United Nations Headquarters.
October – Tim Berners-Lee begins his work on the World Wide Web, 19 months after his seminal 1989 outline of what would become the Web concept.
October 1 – The rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front invades Rwanda from Uganda, marking the start of the Rwandan Civil War.
October 1 – The first Walmart in the Northeastern United States opens in York, Pennsylvania.
October 3 – Cold War: East Germany and West Germany reunify into a single Germany.
October 4 – Moro conflict: Rebel forces seize two military posts on the island of Mindanao, Philippines before surrendering on October 6.
Israeli–Palestinian conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount.
Globalization: The first McDonald's restaurant is opened in Mainland China in Shenzhen, near Hong Kong. Since 1979, Shenzhen has been a Special economic zone.
October 13 – Lebanese Civil War: Syrian military forces invade and occupy Mount Lebanon, ousting General Michel Aoun's government. This effectively consolidates Syria's 14 year occupation of Lebanese soil.
October 14 – Composer and conductor Leonard Bernstein dies of a heart attack at his home in New York City at the age of 72.
Cold War: Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and reform his nation.
South Africa ends segregation of libraries, trains, buses, toilets, swimming pools, and other public facilities.
October 17 – A peace agreement which formally ended 28 years of Sarawak Communist insurgency in Malaysia was signed by North Kalimantan Communist Party insurgents
October 22 – Nizhny Novgorod restores officially name from Gorky, Volga Federal District, Russia.
October 24 – In the Pakistani general election, Prime Minister Bhutto's Pakistan Peoples Party loses power to a center-right coalition government led by the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad party.
October 27 – Cold War: The Supreme Soviet of the Kirghiz SSR selects Askar Akayev as the republic's first president.
The New Zealand general election is won by the New Zealand National Party, and its leader, Jim Bolger, becomes prime minister.
October 29 – In Norway, the government headed by Prime Minister of Norway Jan P. Syse collapses.
October 30 The first transatlantic fiber optic cable TAT-8 fails, causing a slowdown of Internet traffic between the United States and Europe.
November – The earliest known portable digital camera sold in the United States ships.
November 1 – Mary Robinson defeats odds-on favorite Brian Lenihan to become the first female President of Ireland.
November 2 – British Satellite Broadcasting and Sky Television plc merge to form BSkyB as a result of massive losses.
November 3 – Gro Harlem Brundtland assumes office as Prime Minister of Norway.
November 5 – Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the far-right Kach movement, is shot dead after a speech at a New York City hotel.
November 6 – Nawaz Sharif is sworn in as the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Indian Prime Minister Singh resigns over losing a confidence vote in the Parliament of India, having lost the support of Hindus who want a Muslim mosque in Ayodhya torn down to build a Hindu temple.
The final military parade to mark the anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution takes place in the Soviet Union.
A new constitution comes into effect in the Kingdom of Nepal, establishing multiparty democracy and constitutional monarchy; this is the culmination of the 1990 People's Movement.
The Parliament of Singapore enacts the Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act.
November 10 – Chandra Shekhar becomes Prime Minister of India as head of a minority government.
Akihito is enthroned as the 125th emperor of Japan following the death of his father on January 7, 1989.
Tim Berners-Lee publishes a more formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
The first known web page is written.
In New Zealand, David Gray kills 13 people in what will become known as the Aramoana massacre.
November 14 – Germany and Poland sign a treaty confirming the border at the Oder–Neisse line.
November 15 – STS-38: Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched on a classified U.S. military mission.
President Bush signed new Clean Air Act, focused on urban pollution and cancer-causing emissions from industrial sources.
November 16 – Home Alone is released to theaters. It would become the highest grossing live-action family comedy film of all time.
November 17 – Soviet President Gorbachev proposes a radical restructuring of the Soviet government, including the creation of a Federal Council to be made up of the heads of the 15 Soviet republics.
November 19-21 – The leaders of Canada, the United States, and 32 European states meet in Paris to formally mark the end of the Cold War.
Charter of Paris for a New Europe signed.
Agreement for decriminalization of homosexual acts between consenting adults in Queensland.
The second Nintendo video game console Super Famicom is released in Japan.
November 22 – Margaret Thatcher announces she will not contest the second ballot of the leadership election for the Conservative Party (UK).
November 25 – Lech Wałęsa and Stanisław Tymiński win the first round of the first Polish presidential election.
November 27 – Women's suffrage is introduced in the last Swiss half-canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden.
Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Kuan Yew resigns and is replaced by Goh Chok Tong.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher resigns and is replaced by John Major.
Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council passes UN Security Council Resolution 678, authorizing military intervention in Iraq if that state does not withdraw its forces from Kuwait and free all foreign hostages by Tuesday, January 15, 1991.
Prime Minister of Bulgaria Andrey Lukanov and his government of former communists resign under pressure from strikes and street protests.
Channel Tunnel workers from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the English Channel seabed, establishing the first land connection between Great Britain and the mainland of Europe for around 8,000 years.
President of Chad Hissène Habré is deposed by the Patriotic Salvation Movement and replaced as president by its leader Idriss Déby.
December 2 – The German federal election (the first election held since German reunification) is won by Helmut Kohl, who becomes Chancellor of Germany.
At Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Northwest Airlines Flight 1482 (a McDonnell Douglas DC-9) collides with Northwest Airlines Flight 299 (a Boeing 727) on the runway, killing 8 passengers and 4 crew members on Flight 1482.
Mary Robinson begins her term as President of Ireland, becoming the first female to hold this office.
Saddam Hussein releases a group of Western hostages he captured.
President Hussain Muhammad Ershad of Bangladesh is forced to resign following massive protests; he is replaced by Shahabuddin Ahmed, who becomes interim president.
In Brussels, trade talks fail because of a dispute between the U.S. and the European Union over farm export subsidies.
The National Assembly of Bulgaria elects Dimitar Iliev Popov as Prime Minister of Bulgaria.
Slobodan Milošević becomes President of Serbia.
Lech Wałęsa wins the 2nd round of Poland's first presidential election.
December 16 – Jean-Bertrand Aristide is elected president of Haiti, ending 3 decades of military rule.
December 20 – Eduard Shevardnadze announces his resignation as Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs
Tim Berners-Lee completes the test for the first webpage at CERN.
The first constitution of the Republic of Croatia is adopted.
The Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia become independent, after the termination of their trusteeship.
The Polish government-in-exile is dissolved in London after being in exile since 1939.
December 23 – In the Slovenian independence referendum, 88.5% of the overall electorate (94.8% of votes), with the turnout of 93.3%, supported independence of the country.
December 24 – Ramsewak Shankar is ousted as President of Suriname by a military coup.
December 31 – Russian Garry Kasparov holds his title by winning the World Chess Championship match against his countryman Anatoly Karpov.
Satoshi Tajiri begins creating the first Pokémon game.
January 1 – Nadia Pariss, African American pornographic actress (pt)
Toni Kroos, German footballer
Alberto Paloschi, Italian footballer
January 5 – Yoseob, Korean pop singer (B2ST)
Abhinav Mukund, Indian cricketer
Sandro Cortese, German motorcycle racer
Alex Teixeira, Brazilian footballer
Jakob Owens, American YouTube personality
Gregor Schlierenzauer, Austrian ski jumper
Camryn Grimes, American actress
Liam Aiken, American actor
Elene Gedevanishvili, Georgian figure skater
Melissa Ricks, Filipino-American actress
Oteng Oteng, Batswana boxer
Justin Blackmon, American football player
Tao Li, Singaporean Olympic swimmer
Jessica Scheel, Miss Guatemala Universe 2010
January 12 – Sergey Karjakin, Ukrainian chess player
January 13 – Liam Hemsworth, Australian actor
Grant Gustin, American actor and singer
Áron Szilágyi, Hungarian fencer
Chris Warren Jr., American actor
Fernando Forestieri, Italian footballer
Luke Willson, American football player
January 17 – Tom Bosworth, British race walker
January 22 – Alizé Cornet, French tennis player
January 23 – Artsem Mikhalenka, Belarusian singer (3+2)
January 24 – Mao Abe, Japanese singer-songwriter
Christopher Massey, American actor
Kherington Payne, American dancer and actress
January 28 – Luce, French actress/singer
Eiza González, Mexican actress/singer
Jake Thomas, American actor and singer
January 31 – Kota Yabu, Japanese idol
Laura Marling, British singer-songwriter
Hersi Matmuja, Albanian singer
February 3 – Sean Kingston, American singer
February 4 – Haruka Tomatsu, Japanese voice actress
Jermaine Kearse, American football player
Dominic Sherwood, English actor and model
Anna Abreu, Finnish pop singer
Steven Stamkos, Canadian ice hockey player
Jacksepticeye, Irish YouTube personality
February 8 – Klay Thompson, American basketball player
Camille Winbush, American actres
Facundo Affranchino, Argentine footballer
February 10 – Sooyoung, a member of South Korean girl group Girls' Generation
February 11 – Q'orianka Kilcher, German-born actress
February 12 – Robert Griffin III, American football player
February 13 – Gyaincain Norbu, 11th Panchen Lama of Tibetan Buddhism according to some sources
Brett Dier, Canadian actor
Jake Weary, American actor
February 15 – Masashi Ebinuma, Japanese judoka
February 16 – The Weeknd, Canadian musician
February 17 – Bea Rose Santiago, Filipino model and Miss International 2013 titleholder
February 18 – Park Shin-hye, South Korean actress
February 19 – Luke Pasqualino, English actor
David Addy, Ghanaian footballer
Thabiso Baholo, Lesotho swimmer
Mattias Tedenby, Swedish ice hockey player
Kevin Cheung, Mauritian swimmer
Terry Hawkridge, English footballer
Megan Young, U.S.-born Filipina actress, Miss World 2013
Lindsey Morgan, American actress
Anna Muzychuk, Ukrainian chess player
Georgina Leonidas, English actress
March 1 – James Lomas, British actor
March 2 – Adderly Fong, Hong Kong Chinese race car driver
March 3 – Celina Ree, Danish singer
March 4 – Andrea Bowen, American actress
March 6 – Esti Ginzburg, Israeli model
Daniel Samonas, Canadian actor
Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins
Kristinia DeBarge, American singer-songwriter
Petra Kvitová, Czech tennis player
March 13 – Emory Cohen, American actor
March 14 – Joe Allen, Welsh footballer
March 16 – Madison Riley, American actress
March 17 – Hozier, Irish singer-songwriter
Anthony Skorich, Australian soccer player
Maddy Hill, English actress
March 20 – Marcos Rojo, Argentine footballer
Alyssa Campanella, Miss USA 2011
Mandy Capristo, German singer-songwriter, dancer and model
Princess Eugenie of York, British Princess and daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York and Sarah, Duchess of York
Jaime Alguersuari, Spanish Formula One driver
Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian-born New Zealand actress
Aljur Abrenica, Filipino actor
Starlin Castro, Major League Baseball player
March 25 – Kiowa Gordon, American actor
Yuya Takaki, Japanese idol
Carly Chaikin, American actress
Choi Woo-shik, South Korean actor
Xiumin, South Korean singer (EXO)
James Buescher, American stock car driver
Patrick Ekeng, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2016)
Laura Harrier, American actress and model
Zoe Sugg, British vlogger
Thomas Rhett, American singer and songwriter
Cassie Scerbo, American actress
March 31 – Bang Yong-guk, South Korean rapper
Miralem Pjanić, Bosnian footballer
Yevgeniya Kanayeva, Russian rhythmic gymnast, 3 times world champion and first and only back to back olympic champion
April 5 – Haruma Miura, Japanese actor and singer
April 6 – Charlie McDermott, American television and film actor
April 8 – Kim Jonghyun, Singer from Korean group SHINee
April 9 – Kristen Stewart, American actress
Alex Pettyfer, English actor
Ben Amos, English footballer
Lily Carter, American pornographic actress
Emma Watson, English actress
Lorraine Nicholson, American actress
Lily Loveless, British actress
April 17 – Astrit Ajdarević, Swedish professional football player
Anna van der Breggen, Dutch cyclist
Britt Robertson, American actress
Wojciech Szczęsny, Polish football player
Kim Chiu, Filipino actress
Kim Himchan, South Korean singer
April 20 – Lu Han, South Korean singer (EXO)
April 22 – Machine Gun Kelly, American rapper
Dev Patel, British actor
Matthew Underwood, American actor
April 24 – Kim Tae-ri, South Korean actress
April 25 – Jean-Éric Vergne, French former Formula 1 driver
April 27 – Austin Dillon, American stock car driver
April 30 – Madison Riley, American actress
May 1 – Caitlin Stasey, Australian actress
May 2 – Kay Panabaker, former American actress
Miranda Chartrand, Canadian singer
Maddy O'Reilly, American pornographic actress
Nic Naitanui, Australian rules footballer
David Hasler, Liechtenstein footballer
Andrea Torres, Filipino actress
Hannah Davis, American model
Nicklas Pedersen, Mister World 2014 winner
Saad Al Sheebi, Qatari footballer
Anastasia Zuyeva, Russian swimmer
Kemba Walker, American basketball player
Karmen Pedaru, Estonian model
Brandun DeShay, American rapper and record producer
May 12 – Florent Amodio, French figure skater
May 14 – Sasha Spielberg, American actress
Denzel Whitaker, American actor
Thomas Brodie-Sangster, British actor
Darko Šarović, Serbian sprinter
Kree Harrison, American singer
Leven Rambin, American actress
Joey Logano, American race car driver
Yuya Matsushita, Japanese singer, dancer, and actor
Umar Akmal, Pakistani cricketer
Nadine Beiler, Austrian R&B and Pop singer,
Chris Colfer, American actor
May 20 – Andrew Hales, American YouTube personality
Matías Nocedal, Argentine basketball player
Dean Collins, American actor
Yoona, a member of Korean girl group Girls' Generation
May 31 – Phillipa Soo, American actress and singer
Kristiina Brask, Finnish pop singer
Brittany Curran, American actress and singer
June 3 – Jason Akeson, Canadian professional ice hockey player
Mike G, American rapper and chopped and screwed remixer
Ryan Higa, American YouTuber
Iggy Azalea, Australian recording artist
Daniel Rich, Australian rules footballer
June 9 – Matthias Mayer, Austrian Olympic alpine skiier
June 10 – Niamh Perry, Irish actress and singer
June 11 – Christophe Lemaitre, French sprinter
June 12 – Jrue Holiday, American basketball player
Kevin Wu American Youtuber
June 13 – Aaron Taylor-Johnson, English actor
June 15 – Miwa, Japanese singer
June 16 – John Newman, English singer
Alan Dzagoev, Russian footballer
Jordan Henderson, English international footballer
Laura Wright, English singer
June 18 – Sandra Izbașa, Romanian gymnast and Olympic gold medalist
June 19 – Jason Dy, Filipino singer
Ričardas Berankis, Lithuanian tennis player
Håvard Nordtveit, Norwegian football player
June 22 – Kei Inoo, Japanese idol
June 23 – Vasek Pospisil, Canadian tennis player
Angelia Ong, Filipino—Chinese model and Miss Earth 2015 titleholder
Bobby Wagner, American football player
Nick Purcell, American actor
Jasmine Richards, Canadian actress
June 29 – Sayuri Sugawara, Japanese singer
Jeremy Irvine, English actor
Ángelo Balanta, Colombian footballer
Roman Lob, German recording artist
Margot Robbie, Australian actress
David Kross, German actor
Kayla Harrison, American judoka
July 5 – Carlotta Giovannini, Italian artistic gymnast
July 6 – Jeremy Suarez, American actor
Sosuke Ikematsu, Japanese actor
Rafael, Brazilian footballer
Fabio da Silva, Brazilian footballer
Caroline Wozniacki, Danish tennis player
Connor Paolo, American actor
Patrick Peterson, American football player
Olly Alexander, English actor and singer (Years & Years)
Damian Lillard, American basketball player
James Maslow, American actor and singer
Wizkid, Nigerian recording artist, songwriter and performer
July 17 – Jonty Usborne, British radio engineer
Saúl Álvarez, Mexican boxer
Anders Konradsen, Norwegian footballer
Rosie Jones, English glamour model
Steven Anthony Lawrence, American actor
July 23 – Kevin Reynolds, Canadian Figure Skater
Daveigh Chase, American actress
Jay McGuiness, British singer, part of The Wanted
July 26 – Bianca A. Santos, American actress
Nick Hogan, American television personality
Indiana Evans, Australian actress
July 28 – Soulja Boy, American rapper
Anna Selezneva, Russian model
Munro Chambers, Canadian actor
Shin Se-kyung, Korean actor
Oleg Shatov, Russian footballer
Joey Essex, English TV Reality star and DJ
July 30 – Chris Maxwell, Welsh footballer
Jean Hugues Gregoire, Mauritian swimmer
Elton Jantjies, South African rugby player
Jack O'Connell, English actor
Jourdan Dunn, British model
James Baxter, British actor
August 9 – Adelaide Kane, Australian actress
Lucas Till, American actor
Tai Woffinden, English speedway rider
August 12 – Mario Balotelli, Italian footballer
Shila Amzah, Malaysian singer-songwriter
DeMarcus Cousins, American basketball player
August 15 – Jennifer Lawrence, American actress
August 17 – Rachel Hurd-Wood, British actress
August 20 – Ranomi Kromowidjojo, Dutch swimmer
August 21 – Bo Burnham, American comedian
August 24 – Elizabeth Debicki, Australian actress
August 27 – Madison Welch, English glamour model
Bojan Krkić, Spanish footballer
Katie Findlay, Canadian actress
August 29 – Nicole Anderson, American actress
August 30 – Lưu Thị Diễm Hương, Vietnamese beauty queen
September 3 – Abbas Ali, Pakistani footballer
Olha Kharlan, Ukrainian fencer
Danny Worsnop, British musician
September 5 – Kim Yuna, South Korean figure skater
John Wall, American basketball player
Matt McAndrew, American singer-songwriter, contestant from The Voice season 7
Matt Barkley, American football player
Julia Belle, British presenter for That's Manchester
Melody Klaver, Dutch actress
Haley Reinhart, American singer
Klaudia Tiitsmaa, Estonian actress
September 10 – Eddy Martin, American actor
September 13 – Jamie Anderson, American snowboarder
September 14 – Alex Lowes and Sam Lowes, English motorcycle racers. Twin brothers
September 15 – Matt Shively, American actor
September 19 – Saki Fukuda, Japanese actress
Erich Gonzales, Filipina actor and dancer
Phillip Phillips, American singer
John Tavares, Canadian ice hockey player
Allison Scagliotti, American actress
Christian Serratos, American actress
Çağatay Ulusoy, Turkish model and actor
Marigona Dragusha, Kosovan model, Miss Universe Kosovo 2009
Agustín Sierra, Argentine actor
Laurent Alvarez, Swiss figure skater
Daria Strokous, Russian model
Mao Asada, Japanese figure skater
Edie Campbell, English model
September 28 – Kirsten Prout, Canadian actress
Doug Brochu, American actor
Gerphil Flores, Filipina classical crossover singer and Asia's Got Talent finalist
Gracie Glam, American pornographic actress
Dominique Aegerter, Swiss Grand prix motorcycle racer
Jordan Calloway, American actor
Samantha Barks, Manx singer and actress
Johan Le Bon, French cyclist
Rhian Ramos, Filipino actress
Ayla Kell, American actress
Thunder, South Korean pop singer, member of MBLAQ
October 11 – Sebastian Rode, German footballer
Brock Coyle, American football player
Henri Lansbury, English footballer
October 15 – Sandra Ostad, Norwegian artistic gymnast
October 16 – Jóhanna Guðrún Jónsdóttir (Yohanna), Icelandic singer and Eurovision Song Contest 2009 runner-up
October 17 – Madison Burge, American actress
October 18 – Carly Schroeder, American actress
October 19 – Samantha Munro, American actress
October 20 – Galadriel Stineman, American actress
October 21 – Ricky Rubio, Spanish basketball player
Jonathan Lipnicki, American actor
Ashley Fiolek, American champion motocross racer
October 23 – Paradise Oskar, Finnish singer-songwriter
October 24 – İlkay Gündoğan, German footballer
October 25 – Austin Peralta, American jazz musician and composer (d. 2012)
October 29 – Eric Saade, Swedish pop singer
Lil' JJ, American actor and musician
Noodle, member of the Gorillaz
November 2 – Kendall Schmidt, American actor and singer
November 4 – Jean-Luc Bilodeau, Canadian actor
Dorothea Barth Jörgensen, Swedish model
Kris, South Korean singer (EXO)
André Schürrle, German footballer
Valentina Nappi, Italian porn actress
Matt Corby, Australian singer
Marisa Siketa, Australian actress
David de Gea, Spanish footballer
Hodgy Beats, American rapper and record producer
Christine Michael, American football player
November 10 – Vanessa Ferrari, Italian gymnast
November 14 – Jessica Jacobs, Australian actress and singer (d. 2008)
November 15 – Kanata Hongō, Japanese actor
November 20 – Zack Martin, American football player
November 22 – Jang Dong-woo, South Korean singer, dancer and rapper. Member of Infinite (band)
November 24 – Sarah Hyland, American actress
Rita Ora, English singer
Danny Welbeck, English footballer
November 27 – Josh James, British singer
Sena Acolatse, American professional ice hockey player
Holly Hale Welsh model, beauty queen and Miss Universe 2012
Diego González, Mexican singer, actor, and songwriter
Sheldon Richardson, American football player
November 30 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess grandmaster
December 1 – Chanel Iman, American Supermodel
Hikaru Yaotome, Japanese idol
Jamille Matt, Jamaican footballer
December 3 – Sharon Fichman, Canadian/Israeli tennis player
LaFee, German singer-songwriter
Ashleigh Brewer, Australian actress
Giulia Boverio, Italian actress
Shoya Tomizawa, Japanese motorcycle rider (d. 2010)
December 11 – Adrienne Murphy, Irish model, beauty queen and Miss Universe, 2012
December 12 – Seungri, South Korean singer
December 13 – Corey Anderson, New Zealand cricketer
December 14 – Kathleen Herles, American voice actress
Ashley Edner, American actress
Folashade Abugan, Nigerian sprinter
John Rooney, English footballer
December 18 – Lara Scandar, Egyptian singer
December 20 – JoJo, American singer/actress
December 22 – Jean-Baptiste Maunier, French actor
Anna Maria Perez de Taglé, American actress
Anna Mae Routledge, Canadian actress
Aaron Ramsey, Welsh footballer
Andy Biersack, American singer-songwriter (Black Veil Brides)
December 27 – Milos Raonic, Canadian tennis player
December 28 – David Archuleta, American singer
December 30 – Joe Root, English cricketer
Patrick Chan, Canadian figure skater
Zhao Jing, Chinese swimmer
Mahmoud Namjoo, Iranian weightlifter and Olympic medalist (b. 1918)
Alan Hale, Jr., American actor (Gilligan's Island) (b. 1921)
Evangelos Averoff, Greek politician, former Foreign Minister (b. 1910)
Sir Henry Bolte, Australian politician, former Premier of Victoria (b. 1908)
Harold Eugene Edgerton, American electrical engineer (b. 1903)
Alberto Lleras Camargo, Colombian politician, 20th President of Colombia (b. 1906)
January 5 – Arthur Kennedy, American actor (b. 1914)
Ian Charleson, British actor (b. 1949)
Pavel Cherenkov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
Avraham Abba Leifer, American Hassidic dynastic rabbi (1918)
Bronko Nagurski, Canadian-American football player (Chicago Bears) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1908)
Terry-Thomas, English actor (b. 1911)
Jaime Gil de Biedma, Spanish poet (b. 1929)
Bazilio Olara-Okello, Ugandan military officer and statesman, former head of State (b. 1929)
Spud Chandler, American baseball player (b. 1907)
Northern Calloway, American actor, played David on Sesame Street from 1971-1989 (b. 1948)
January 10 – Lyle R. Wheeler, American art director (b. 1905)
January 15 – Gordon Jackson, British actor (b. 1923)
January 17 – Charles Hernu, French politician, former minister of Defense (b. 1923)
Rusty Hamer, American actor (b. 1947)
Melanie Appleby, British musician (b. 1966)
Edouard Izac, Lieutenant in the United States Navy during World War I (b. 1891)
Arthur Goldberg, American Justice of the Supreme Court (b. 1908)
Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Indian mystic and spiritual teacher (b. 1931)
Herbert Wehner, German Social Democratic politician (b. 1906)
Hayedeh, Iranian singer (b. 1942)
Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni, 30th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1887)
Barbara Stanwyck, American actress (b. 1907)
Mariano Rumor, Italian politician, 39th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1915)
Roman Vishniac, Russian-American photographer (b. 1897)
Allen Collins, American musician (b. 1952)
José Napoleón Duarte, Salvadoran politician, 39th President of El Salvador (b. 1925)
January 24 – Madge Bellamy, American actress (b. 1899)
Ava Gardner, American actress (b. 1922)
Dámaso Alonso, Spanish poet (b. 1898)
January 26 – Lewis Mumford, American historian of science (b. 1895)
January 27 – Helen Jerome Eddy, American actress (b. 1897)
January 28 – Joseph Payne Brennan, American poet/author (b. 1918)
January 29 – Elise Blumann, German born artist who achieved recognition as an Australian Expressionist painter (b. 1897)
January 30 – John Rogers Cox, American painter (b. 1915)
Joe Erskine, British boxer (b. 1934)
Paul Ariste, Estonian linguist (b. 1905)
Mel Lewis, American jazz musician (b. 1929)
Alfredo M. Santos, Filipino general and World War II hero (b. 1905)
Jimmy Van Heusen, American composer (b. 1913)
February 8 – Del Shannon, American musician and singer (b. 1934)
February 10 – Bill Sherwood, American film director (b. 1952)
February 11 – Fred Jones, English footballer (b. 1898)
Jean Wallace, American actress (b. 1923)
José Luis Panizo, Spanish footballer (b. 1922)
Keith Haring, American pop artist (b. 1958)
Robert Ouko, Kenyan politician (b. 1931)
Erik Rhodes, American actor (b. 1906)
Brendan Corish, Irish labour politician (b. 1918)
Otto E. Neugebauer, Austrian-American mathematician and historian of science (b. 1899)
Michael Powell, British director (b. 1905)
Edris Rice-Wray Carson, M.D., medical researcher (b. 1904)
February 23 – James M. Gavin, American general (b. 1907)
Tony Conigliaro, American baseball player (b. 1945)
Malcolm Forbes, American publisher (b. 1919)
Johnnie Ray, American singer (b. 1927)
Sandro Pertini, Italian Socialist politician, 7th President of Italy (b. 1896)
February 27 – Nahum Norbert Glatzer, American scholar (b. 1903)
March 4 – Hank Gathers, College Basketball Star (b. 1967)
March 5 – Gary Merrill, American actor (b. 1915)
William Raborn, United States Navy officer, former CIA director (b. 1905)
Joe Sewell, American baseball player (Cleveland Indians) and member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1898)
March 12 – Philippe Soupault, French poet (b. 1897)
Karl Münchinger, German conductor (b. 1915)
Bruno Bettelheim, American child psychologist (b. 1903)
Michael Stewart, British politician, former Foreign Secretary (b. 1906)
March 14 – Harold Medina, American lawyer, teacher and judge (b. 1888)
Capucine, French actress and fashion model (b. 1928)
Ric Grech, British musician (b. 1946)
March 18 – Robin Harris, American comedian and actor (b. 1953)
Andrew Wood, American musician (b. 1966)
Oyinkansola Abayomi, Nigerian nationalist and feminist (b. 1897)
Neta Lohnes Frazier, American children's author (b. 1890)
March 20 – Lev Yashin, Russian footballer (b. 1929)
Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa, Colombian politician (b. 1956)
Gerald Bull, Canadian Scientist assassinated by Mossad (b. 1928)
John Dexter, English theater director (b. 1925)
René Enríquez, American actor (b. 1933)
March 24 – Ray Goulding, American comedian (b. 1922)
March 26 – Halston, American fashion designer (b. 1932)
April 1 – Émile Roche, French economist, radical politician and journalist (b. 1893)
April 2 – Aldo Fabrizi, Italian actor (b. 1905)
Sarah Vaughan, American jazz vocalist (b. 1924)
Edna Reindel, Surrealist and American Regionalist painter and sculptor (b. 1894)
James MacNabb, British Olympic rower - coxless fours (b. 1901)
Alfred Sohn-Rethel, German economist and philosopher (b. 1899)
April 7 – Ronald Evans, American astronaut, NASA Apollo program (b. 1933)
Doreen Sloane, British actress (b. 1934)
Ryan White, American AIDS activist (b. 1971)
April 10 – Fortune Gordien, American Olympic athlete (b. 1922)
April 13 – Luis Trenker, South Tyrolean film producer, director, writer, actor, architect, and alpinist (b. 1892)
Sabicas, Spanish guitarist (b. 1912)
Ahmed Balafrej, Moroccan politician, former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister (b. 1908)
April 15 – Greta Garbo, Swedish actress (b. 1905)
April 17 – Ralph Abernathy, American civil rights leader (b. 1926)
Frédéric Rossif, French film and television director (b. 1922)
Gory Guerrero, American wrestler and father of Eddie Guerrero (b. 1921)
Robert D. Webb, American film director (b. 1903)
April 19 – Marco Aurelio Robles, Panamanian politician, former President of the Republic (b. 1905)
April 20 – Horst Sindermann, East German politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1915)
April 21 – Erté (Romain de Tirtoff), French Art Deco artist (b. 1892)
April 22 – Albert Salmi, American actor (b. 1928)
April 23 – Paulette Goddard, American actress (b. 1910)
April 25 – Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1923)
Myra Bennett, tribute to her tremendous contribution to the people of the Great Northern Peninsula (b. 1890)
Carlos Pizarro León-Gómez, Colombian politician (b. 1951)
April 27 – Bella Spewack, American songwriter (b. 1899)
April 30 – Joseph E. Johnson, American government official (b. 1895)
May 1 – Sunset Carson, American actor (b. 1920)
William L. Dawson, African-American composer, choir director and professor (b. 1899)
David Rappaport, American actor (b. 1951)
May 3 – Patriarch Pimen I of Moscow, head of the Russian Orthodox Church (b. 1910)
May 5 – Walter Bruch, German electrical engineer (b. 1908)
May 6 – Charles Farrell, American actor (b. 1901)
Tomás Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish cardinal (b. 1923)
Luigi Nono, Italian composer (b. 1924)
Susan Oliver, American actress (b. 1932)
Walker Percy, American writer (b. 1916)
Andrei Kirilenko, Soviet politician (b. 1906)
Albert Öberg, Swedish athlete (b. 1888)
May 14 – Franklyn Seales, American actor (b. 1952)
Sammy Davis, Jr., American actor, dancer, and singer (b. 1925)
Jim Henson, Muppets creator, American puppeteer and filmmaker (b. 1936)
May 18 – Jill Ireland, English actress (b. 1936)
Max Wall, English actor (b. 1908)
The Hon Mrs Victor Bruce, British record-breaking racing motorist, speedboat racer, aviator (b. 1895)
Rocky Graziano, American boxer (b. 1919)
Pat Reid, British soldier and author (b. 1910)
May 24 – José Del Vecchio, Venezuelan physician and youth baseball promoter (b. 1917)
Jeanne de Salzmann, pupil of G. I. Gurdjieff (b. 1889)
Vic Tayback, American actor (b. 1930)
May 29 – Hussein bin Onn, Malay politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1922)
May 31 – Willy Spühler, Swiss politician, former President of the Confederation (b. 1902)
June 2 – Rex Harrison, English actor (b. 1908)
June 3 – Robert Noyce, American businessman and inventor (b. 1927)
Stiv Bators, American singer (The Dead Boys) (b. 1949)
Jack Gilford, American actor (b. 1907)
June 5 – Vasili Kuznetsov, Soviet politician, former provisional head of the State (b. 1901)
June 6 – Raisa Andriana, Indonesian singer
Barbara Baxley, American actress (b. 1923)
Alfredo Poveda, Ecuadorean military officer and statesman, President of Ecuador (b. 1926)
June 8 – José Figueres Ferrer, Costa Rican politician, 32nd President of Costa Rica (b. 1906)
June 9 – Angus McBean, Welsh photographer (b. 1904)
June 11 – Vaso Čubrilović, Yugoslav politician, last surviving participant in the conspiracy to kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1897)
Laura Scales, American educator and college dean (b. 1879)
Lord Terence O'Neill, Northern Irish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1914)
June 14 – Phillip Henry Bridenbaugh, American football player, coach, and sports figure in the United States (b. 1890)
June 15 – Leonard Sachs, British actor (b. 1909)
June 16 – Dame Eva Turner, British soprano (b. 1892)
June 19 – Steen Eiler Rasmussen, Danish architect and urban planner (b. 1898)
June 20 – Ina Balin, American actress (b. 1937)
Ilya Frank, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1908)
Joseph Murumbi, Kenyan politician, former Vice-President of the Republic (b. 1911)
June 23 – Harindranath Chattopadhyay, Indian poet, actor and politician, (b. 1898)
June 24 – Germán Suárez Flamerich, Venezuelan lawyer and politician, 50th President of Venezuela (b. 1907)
June 29 – Irving Wallace, American writer (b. 1916)
June 30 – Lynne Carol, British actress (b. 1914)
July 1 – Willem Winkelman, Dutch track and field athlete (b. 1887)
July 4 – Phil Boggs, American Olympic diver (b. 1949)
July 6 – Ruth Becker, survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912 (b. 1899)
Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (b. 1958)
Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920)
July 8 – Howard Duff, American actor (b. 1913)
July 13 – Lois Moran, American actress (b. 1909)
Margaret Lockwood, English actress (b. 1916)
Enn Roos, Estonian Soviet sculptor (b. 1908)
Zaim Topčić, Yugoslav and Bosnian writer (b. 1920)
July 16 – Isabella Smith Andrews, New Zealand writer (b. 1905)
Yun Puson, South Korean politician, 2nd President of the Republic of Korea (b. 1897)
Gerry Boulet, Canadian musician (b. 1946)
Yves Chaland, French cartoonist (b. 1957)
Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist and a member of the Menninger family (b. 1893)
Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (b. 1918)
Egil Aarvik, Norwegian politician, chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee (b. 1912)
Eddie Quillan, American actor (b. 1907)
July 21 – Joe Turner, American jazz pianist (b. 1907)
July 22 – Manuel Puig, Argentinian writer (b. 1932)
July 23 – Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese television engineer (b. 1899)
July 26 – Brent Mydland, American keyboard player (b. 1952)
July 27 – René Toribio, Guadeloupean politician (b. 1912)
July 29 – Bruno Kreisky, Austrian Social Democratic politician, former Federal Chancellor (b. 1911)
July 30 – Ian Gow, British politician (b. 1937)
July 31 – Fernando Sancho, Spanish actor (b. 1916)
Norbert Elias, German sociologist of Jewish descent (b. 1897)
Willard L. Beaulac, a United States Diplomat (b. 1899)
Robert Krieps, Luxembourgian Social Democratic politician (b. 1922)
August 2 – Edwin Richfield, British actor (b. 1921)
Mathias Goeritz, Mexican-German artist (b. 1915)
Ettore Maserati, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1894)
Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., four-star general of the United States Marine Corps (b. 1896)
Jacques Soustelle, French politician and anthropologist (b. 1912)
Dorothy Appleby, American film actress (b. 1906)
Joe Mercer, English footballer (b. 1914)
August 12 – Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (b. 1903)
August 15 – Viktor Tsoi, Russian singer, actor and poet (b. 1962)
August 17 – Pearl Bailey, American singer and actress (b. 1918)
August 18 – B. F. Skinner, American psychologist (b. 1904)
Luigi Dadaglio, Italian Catholic Cardinal (b. 1914)
Patrick McAlinney, Irish actor (b. 1913)
August 23 – David Rose, British-born American songwriter, composer, arranger and orchestra leader (b. 1910)
August 24 – Sergei Dovlatov, Russian short-story writer and novelist (b. 1941)
August 26 – Mário Pinto de Andrade, Angolan politician and poet (b. 1928)
Raymond St. Jacques, American actor (b. 1930)
Stevie Ray Vaughan, American guitarist (b. 1954)
Luigi Beccali, Italian Olympic athlete (b. 1907)
August 31 – Sergey Nikolayevich Volkov, Russian figure skater (b. 1949)
September 1 – Geir Hallgrímsson, Icelandic politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1925)
September 2 – John Bowlby, British psychologist and psychiatrist (b. 1907)
September 4 – Irene Dunne, American actress (b. 1898)
Tom Fogerty, American musician (b. 1941)
Len Hutton, English cricketer (b. 1916)
A. J. P. Taylor, English historian (b. 1906)
Ahti Karjalainen, Finnish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1923)
Samuel Doe, Liberian military officer and statesman, 21st President of Liberia (b. 1951)
Nicola Abbagnano, Italian philosopher (b. 1901)
September 17 – Lilí Martínez, Cuban pianist and arranger (b. 1917)
Hermes Pan, American choreographer (b. 1910)
Walter Tucker, Canadian politician (b. 1899)
September 21 – Xu Xiangqian, Communist military leader in the People's Republic of China, former Defense minister (b. 1901)
Togyu Okumura, Japanese modern painter (b. 1889)
Prafulla Chandra Sen, Indian politician and Chief Minister of West Bengal (b. 1897)
September 26 – Alberto Moravia, Italian novelist (b. 1907)
September 30 – Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
October 1 – Curtis LeMay, United States Air Force general (b. 1906)
Stefano Casiraghi, Italian husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco (b. 1960)
André Grabar, historian of Romanesque art and the art of the Eastern Roman Empire (b. 1896)
Jill Bennett, British actress (b. 1931)
Avis Bunnage, British actress (b. 1923)
October 5 – Peter Taylor, English footballer and manager (b. 1928)
Juan Jose Arevalo, Guatemala politician, 24th President of Guatemala (b. 1904)
Beatrice Hutton, Australian architect (b. 1893)
Rashid bin Said Al-Maktoum, Vice-President and 1st Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates and Emir (Ruler) of Dubai (b. 1912)
Grim Natwick, American animator (b. 1890)
October 8 – William H. Harrison, American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Representative (b. 1896)
October 12 – Rifaat el-Mahgoub, Speaker of the Egyptian Assembly (b. 1926)
Douglas Edwards, American television news anchor (b. 1917)
Lê Đức Thọ, Vietnamese general and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
October 14 – Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor (b. 1918)
Delphine Seyrig, French actress (b. 1932)
Helen Bray, American actress (b. 1889)
October 16 – Art Blakey, American jazz musician (b. 1919)
October 20 – Joel McCrea, American actor (b. 1905)
October 21 – Dany Chamoun, Lebanese politician (b. 1934)
October 22 – Louis Althusser, French philosopher (b. 1918)
October 23 – Zephania Mothopeng, South African politician, leader of the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC) (b. 1913)
October 26 – William S. Paley, American radio and television executive (b. 1901)
Xavier Cugat, American band leader (b. 1900)
Jacques Demy, French film director (b. 1931)
Helmut Maandi, Estonian statesman (b. 1906)
Elliott Roosevelt, American writer, son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1910)
Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor (b. 1922)
October 29 – William F. Smith, American lawyer and former Attorney General of the United States (b. 1917)
November 3 – Mary Martin, American actress (b. 1913)
November 4 – Henry Cravatte, Luxembourgian Social Democratic politician, former Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1911)
November 5 – Meir Kahane, American rabbi and political figure (b. 1932)
November 7 – Lawrence Durrell, British writer (b. 1912)
Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet (b. 1909)
Sadi Irmak, Turkish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1904)
Rusty Goodman, American gospel singer of the Happy Goodman Family (b. 1931)
November 12 – Eve Arden, American actress (b. 1908)
November 13 – Don Chaffey, British film director (b. 1917)
November 17 – Robert Hofstadter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
November 20 – Herbert Kegel, German conductor (b. 1920)
Roald Dahl, Welsh writer (b. 1916)
Nguyễn Văn Tâm, South Vietnamese politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1893)
Helga Feddersen, German actress (b. 1930)
Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (b. 1896)
November 26 – Feng Youlan, Chinese philosopher (b. 1895)
David White, American actor (b. 1916)
Frank Edward Figgures, British civil servant, first secretary-general of the European Free Trade Association (b. 1910)
December 1 – Sergio Corbucci, Italian film director (b. 1927)
Aaron Copland, American composer (b. 1900)
Robert Cummings, American actor (b. 1910)
December 4 – Naoto Tajima, Japanese athlete (b. 1912)
Pavlos Sidiropoulos, Greek singer and songwriter (b. 1948)
Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysian politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1903)
Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (b. 1943)
Dee Clark, American soul singer (b. 1938)
Joan Bennett, American actress (b. 1910)
Boris Kochno, Russian poet, dancer, and librettist (b. 1906)
Tadeusz Kantor, Polish painter, assemblage designer and theatre director (b. 1915)
Enrico Coveri, Italian fashion designer and entrepreneur (b. 1952)
Martin Ritt, American film director (b. 1914)
December 9 – Mike Mazurki, American actor and wrestler (b. 1909)
December 10 – Armand Hammer, American business tycoon (b. 1898)
December 11 – Concha Piquer, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1908)
December 13 – Alice Marble, American tennis champion (b. 1913)
Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (b. 1921)
Francisco Gabilondo Soler, Mexican singer (b. 1907)
Edmund Franklin Ward, illustrated for the Saturday Evening Post (b. 1892)
December 15 – Ed Parker, American Kenpo founder (b. 1931)
Douglas Campbell, American World War I pilot (b. 1896)
Jackie Mittoo, Jamaican musician (b. 1948)
December 18 – Anne Revere, American actress (b. 1903)
December 20 – Elmo Tanner, American singer and whistler (b. 1910)
Tammy Homolka, Canadian murder victim (b. 1975)
Thorbjørn Egner, Norwegian author (b. 1912)
December 28 – Kiel Martin, American actor (b. 1944)
Vasily Lazarev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1928)
George Allen, American football coach (Washington Redskins) and member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1918)
Elsie Allen, a Native American Pomo basket weaver (b. 1899)
Physics – Jerome Isaac Friedman, Henry Way Kendall, and Richard Edward Taylor
Chemistry – Elias James Corey
Physiology or Medicine – Joseph Murray, E. Donnall Thomas
Literature – Octavio Paz
Peace – Mikhail Gorbachev
Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel – Harry Markowitz, Merton Miller, William F. Sharpe
Vladimir Drinfeld, Vaughan Jones, Shigefumi Mori, Edward Witten
1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait resulting in a crisis in the Persian Gulf involving the issue of the sovereignty of Kuwait and fears by Saudi Arabia over Iraqi aggression against their oil fields near Kuwait, this resulted in Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after over 11 years.
1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In the fall of 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside of CERN the following year. 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content search engine, Archie on September 10.
September 14, 1990 saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient.
Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter.
Encyclopædia Britannica, which ceased printing in 2012, saw its highest all time sales in 1990; 120,000 volumes were sold that year. The number of librarians in the United States also peaked around 1990.