As of 2011 India census, Palghar had a population of 68,930. Males numbered 36,523, i.e. 52.9% of the population, and females 32,407, i.e. 47.1% of the population. Palghar has an average literacy rate of 77.52%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81.2%, and female literacy is 73.35%. In Palghar, 11.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The majority of population follows the Hindu religion with a sizable portion of Jains, Buddhists and Muslims. There is also a small Christian and Sikh community. Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Varli, Vadvali and Vanjari dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively.
Palghar is well connected via road and rail transport. Palghar acts as a divisional head of Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. MSRTC provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra including Miraj, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Kalyan, Alibag, Nandurbar, Bhusaval, Shirdi, and Nashik.
Palghar is an important railway station on the Western Railway line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. Along with shuttle/Memu/EMU (local trains) services, many long distance trains also stop here.
On 1 August 2014 is Palghar became the 36th district of Maharashtra. Its history is alternate with its old district Thane. From Palghar district Javhar, Vasai and Palghar had a golden history legacy. Vasai was under the Portuguese empire. After that Chimaji Aappa won Vasai from the Portuguese and embedded a Maratha flag on Vasai. Palghar was the one of the important points in 1942 of the Chalejav campaign.
In 14 August 1942 there was an uprising in Palghar, in which Kashinath Hari Pagdhare, Govind Ganesh Thakur, Ramchandra Bhimashankar Tiwari, Ramchandra Mahadev Churi, and Sukur Govind More were martyrs. The main circle of Palghar is known as "Paachbatti" ( Meaning ' five lights ' ) in honor of these martyrs.
1st August Is Declared as a Palghar day.
Warli(Adivasi), Katkari, Malhar Koli, Vanjari, Vadval are the predominant castes in palghar. The Vanjaris have their roots in Chittodgad,Rajastan and its said that they migrated for trade via sea roots to Murbe and then spread all over Palghar. Vadwal is the most numerous community of people found in Palghar. Warli Painting and famous Tarapa dance features contribution towards art by this community. Warli painting and art have 1100 years of history. Warli art is also appreciated in foreign countries.
The town has a number of schools and colleges. A number of construction projects have recently been started in the region. There is tremendous scope to set up new schools and colleges for increasing staying population.Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science College Palghar
St. John College of Engineering and Technology
St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research
St. John Institute of Management and Research
St. John International school Palghar
Anand Ashram English High School Palghar
Sundaram Central School & Junior College [CBSE] Palghar
Kenam English High School Palghar
Holy Spirit English High School Palghar
Twinkle Star English High School Palghar
Aryan High School Plaghar
Jeevan Vikas High School Palghar
Bhagini Samaj High School
Sir JP international school [ICSE]
Aryan English high school
Surya valley School, sports and interactive learning english medium schoo, 10 minutes from Plaghar Char Rasta
Yashwantrao Chafekar Jr.College of Art's, Commerece & Science
secred heard english high school,palghar
Cricket is the most popular sport in Palghar. Local tournaments are organized at various locations across the district. Shardul Thakur is a cricketer from Palghar (Mahim) who plays for Rising Pune Supergiants and for Mumbai in Ranji Trophy. Aditya Tare is a cricketeer from Palghar (Satpati village). He is associated with IPL T20 matches. He is a wicket-keeper and a right-hand batsman for Delhi Daredevils.
Aditya is a well-known batsman as well as a wicket keeper. He started his professional career in 2008 when he got a chance to play for Mumbai’s domestic team. He is still associated with the same team. In 2010, Aditya was selected by Mumbai Indians for IPL and he played for Mumbai Indians till 2015 before Sunrisers Hyderabad bought him in 2016. In 2017, Aditya was bought by Delhi Daredevils. He has an impressive record of his name for most dismissals by a wicket keeper. He made this record in Ranji Trophy when he dismissed 41 batsmen while wicket keeping. Aditya has also been honored by the award of Best Mumbai Ranji trophy Cricketer. He was given this award in 2012. On numerous occasions, he also won the award for Man of the Match due to his brilliant performance during various matches.
Kelve Fort: The Kelve Fort in Palghar,Maharashtra is an ancient fort, dating back to the 16th century and happens to be one of the most popular tourist attractions of the area. The fort, surrounded by lush green Suru trees, is said to have been built by the descendants of Yadava rulers of Devagiri(Nashik).
USEFUL INFORMATION:The Kelve Fort is open to visitors form 8 AM till 8 PM every day and is visted by tourists throughout the year.
Closest airport is The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Mumbai) - approximately 90 kms
Closest railway station is Palghar which is connected to various cities in India.
WAGHOBA: It is a mountain in Palghar,it is the best place to visit during rainy season,there are small waterfalls where you can have fun. This mountain is called as WAGHOBA,wagh means Tiger in Marathi,sometime people in this area have seen tiger few times so they name it as WAGHOBA which means mountain of Tiger.