Tripti Joshi

Telemark

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Country  Norway
Area  15,299 km2
Governor  Kari Nordheim-Larsen

Language spoken  NOK
Region  Ostlandet
Telemark in the past, History of Telemark

Mayor  Gunn Marit Helgesen   Hoyre   (2003–present)

Map of Telemark

Telemark [²teːləmɑrk] is a county in Norway, bordering Vestfold, Buskerud, Hordaland, Rogaland and Aust-Agder. The county administration is in Skien. Until 1919 the county was known as Bratsberg amt.

Contents

Telemark in the past, History of Telemark

Telemark thousand opportunities


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Location

Telemark wwwvisittelemarkcomimageresizerimage2Fdbimg

The county is located in southeastern Norway, extending from Hardangervidda to the Skagerrak coast. The coastline extends from Langesundsfjorden to Gjernestangen at the border with Aust-Agder. Telemark has a very broken and heterogeneous landscape, including many hills and valleys.

Infrastructure

The international road E18 goes through the southern parts of Telemark, namely Grenland and the municipality of Kragerø. E134, another important motorway and the fastest route between Oslo and Bergen, goes through the municipalities of Vinje, Tokke, Kviteseid, Seljord, Hjartdal and Notodden. RV36, stretching from Porsgrunn to Seljord, links the E18 and E134 motorways.

Telemark is well served by railways. The Sørlandet Line runs through the traditional districts of Vestmar and Midt-Telemark, serving the municipalities of Drangedal, Nome, Bø and Sauherad. Grenland is primarily served by the Vestfold Line, but also has connections through the Bratsberg Line which runs between Skien and Notodden.

Geiteryggen Airport in Skien offers flights to Bergen and Stavanger.

From Langesund, Fjordline operates ferry services to Sweden and Denmark.

The main bus lines in the county are operated by Telemark Bilruter, serving western and middle parts of the county, and Nettbuss which serves the middle, eastern and southern parts of the county. Drangedal Bilruter serves the Vestmar region.

Population

The largest population centres are Skien, Porsgrunn, Notodden, Rjukan and Kragerø. Other important places are Bø, Seljord, Fyresdal and Vinje.

The name

The Norse form of the name was Þelamǫrk. The first element is the genitive plural case of þelir, the name of an old Germanic tribe. The last element is mǫrk "woodland, borderland, march". (See also Denmark, Hedmark and Finnmark.) The term originally was applied to Upper Telemark.

Until 1919, the county was called Bratsberg amt. The amt was named after the farm Bratsberg (Norse Brattsberg), since this was the seat of the amtmann ('governor'). The first element is the genitive case of brattr m "steep mountain", the last element is berg n "mountain". (The name is referring to a steep mountainside behind the farm.)

Telemark lent its name to Telemark skiing, a style invented by Sondre Norheim, and the characteristic Telemark landing of ski jumping.

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1970). It shows an old type of battle axe, significant for the county.

History

The film The Heroes of Telemark is loosely based on the Norwegian heavy water sabotage, a raid on a heavy water plant at Rjukan during World War II. Ray Mears made a documentary titled The Real Heroes of Telemark as a response to the inaccuracies of the film, giving an account more focused on the outdoor skills that were required for the operation (spending months in the mountains and remote cabins).

Notable people born in Telemark

  • Myllarguten (1801–1872), legendary fiddler born in Sauherad
  • Aasmund Olavsson Vinje (1818–1870), author born in Vinje
  • Sondre Norheim (1825–1897), father of skiing born in Morgedal, Kviteseid
  • August Cappelen (1827–1852), national romantic painter born in Skien
  • Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906), author born in Skien
  • John Anders Johnson (1832–1901), American politician
  • Thorbjorn N. Mohn (1844–1899), American Lutheran church leader and first president of St. Olaf College
  • Brynild Anundsen (1844–1913), founder of Decorah Posten
  • Marcus Olaus Bøckmann (1849–1942), Norwegian-American Lutheran theologian
  • Herbjørn Gausta (1854–1924), American artist. Born in Vestfjørddalen
  • Theodor Kittelsen (1857–1914), artist born in Kragerø
  • Vidkun Quisling (1887–1945), politician, collaborationist leader during World War II. Executed as a traitor, born in Fyresdal
  • Aslaug Vaa (1889–1965), author born in Rauland
  • Tarjei Vesaas (1897–1970), author born in Vinje
  • Anne Grimdalen (1899–1961), sculptor born in Skafså, Tokke
  • Eivind Groven (1901–1977), composer born in Lårdal, Tokke
  • Dyre Vaa (1903–1980), sculptor born in Vinje
  • Klaus Egge (1906–1979), composer born in Gransherad, Notodden
  • Gunnar Sønsteby, (1918–2012), war hero born in Rjukan, Tinn
  • Hans Herbjørnsrud (1938–), author born in Heddal, Notodden
  • Tor Åge Bringsværd (1939–), author born in Skien
  • Agnes Buen Garnås (1946–), musician born in Jondal
  • Kåre Nordstoga (1954–), musician born in Notodden
  • Gisle Kverndokk (1967–), composer born in Skien
  • Jørn Lande (1968–), hard rock/heavy metal singer born in Rjukan
  • Odd Nordstoga (1972–), musician born in Vinje
  • Frode Johnsen (1974–), footballer born in Skien
  • Terje Haakonsen (1974–), snowboarder born in Vinje
  • Ihsahn (Vegard Sverre Tveitan) (1975–), black/extreme metal musician born in Notodden.
  • Districts

    The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. The most common district divisions today are Grenland, Vest-Telemark, Aust-Telemark. An older, larger division is Upper Telemark (or Telemark proper) and Lower Telemark (traditionally comprising the coastal area of Grenland). Today, the provostship Upper Telemark comprises 12 municipalities and more than 80% of Telemark, also including Midt-Telemark.

    An additional district, Vestmar is disputed. Others like Bø, Nome and Sauherad might also be considered as the district of Midt-Telemark. The district borders of this County is highly undefined and disputed.

    References

    Telemark Wikipedia


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