Hindi, Chhattisgarhi, English
Shri Pramod Dubey
| Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Raipur, Indian Institute of Management Raipur, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Hidayatullah National Law University|
Raipur ) is a city in the Raipur district, state of Chhattisgarh, India. It is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh and is the administrative headquarters of Raipur District. It was formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh before the state of Chhattisgarh was formed on 1 November 2000. At the time of the 2011 census, the population within the Municipal Corporation area of Raipur was 1,010,087.
The Raipur Municipal Corporation was ranked 6th out of 21 Cities for best governance & administrative practices in India in 2014. It scored 3.5 on 10 compared to the national average of 3.3.
Raipur has been in existence since the 9th century; the old site and ruins of the fort can be seen in the southern part of the city. Raipur district is important historically and as a point of interest archeologically. This district was once part of southern Kosal and considered part of the Maurya Empire. Raipur has been the capital of the Haihaya Dynasty Kalchuri kings, controlling the forts of Chhattisgarh for a considerable period. Satawahana kings ruled this part until the 2nd–3rd century.
The 4th century AD king Samudragupta conquered this region and established his domination until the fifth–sixth century when the area came under the rule of Sarabhpuri kings. For some time in the fifth and sixth centuries, Nala kings dominated this area. Later on Somavanshi kings took control and ruled with Sirpur ("City of Wealth") as their capital. Mahashivgupt Balarjun was the mightiest emperor of this dynasty. His mother, the widow queen of Harshgupta of the Somavansh, Rani Vasata built the brick temple of Lakshman. Kalachuri dynasty kings of Tumman ruled the area for a long period making Ratanpur the capital. The old inscriptions of Ratanpur, Rajim and Khallari refer to the reign of Kalchuri kings. It is believed that King Ramachandra of this dynasty established the city of Raipur and subsequently made it the capital of his kingdom.
Another story about Raipur is that King Ramachandras son Brahmdeo Rai had established Raipur. His capital was Khalwatika (now Khallari). The newly constructed city was named after Brahmdeo Rai as Raipur. It was during his reign in 1402 that Hajiraj Naik the temple of Hatkeshwar Mahadev was constructed on the banks of the Kharun River. The decline of this dynastys rule came with the death of King Amarsingh Deo. This region had become the domain of Bhosle kings after Amarsingh Deos death. With the death of Raghuji III, the territory was assumed by the British government from Bhonslaa of Nagpur and Chhatisgarh was declared a separate division, the Chhattisgarh Division of the Central Provinces, with its headquarters at Raipur in 1854. At the time of the independence of India Raipur district was included in the Central Provinces and Berar.
Raipur is located near the centre of a large plain, sometimes referred as the "rice bowl of India", where hundreds of varieties of rice are grown. The Mahanadi River flows to the east of the city of Raipur, and the southern side has dense forests. The Maikal Hills rise on the north-west of Raipur; on the north, the land rises and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which extends north-east across Jharkhand state. On the south of Raipur lies the Deccan Plateau.
Historically, when Raipur was a part of Madhya Pradesh, it was the second major commercial centre in Madhya Pradesh after Indore. Traditionally, Raipurs economy has been based on agricultural-processing, Steel, Cement, Alloy, Poha and Rice. The city is located centrally in the state of Chhattisgarh, and now serves as a regional hub for trade and commerce for a variety of local agricultural and forest products.Mahant Ghasidas Museum, built in 1875 by Raja Mahant Ghasidas, king of the erstwhile Rajnandgaon state.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Museum, built in honour of Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur situated near Ghasidas museum.
Sushilpikangan - The Art Gallery, gallery featuring Dhokra arts.
Shabari handicrafts emporium and Chhattisgarh Haat, works by local artist and craftsman.
Mahakoshal Kala Parishad, exhibition of art and paintings.
Purkhauti Muktangan Museum, under development by the Government of Chhattisgarh, Culture Department under Ministry of Tourism. It is spread over 18 hectares exhibiting entire natural resources with existing infrastructures, industries, places of tourists attraction, etc. including the VISION 2020
Vivekananda Sarovar (Budha Talab), a lake which is as old as the city. A 37 feet (11 m) high statue of Swami Vivekananda stands in the lake. This statue has been added to the Limca Book of Records as the largest model for a statue. The lake has color-light fountains
Nandanvan, a mini zoo on the western fringes of the city on the banks of river Kharoon
Nagar Ghadi (City Clock Tower), a clock tower situated in one of the busiest squares of the city. This clock plays a different local folk tune every hour (24 tunes in a day).
Gaurav path (The pride way), a stretch of G.E road within the city which has been decorated with sculpture and plantation on both sides.
Rajiv Smriti Van and Urja Park (Energy Park), a theme park built in memory of Rajiv Gandhi. The unique feature here is that everything runs on solar energy.
Shaheed Smarak Bhavan, an art gallery and an auditorium dedicated to the freedom fighters of India
MM Funcity, a water cum amusement park in the eastern outskirts of the city .
Water World Resort, a water park on the banks of River Kharoon in the south-western part of the city.
Raipur Municipal Corporation Building (White House), a new building of the Raipur Municipal Corporation. It a 7 storeyed building built with a mix of ancient and modern architecture. The building is illuminated in blue light at night.
Mahavir Park (Anupam Garden), a city park with illuminated trees and fountains. It also has a battle tank provided by the Indian Army on display.
5D shows, Raipur is one of the few cities in India which have three 5D theatres. These are located in Magneto Mall, City Mall 36 and CG City Centre
Ramkrishna Mission Vivekanand Ashram., features lecture on Gita and Ramayana by Swamijis.
Kanha National Park
Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary
Indravati National Park
Kanger Valley National Park
Murrum Silli Dam