Matsumoto is located in former Shinano Province and was the provincial capital from the Heian period onwards. The area developed as the castle town of Matsumoto Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period. Modern Matsumoto Town was established with the creation of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was raised to city status on May 1, 1907.
On February 1, 1925 Matsumoto absorbed the village of Matsumoto (from Higashichikuma District).
The city expanded further by annexing the Kanda hamlet of the village of Nakayama from Higashichikuma District on April 1, 1943, the villages of Nakayama, Shimadachi and Shimauchi (all from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 1954, the villages of Wada, Niimura, Kanbayashi, Sasaga, Yoshikawa, Kotobuki, Okada, Iriyamabe, Satoyamabe and Imai (all from Higashichikuma District) on August 1, 1954 and Kitauchida ward (excluding the Gakenoyu hamlet from the Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka, from Higashichikuma District) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1960. This was followed by the Gakenoyu hamlet of Minamiuchida ward of the village of Kataoka (from Higashichikuma District) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1961, the village of Hongo (from Higashichikuma District) on May 1, 1974 and parts of Seba hamlet (the hamlet of Kukohigashi) from the city of Shiojiri on April 1, 1982.
Between the days of June 27 and June 28, 1994 - The Matsumoto Incident sarin gas attack occurred.
Matsumoto was proclaimed a Special City with increased local autonomy on November 1, 2000. Matsumoto annexed the villages of Azumi, Azusagawa and Nagawa (all from Minamiazumi District), and the village of Shiga (from Higashichikuma District) on April 1, 2005. This was followed by the town of Hata (from Higashichikuma District) on March 31, 2010.
Matsumoto is located in the Matsumoto Basin of central Nagano Prefecture surrounded by mountains and is acclaimed for its beautiful views. It is approximately 75 kilometers south of the prefectural capital at Nagano City, and 124 kilometers from central Tokyo. The 3000 meter Hida Mountains are to the west of the city.Nagano Prefecture
Matsumoto has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) bordering on a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) with hot summers and cold winters. Precipitation is quite high in summer, but the weather is somewhat drier in winter.Shinshu University
Matsusho Gakuen Junior College
Matsumoto Junior College
Matsumoto has 29 public elementary schools operated by the city government, one operated by the national government and one private elementary school. The city also manages 19 public middle schools, with one more middle school shared between Matsumoto and neighbouring Asahi. There is one public middle school operated by the national government and one private middle school. The city has seven public high schools operated by the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education and six private high schools. The city also has a North Korean school, Nagano Korean Elementary and Junior High School (長野朝鮮初中級学校).Matsumoto Airport
JR East – Shinonoi Line
Murai - Hirata - Minami-Matsumoto - Matsumoto
JR East – Ōito Line
Matsumoto - Kita-Matsumoto - Shimauchi - Shimatakamatsu
Alpico Kōtsū - Kamikōchi Line
Matsumoto - Nishi-Matsumoto - Nagisa - Shinano-Arai - Ōniwa - Shimonii - Kitanii-Matsumotodaigakumae - Niimura - Samizo - Moriguchi - Shimojima - Hata - Endō - Shin-Shimashima
Japan National Route 19
Japan National Route 143
Japan National Route 147
Japan National Route 158
Japan National Route 254
Japan National Route 403
Matsumoto is attractive to travellers not only because of the traditional culture but also its calm climate and local products. Matsumoto soba is famous for its delicate taste Local attractions include:Matsumoto Castle, built more than 400 years ago. It is a Japanese National Treasure
Kaichi School Museum, Meiji period building housing the first middle school in Japan
Saito Kinen Festival Matsumoto, held every August by conductor Seiji Ozawa and featuring the Saito Kinen Orchestra
Kamikōchi mountain area
Matsumoto is represented in the J. League of football with its local club, Matsumoto Yamaga FC based at the Alwin Stadium in Kambayashi.
It was one of the host cities of the official Women's Volleyball World Championship for its 1998 and 2010 editions.