Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Spa town

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Spa town

A spa town is a resort town based around a mineral spa (a developed mineral spring). Patrons visited spas to "take the waters" for their purported health benefits. The word spa is derived from the name of Spa, such a town in Belgium.


Thomas Guidott set up a medical practice in the English town of Bath in 1668. He became interested in the curative properties of the hot mineral waters there and in 1676 wrote A discourse of Bathe, and the hot waters there. Also, Some Enquiries into the Nature of the water. This brought the health-giving properties of the waters to the attention of the aristocracy, who started to partake in them soon after.

The term spa is used for towns or resorts offering hydrotherapy, which can include cold water or mineral water treatments and geothermal baths.


  • Termas de Rio Hondo
  • Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña
  • Australia

    Most of the mineral springs in Australia are in the Central Highlands of Victoria, although there are a few springs in South Australia, Moree, New South Wales and Queensland. Most are within 30 km of Daylesford, Victoria: the Daylesford and Hepburn Springs call themselves the 'Spa Centre of Australia'.


  • Chaudfontaine (whose name literally means "hot fountain" in French)
  • Ostend
  • Spa
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina

    See: List of spa towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Banja Vrućica, Teslić


    Brazil has a growing number of spa towns. The traditional ones are: Águas de Lindoia, Serra Negra, Águas de São Pedro, Caxambu, Poços de Caldas, Caldas Novas, Araxá, and São Lourenço.


    See: List of spa towns in Bulgaria

    Bulgaria is known for its more than 500 mineral springs, including the hottest spring in the Balkans at Sapareva Banya - 103 °C. Other famous spa towns include Sandanski, Hisarya, Bankya, Devin, Kyustendil, Varshets, Velingard.

    In Bulgarian, the word for a spa is баня (transliterated banya).


    See: List of spa towns in Canada

    Harrison Hot Springs is one of the oldest among 18 in British Columbia; there are also two in Alberta and one in Ontario.


    See: List of spa towns in Croatia

    In Croatia, the word Toplice implies a spa town. The most famous spa towns in Croatia are Daruvar, Šibenik and Sisak.

    Czech Republic

    See: Spa towns in the Czech Republic

    In the Czech Language, the word Lázně implies a spa town. The most famous spa towns in Czech Republic are Karlovy Vary, Teplice, Františkovy Lázně and Mariánské Lázně.


    See: List of spa towns in France

    In France, the words bains, thermes, and eaux in city names often imply a spa town. There are more than 50 spa towns in France, including Vichy, Aix-les-Bains, Bagnoles-de-l'Orne, Dax, and Enghien-les-Bains.


    See: List of spa towns in Germany

    In Germany, the word Bad implies a spa town. Among the many famous spa towns in Germany are Bad Aachen, Baden-Baden, Bad Brückenau, Bad Ems, Bad Homburg, Bad Honnef, Bad Kissingen, Bad Kreuznach, Bad Mergentheim, Bad Muskau, Bad Pyrmont, Bad Reichenhall, Bad Saarow, Bad Schandau, Bad Segeberg, Bad Soden, Bad Tölz, Bad Wildbad, Bad Wildstein, Berchtesgaden, Binz, Freudenstadt, Heiligendamm, Heringsdorf, Kampen, Königstein, Radebeul, Schwangau, St. Blasien, Titisee, Tegernsee, Travemünde and Zingst. Wiesbaden is the largest spa town in Germany.


    See: List of spa towns in Hungary

    In Hungary, the word fürdő or the more archaic füred ("bath"), fürdőváros ("spa town") or fürdőhely ("bathing place") implies a spa town. Hungary is rich in thermal waters with health benefits, and many spa towns are popular tourist destinations. Budapest has several spas, including Turkish style spas dating back to the 16th century. Eger also has a Turkish spa. Other famous spas include the ones at Hévíz, Harkány, Bük, Hajdúszoboszló, Gyula, Bogács, Bükkszék, Zalakaros, the Cave Bath at Miskolctapolca and the Zsóry-fürdő at Mezőkövesd.


    See: List of spa towns in Italy

    In Italy, spa towns, called città termale (from Latin thermae), are very numerous all over the country because of the intense geological activity of the territory. These places were known and used since the Roman age.


  • Mondorf-les-Bains
  • Netherlands

  • Valkenburg near Maastricht, which wants to be a "city of wellness".
  • New Zealand

  • Rotorua
  • Hanmer Springs
  • Ngawha Springs
  • Poland

    Most spa towns in Poland are located in the Lesser Poland and Lower Silesian Voivodeships. Some of them have an affix "Zdrój" in their name (written with hyphen or separately), meaning "water spring", to denote their spa status, but this is not a general rule (e.g. Ciechocinek and Inowrocław are spa towns, but do not use the affix).

    See: List of spa towns in Poland


    Portugal is well known by famous spa towns throughout of the country.

    Due to its high quality, as well as the landscape where are located, the most important ones are:

  • Caldas da Rainha
  • Caldas das Taipas
  • Caldas de Monchique
  • Caldas de Vizela
  • Pedras Salgadas
  • Vidago
  • Chaves
  • Sao Pedro do Sul
  • Caldas da Felgueira located in Viseu District, and 5km from Nelas town.
  • Romania

    See: List of spa towns in Romania

    In Romania, the word Băile implies a spa town. The most famous spa towns in Romania are Băile Herculane, Băile Felix, Mangalia, Covasna, Călimănești & Borsec.


    See: List of spa towns in Serbia

    Serbia is known for its many spa cities. Some of the best known springs are the Vrnjačka Banja, Bukovička Banja, Vrujci, Sokobanja and Niška Banja. The hottest spring in Serbia is at Vranjska Banja (96°C)

    In Serbia, the word Banja implies a spa town.


    See: Spa towns in Slovakia

    Slovakia is well known by its spa towns. The most famous is Piešťany. The most important spa towns in Slovakia are:

  • Bardejovské Kúpele
  • Dudince
  • Liptovský Ján
  • Lúčky
  • Piešťany
  • Rajecké Teplice
  • Kúpele Sliač
  • Smrdáky
  • Trenčianske Teplice
  • Turčianske Teplice
  • Thermal Park Vrbov
  • Slovenia

    Spa towns in Slovenia include Rogaška Slatina, Radenci, Čatež ob Savi, Dobrna, and Moravske Toplice. They offer accommodation in hotels, apartments, bungalows, and camp sites. The Slovenian words terme or toplice imply a spa town.


  • Baden
  • Bad Ragaz (Ragatz, also known as "Old Baths Pfäfers" or "Old Baths of Pfäfersin)
  • Davos
  • Lavey-les-Bains
  • Leukerbad
  • Schinznach Bad
  • Yverdon-les-Bains
  • Zurzach
  • Ragatz
  • Ukraine

  • Morshyn
  • Truskavets
  • United Kingdom

    Some but not all UK spa towns contain "Spa", "Wells", or "Bath" in their names, e.g., Matlock Bath. Some towns are designated Spa Heritage Towns. Two out of three of the English towns granted the title "Royal", Royal Leamington Spa and Royal Tunbridge Wells, are spa towns.

    United States

  • Chena Hot Springs, Alaska
  • Hot Springs, Arkansas
  • Desert Hot Springs, California
  • Palm Springs, California
  • Pagosa Springs, Colorado
  • Warm Springs, Georgia
  • West Baden Springs, Indiana
  • Mount Clemens, Michigan
  • Jemez Springs, New Mexico
  • Truth or Consequences, New Mexico
  • Ballston Spa, New York
  • Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Hot Springs, North Carolina
  • Hot Springs, South Dakota
  • Mineral Wells, Texas
  • Warm Springs, Virginia
  • Bath (Berkeley Springs), West Virginia
  • Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • Other countries

    See: List of spa towns

  • in the Arab world - Hammam
  • in Australia
  • in Belgium -
  • in Bulgaria - Bani
  • in Chile - Termas
  • in Croatia - Toplice
  • in Cyprus - Loutra-Therma
  • in the Czech Republic - Lázně
  • in Ethiopia - Filwoha
  • in France - Bains, thermes
  • in Georgia -
  • in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland - Bad, the first part of the names of most spa towns, a cognate to the English "bath" while "Therme" is used for the spa itself.
  • in Greece - Loutra-Therma
  • in Hungary - fürdő or -füred
  • in Italy - Terme
  • in Iran - "Cheshme Ab-e-Garm" or "Cheshme Ab-e-Madani"
  • in Jamaica -
  • in Japan - Onsen
  • in Korea - 온천 or 사우나
  • in Lithuania - Druskininkai
  • in Malaysia - Poring
  • in Mexico- Termas or Balneario
  • in New Zealand - Rotorua
  • in Peru - Cuzco, Cajamarca
  • in Poland - Krynica-Zdrój
  • in Portugal - Caldas or Termas
  • in Russia - Минеральные воды or Лечебные воды
  • in Romania - Băile
  • in Slovakia - Liečebné kúpele
  • in Serbia - Banja
  • in Spain - Termas or Balneario
  • in Turkey - Termal or Kaplica
  • in Ukraine - Лікувальні води
  • References

    Spa town Wikipedia