Abraham Roentgen (30 January 1711 – 1 March 1793) was a German Ebeniste (cabinetmaker).
Roentgen was born in Mulheim am Rhein, Germany. He learned cabinet making from his father. At age 20, he traveled to Den Haag, Rotterdam and Amsterdam, learning from established cabinet makers.
He became known for his marquetry work, and worked in London (in the workshop of William Gomm) until 1738. On 18 April 1739, he married Susanne Marie Bausch from Herrnhut. His son, David Roentgen, was born on 11 August 1743.
In 1753 they migrated to the Moravian settlement at Neuwied, near Coblenz, where he established a furniture manufactory.
Upon his retirement in 1772 his son David took over the business and established his own reputation.
Abraham Roentgen died in Herrnhut in Saxony Germany in 1793.