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Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg Ansbach

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Name  Joachim Margrave

Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Born  22 June 1583 Colln an der Spree (1583-06-22)
Father  John George, Elector of Brandenburg
Mother  Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
Role  Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Died  March 7, 1625, Ansbach, Germany
Spouse  Sophie of Solms-Laubach (m. 1612–1625)
Children  Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Frederick III, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Parents  John George, Elector of Brandenburg, Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst
Grandchildren  Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Grandparents  Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt, Magdalena of Saxony

Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (22 June 1583, Cölln an der Spree – 7 March 1625, Ansbach) was a German nobleman. He ruled as margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from 1603 to 1625, succeeding his cousin George Frederick and succeeded by his son Frederick III.

Contents

Youth

Joachim Ernst was the son of the elector John George of Brandenburg and his third wife, Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst. He took over in 1603, the government of the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach, after the old line of Franconian Hohenzollerns died out with the death of George Fredrick the Elder of the Ansbach-Jägerndorf branch. Joachim Ernst founded the younger branch of Ansbach line of the Franconian Hohenzollerns.

Succession rules

His predecessor, George Frederick had settled the succession of his two Franconian possessions (Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Kulmbach) in the House Treaty of Gera of 1598. In accordance with the provisions of this treaty, Margrave Joachim Ernst ruled Brandenburg-Ansbach and his brother Christian ruled neighboring Brandenburg-Kulmbach (Christian later moved his capital to Bayreuth, thereby changing its name to Brandenburg-Bayreuth).

Protestant Union

In the religious conflicts of the early 17th Century, Joachim Ernst tended to be in the Protestant-Calvinist camp and he also supported the Dutch struggle for independence. He took an active part in bringing about the Protestant Alliance of the Protestant Union, which was founded in 1608 on his territory, in the secularized monastery at Auhausen, near Nördlingen. The Union was, however, dissolved again in 1621, after the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War, in view of the military superiority of the imperial camp. After the dissolution of the Union, Joachim Ernst was held responsible for the outbreak of war by his Catholic opponents and he then completely distanced himself from his former allies.

Marriage and issue

In 1612, he married Sophie of Solms-Laubach (1594–1651). They had five children:

  • Sophie (1614–1646)
  • married in 1641 Margrave Erdmann August of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1615–1651)
  • Frederick III (1616–1634), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
  • Albert (1617)
  • Albert II (1620–1667), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
  • married firstly in 1642 Princess Henriette Louise of Württemberg-Mömpelgard (1623–1650) married secondtly in 1651 Countess Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen (1634–1664) married thirdly in 1665 Princess Christine of Baden-Durlach (1645–1705)
  • Christian (1623–1633)
  • References

    Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach Wikipedia


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