Sehore stands in the foothills of Vindhyachal Range in the middle of Malwa region. Sehore has a long and glorious past. Shaiva, Shakta, Jain, Vaishnav, Buddhists and Nath priests made Sehore a significant seat of their deep meditation. Sehore was a part of Bhopal estate. After formation of Madhya Pradesh, the state capital Bhopal was a part of the Sehore district. It was bifurcated in 1972 and a new district Bhopal was formed.
Ancient lores indicate that Maharshi Patanjali, the illustrious founder of Yoga sect also spent some time here in prayers & worship . Folklore also indicate to the visits of Lord Rama, Laxman and Sita to its different places. Sehore has so many temples, Mathas, Shrines, Mosques, Churches of great historical and religious antiquity. In that sense, Sehore boasts of its glorious tradition of communal harmony and homogeneous culture.
"Sidhhapur" is the old name of Sehore. According to a rock- edict found from the river Seevan, it got its name from "Sidrapur". According to an old document Sehore has got its name from the Anglo- Indian perversion of "Sher" or Lion as pronounced by the British, since lions or "Shers" were in the great numbers in the nearby jungles.
Sehore has been an integral part of Awanti. Later on it was under the tutelage of Magadh dynasty, Chandragupta Ist, Harshavardhan, Ashoka, Raja Bhoj, Peshwa chiefs, Rani Kamlawati and the Nawabs of Bhopal dynasty. Sehore remained the headquarters of the political agent and resident of the British.
Rivers big and small abound the landscape of Sehore. Narmada, Parwati, Dudhi, Newaj, Kolar, Papnas, Kulans, Seewan, Lotia, and other rivers tell the sad tale of their lost splendour in the form of scattered idols. Idols of Lord Vishnu, Ganesha, Shiva, Parvati, Nandi, Garuda, Lord Mahavira, Gautam Buddha, Apsaras and fairies have been found in different forms and postures.
Sehore played a crucial role in the freedom movement of India (1857 movement) . "Nishan-e- Mahaviri and Nishan -e- Mohammadi" remained furling in the place of Union Jack. That short phase of independence from the British clutches ended, when Sir Hurose and Robert Hamilton crushed the uprising by putting 354 patriots to the gallows and gunning down 149 sepoys. Nawabs of Bhopal remained always loyal to the British. That caused heavily to the efforts of the patriots in order to flush out the British from Sehore.
On 15 August 1947 India got its independence . But estate of Bhopal did not merge with the India state till 1949 and even that after a fierce struggle . Sehore has got the honour of its achievement in the field of academics and literature. Lanciet Likinson, the political agent got established the first English translation of " Abhignan Shakuntalam " in 1835- 40.
The high school of sehore founded in 1835 by political agent Likinson, has to its credit student like Mr. Hidayaullah (Former chief justice, supreme court & vice president of India) Mr. Banchu [Ex chief justice ] Mirza Faim Begh [chief engineer].
Sehore is 37 km away from the state capital of Bhopal towards south-west and on Bhopal-Indore highway. Its height from the sea level is 1500 ft. to 2000 ft. Sehore is situated on the Western Railway line from Bhopal to Ratlam. Sehore is surrounded by six districts: Bhopal, Raisen, Hoshangabad, Dewas, Shajapur and Rajgarh. Sehore District extends between the parallels of Latitude 22'31 to 23'40 North and between the meridians of Longitude 76'22 and 78'08 East. Sehore is located at 23.2°N 77.08°E / 23.2; 77.08. It has an average elevation of 502 metres (1646 feet).The only River SIVEN pass through the sehore.
Ganesh Mandir : Sidhha Ganesha Mandir is established in the village Gopalpur in the N-west direction, 3 km from the District Headquarters. As per legend, it dates back to Vikramaditya of Ujjain and renovated by BajiRao I the Maratha Peshwa. Each Wednesday, large Nos of devotees throng here. Ganesha Chaturthi festival is also popular here .
Cenotaphs of Kunwar Chain Singh : Cenotaphs, samadhies and tombs of Kunwar Chainsingh are 2 km away in Dashahra wala Maidan on the bank of river Lotia on Sehore - Indore Road. These cenotaphs remind the historic fight between patriot Chainsingh of Narsingh Garh estate and political agent Mr.Medhank.
Jama Masjid : Jama Masjid Built by Mugis Uddin Shah in 732 Hijri & renovatial by Beghum Siknadar Jahan in 1281. It is said to possess a picturesque Bawadi (water tank).
Jain Mandir : It is situated in Kasba (sehore) .Two thirthankar idols are dated 1335, and 1548 Vikram Samvat.
Hanuman Phatak : An emphatic temple of Lord Hanuman on a Garhi on the bank of river Seewan in a far flung corner of the city, provides aesthetic ambience as well as a prominent seat of devotion. Navratra festival in Ashwin and Chaitra are very popular for its religious importance.
Church : The Sehore Church which was built by a British political agent who belonged to Scotland in 1838. The building is an Exact replica of a church in Scotland and even the surrounding greenery, comprising mainly tall Bamboo trees, was designed to match the original. To traverse the Sehore soil is to tread upon centuries of colorful history. The best time of the year to visit Sehore and its sprawling teak forests is November with its autumn ripeness and March with its spring finery. Climatically, these two may be said the opportune time to visit Sehore.
Gurudwara : The Gurudwara is in Gnga Ashram, Sehore and it renovated in 1936 by Sikh Militarymen, it holds Langer & Path of Gurunanak Saheb.
Ramlala Mandir : Ramlala Mandir is Situated 1 km from Sehore in Badia Khedi, it is revered amongst 84 Mathas of India.
Salkanpur Durga Temple : This sacred siddhpeeth of Vindhyavasni Beejasan devi (one of the incarnation of the Hindu goddess Durga) is on an 800 foot high hillrock, in the village Salkanpur near Rehti village, 70 km from Bhopal. The deity, Ma Durga Beejasan is held in high esteem by her followers & local. Thousands of people visit this place everyday climbing more than 1000 steps. Every year a grand fair is held in salkanpur during Navratris. It is very old Temple but at present temple renovate by Salkanpur Trust.
Saru-Maru caves : Caves, rock edicts and stupas on Hoshangabad road, this place is said to be visited by Ashoka, his son Mahendra & daughter Sanghamitra.
Higher Secondary School Sehore: There is Higher Secondary School in Sehore the building of which is equally old. It is one of the four Vernacular school opened by the British. It is this school which boasts of such alumni as Sir Hidayatullah and justice Wanchoo. The Nizamat building where the Nizam (Administrator) of the erstwhile Bhopal state held court is also worth.
FAMOUS GARDENS: Rukmani-Govind garden is among one of the most beautiful garden in the city famous for its attaractiveness and natural beauty. Which is located in Patel market.
As of 2001 India census, Sehore had a population of 90,930. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Sehore has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 61%. In Sehore, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Sehore railway station lies on the Ujjain-Bhopal Branch Line. There are regular trains for Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Kanpur, Nagpur, Jammu, Puri and other major cities.