Samiksha Jaiswal

1625

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1625

1625 (MDCXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Julian calendar, the 1625th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 625th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1620s decade. As of the start of 1625, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

January–June

  • January 17 – Led by the Duke of Soubise, the Huguenots launch a second rebellion against king Louis XIII with a surprise naval assault on a French fleet being prepared in Blavet.
  • February – Huguenot forces under the Duke of Soubise capture the Island of Ré.
  • March 25 – Battle of Martqopi is Safavid defeat in Georgia.
  • March 27 – Charles Stuart (Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland) succeeds James I of England.
  • April 4 – Frederick Henry of Nassau marries Amalia, Countess von Solms-Braunfels.
  • April 7 – Albrecht von Wallenstein is appointed German supreme commander.
  • April 23 – Stadtholder Maurice of Nassau of the Dutch Republic dies and is succeeded by his younger brother, Frederick Henry.
  • May 1 – A Portuguese-Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador, Bahia (Bahia) from the Dutch.
  • May 15–May 16 – Rebellious farmers are hanged in Vocklamarkt, Upper Austria.
  • June 2 – Prince Frederick Henry is sworn in as the stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland.
  • June 5 – Eighty Years' War: Spanish troops under Ambrogio Spinola conquer Breda after a yearlong siege.
  • June 13 – King Charles I of England marries Henrietta Maria, Princess of France and Navarre.
  • June 18 – The English Parliament refuses to vote Charles I the right to collect customs duties for his entire reign, restricting him to one year instead.
  • July–December

  • July – First attack from barbary pirates in south-western England.
  • August 6 – Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz is appointed as stadtholder of Groningen.
  • August 16 – Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz is appointed stadtholder of Drenthe.
  • September 13 – A total of 16 rabbis (including Isaiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem.
  • September 15 – After several skirmishes in the preceding days, troops under the Marquis of Toiras successfully recapture the island of Ré, forcing the Duke of Soubise to flee to England and ending the second Huguenot rebellion.
  • September 24 – A Dutch fleet attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • October 8 – Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth, England to Cadiz.
  • October 25 – A Dutch fleet attacks the Portuguese garrison at Elmina castle at present-day Elmina, Ghana, but is defeated with heavy casualties. This defeat, along with the defeats at Bahia and Puerto Rico caused a 5-year-long lull in Dutch attacks on Spanish and Portuguese colonies.
  • November 1–November 7 – George Villiers' fleet is defeated at Cadiz by the Spanish.
  • December 9 – Thirty Years' War: The Netherlands and England sign the Treaty of The Hague, a military peace treaty for providing economical aid to king Christian IV of Denmark during his military campaigns in Germany.
  • Date unknown

  • William Oughtred invents the slide rule.
  • James Ussher becomes Archbishop of Armagh.
  • The Dutch settle Manhattan, founding the town of New Amsterdam. The town would transform into a piece of what is now New York City.
  • The capital of Madagascar, Antananarivo, is founded by King Andrianjaka.
  • The First Savoine War is fought between the Republic of Genoa and the Duchy of Savoy.
  • England: a very high tide occurs, described as being the highest ever known in the Thames, and the sea walls in Kent, Essex, and Lincolnshire are overthrown, and great desolation caused to the lands near the sea.
  • The first members of the Society of Jesus move to Quebec, Canada.
  • January–March

  • January 29 – Thieleman J. van Braght, Anabaptist author (d. 1664)
  • February 1 – Leopold Louis, Count Palatine of Veldenz, German noble (d. 1694)
  • February 9 – Jobst Herman, Count of Lippe, Sternberg and Schwalenberg (d. 1678)
  • February 14 – Countess Palatine Maria Eufrosyne of Zweibrücken, Swedish princess (d. 1687)
  • February 21 – Joan Huydecoper II, Dutch mayor (d. 1704)
  • March 1 – William Gregory, English politician and judge (d. 1696)
  • March 14 – Daniel Gittard, French architect (d. 1686)
  • March 25
  • Ann, Lady Fanshawe, English memoirist (d. 1680)
  • John Collins, English mathematician (d. 1683)
  • April–June

  • April 4 – Sir John Drake, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament of England (d. 1669)
  • April 5 – Domenico Maria Canuti, Italian painter of the Baroque period (d. 1684)
  • April 18 – Sir John Baber, English physician to Charles II (d. 1704)
  • April 25 – John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg (1665–1679) (d. 1679)
  • May 9 – George Pitt, English politician (d. 1694)
  • May 11 – Elisabeth Marie, Duchess of Oels, Regent of Oels (1664–1672) (d. 1686)
  • May 13 – Carlo Maratta, Italian painter (d. 1713)
  • May 23 – John Louis, Count of Nassau-Ottweiler (d. 1690)
  • May 25
  • John Davies, Welsh translator and writer (d. 1693)
  • Gaspar Téllez-Girón, 5th Duke de Osuna, Spanish duke (d. 1694)
  • June 8 – Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian astronomer and engineer (d. 1712)
  • June 10 – János Apáczai Csere, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1659)
  • June 16 – Samuel Chappuzeau, French scholar (d. 1701)
  • June 17 – Peder Hansen Resen, Danish historian (d. 1688)
  • June 22 – Henry Cromwell-Williams, English politician (d. 1673)
  • June 23 – John Fell, English churchman and influential academic (d. 1686)
  • July–September

  • July 9 – Sarah Rapelje, first white European Christian female born in New Netherland (d. 1685)
  • July 10 – Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
  • July 27 – Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (d. 1672)
  • July 30 – Philippe François, 1st Duke of Arenberg (d. 1674)
  • August 9 – Hans Rosing, Bishop (d. 1699)
  • August 10
  • Johann Deutschmann, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1706)
  • Augustine Reding, Swiss abbot and theologian (d. 1692)
  • August 13 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and scientist (d. 1698)
  • August 14 – François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris (d. 1695)
  • August 20 – Thomas Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1709)
  • August 21 – John Claypole, English politician (d. 1688)
  • September 2 – Federico Baldeschi Colonna, Italian Catholic Cardinal (d. 1691)
  • September 4 – Johan van Rensselaer, Dutch noble (d. 1662)
  • September 5 – Charles II Otto, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1669–1671) (d. 1671)
  • September 7 – Henry Frederick, Count of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1628–1699) (d. 1699)
  • September 8 – William Bond, first Speaker of the Massachusetts Province House of Representatives (d. 1695)
  • September 13 – Thomas Reynell, English politician (d. 1698)
  • September 16 – Gregorio Barbarigo, Roman Catholic saint (d. 1697)
  • September 23 – Ferdinand Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Baden, Father of Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1669)
  • September 24 – Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)
  • October–December

  • October 2 – Vere Essex Cromwell, 4th Earl of Ardglass, English noble (d. 1687)
  • October 4 – Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy and sister of Blaise Pascal (d. 1661)
  • October 5 – Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern (d. 1663)
  • October 6 – Francis Small, trader and landowner residing primarily in Kittery (d. 1714)
  • October 9 – Jacques Henri de Durfort de Duras, French noble (d. 1704)
  • October 10 – Erik Dahlbergh, Swedish engineer, soldier and field marshal (d. 1703)
  • October 19 – Pierre Nicole (d. 1695)
  • October 23 – Charles Cheyne, 1st Viscount Newhaven, Member Parliament of England (d. 1698)
  • October 26 – Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian noble (d. 1680)
  • October 31 – Christen Jensen Lodberg, Danish bishop (d. 1693)
  • November 1 – Oliver Plunkett, Irish archbishop, martyr and saint (d. 1681)
  • November 7 – Henri II, Duke of Nemours, seventh Duc de Nemours (1652–59) (d. 1659)
  • November 8 – Mary Rich, Countess of Warwick, seventh daughter of Richard Boyle (d. 1678)
  • November 12 – Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet, Irish politician (d. 1684)
  • November 13 – William Christoph, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, German Landgrave (d. 1681)
  • November 20
  • Tønne Huitfeldt, Norwegian landowner and military officer (d. 1677)
  • Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
  • November 30 – Jean Domat, French jurist (d. 1696)
  • December 8 – Margaret Mostyn (d. 1679)
  • December 10 – Melchior Barthel, German sculptor (d. 1672)
  • December 14 – Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
  • December 16 – Erhard Weigel, Mathematician, astronomer and philosopher (d. 1699)
  • December 20
  • Tamás Esterházy, Hungarian noble from (d. 1652)
  • David Gregory, Scottish physician and inventor (d. 1720)
  • December 24 – Johann Rudolph Ahle, Composer and organist (d. 1673)
  • date unknown – Margareta Beijer, director of the Swedish royal post office (d. 1675)
  • January–March

  • January 5 – Simon Marius, German astronomer (b. 1573)
  • January 7 – Ruggiero Giovannelli, Italian composer (b. c. 1560)
  • January 17 – Maria Dolgorukova (b. c. 1601)
  • January 18 – John Pakington, English noble (b. 1549)
  • January 23 – John III of Rietberg, Count of Rietberg (b. 1566)
  • January 27 – Adrianus Valerius, Dutch National Anthem writer (b. c. 1575)
  • January 29 – Jacob Gretser, German Jesuit writer (b. 1562)
  • February 6 – Philipp Julius, Duke of Pomerania (b. 1584)
  • February 19 – Arthur Chichester, 1st Baron Chichester, English peer (b. 1563)
  • February 26
  • Anna Vasa of Sweden, Polish and Swedish princess (b. 1568)
  • Jeremiah of Wallachia, Romanian-born Capuchin lay brother who spent his entire adult life serving as an infirmarian of the Order in Italy (b. 1556)
  • March 2 – James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton (b. 1589)
  • March 7
  • Johann Bayer, German lawyer and uranographer (celestial cartographer) (b. 1572)
  • Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1603–1625) (b. 1583)
  • March 25 – Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (b. 1569)
  • March 27 – King James I of England and Ireland/James VI of Scotland (b. 1566)
  • March 29 – Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
  • April–June

  • April 5 – Andres de Soto, Franciscan preacher and spiritual writer (b. 1552)
  • April 7 – Adriaan van den Spiegel, Flemish physician, anatomist (b. 1578)
  • April 10 – Michael de Sanctis (b. 1591)
  • April 15 – Thomas Field, Irish Jesuit (b. 1546)
  • April 16 – Nicholas Assheton, Country squire/writer (b. 1590)
  • April 23
  • Maurice, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)
  • Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)
  • Juan de las Roelas, Spanish artist (b. 1558)
  • April 27 – Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
  • April 30
  • Marco Passionei, Italian Roman Catholic and a member of the Order of Friars Minor (b. 1560)
  • Lawrence Tanfield, British politician (b. 1551)
  • May 7 – John Garrard, Lord Mayor of London, 1601 to 1602 (b. 1550)
  • May 25 – William Barlow, British scientist (b. 1603)
  • June 1 – Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
  • June 5 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer and organist (b. 1583)
  • July–September

  • July 1 – Teimuraz I, Prince of Mukhrani, Georgian prince (b. 1572)
  • July 19 – Samuel Besler, Polish composer (b. 1574)
  • July 26 – Johannes Piscator, German theologian (b. 1546)
  • August – John Fletcher, English writer (b. 1579)
  • August 3 – Ludovico Bertonio, Italian missionary (b. 1552)
  • August 14 – Hans Rottenhammer, German artist (b. 1564)
  • August 15 – Mary Cholmondeley, medieval lady, litigant over her inheritance (b. 1563)
  • August 18 – Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche, English diplomat (b. 1556)
  • August 19 – Enno III, Count of East Frisia, Count of Ostfriesland from 1599 to 1625 from the Cirksena family (b. 1563)
  • August 30 – Duchess Anna of Prussia, daughter of Albert Frederick (b. 1576)
  • September 4 – Thomas Smythe, English diplomat (b. 1558)
  • September 11 – Charles Montagu, English politician (b. 1564)
  • September 14
  • Pieter Isaacsz, Dutch painter (b. 1569)
  • Edward Mayhew, English priest (b. 1569)
  • September 19 – Eitel Frederick von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Catholic cardinal (b. 1582)
  • September 20 – Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (b. 1555)
  • September 26
  • Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • Edward Stafford, 4th Baron Stafford, English Baron (b. 1572)
  • October–December

  • October 1 – César Oudin, French translator (b. 1560)
  • October 6 – Anthony Irby, English politician (b. 1547)
  • October 22 – Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (b. 1561)
  • October 24
  • Duke Friedrich of Saxe-Altenburg, Third son of Duke Friedrich Wilhelm I of Saxe-Weimar (b. 1599)
  • Abraham Scultetus, German theologian (b. 1566)
  • October 25 – Hans Michael Elias von Obentraut, Palatinate cavalry general in the Thirty Years' War (b. 1574)
  • November 3 – Adam Gumpelzhaimer, German composer (b. 1559)
  • November 16 – Sofonisba Anguissola (b. c. 1532)
  • November 19 – Johann Reinhard I, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (b. 1569)
  • December 8 – Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen Consort of Sweden as consort of king Charles IX of Sweden (b. 1573)
  • December 9 – Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
  • December 16 – Elizabeth of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Gütsrow (b. 1596)
  • December 27 – Charles Baillie, Papal agent (b. 1542)
  • Date unknown

  • Robert Cushman, English Plymouth Colony settler (b. 1577)
  • Willem Schouten Dutch navigator, died at sea (b. 1567?)
  • References

    1625 Wikipedia


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