Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Kadapa district

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Country  India
Administrative division  Kadapa district
Tehsils  50
Area  15,379 km²
Elevation  379 m
State  Andhra Pradesh
Headquarters  Kadapa
Vehicle registration  AP-04
Literacy  67.9%
ISO 3166 code  Andhra Pradesh
Kadapa district httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsbb
Colleges and Universities  Yogi Vemana University, JNTUA College of Engineering, Pulivendula, Lepakshi Degree College
Points of interest  Pushpagiri Temple Complex, Bhagwan Mahavir Governm, Talakona, Kodandarama Temple - Vontimitta, Ameen Peer Dargah
Destinations  Kadapa, Talakona, Gandikota, Proddatur, Sri Venkates

Kadapa district tour


Kadapa district is said to be the heart of the Rayalaseema as it is centrally located and well connected with the 4 districts of Rayalaseema. The District has a glorious history and a rich cultural heritage. Kadapa district (officially: YSR Kadapa district) is one of the 13 districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also one of the four districts in the Rayalaseema region of the state. The city of Kadapa is the seat of administration for the district.

Contents

Map of Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh

Rock paintings

Paleolithic rock paintings found at Chintakunta caves near Muddanuru in Kadapa district are said to be the second largest group of paintings in India after Bhimbetika rock art paintings. The rock paintings with mystic figures are also found at Dappalle village near Mylavaram Dam in Jammalamadugu Taluk of the district.

Prehistoric Culture

Many Paleolithic sites were found in Kadapa district, as the surroundings of Jammalamadugu, Mailavaram Dam and Gandikota.

Some megalithic burial sites were explored near Porumamilla, Sankhavaram and at Yellatur village near Kadapa. The surroundings of Vontimitta are also noted as Megalithic cultural sites.

The section of Rayachoti consists of many documented and undocumented Megalithic sites and stone circles. A noted megalithic site is at Devandlapalli in Tsundupalle taluk of the district.

Buddhism & Jainism

Kadapa has historical importance since BC era. It was connected with Mouryans in BC era and Sathavahanas. Buddhism must have flourished here for many years along the banks of rivers Cheyyeru and Penna. Nandalur is an important Buddhist site in the district along with Tallapaka, Rajampeta, Konduru, Khazipeta in the district.
Jainism also had a place in Kadapa district history; the remnants of a buried Jain temple were found at Danavulapadu village on the banks of river Penna.

Medieval history

It was part of the area ceded to the British by Nizam. The District was formed by splitting the Ceded Districts into two in 1808 during the British rule, the other district being Bellary. The British spelt the district as Cuddapah.

The district is part of Rayalaseema, commemorating the name of Rayulu (Kings) of the Vijayanagar Empire, who ruled the area in the 16th century. Gandikota fort located on the bank of the Penna River was the citadel of Pemmasani Nayaks, commanders of Vijayanagar army and who won the battles of Raichur and Gulbarga for the Vijayanagar kings.

The old records of the district reveal that Kadapa previously called Gadapa which means in Telugu language threshold. The ancient village of Kadapa with its large tank and temple of Lord Venkateswara at Devuni Kadapa was convenient camping place for the myriads of pilgrims travelling to the holy shrine of Tirupathi. There was a belief that the pilgrims have to first visit Devuni Kadapa, before going to Tirupathi to pray to Saint Annamacharya and Saint Potuluri Veera Brahmam who foretold the future and advocated a classless society. The ancient temple at Vontimitta which inspired Pothana to compose Andhra Maha Bhagavatham is also in the district. In the olden days Kadapa was also called "Heranyanagaram".

Recent historical records reveal that in Jyothi village located in Sidhout mandal has 108 Shiva lingas on the bank of Penna river.

Modern History

After the Treaty of Seringapatam nizam acquired this district and Ceeded this district to British in the year 1800. In the year 1808 British created modern kadapa district and headquarter is situated in Sidhout. In the year 1812 district headquarters was moved to Kadapa.

Geography

Kadapa District occupies an area of 15,938 square kilometres (6,154 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Canada's Prince Patrick Island.

The main rivers in this district are Penna, Chitravathi, Kunderu, Papagni, Sagileru, Bahuda and Cheyyeru. The forest area is 5,050 km². It is 32.87% of the district area. It is the only district in the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP) that is surrounded by AP districts on all sides. All other districts either skirt the Bay of Bengal and/or border neighbouring states.

Economy

Besides its historical importance, the district has occupied an important place in the industrial map of Andhra Pradesh with its valuable mineral resources.

Black corson soil lands are 24%, black soil 19%, sandy soil lands 4%, red soil lands 25%. The first variety lands are very fertile, sand soil lands less so. 'Korra', orange, lime and betel leaf are the special crops. They are cultivated near river beds. Starting at Sunkesula Dam on Tungabadra river K. C. Canal flows through Kadapa and Kurnool districts providing water to 40 km² of cultivable land. The main source of drinking water to this district is Galeru Nagari Sujala Sravanthi Project Canal.

This district is the repository of mineral wealth. As per the 1983 survey of geological survey of India 3 million tons of lead, 74,000,000 tons of barytes, and 27000 tons of asbestos deposits are there. It is estimated that 70 million tons of barytes deposits might be in Mangampet. There are clay deposits in Rajampet. This is used to make stone implements. Limestone is available in Yerraguntla. National Mineral Development Corporation is extracting asbestos in Brahman palli and barytes in Mangampet. Kadapa is also famous for its stone called "kadapa stone" used in building construction and for slabs especially in south India. In Tummalapalle, there are 49,000 tonnes of confirmed uranium deposits which are mined and processed locally. Apart from these minerals and industries Agriculture also forms a part district economy.

Large Scale Industries

The following are the Large scale industries located in Kadapa district.

  • The India Cement Ltd, Yerraguntla
  • The India Cement Ltd, Chilamkuru
  • Zuari Industries Ltd, Yerraguntla
  • Bharati Cement Corporation, Kamalapuram
  • Dalmia Cement Ltd, Mylavaram
  • Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station, Muddanuru
  • Balaji Bio-Mass power, Chennuru
  • Sajjala Woven Sacks, Vempalli
  • Sri Govindaraja Textiles pvt.Ltd, Pulivendula
  • NSL Textiles pvt.Ltd, Pulivendula
  • Samyu Glass Pvt.Ltd, Pulivendula
  • Welspun Solar Energy Ap pvt.Ltd, Pulivendula
  • Tummalapalle Uranium mine, Pulivendula
  • Bharati Polymers, Pulivendula.
  • In 2006 the Indian government named Kadapa district as one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

    Demographics

    According to the 2011 census Kadapa District has a population of 2,884,524, Hindus are 83.7%, Muslims are 14% & Christians are 2.3% roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Arkansas. This gives it a ranking of 132nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 188 inhabitants per square kilometre (490/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 10.87%. Kadapa district has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.88%.

    Divisions

    Kadapa District has three Revenue Divisions viz., Kadapa, Rajampeta and Jammalamadugu divisions. The district has 50 mandals under these revenue divisions. It also has a Municipal Corporation of Kadapa and six municipalities namely, Badvel, Mydukur, Proddatur, Pulivendula, Rayachoti, Jammalamadugu and a Nagar panchayat of Rajampet.

    There are a total of 51 mandals in Kadapa District.

    Mandals

    The mandals are listed with respect to their revenue divisions in the following table:

    Assembly constituenties

    Education

    The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. As per the school information report for the academic year 2015-16, there are a total of 4,488 schools. They include, 22 government, 3,094 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 1,181 private, 10 model, 29 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 88 municipal and 63 other types of schools. The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 401,293.

    Institutions

  • Hyderabad Public School, Kadapa
  • Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa
  • Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Kadapa
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Idupulapaya
  • JNTUA College of Engineering, Pulivendula
  • College of Veterinary Sciences, Proddatur
  • YSR Engineering College of YVU, Proddatur
  • KSRM College of Engineering, Kadapa
  • Loyola Degree and Polytechnic College, Pulivendula.
  • Fathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Kadapa.
  • Tourist locations

    The district is home to many tourist locations which include temples and forts, each with its own unique design and architecture and its own history.

  • Vontimitta - The town is famous for the temple of Sri Kodandarama Swamy temple, a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Rama, located in Vontimitta in Korajampet taluk of Kadapa District in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The temple, an example of Vijayanagara architectural style, is dated to the 16th century. It is stated to be the largest temple in the region.[2][3][4][5] It is located at a distance of 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Kadapa and is close to Rajampet.[6]
  • Rayachoty - Rayachoty is known for the temple of Sri Veerabhadra Swamy Temple which was renovated by Srikrishna Devaraya in 14th century.
  • Nandalur - Nandalur is famous for the temple of Sri Soumyanatha Swamy.An ancient Buddhist site is located on a small hill near Nandalur called Lanja Kanuma Gutta.
  • Tallapaka - Tallapaka is the birthplace of Tallapaaka Annamacharya a renowned Telugu poet and ardent devotee of Lord Venkateshwara, often regarded as Telugu Padakavita Pitamaha.
  • Gandikota - Gandikota is a well-known historical place, where several historical monuments are located and some movies are shot here, like Maryada Ramanna, Ek Veera and Super Cowboy, etc.
  • Bramham Gari Matham - The place where the manuscripts of Pothuluru Virabrahmendra Swami are kept.
  • Ameen Peer Dargah - A 324-year-old Sufi shrine in the city of Kadapa.
  • Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary - A wildlife sanctuary headquartered in the city of Kadapa which is the only home of an endangered species called the Jerdon's courser.
  • Notable personalities

  • Tallapaka Annamacharya
  • Pothuluri Veerabrahmam a well-known saint and astronomer, often called as 'Nostradamus of India'
  • Dr. YS Rajasekhara Reddy Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh state (2004-2009)
  • Allasani Peddana One of the poets in Astdiggajalu in Srikrishnadevarayalu.
  • Bhaktha Kannappa
  • Molla (poet) Poet.
  • C.P. Brown A Telugu author, he also worked as a collector.
  • B. Nagi Reddy South Indian film producer
  • B. Padmanabham Veteran film comedian and producer
  • Bomireddi Narasimha Reddy (B. N. Reddy), famous film Director
  • Pasupuleti Kannamba first generation Telugu heroine and producer, famous for sword fights.
  • Santha Kumari, an Indian musical artist and film actress
  • Dr. Yaga Venugopal Reddy, better known as Y. V. Reddy, former Reserve Bank of India Governor
  • Justice K. Jayachandra Reddy Former Supreme Court Judge, Former National Law Commission Chairman, Former Press Council of India Chairman, Member of the Expert Group appointed by United Nations.
  • A. V. S. Reddy former AP State Election Commissioner
  • V. N. Reddy an Indian cinematographer
  • Yogi Vemana, popularly known as Vemana, was a great Telugu philosopher and poet. His poems were written in Telugu, and are known for their use of simple language and native idioms. His poems discuss the subjects of Yoga, wisdom and morality. He is popularly called Yogi Vemana, in recognition of his success in the path of Yoga.
  • Basavaraju Venkata Padmanabha Rao a veteran Telugu film industry Actor.
  • Transport

    Kadapa district is well connected by Road , Rail and Airways with neighbouring districts of Andhra Pradesh.

    Roadways

    The total of core road network of the district is 1,130.906 km (702.712 mi). It includes, 714.317 km (443.856 mi) of existing and a proposed length of 416.589 km (258.856 mi).National Highway 40 (India) and National Highway 67 (India) are the national highways passing through the district.

    Railways

    Kadapa district has Railway network administration under Guntakal railway division. cuddapah , Yerraguntla Junction , Proddatur , Jammalamadugu are the major railway stations.

    Airways

    kadapa Airport is located in kadapa city.

    Reservoirs

    Kadapa Dist has Good number of reservoirs with in the Dist. Some of them are Brahmamsagar Reservoir, Mylavaram Dam Reservoir, Gandikota Reservoir

    References

    Kadapa district Wikipedia


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