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Andrey Lukanov

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Preceded by  Georgi Atanasov
Succeeded by  Dimitar Iliev Popov
Parents  Karlo Lukanov
Role  Political figure
Name  Andrey Lukanov

Andrey Lukanov

Died  2 October 1996(1996-10-02) (aged 58) Sofia, Bulgaria
Assassinated  October 2, 1996, Sofia, Bulgaria
Political party  Bulgarian Socialist Party (1990–1996), Bulgarian Communist Party (1963–1990)
Similar People  Karlo Lukanov, Ilia Pavlov, Dimitar Blagoev

Andrey Karlov Lukanov (Bulgarian: Андрей Карлов Луканов) (September 26, 1938 - October 2, 1996) was a Bulgarian politician. He was the last communist Prime Minister of Bulgaria.


Andrey Lukanov httpswwwmtholyokeedugeorg20mimagesLukanovjpg

Early life

Andrey Lukanov

Lukanov was born in Moscow, USSR, in the family of Karlo Lukanov, (1897-1982), a Bulgarian communist émigré. Lukanov's family moved back to Bulgaria after the communist takeover of 1944 when Lukanov was only 6 years old. His father became an important figure in the party and served as foreign minister of Bulgaria from 1956 to 1961.

Political career

Andrey became a member of the party in 1963 and began a career in the foreign service. He helped represent Bulgaria in the United Nations and Comecon. He rose through the ranks of the foreign service to become minister of foreign economic affairs in 1987, resigning in 1989. Lukanov became a leading member of the reformist wing of the BCP, and took part in the overthrow of longtime leader Todor Zhivkov. He became prime minister on February 3, 1990; serving until December 7, 1990. Midway through his tenure, the Communist Party rebranded itself as the Bulgarian Socialist Party. He oversaw the first democratic elections in Bulgaria since 1931 in June. His party won and was able to continue to govern.

He offered to form a coalition with the opposition but they repeatedly rejected his offers, arguing that the former Communist Party must shoulder responsibility for past political crimes and the rapidly deteriorating economy. His years in office were marked by corruption, huge consumer goods deficit, and civil unrest. Finally in December, after large demonstrations and a general strike, Lukanov resigned, allowing a technocratic government to be formed by Dimitar Popov.

Lukanov was charged with embezzlement in 1992 and arrested, but charges were soon dropped. During his time in the foreign service, Lukanov had gained connections with western businessmen such as Robert Maxwell and engaged in controversial business dealings. He is also sometimes held responsible for Bulgaria's foreign debt.

Lukanov remained an active political participant in the Socialist Party until his death. In 1995, he began criticizing various members who he believed were not reformist enough and or had Stalinist tendencies.


Lukanov was assassinated outside his apartment building in Sofia, Bulgaria. He was shot in the head and chest by a lone gunman who fled and was never captured.

A Bulgarian building contractor - Angel Vassilev - close to the Socialist government at the time was arrested and charged with organizing Lukanov's murder. After a long trial and at first a conviction the appeals court declared all the defendants innocent.

Public rumors had been present for months before that an assassination of Lukanov was being planned.


Andrey Lukanov Wikipedia

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