Mahasamund is located at 21.1°N 82.1°E / 21.1; 82.1. It has an average elevation of 318 metres (1043 feet). Mahasamund is 56 km South-East of Raipur on the junction of National Highway 6 and National Highway 217 close to the Mahanadi River. Mahasamund city is an important station on the Raipur-Vizag rail route. Mahasamund and Raipur is the only district headquarter city which is very close to the Chhattisgarh New Capital Naya Raipur.
As of 2011 India census, Mahasamund had a population of 85,650. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Mahasamund has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 61%. In Mahasamund, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. The estimated population in 2014 is above one lakh. See List of cities in Chhattisgarh
Mahasamund is 55 km from Raipur, 105 km from Dhamtari, 30 km from Rajim, 160 km from Bilaspur, 95 km from Durg, 85 km from Bhilai, 115 km from Saraipali, 180 km from Bargarh, and 250 km from Sambalpur.
Guru GhasiDas bus terminal in Mahasamund is well connected to its nearby cities. There are regular bus services to Raipur, Bilaspur, Saraipali, Baloda Bazar Bemetara, Simga, Rajim, Sarangarh, Gariyaband, Khariar Road, Nuapada, Berhampur, Asika, and Bhawanipatna.
Mahasamund has two railway stations: Mahasamund railway station and Belsonda station. Mahasamund railway station is an important station on the East Coast Railway zone. Dualling of the railway track from Raipur Mahasamund to Titilagarh is in progress and may be completed in July 2015. The Mahasamund-Arand section is complete. Two new platforms have been sanctioned and construction started.
Mahasamund railway station is situated on the Raipur Vishakhapatnam railway line. There are regular trains for Bhubhneshwar - Puri - Vishakhapatnam -Durg - Raipur - Bilaspur - Korba -Nagpur - Mumbai - Delhi - Bhopal -Titilagarh - Sambalpur - Bhawanipatna - Ahmedabad - Jodhpur -Katni -Shahdol -Anuppur .
Swami Vivekananda Airport Raipur is just 40 km south-east from Mahasamund.
Mahasamund is well connected to major Indian cities through. National Highway 6 and National Highway 217. The construction of improving National Highway 6 to a four-lane road from Mahasamund to Odisha is in progress.
State government approved city bus project in Mahasamund city. Under Jnurm scheme government sanctioned 9 low floor city bus for Mahasamund city.
Mahasamund City has two Cinema Hall and recently the construction of THREE SCREEN INOX MULTIPLEX is in under process which may be completed in the ending of this year.
Mahasamund City is the educational hub for the nearby areas. Some of the leading institutes areWeidner memorial Senior Secondary School CBSE Pattern
Kendriya Vidyalay CBSE Pattern
New Holy Faith School CBSE Pattern
Delhi Public School CBSE Pattern
Maharishi Public School CBSE Pattern
Saraswati Higher Secondary School CG Board
Shishu Sanskar Kendra Higher Secondary School CG Board
Good Shepherd Higher Secondary School CG Board
Shyam Vidya Higher Secondary School CG Board
DMS Higher Secondary School CG Board
Vrindavan Higher Secondary School CG Board
Mata Gayatri Higher Secondary School CG Board
Ashi Bai Golcha Girls Higher Secondary School CG Board
Govt. Model Boys Higher Secondary School CG Board
Chhattisgarh Higher Secondary School CG Board
Dream India Public School CBSE Pattern
Mahaprabhu Vallabhcharya Govt. PG College.
Mata Karma Govt. PG Girls College.
Shantri Bai Arts;Science and Commerce College.
Jai Hind College.
Govt. Polytechnic College.
Govt. Vetnary Hospital and Polytechnic College.
Govt. Livelihood College.
Shyam B ED College.
Govt. Forest Guard Training Centre.
The economy of Mahasamund is based on agriculture and mining. Rice is the main crop grown here. The black stone of this area is mined for tiles; Mahasamund also has many stone-cutting factories. The Industrial Area of Birkoni and Belsonda is just 10 and 05 km respectively.
Mahasamund is home to branches of all the major public and private sector banks in India. These include Axis Bank, State Bank of India Main Branch, Collectorate Road Branch, Station, Station Road Branch, HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank, Bank Of Maharashtra, Allahabad Bank, Vijaya Bank, Bank of India, Union Bank, Uco Bank, Punjab National Bank, Dena Bank, Central Bank, Laxmi Vilas Bank and Canara Bank Bank of Baroda Bandhan Bank Indian Bank as well as around 30 ATMs located all around the city.
About 90 percent population of the city follow Hinduism. People from all over India have settled here. The city is a great example of peace and harmony.
Mahasamund is the very high profile and one of the 11 parliament constituency in the state of Chhattisgarh. This constituency is the seat of former Union Minister Late.Vidya Charan Shukla who contested 12 lok sabha elections in which he won 11 and 1 loss against first Chief Minister Ajit Jogi. In 2014 general election Ajit Jogi lost the election against BJP candidate Chandu lal Sahu. Assembly Segments are:- Mahasamund Saraipali Basna Khallari Bindranawagarh Rajim Dhamtari Kurud.
The Member of legislative Assembly from Mahasamund constituency is Dr. Vimal Chopra (Independent).
Tourist sites in and around Mahasamund include Sirpur, the ancient capital of South Kosal and famous for its Lakshman temple, Buddha Vihar and many archaeological sites. The state government has decided to develop this area as a World Heritage site. Other nearby tourist sites include Kodar Dam, Rajim Kumbh, Rajiv Lochan Temple, and Khallari Temple. The birthplace of Mahaprabhu Vallabhacharya is in nearby Champaran.