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Jayakanthan

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Name  D. Jayakanthan
Language  Tamil
Nationality  Indian

Role  Writer
Died  April 8, 2015, Chennai
Jayakanthan in 2012
Born  24 April 1934Cuddalore, South Arcot District, Madras Presidency, British India (1934-04-24)
Occupation  Novelist, short story writer, screenplay writer, film director
Movies  Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal, Unnaipol Oruvan, Oru Nadigai Natakam Parkiral
Awards  Jnanpith Award, Padma Bhushan, National Film Award for Third Best Feature Film
Notable awards  Padma Bhushan, Jnanpith Award, Sahitya Akademi Award, Order of Friendship
Similar People  Lakshmi, B Lenin, A Bhimsingh, Mohanlal, Kamal Haasan

Sivakumar recollects writer jayakanthan s story actor sivakumar actress lakshmi redpix 24x7


Jayakanthan (24 April 1934 – 8 April 2015), popularly known as JK, was an Indian writer, journalist, orator, film-maker, critic and activist. Born in Cuddalore, he dropped out of school at an early age and went to Madras, where he joined the Communist Party of India. In a career spanning six decades, he authored around 40 novels, 200 short stories, apart from two autobiographies. Outside literature, he made two films. In addition, four of his other novels were adapted into films by others.

Contents

Jayakanthan Veteran Tamil writer Jayakanthan passes away Latest News

Jayakanthan's literary honours include Jnanpith and Sahitya Akademi awards. He was also a recipient of Padma Bhushan (2009), India's third-highest civilian honour, the Soviet Land Nehru Award (1978), and the Russian government's Order of Friendship (2011).

Know about Jayakanthan on his birth anniversary (24/04/2016)


Biography

Jayakanthan A writer in his world Frontline

Jayakanthan was born in 1934 into a family of agriculturists in Manjakuppam, a suburb of Cuddalore, a part of the South Arcot District of the erstwhile Madras Presidency. Brought up by his mother and maternal uncles, he got interested in politics at a young age as his uncles were actively involved in it. As a child, he was highly inspired by the works of Subramania Bharati. Jayakanthan dropped himself out of school after completing fifth grade, as he thought studies would hinder his political activism. In 1946, he left for Madras (now Chennai) in search of livelihood, where he performed odd jobs, before ending up as a compositor in the printing press of Communist Party of India (CPI). His association with the CPI, instilled the ideas of the movement, where he got to accompany leaders such as P. Jeevanandham, Baladandayutham and S. Ramakrishnan. The leaders of the party encouraged him to write. After graduating to an active member of the party, he got to learn about topics pertaining to world literature, culture, politics, economics and journalism. It was during this time, Jayakanthan started writing for pro-communist magazines. Over the next few years, he established himself as one of the top-most writers in the party. His early works were first published in the party newspaper Janasakthi, and soon other magazines like Sarasvathi, Thamarai, Santhi, Manithan, Sakthi and Samaran published his works. His early works focussed on the plight of slum-dwellers who were settled in and around the party office.

Jayakanthan dgrassetscomauthors1348412610p5843589jpg

Jayakanthan wrote his first short story for a Tamil magazine titled Sowbakiyavathi, which got it published in 1953. Following early success, Jayakanthan started writing for mainstream magazines such as Ananda Vikatan, Kumudam and Dinamani Kadir, who published a number of short-stories particularly in the 1960s. In 1964, Jayakanthan entered films by co-producing and directing a venture titled Unnaipol Oruvan, based on his novel. The film focussed on the plight of slum-dwellers. Although a commercial failure, it won the President’s Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film in 1965. The following year he made another film based on his namesake novel Yaarukkaga Azhudhaan which had Nagesh playing the lead role. His novel Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal (1970) won him the Sahitya Akademi Award (for Tamil) in 1972. Later this was adapted into a film of the same name by A. Bhimsingh, which won a National Film Award. Promoted by the film's success, Bhimsingh made one more film tilted Oru Nadigai Naadagam Paarkiral, based on his namesake novel.

Jayakanthan Writer Jayakanthan who Changed the Process of Thinking

In 2008, Ravisubramaniyan made a documentary film on Jayakanthan, the second of its kind, and was produced by Ilaiyaraaja. In February 2014, Jayakanthan was admitted into a private hospital in Chennai following illness. Following a brief illness, he was discharged after a year, and died on 8 April 2015.

Jayakanthan ENFANT TERRIBLE OF TAMIL LETTERS Latest News in India

In 2017 His Award Winning Novel "Oru Manithan Oru Veedu Oru Ulagam" is being made as a Feature Film by Award Winning Filmmaker Kumar G. Venkatesh.

Personal life, influences and political views

Jayakanthan was married to his cousin. The couple had two daughters and a son. Born in a family that had a lot of political activists, Jayakanthan became interested in politics at a young age. He became a strong supporter of the CPI ever since joining the party in the 1950s. He was coaxed to join politics by K. Baladhandayutham of the CPI. While he stood up against the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and its leaders for a majority of his lifetime, he supported the CPI leaders for "Nehruvian socialism" and had a great admiration Indira Gandhi. He quit the CPI, and later joined the Tamil Desiyak Katchi, founded by E. V. K. Sampath, before joining the Indian National Congress. He remarked the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam as a "fascist" organisation.

Literary style and themes

A majority of Jayakanthan's works revolve around the lives of underclass people like rickshaw-pullers, prostitutes and rag-pickers. In an interview, he said that during his initial days in Chennai he spent his life amidst such people. This prompted him to develop a liking towards them.

Criticism

Prolific Tamil writer Jeyamohan has written numerous articles about the fictional world in Jayakanthan's works, and also had extensively discussed it in his book Mannum Marabum along with several other authors. Major Tamil ciritc M. Vedhasagayakumar has made a comparative study on the works of Jayakanthan and Pudhumaipithan. Jayanthasri Balakrishnan did her doctoral research study in Tamil on complete novellas of Jayakanthan. Jayakanthanin ilakkiyathadam,Jayakanthan oru paarvai are the books written on the wroks of Jayakanthan by Pa. Krishnasamy and K.S. Subramanian respectively.

A full length documentary made by film maker Ravi Subramaniam and other essays by several Tamil writers written after the death of the writer are also considered notable works on him.

In 2017 His Award Winning Novel "Oru Manithan Oru Veedu Oru Ulagam" is being made as a Feature Film by Award Winning Filmmaker Kumar G. Venkatesh.

Non-fiction

  • Oru Ilakkiyavaathiyin Arasiyal Anubhavangal (lit. Political experiences of a literary person; 1974)
  • Oru Ilakkiyavaathiyin Kalaiyulaga Anubhavangal (lit. Experiences of a literary person in the world of art; 1980)
  • Film adaptations

  • Unnaipol Oruvan (1965; screenwriter and director)
  • Kaval Deivam (1968) Story (kaivilangu)
  • Yarukkaga Azhudhan (1966; also screenwriter and director)
  • Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal (1976)
  • Oru Nadigai Natakam Parkiral (1977)
  • Ooruku Nooruper (2001)
  • Oru Manithan Oru Veedu Oru Ulagam (2017)
  • Short stories

    Jayakanthan's portfolio includes 200 short stories.

    Essays

  • Bharathi Padam (1974)
  • Imayaththukku Appal (1979)
  • Awards and honours

  • Sahitya Akademi Award for Sila Nerangalil Sila Manithargal (1972)
  • Soviet Land Nehru Award in (1978)
  • Fellow of Sahitya Akademi (1996)
  • Jnanpith Award (2002)
  • Padma Bhushan (2009)
  • Order of Friendship (2011)
  • Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Story Writer (1978)
  • References

    Jayakanthan Wikipedia


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