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Bismarck Archipelago

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Location  Papua New Guinea
Area  49,700 km²
Region  Islands Region
Bismarck Archipelago httpsiytimgcomviOiFnSkqciEhqdefaultjpg
Major islands  New Britain, New Ireland
Islands  New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover Island, Umboi Island, Ambitle
Points of interest  Tavurvur, Rabaul caldera, Vulcan
Similar  New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, Kaiser-Wilhelmsland

The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean and is part of the Islands Region of Papua New Guinea. Its area is about 50,000 square km.

Contents

Map of Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea

History

The first inhabitants of the archipelago arrived around 33,000 years ago from New Guinea, either by boats across the Bismarck Sea or via a temporary land bridge, created by an uplift in the Earth's crust. Later arrivals included the Lapita people.

The first European to visit these islands was Dutch explorer Willem Schouten in 1616. The islands remained unsettled by western Europeans until they were annexed as part of the German protectorate of German New Guinea in 1884. The area was named in honour of the Chancellor Otto von Bismarck.

On 13 March 1888, a volcano erupted on Ritter Island causing a megatsunami. Almost the entire volcano fell into the ocean, leaving a small crater lake.

Following the outbreak of World War I, the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force seized the islands in 1914 and Australia later received a League of Nations mandate for the islands. They remained under Australian administration—interrupted only by Japanese occupation during World War II—until Papua New Guinea became independent in September 1975.

Geography

The Bismarck Archipelago includes mostly volcanic islands with a total land area of 49,700 km2 (19,189 sq mi). The archipelago encompasses the Bismarck Sea and sits upon the North Bismarck Plate, the Manus Plate and the South Bismarck Plate.

Islands are grouped here according to administrative province:

  • Manus Province (see 9 on the map)
  • Admiralty Islands, group of 18 islands including:
  • Manus Island, main island
  • Los Negros Island
  • Lou Island
  • Ndrova Island
  • Tong Island
  • Baluan Island
  • Pak Island
  • Purdy Islands
  • Rambutyo Island
  • St Andrews Islands
  • Western Islands, with:
  • Aua Island
  • Hermit Islands
  • Kaniet Islands (Anchorite)
  • Sae Island
  • Ninigo Islands
  • Wuvulu Island
  • New Ireland Province (12)
  • New Ireland or Niu Ailan, main island
  • New Hanover or Lavongai
  • Saint Matthias Group
  • Tabar Group
  • Lihir Group
  • Tanga Group
  • Feni Islands
  • Dyaul Island
  • East New Britain Province (4)
  • New Britain or Niu Briten, main island
  • Duke of York Islands
  • Kabakon
  • Ulu
  • West New Britain Province (18)
  • New Britain or Niu Briten, main island
  • Vitu Islands
  • Morobe Province (11)
  • Umboi Island
  • Tolokiwa Island
  • Sakar Island
  • Ritter Island
  • Malai Island
  • Tuam Island
  • Madang Province (8)
  • Long Island
  • Crown Island
  • Karkar Island
  • Bagabag Island
  • Manam
  • East Sepik Province (5)
  • Schouten Islands
  • The passage of water between the islands of New Britain and New Ireland is called St. George's Channel after St. George's Channel in the British Isles between Wales and Ireland.

    References

    Bismarck Archipelago Wikipedia


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