Nisha Rathode (Editor)

Lower Austria

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Sankt Polten

19,186 km2


Lower Austria Beautiful Landscapes of Lower Austria

Colleges and Universities
Danube University Krems

Sankt Polten, Wiener Neustadt, Krems an der Donau, Baden bei Wien, Tulln an der Donau

Points of interest
Melk Abbey, Klosterneuburg Monastery, Gottweig Abbey, Essl Museum, Heiligenkreuz Abbey

Map of Lower Austria

Lower Austria (German: Niederösterreich, [ˈniːdɐˌʔøːstɐʀaɪ̯ç]; Czech: Dolní Rakousy; Slovak: Dolné Rakúsko) is the northeasternmost state of the nine states in Austria. The capital of Lower Austria since 1986 is Sankt Pölten, the most recently designated capital town in Austria. The capital of Lower Austria had formerly been Vienna, even though Vienna has not officially been part of Lower Austria since 1921. With a land area of 19,186 km2 (7,408 sq mi) and a population of 1.612 million people, it is the largest state in Austria, and in terms of population second only to the federal state of Vienna.


Lower Austria in the past, History of Lower Austria

Lower austria niederosterreich


Lower Austria Wikipedia

Situated east of Upper Austria, Lower Austria derives its name from its downriver location on the Danube River, which flows from west to east. Lower Austria has an international border, 414 km (257 mi) long, with the Czech Republic (mainly South Moravia) and Slovakia. The state has the second longest external border of all Austrian states. It also borders the other Austrian states of Upper Austria, Styria and Burgenland as well as surrounding Vienna.

Lower Austria Wikipedia

Lower Austria is divided into four regions, known as Viertel (quarters):


  • Weinviertel or Tertiary Lowland (below the Manhartsberg)
  • Waldviertel or Bohemian Plateau (above the Manhartsberg)
  • Mostviertel (above the Vienna Woods)
  • Industrieviertel (below the Vienna Woods).
  • These regions have different geographical structures. Whilst the Mostviertel is dominated by the foothills of the Limestone Alps with mountains up to 2,000 m (AA) high, most of the Waldviertel is a granite plateau. The hilly Weinviertel lies to the northeast, descends to the plains of Marchfeld in the east of the state, and is separated by the Danube from the Vienna Basin to the south, which in turn is separated from the Vienna Woods by a line of thermal springs (the Thermenlinie) running north to south.


  • Scheiblingstein (2,197 m)
  • Schneeberg (Klosterwappen; 2,076 m)
  • Rax (Scheibwaldhöhe; 1,943 m; highest summit: Heukuppe; 2,007 m – Styria)
  • Ötscher (1,893 m)
  • Dürrenstein (1,878 m)
  • Schneealpe (Ameisbühel; 1,828 m; highest summit: Windberg; 1,903 m – Styria)
  • Hochkar (1,808 m)
  • Gamsstein (1,774 m)
  • Stumpfmauer (1,770 m)
  • Göller (1,766 m)
  • Hochwechsel (1,743 m)
  • Gippel (1,669 m)
  • Großer Sonnleitstein (1,639 m)
  • Großer Zellerhut (1,639 m)
  • Gemeindealpe (1,626 m)
  • Drahtekogel (1,565 m)
  • Sonnwendstein (1,523 m)
  • Obersberg (1,467 m)
  • Königsberg (1,452 m)
  • Großer Sulzberg (1,400 m)
  • Reisalpe (1,399 m)
  • Gahns (1,380 m)
  • Tirolerkogel (1,377 m)
  • Türnitzer Höger (1,372 m)
  • Unterberg (1,342 m)
  • Traisenberg (1,230 m)
  • Dürre Wand (1,222 m)
  • Hohenstein (1,195 m)
  • Eisenstein (1,185 m)
  • Hohe Wand (1,132 m)
  • Großer Peilstein (1,061 m)
  • Weinsberg (1,041 m)
  • Hocheck (1,036 m)
  • Nebelstein (1,017 m)
  • Eibl (1,007 m)
  • Hohe Mandling (967 m)
  • Jauerling (961 m)
  • Anninger (675 m)
  • Buschberg (491 m)
  • Other mountains in Lower Austria may be found at Category:Mountains of Lower Austria.

    Alpine passes

  • Semmering (985 m)
  • Wechsel (980 m)
  • The state border with Styria runs over both passes.


    Almost all of Lower Austria is drained by the Danube. The only river that flows into the North Sea (via the Moldau and the Elbe) is the Lainsitz in northern Waldviertel.

    The most important rivers north of the Danube (on its left bank) are the Ysper, Kamp, Krems, Lainsitz, March and Thaya. South of the Danube (on its right bank) are the Enns, Ybbs, Erlauf, Melk, Pielach, Traisen, Schwechat, Fischa, Schwarza, Triesting, Pitten and the Leitha.


  • Ottenstein Reservoir (4.3 km2)
  • Lunzer See (0.69 km2)
  • Erlaufsee (0.56 km2, of which about half lies in Lower Austria)
  • Erlauf Reservoir
  • Wienerwaldsee (0.32 km2)
  • Caves

    Lower Austria is rich in natural caves; in all 4,082 have been recorded. Most of the caves have formed in limestone and dolomite rocks and are therefore called karst caves. Cavities also form in the marble of the Central Alps and the Bohemian Massif. Among the largest caves in Lower Austria are:

  • Ötscherhöhlensystem (Ötscher): 27,003 m long; union of the Taubenloch and Geldloch
  • Pfannloch (Ötscher): 5,287 m long
  • Lechnerweidhöhle (Dürrenstein): 5,252 m long
  • Trockenes Loch (Schwarzenbach an der Pielach): 4,510 m long
  • Hermannshöhle (Kirchberg am Wechsel): 4,430 m long
  • Eisensteinhöhle (Bad Fischau): 2,341 m long
  • The last two are open as show caves, along with the Allander stalactite cave, the Unicorn Cave, the Hochkarschacht, the Nixhöhle and the Ötschertropfsteinhöhle.


    The history of Lower Austria is very similar to the history of Austria. Many castles are located in Lower Austria. Klosterneuburg Abbey, located here, is one of the oldest abbeys in Austria. Before World War II, Lower Austria had the largest number of Jews in Austria.

    Administrative divisions

    Lower Austria is divided into four regions: Waldviertel, Mostviertel, Industrieviertel, and Weinviertel. The Wachau valley, situated between Melk and Krems in the Mostviertel region, is famous for its landscape, culture, and wine.

    Administratively, the state is divided into 20 districts (Bezirke), and four independent towns (Statutarstädte). In total, there are 573 municipalities within Lower Austria.

    Independent towns

  • Krems an der Donau
  • Sankt Pölten
  • Waidhofen an der Ybbs
  • Wiener Neustadt
  • Districts

  • Amstetten
  • Baden
  • Bruck an der Leitha
  • Gänserndorf
  • Gmünd
  • Hollabrunn
  • Horn
  • Korneuburg
  • Krems-Land
  • Lilienfeld
  • Melk
  • Mistelbach
  • Mödling
  • Neunkirchen
  • Sankt Pölten-Land
  • Scheibbs
  • Tulln an der Donau
  • Waidhofen an der Thaya
  • Wiener Neustadt-Land
  • Zwettl
  • References

    Lower Austria Wikipedia