Reinhard Resch (SPO)
| 51.61 km2 |
23,898 (Apr 1, 2009)
| Danube University Krems, IMC University of Applied Sciences Krems, Danube Private University|
Statutory city (Austria)
Krems an der Donau Wikipedia
Krems an der Donau [kʀɛms an dɐ ˈdoːnaʊ̯] is a town of 23,992 inhabitants in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. It is the fifth-largest city of Lower Austria and is approximately 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of Vienna. Krems is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt), and therefore it is both a municipality and a district.
Krems is located at the confluence of the Krems and Danube Rivers at the eastern end of Wachau valley, in the southern Waldviertel.
Krems borders the following municipalities: Stratzing, Langenlois, Rohrendorf bei Krems, Gedersdorf, Traismauer, Nußdorf ob der Traisen, Paudorf, Furth bei Göttweig, Mautern an der Donau, Dürnstein, and Senftenberg.
Krems was first mentioned in 995 in a certificate of Otto III, but settlement was apparent even before then. For example, a child's grave, over 27,000 years old, was found here. This is the oldest grave found in Austria.
During the 11th and 12th centuries, Chremis, as it was then called, was almost as large as Vienna.
Krems is the primary producer of Marillenschnaps, an apricot brandy.
Krems is the hometown of Martin Johann Schmidt, called "Kremserschmidt", the leading painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Austrian late Baroque.Innenstadt (Inner City)
Krems-Süd (South Krems)
The population (with principal residence status) in the agglomeration was about 50,000 at the end of 2010.Bürgerspitalkirche
Pfarrkirche St. Veit
Steiner Tor: The gate, erected in 1480, is the second remaining medieval gate
Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus
The city's main railway station is a junction of the Franz-Josefs Railway to Vienna, the Kremser Railway to St. Pölten, the Donauufer Railway to Spitz and the regional railway to Horn. It is at the intersection of the Stockerauer Speedway S5 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Danube Road B3, the Retzer Road B35, the Kremser Road B37 and the Langenloiser Road B218. Krems is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between Sankt Pölten and the different regions of Lower Austria.
Main RoadsStockerauer Schnellstraße (S5) from Krems to Vienna
Kremser Schnellstraße (S33) from Krems to St. Pölten
Donau Straße (B3) from Krems to Linz
Aggsteiner Straße (B33) from Krems to Melk
Aggsteiner Straße (B33a) from Krems to Mautern an der Donau
Retzer Straße (B35) from Krems to Retz
Kremser Straße (B37) from Krems to Rastenfeld
Kremser Straße (B37a) from Krems to Traismauer
Langenloiser Straße (B218) from Krems to Langenlois
RailroadFranz-Josefs-Bahn from Krems to Vienna
Kremser Bahn from Krems to St. Pölten
Donauuferbahn from Krems to Spitz
Kamptalbahn from Krems to Sigmundsherberg
Air trafficGneixendorf airfield is a small general aviation airport.
A network of four bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a tourist train connects the ancient parts of the city with museums, the central railway station and the passenger ship terminal of Krems.
The municipal council consists of 40 members and since the municipal elections in 2012 it consists of the following parties:16 Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) – the mayor and the first vice mayor
15 Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) – the second vice mayor
3 Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ)
2 Austrian Green Party
Municipal elections in Krems were held in October 2012.
The city's senate consists of 10 members:SPÖ: 5 members
ÖVP: 4 members
FPÖ: 1 members
Bundesgymnasium Rechte Kremszeile
Bundesreal- and Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium (BORG) Krems Heinemannstraße
Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstraße
Danube Private University
Danube University Krems
Folk high school
IMC Fachhochschule Krems(University of Applied Sciences)
Karl Landsteiner Privatuniversität für Gesundheitswissenschaften
Oberstufenrealgymnasium Englische Fräulein
School of education
Justizanstalt Stein is a prison housing some of Austria's worst offenders.
Swimming is available at Kremser Strandbad (indoor swimming pool) and outdoor.Football Club – Kremser SC
Ice Hockey – KEV Eagles
Rugby Club Krems
Team handball – Union Handballklub Krems
Union Badminton Krems
Matthias Abele (1616–1677), town clerk and writer of the 17th century.
Josef Bayer (1882–1931), director of Natural History Museum in Vienna, one of the discoverers of the Venus of Willendorf
Josef Maria Eder (1855–1944), photochemist and pioneer of Picture
Julius Ernest Wilhelm Fučík (1872–1916) composer and conductor; 1891-1894 military musician in Krems (1st Commitment)
Wilhelm Gause (1853–1916), painter
Gregor Hradetzky, (1909–1984), canoeist and organ builder
Wolfgang Kummer (1935–2007), physicist
Maria Anna Laager (1788–1866), mother of the composer and pianist Franz Liszt
Ulrike Lunacek (born 1957), journalist and politician
Margaret of Babenberg (1204–1266), Queen of Bohemia and Duchess of Austria wife of Heinrich (HRR) (VII.) and Premysl Otakar II, lived in Krems;
Jakob Oswald of Mayreck (1669–1745), businessman and mayor, in which he has set up house lived Kochel
Josef Meller (1874–1963), university professor of ophthalmology
Eduard Melly (born 1814), numismatist
Wilhelm Miklas (1872–1956), politician (CS) and the third President of the 1st Republic
Vinzenz Eduard Milde (1777–1853), Dean of Krems and Archbishop of Vienna, pastor of Krems and head of the philosophical educational institution
Peter B. Neubauer (1913–2008), child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst
Johann Nordmann (1820–1887), journalist and poet
Rudolf Redlinghofer (1900–1940), Nazi victims, was beheaded on January 11, 1940 in Berlin-Plötzensee
Ludwig Ritter von Köchel (1800–1877), musicologist, writer and composer
Johann Georg Schmidt (Wiener Schmidt) (1685–1748), painter, died in Krems;
Martin Johann Schmidt (1718–1801), called "Kremser Schmidt", the most outstanding painters of the Austrian Rococo
Franz Schneider (1812–1897), physician and chemist
Marko Stankovic, (born 1986), football player
Michael Wutky (1739–1822), painter
Krems is twinned with the following cities: Ribe, Denmark, since 1971
Böblingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, since 1971
Beaune, Côte-d'Or, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France, since 1973
Passau, Bavaria, Germany, since 1974
Kroměříž, Czech Republic, since 1994
Grapevine, Texas, United States, since 1999