|Covid-19|The Royal Navy battlecruiser HMS Glorious collided with the French ocean liner Florida in a dense fog about 60 miles off Gibraltar. Several crew members of the Florida were killed.
Stennes Revolt: Berlin SA commandant Walter Stennes was expelled from the Nazi Party after leading an internal rebellion.
Born: Ita Ever, actress, in Paide, Estonia; Rolf Hochhuth, author and playwright, in Eschwege, Germany
Actress Pola Negri and Prince Serge Mdivani were divorced.
Seventeen-year old female baseball pitcher Jackie Mitchell struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in succession during an exhibition game between the New York Yankees and minor league Chattanooga Lookouts. Mitchell became a national media sensation, although it was questioned whether Ruth and Gehrig were actually trying or were merely going along with the publicity stunt.
Adolf Hitler accused Walter Stennes of plotting to violate the government's emergency dictatorship decree and issued an ultimatum to all SA members demanding they submit a written oath of allegiance by April 12 or face expulsion.
Born: William Bast, screenwriter and author, in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin (d. 2015); Gil Robbins, folk musician and actor, in Spokane, Washington (d. 2011)
Vere Ponsonby, 9th Earl of Bessborough became the 14th Governor General of Canada.
187 communists were arrested in Berlin for conducting illegal demonstrations.
Born: Héctor Olivera, filmmaker, in Olivos, Buenos Aires, Argentina
The trial of the nine Scottsboro Boys began, only nine days after their arrest.
Born: Suchitra Sen, film actress, in Pabna, British India (d. 2014)
The British Labour Party banned all supporters of Oswald Mosley from its ranks.
Walter Stennes sued Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels for libel.
Anton Cermak was elected Mayor of Chicago by a landslide over the incumbent William Hale Thompson.
German Chancellor Heinrich Brüning and Foreign Minister Julius Curtius accepted an invitation to visit Britain in June.
The Dmitri Shostakovich ballet The Bolt premiered in Leningrad.
Born: John Gavin, actor and ambassador, in Los Angeles
Died: Erik Axel Karlfeldt, 66, Swedish poet
Osachi Hamaguchi resigned as Prime Minister of Japan, having still not recovered from the attempt on his life in November.
Eight of the nine Scottsboro Boys were convicted and sentenced to death; a mistrial was declared for the ninth because of his youth. The executions were postponed pending court appeals.
Died: Nicholas Longworth, 61, American politician
Prussian Police President Albert Grzesinski ordered the weekly newspaper of the Stahlhelm banned for three months due to its attacks on the Prussian government.
Died: Kahlil Gibran, 48, Lebanese artist, poet and writer (cirrhosis of the liver and tuberculosis)
350 Bulgarian political prisoners were pardoned by royal decree on the occasion of Orthodox Easter celebrations.
Born: Luís Cabral, 1st President of Guinea-Bissau, in Bissau, Portuguese Guinea (d. 2009); Mustafa Dağıstanlı, sports wrestler, in Söğütpınar, Turkey; Johnny Sheffield, child actor, in Pasadena, California (d. 2010)
Municipal elections were held in Spain. Voters overwhelmingly rejected the rule of King Alfonso XIII by electing republican candidates in 49 out of 50 provincial capitals.
The trial of Peter Kürten, charged with nine murders, began in Düsseldorf. Kürten took the stand and admitted to the crimes, but explained that he had been driven to take revenge on society for the harsh treatment he received in prison while serving time for burglaries and assaults.
King Alfonso XIII boarded a ship at Cartagena before dawn and fled Spain, although he did not officially abdicate. That night, provisional president Niceto Alcalá-Zamora stepped onto the balcony of the interior ministry building in Madrid and proclaimed the Second Spanish Republic to a cheering crowd of thousands.
Francesc Macià proclaimed a Catalan Republic.
The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Chicago Black Hawks 2-0 to win the Stanley Cup, three games to two.
Wakatsuki Reijirō became the new Prime Minister of Japan.
Berlin police Vice President Bernhard Weiß won a defamation lawsuit against Joseph Goebbels, who was ordered to pay 1500 Reichsmarks.
Died: Richard Armstedt, 79, German historian
Queen Victoria Eugenie and her family boarded a train and departed Spain to join Alfonso in exile. Even when passing through staunchly republican areas, large crowds of people cheered and applauded the procession.
Ernie Lombardi made his major league baseball debut with the Brooklyn Robins, going 2-for-2.
Born: Helen Maksagak, politician, in Bernard Harbour, Northwest Territories, Canada (d. 2009)
Died: Joe Masseria, 45, Sicilian-born American Mafia boss (assassinated)
Exiled Spanish king Alfonso was mobbed by thousands of admirers upon his arrival in Paris to reunite with his family.
Serenade for Chamber Orchestra by Bohuslav Martinů was first performed in Paris.
Born: John Littlejohn, blues guitarist, in Lake, Mississippi (d. 1994)
Alfonso released a statement saying he was still the king of Spain and expressing confidence that upcoming elections would return him to power.
The Catalan Republic was called off after talks with the provisional Spanish government.
The Earl of Willingdon became the Viceroy of India.
Arsenal F.C. won its first Football League title.
Louis Chiron won the Monaco Grand Prix.
Born: Fred Brooks, computer scientist, in Durham, North Carolina
The British House of Commons passed a bill allowing movie theatres and other places of amusement to open on Sundays.
The German Supreme Court shortened the ban duration of the weekly newspaper of the Stahlhelm to May 1.
James P. Henigan won the Boston Marathon.
Died: Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon, 5th Baronet, 68, British baronet and Titanic survivor
Great Britain and its Dominions extended diplomatic recognition to the Second Spanish Republic as Alfonso arrived in London.
Germany recognized the Second Spanish Republic.
German serial killer Peter Kürten was sentenced to death.
Born: John Buchanan, politician, in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
Died: Isabella, Princess of Asturias, 79
The provisional Spanish government called for general elections on June 21.
The crime film The Public Enemy, featuring James Cagney in the role that made him a star, was released.
New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt vetoed a state bill which would have allowed physicians to prescribe medicinal liquor, explaining he was not unsympathetic to its purpose but that the bill was unworkable in its present form due its many "complicated and extravagant provisions".
Born: Bridget Riley, op artist, in West Norwood, London, England
West Bromwich Albion defeated Birmingham 2-1 in the FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium.
The Porsche automobile company was founded in Stuttgart.
Mount Diablo State Park was dedicated in northern California.
Born: Paul Almond, television and film screenwriter, director and producer, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (d. 2015)
Died: George Herbert Mead, 68, American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist
The Zangezur earthquake occurred along the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, killing almost 3,000.
On Budget Day in the United Kingdom, Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Snowden introduced a land value tax and an increase in the gasoline tax. The budget still projected a deficit of £37.4 million.
Gangster Legs Diamond was shot in the head while dining in a roadside inn near Cairo, New York, but survived.
Born: Igor Oistrakh, violinist, in Odessa, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
An oil well in Gladewater, Texas exploded, killing 14.
At least 41 were killed when a fire broke out on the Cairo–Alexandria express train.
Wes Ferrell of the Cleveland Indians pitched a 9-0 no-hitter against the St. Louis Browns.
Born: Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter, in Berlin; Lonnie Donegan, musician, in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2002)
About 50 workmen were killed when 1,000 tons of airplane bombs exploded in a naval laboratory near Niterói, Brazil.
Died: Sammy Woods, 64, Australian-born English sportsman
April 1931 Wikipedia
The following events occurred in April 1931:
- April 1, 1931 (Wednesday)
- April 2, 1931 (Thursday)
- April 3, 1931 (Friday)
- April 4, 1931 (Saturday)
- April 5, 1931 (Sunday)
- April 6, 1931 (Monday)
- April 7, 1931 (Tuesday)
- April 8, 1931 (Wednesday)
- April 9, 1931 (Thursday)
- April 10, 1931 (Friday)
- April 11, 1931 (Saturday)
- April 12, 1931 (Sunday)
- April 13, 1931 (Monday)
- April 14, 1931 (Tuesday)
- April 15, 1931 (Wednesday)
- April 16, 1931 (Thursday)
- April 17, 1931 (Friday)
- April 18, 1931 (Saturday)
- April 19, 1931 (Sunday)
- April 20, 1931 (Monday)
- April 21, 1931 (Tuesday)
- April 22, 1931 (Wednesday)
- April 23, 1931 (Thursday)
- April 24, 1931 (Friday)
- April 25, 1931 (Saturday)
- April 26, 1931 (Sunday)
- April 27, 1931 (Monday)
- April 28, 1931 (Tuesday)
- April 29, 1931 (Wednesday)
- April 30, 1931 (Thursday)