Robertsganj is located in the southeastern corner of the state. Robertsganj is the administrative headquarters of Sonbhadra District.The district Sonbhadra and Robertsganj as its district headquarter was created by carving off the southern part of the earlier Mirzapur district on 4 March 1989. Son, Karmnasha, Chandra Prabha, Rihand, Kanhar, Renu, Ghagar and Belan Rivers drain this area. The city is named after Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts.
Located between Vindhyan Range and Kaimur Range, this area had been the centre of activities of pre-historic man which is evident from the rock paintings (pre-historic cave art) found in abundance in this region.
Robertsganj is located at 24.7°N 83.07°E / 24.7; 83.07. It has an average elevation of 330 metres (1080 feet) from ground level. Robertsganj is located in the south-eastern ranges of the Vindhyachal mountain.
Robertsganj is located about 90 km from the city of Varanasi, which is also the nearest airport. Flights are available to all major Indian cities including Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Agra, Bangalore, Chennai, Patna, Khajuraho, Hyderabad, Gaya etc. International connections are Bangkok, Colombo, Hong Kong, Mecca and Kathmandu.
The Robertsganj railway station connects Delhi, Jammu, Allahabad, Ranchi, Tatanagar, Lucknow, Bareilly, Varanasi and Kanpur by rail. Some notable trains passing through the town areMuri express (Jammu Tawi - Delhi - Tata Nagar),
Jharkhand Swarna Jayanti Express/12873(Hatia - Kanpur - Delhi)
Triveni Express (Bareilly - Lucknow - Shaktinagar),
Intercity Express (Singrauli - Varanasi).
Robertsganj is well connected to Lucknow, Allahabad, Varanasi and Mirzapur by road. Buses are available at all hours of the day from Varanasi, and it normally takes 2 1⁄2 hours to cover the distance.
The highway connecting Varanasi and Waidhan passes through the city. Though this is not a national highway it is a very busy road because of the towns Renukoot, Anpara, Shaktinagar which are sufficiently commercialized areas. National Thermal Power Corporation is in Shaktinagar and also National Coalfield different projects like Singrauli, Khadia, Jayant, Dudhichua, Amlori, Kakri etc. These areas have several major coal mines which cater a big part of the coal need of the state. Churk a nearby town is situated around 10 km, where Jaypee Group is establishing a thermal power project.
Robertsganj has a relatively subtropical climate with high variation between summer and winter temperatures. The average temperature is 32 °C–42 °C in the summer and 2 °C–15 °C in the winter. The weather is pleasant in rainy season from July to October. The natural beauty in city's outskirt is worth watching.
Chandrakanta, a popular Hindi novel by Devaki Nandan Khatri is related to Vijaygarh Fort. The princess Chandrakanta of Vijaygarh and the prince Virendra Singh of Naugarh. Krur Singh, a member of the Vijaygarh king's court who dreams of marrying Chandrakanta and taking over the throne. When Krur Singh fails in his endeavor, he flees the kingdom and befriends Shivdutt, the powerful neighboring king of Chunargarh (a renaming of "Chunar Fort", referring to the fort in Chunar that inspired Khatri to write the novel). Vijaygarh Fort is in Sonbhadra City.
As of 2011 India census, Robertsganj is a Nagar Palika Parishad in district of Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh. The Sonbhadra city is divided into 25 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Sonbhadra Nagar Palika Parishad(Robertsganj) has population of 36,689, of which 19,294 are males while 17,395 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.
In Sonbhadra Nagar Palika Parishad, female sex ratio is of 902 against state average of 912. Moreover, child sex ratio in Sonbhadra is around 867, compared to Uttar Pradesh state average of 902. Population of children with age of 0-6 is 4678, which is 12.75% of total population of Sonbhadra (NPP).
Literacy rate of Robertsganj (Sonbhadra city) is 84%, higher than state average of 67.68%. In Sonbhadra, male literacy is around 89.32% while female literacy rate is 78.1%.
Sonbhadra Nagar Palika Parishad has total administration over 6,196 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. Water supplies from the Dhandhraul Dam in the Robertsganj City. It is also authorized to build roads within Nagar Palika Parishad limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.
Scheduled Caste (SC) constitutes 13.72% while Scheduled Tribe (ST) were 0.50% of total population in Sonbhadra city (NPP).
Out of total population, 10,339 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 8,362 were males while 1,977 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labor activity. Of total 10339 working population, 80.55% were engaged in main work while 19.45% of total workers were engaged in marginal work.Vijaygarh Fort, Sonbhadra: It is located about 30 km from Robertsganj in south-east direction in Mau Kalan village on Robertsganj-Churk road, in the Sonbhadra District. Built in the 5th century, at a height of 400 feet from the ground level by Kol Kings, the fort is famous for its rock inscriptions, cave paintings, many statues and its perennial ponds. There are four ponds inside the premises of the fort which never dry up.
Sodharigarh Durg, Sonbhadra
Veer Lorik Stone
Son View Point
Salkhan Fossils Park
Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary
Shree Banke Bihari Mandir
Baraila Mahadev Temple
Ram Janaki aur Hanuman Mandir
Hanuman Mandir Patharaha
Mata Vaishnav Temple
Renukeshwar Mahadev Temple
Radha Krishna Temple
St. Bhagwananand Public School, Robertsganj
St. Xavier's High School
Delhi Public Secondary School, Robertsganj
St. Joseph's Convent High School, Robertsganj
Swami Harshevanand Public School
St. Keenaram Public School
MVM Public School
Prakash Genius Intermediate School
RSM Intermediate College.
Vimal Intermediate School
Veerangana Vidya Mandir
===Degree and PG collegeJMB Sonanchal PG College
Vindhya Kanya Degree College
Rajakiya Mahila Mahavidhyalaya
Government Polytechnic College
Sonabhadra Degree College
Jivan Jyoti Christian Hospital
Gaon Girav & Kaimoor Times are among the few Hindi News Paper published from this district.