Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Nacionalista Party

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President  Manuel B. Villar Jr.
Secretary-General  Alan Peter Cayetano
Chairman  Cynthia Villar
Founded  April 29, 1907
Founder  Manuel Quezon Sergio Osmeña
Headquarters  4th Level Starmall, EDSA corner Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong City

The Nacionalista Party (Filipino: Partido Nasyonalista; Spanish: Partido Nacionalista) is the oldest political party in the Philippines today and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907.

Contents

The Nacionalista Party was the ruling party from 1935–1944 (under President Manuel Quezon), 1944–1946 (under President Sergio Osmeña), 1953–1957 (under President Ramon Magsaysay), 1957–1961 (Under President Carlos P. Garcia), and 1965–1972 (under President Ferdinand Marcos).

Platform

The Nacionalista Party, historically, belonged to the conservative wing of Philippine politics, while its main opponent, the Liberal Party and its junior coalition partners all belong to the liberal wing. In practice, the differences between both parties are obscure as changing of party allegiance by individual politicians (as is the case in Italy and pre-reform Thailand), especially prior to major elections, has become a norm in Philippine politics.

History

The original “Nacionalista” Party that was founded on August 21, 1901 in Calle Gunao,Quiapo, Manila was forgotten. In that Quiapo Assembly, the following officers of the true Nacionalista were elected: Santiago Alvarez and Pascual Poblete as Presidents; Andres Villanueva, Vice Resident; Macario Sakay, Secretary General; Francisco Carreon, Alejandro Santiago, Domingo Moriones, Aguedo del Rosario, Cenon Nicdao, Nicolas Rivera, Salustiano Santiago, Aurelio Tolentino, Pantaleon Torres, Valentin Diza, Briccio Pantas, Lope K. Santos, Pio H. Santos, Salustiano Cruz, Valentin Solis and Jose Palma. The party began as the country's vehicle for independence, through the building of a modern nation-state, and through the advocacy of efficient self-rule, dominating the Philippine Assembly (1907–1916), the Philippine Legislature (1916–1935) and the pre-war years of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1941). During the Japanese Occupation political parties were replaced by the KALIBAPI. By the second half of the century the party was one of the main political contenders for leadership in the country, in competition with the Liberals and the Progressives, during the decades between the devastation of World War II and the violent suppression of partisan politics of the Marcos dictatorship. In 1978, in a throwback to the Japanese Occupation, political parties were asked to merge into the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, although the Nacionalistas preferred to go into hibernation. Eventually, the party was revived during the late 1980s and early 1990s by the Laurel family, which has dominated the Party since the 1950s. The Nacionalista Party is now being led by party president Manuel Villar, former Senator, and has three Vice Presidential candidates running independently or in tandem with other political parties (Cayetano, Marcos and Trillanes) in the 2016 Philippine Elections. Two of the other present parties, the Liberal Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition are breakaways from the Nacionalista Party

House of Representatives

*does not include candidates who ran as under a Liberal Party ticket along with another party.
**in coalition with PDP-Laban

Past

Throughout their careers, many of the country's politicians, statesmen, and leaders were, in whole or in part, Nacionalistas. Notable names include:

Philippine Presidents and Vice-Presidents who were affiliated with the NP

  • Presidents:
  • Manuel L. Quezon (2nd President of the Philippines)
  • José P. Laurel (3rd President of the Philippines)
  • Sergio Osmeña (4th President of the Philippines)
  • Manuel Roxas (5th President of the Philippines)
  • Elpidio Quirino (6th President of the Philippines)
  • Ramon Magsaysay (7th President of the Philippines)
  • Carlos P. Garcia (8th President of the Philippines)
  • Ferdinand Marcos (10th President of the Philippines)
  • Joseph Estrada (13th President of the Philippines)
  • Vice-President
  • Fernando Lopez (4th and 8th Vice-President of the Philippines; under Elpidio Quirino, Ferdinand E. Marcos)
  • Emmanuel Pelaez (7th Vice-President of the Philippines; under Diosdado Macapagal)
  • Salvador Laurel (10th Vice-President of the Philippines, 5th and last Prime Minister; under President Corazon C. Aquino)
  • Senators

  • Claro M. Recto
  • Jose W. Diokno
  • Blas Ople
  • Cipriano Primicias, Sr.
  • Eulogio Rodriguez
  • Francisco Tongio Liongson
  • Manuel Briones
  • Jose Fuentebella
  • Most of these individuals embody solid political traditions of economic and political nationalism are pertinent today, even with the party's subsequent decline.

    Current

    Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Manuel Villar (former Senator and Nacionalista president), Party Chairman
  • Pia Cayetano (former Senator, Deputy Speaker of the 17th Congress, Representative from the Lone District of Taguig City)
  • Miriam Defensor Santiago (Senator)
  • Antonio Trillanes IV (Senator)
  • Justin Marc Chipeco, (Representative from Laguna)
  • Emmylou Taliño-Mendoza, (Governor of North Cotabato)
  • Jose "Pingping" Tejada, (Representative from North Cotabato)
  • Yevgyeny Vincente Emano, (Representative from Misamis Oriental)
  • Cynthia Villar, (former Representative from Las Piñas City and current Senator)
  • Alan Peter Cayetano, (Senator)
  • Lani Cayetano, (former Representative from Taguig City and Mayor of Taguig City)
  • Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr., (former Representative from Ilocos Norte and Senator)
  • Imelda Marcos, (former First Lady of the Philippines, Ilocos Norte Representative member of the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan but caucuses with the NP.)
  • Imee Marcos, (former Ilocos Norte Representative and Governor of Ilocos Norte)
  • Rommel Jalosjos, (Governor of Zamboanga Sibugay)
  • Juanito Victor C. Remulla (Governor of Cavite, also a member of Lakas-CMD, PMP and UNA)
  • Elias K. Bulut, Sr., (former Representative and Governor from Apayao and Mayor of Calanasan, Apayao)
  • Wenceslao "Peewee" B. Trinidad, (Former Pasay City Mayor)
  • Homer T. Saquilayan (Former Mayor of Imus, Cavite)
  • Nacionalista-affiliated parties

  • PDP-Laban
  • Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
  • Lakas-CMD
  • National Unity Party
  • United Bangsamoro Justice Party
  • People's Reform Party
  • United Nationalist Alliance
  • Team PNoy
  • Liberal
  • Alyansa - Davao del Sur and Davao Occidental
  • Alayon – Cebu
  • Kugi Uswag Sugbu – Cebu City
  • Partido Magdalo – Cavite
  • PaDayon Pilipino — Misamis Oriental and Cagayan de Oro City
  • Fuerza Zamboanga — Zamboanga City
  • Candidates for Philippine general election, 2010

  • Manny Villar – Presidential Candidate (lost)
  • Loren Legarda – Vice Presidential Candidate (lost)
  • Senatorial Slate (11)

  • Pia Cayetano (won)
  • Bongbong Marcos (won)
  • Liza Maza (lost)
  • Ramon Mitra III (lost)
  • Satur Ocampo (lost)
  • Susan Ople (lost)
  • Gwen Pimentel (lost)
  • Ariel Querubin (lost)
  • Gilbert Remulla (lost)
  • Adel Tamano (lost)
  • Miriam Defensor Santiago (won)
  • Candidates for Philippine general election, 2013

    Senatorial Slate (3) Team PNoy

  • Cynthia Villar (won)
  • Alan Peter Cayetano (won)
  • Antonio Trillanes IV (won)
  • Candidates for Philippine general election, 2016

    Vice-President:

  • Alan Peter Cayetano (lost)
  • Bongbong Marcos (lost)
  • Antonio Trillanes (lost)
  • Senatorial Slate

  • Susan Ople (guest candidate of United Nationalist Alliance and Partido ng Galing at Puso) (lost)
  • Controversy over dominant-minority status

    During the 2010 elections, the Nacionalista and the Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) formed an alliance after it was approved by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) on April 12, 2010. The Nacionalistas fielded Senator Manuel Villar, Jr. and running with fellow Senator Loren Legarda who is a member of the NPC. It became the dominant minority party after a resolution passed by the COMELEC. On April 21, however it was blocked by the Supreme Court after a suit filed by the rival Liberal Party. On May 6, 2010, the Supreme Court nullified the merger and therefore giving the Liberal Party to be the dominant minority party. It was based on a resolution by the COMELEC giving political parties to be accredited by August 17, 2009.

    The coalition was made to help the Nacionalista Party to help boost the presidential campaign of Senator Villar and have a chance to be the dominant minority party by the Commission on Elections which give the rights to poll watchers during the canvassing of votes. However it is being challenged by the Liberal Party calls the said alliance a "bogus" alliance, the Liberals are also seeking the same party status by the COMELEC. As well, several local races are being challenged from both parties therefore causing confusion in those races.

    References

    Nacionalista Party Wikipedia


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