Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1711

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1711


1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1711th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 711th year of the 2nd millennium, the 11th year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1711, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Sunday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January – Cary's Rebellion: The Lords Proprietor appoint Edward Hyde to replace Thomas Cary as the governor of the North Carolina portion of the Province of Carolina. Hyde's policies are deemed hostile to Quaker interests, leading former governor Cary and his Quaker allies to take up arms against the province.
  • February – French settlers at Fort Louis de la Mobile celebrate Mardi Gras in Mobile (Alabama) by parading a large papier-mache ox head on a cart (the first Mardi Gras parade in America).
  • February 24
  • Thomas Cary, after declaring himself Governor of North Carolina, sails an armed brigantine up the Chowan River to attack Governor Hyde's forces fortified at Colonel Thomas Pollock's plantation. The attack fails and Cary's forces retreat.
  • London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage.
  • July–December

  • July 21 – The Treaty of the Pruth is signed between the Ottoman Empire and Russia.
  • July – Cary's Rebellion: Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood of Virginia dispatches a company of Royal marines to assist Governor Hyde. After hearing of this, Cary's troops abandon all of their fortifications along the Pamlico River. Cary and many of his supporters are soon caught and sent to England as prisoners, ending Cary's Rebellion.
  • August 22 – The Quebec Expedition, a British attempt to attack Quebec as part of Queen Anne's War, fails when 8 of its ships are wrecked in the Saint Lawrence River and 850 soldiers drown.
  • September 8 – The South Sea Company receives a Royal Charter in Britain.
  • September 10 (also dated September 12) – John Lawson, Christoph von Graffenried, 2 African American slaves and 2 Native Americans leave on an exploration expedition from New Bern, and travel north by canoe up the Neuse River.
  • September 14 (approximate date) – Tuscarora natives capture John Lawson, Christoph von Graffenried and their expeditionary party and bring them to Catechna.
  • September 16 (approximate date) – Tuscarora natives kill John Lawson. Christoph von Graffenried and one African American slave are known to have been set free.
  • September 22 – Tuscarora War begins when Tuscarora natives under the command of Chief Hancock raid settlements along the south bank of the Pamlico River within the Province of Carolina (modern-day North Carolina), killing around 130 people.
  • October 14 – Yostos kills Tewoflos, becoming Emperor of Ethiopia.
  • Date unknown

  • Alexander Pope publishes the poem An Essay on Criticism in London.
  • John Shore invents the tuning fork.
  • Births

  • January 1 – Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian noble (d. 1749)
  • January 3 – Charles Moss, Bishop (d. 1802)
  • January 3 – Giuseppe Capece Zurlo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1801)
  • January 12 – Gaetano Latilla, Italian opera composer (d. 1788)
  • January 15 – Sidonia Hedwig Zäunemann, German poet (d. 1740)
  • January 22 – Johann Phillip Fabricius, German missionary (d. 1791)
  • January 28 – Johan Hörner, Danish artist (d. 1763)
  • January 29 – Giuseppe Bonno, Austrian composer (d. 1788)
  • January 30 – Abraham Roentgen, Ébéniste (cabinetmaker). (d. 1793)
  • February 2 – Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, Austrian diplomat and chancellor (d. 1794)
  • February 3 – Omar Ali Saifuddin I, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1795)
  • February 4 – Józef Aleksander Jabłonowski, Polish prince (d. 1777)
  • February 6 – Charles Sackville, 2nd Duke of Dorset, English cricketer (d. 1769)
  • February 9 – Luis Vicente de Velasco e Isla, Spanish sailor and commander in the Royal Spanish Navy (d. 1762)
  • February 9 – Anthony Ashley Cooper, 4th Earl of Shaftesbury, English Earl (d. 1771)
  • February 13 – Domènec Terradellas, Spanish opera composer (d. 1751)
  • February 23 – Louis de Brienne de Conflans d'Armentières, French general (d. 1774)
  • February 25 – John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont, Irish politician (d. 1770)
  • February 25 – Tokugawa Gorōta, Daimyo (d. 1713)
  • February 27 – Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Moldavia (d. 1769)
  • February 27 – Gerrit de Graeff (I.) van Zuid-Polsbroek, member of the De Graeff – Family from the Dutch Golden Age (d. 1752)
  • March 5 – Carl Gustaf Pilo, Danish artist (d. 1793)
  • March 22 – Samuel Gotthold Lange, German poet (d. 1781)
  • March 24 – William Brownrigg, doctor and scientist (d. 1800)
  • April 2 – Job Baster, Dutch naturalist (d. 1775)
  • April 10 – John Gambold, British bishop (d. 1771)
  • April 13 – John Mitchell, colonial American physician and botanist (d. 1768)
  • April 14 – Lord John Murray, British politician (d. 1787)
  • April 22 – Paul II Anton, Prince Esterházy, Hungarian prince (d. 1762)
  • April 22 – Eleazar Wheelock, President of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
  • April 26 – David Hume, Scottish philosopher, economist and historian (d. 1776)
  • April 26 – Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, French writer (d. 1780)
  • May 1 – Richard Clarke, merchant (d. 1795)
  • May 7 – Johann Friedrich Gräfe, German composer (d. 1787)
  • May 9 – Sir Mark Sykes, 1st Baronet, British Baronet (d. 1783)
  • May 10 – Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (d. 1763)
  • May 12 – Abraham Darby II, Ironmaster (d. 1763)
  • May 17 – Agustín de Jáuregui, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1784)
  • May 18 – Roger Joseph Boscovich, Croatian-Italian priest and mathematician (d. 1787)
  • May 22 – Guillaume du Tillot, French politician (d. 1774)
  • May 23 – Ulla Tessin, Swedish countess (d. 1768)
  • May 31 – Johann Heinrich Samuel Formey, Writer (d. 1797)
  • June 6 – Jean-Baptiste Coye, French singer (d. 1771)
  • June 7 – François Jacquier, French Franciscan mathematician and physicist (d. 1788)
  • June 8 – Charles Morris, Canadian judge (d. 1781)
  • June 12 – Louis Legrand, French Sulpician priest and theologian (d. 1780)
  • June 13 – Sir Richard Glyn, 1st Baronet, of Ewell, Lord Mayor of London (d. 1773)
  • June 16 – François-Louis de Pourroy de Lauberivière, Catholic bishop (d. 1740)
  • June 23 – Giovanni Battista Guadagnini, Luthier (d. 1786)
  • July 10 – Princess Amelia of Great Britain, Second daughter of George II of Great Britain (d. 1786)
  • July 11 – Georg Wilhelm Richmann, German physicist (d. 1753)
  • July 11 – Anne Poulett, British politician (d. 1785)
  • July 18 – John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham, Irish Baron (d. 1762)
  • July 24 – Richard FitzWilliam, 6th Viscount FitzWilliam (d. 1776)
  • July 26 – Lorenz Christoph Mizler, German music historian and polymath (d. 1778)
  • July 29 – Claude-Adrien Nonnotte, French writer (d. 1793)
  • August 19 – Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu, Canadien officer during the Seven Years' War (d. 1755)
  • August 19 – Edward Boscawen, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1761)
  • August 21 – Bernardo de Hoyos, Beatified priest (d. 1735)
  • September 1 – William IV, Prince of Orange, first hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands (d. 1751)
  • September 2 – Noël Hallé, French painter (d. 1781)
  • September 5 – Johann Nathanael Lieberkühn, German physician (d. 1756)
  • September 6 – Henry Muhlenberg, Lutheran clergyman and missionary (d. 1787)
  • September 8 – Flavio Chigi, Catholic cardinal (d. 1771)
  • September 9 – Thomas Hutchinson, last civilian Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, historian (d. 1780)
  • September 11 – Alexandre Guy Pingré, Catholic priest and scientist (d. 1796)
  • September 15 – Heinrich IX, Count Reuss of Köstritz, Count of Reuss-Köstritz and Minister of Prussia (d. 1780)
  • September 17 – John Zephaniah Holwell, British surgeon (d. 1798)
  • September 18 – Ignaz Holzbauer, German composer (d. 1783)
  • September 19 – Charles Holmes, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1761)
  • September 20 – Frederick August I, Duke of Oldenburg (d. 1785)
  • September 20 – Ignazio Cirri, Italian musician (d. 1787)
  • September 22 – Thomas Wright, British astronomer (d. 1786)
  • September 23 – Louis Nicolas Victor de Félix d'Ollières, Marshal of France (d. 1775)
  • September 25 – Qianlong Emperor, Emperor of China (d. 1799)
  • September 26 – Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, First Lord of the Admiralty (d. 1779)
  • October 8 – Kumara Swamy Desikar, Indian philosopher (d. 1810)
  • October 9 – James Grimston, 2nd Viscount Grimston, British peer and Member of Parliament (d. 1773)
  • October 14 – John Smith, British astronomer (d. 1795)
  • October 15 – Daniel Parke Custis, American planter (d. 1757)
  • October 15 – William Cooke, English cleric and academic (d. 1797)
  • October 15 – Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Sardinian queen consort (d. 1741)
  • October 17 – Jupiter Hammon, American writer (d. 1806)
  • October 20 – Timothy Ruggles, American colonial politician (d. 1795)
  • October 21 – Armand-Jérôme Bignon, French lawyer (d. 1772)
  • November 1 – Marcus Fredrik Bang, Norwegian bishop (d. 1789)
  • November 5 – Kitty Clive, British actor (d. 1785)
  • November 10 – Robert Hay Drummond, Archbishop of York (d. 1776)
  • November 11 – Stepan Krasheninnikov, Russian scientist (d. 1755)
  • November 18 – Franz Töpsl, German historian (d. 1796)
  • November 19 – Mikhail Lomonosov, Polymath (d. 1765)
  • November 21 – Samuel Morris, merchant and Patriot in colonial and revolutionary-era Philadelphia (d. 1782)
  • November 27 – Gerard Joan Vreeland, Dutch colonial governor (d. 1752)
  • November 30 – Ebenezer Kinnersley, American scientist (d. 1778)
  • December 4 – Barbara of Portugal, Infanta of Portugal and later Queen of Spain as wife of Ferdinand VI of Spain (d. 1758)
  • December 23 – Jacob Fortling, Danish sculptor (d. 1761)
  • December 25 – Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, French composer and violinist (d. 1772)
  • December 26 – Maria Menshikova, daughter of Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov (d. 1729)
  • December 28 – Samuel Egerton, Member of the Parliament of Great Britain (d. 1780)
  • Full Date Unknown – Mariot Arbuthnot, British admiral during the American War for Independence (d. 1794)
  • Deaths

  • January 6 – Philips van Almonde, Dutch admiral (b. 1646)
  • January 16 – Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (b. 1651)
  • March 13 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (b. 1636)
  • March 15 – Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (b. 1645)
  • March 19 – Thomas Ken, English bishop and hymn-writer (b. 1637)
  • April 14 – Louis, Grand Dauphin, son of Louis XIV of France (b. 1661)
  • April 17 – Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1678)
  • May 2 – Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • June 7 – Henry Dodwell, Irish theologian (b. 1641)
  • July 6 – James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (b. 1662)
  • August 25 – Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey, English politician (b. c. 1656)
  • August 31 – Jean Le Pelletier, French polygraph and alchemist (b. 1633)
  • October 14 – Tewoflos, Emperor of Ethiopia
  • November 3 – John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (b. 1666)
  • Date unknown - Friedrich Breckling, Swiss mystic (b. 1629)
  • Cille Gad, Norwegian poet (b. 1675)
  • References

    1711 Wikipedia


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