S. Govt. College of Science Education and Research
Jagraon is a city,a municipal council,a rural police district and a sub-division of the Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab. Jagraon is more than three centuries old. It has been thought by some that the citys original name was Jagar aon, meaning A place of great flooding, although this flooding has since ceased. It could also be argued that Jagraon actually derives from a source with a suffix -graon being a development of the Sanskrit Grama, meaning Village as found in the Hindi word Gaon. Jagraon is located at almost the geographical center of Punjab state, only 16 kilometres from the River Satluj. It is situated at a distance of 37 km from its district headquarters Ludhiana, 29 km from Moga, 31 km from Nakodar, 55 km from Barnala. C.N.I Church In Jagraon Is the oldest Monument. It Was Built To Celebrate Centenary Ceremony Of A.P Mission Panjab In 1834- 1934.Opening Ceremony was Done By Mrs Ahmadshah In 24/11/1936 & foundation stone Of This Church Is led By Miss M.C Helm On 27/01/1936. It Is A Very sacred And Holy Place, on Every Sunday Worship Is done here. It is symbol Of Christanity In Jagraon area.
Jagraon is an important religious center for Sikhs, Hindus, Muslims as well as Jains. Jagraon (Jagrawan - The place of the Rais) was founded by Rai Kamaluddin father of Rai Kalha III of Raikot in 1680 AD. Gurdwara Nanaksar Sahib is one of the important places of worship for the Sikhs. Gurdwara Mehdiana Sahib is known for its unique depiction of scenes from Sikh history, especially those of atrocities committed on the Sikhs by various Mughal rulers, in the form of life-sized statues. There are also many famousHindu temples including Bhadra kali Mandi and Pracheen Shiv Mandir. Muslim places of worship include the famous Khanqah and the mausoleum of Hazrat Baba Mohkam Din (RA), where a three-day annual fair, called the Roshni Mela is held in the third week of February. Baba Sahib had two wives, one named Sarah Bibi and the other named Mai jeena Bibi. Sara Bibi is buried very next to Baba Sahib and Mai Jeena Bibi is buried about one half a mile away from Baba Sahibs Mazaar and is beautifully built. Thousands of people pay their respect to her when people come all over from India to attend Baba Sahibs Annual Urs Mubarik, which is known as Roshni ka Mela.Before 1947 there was a large Muslim presence in this area. Right next to the Mazaar of Baba Mohkam Din (RA) there is the Maqbara of Syed Hameeray Shah Sahib (RA) who was the adopted son of Baba Sahib because he had no child from either wife. Syed Hameeray Shah Sahib (RA) was also his Great Khalifa and Mutabanna and Mutawalli of the property related to Baba Sahib (RA). Baba Mohkam Din (RA) died in February of 1913 A.D. He was initiated by his Pir o Murshid Hazrat Pir Muhammad Amin Sahib Sirhindi (RA) who was a great saint and Wali of Naqshbandi Silsila (Order) established in India by Hazrat Ahmad Sirhindi Mujaddid Alif Thani (RA).Maulvi Mazhar Hassan Wakeel (RA) advovate was the Sajjada Nishin and Mutawalli of the Mazar Shareef. In 1947 he migrated to Pakistan.
The Jain temple in Jagraon is considered as one of the most holy places for Jains in the region. Earlier the temple had quite a peaceful ambience and a good garden. However presently its proximity to the bus stand, police station and the bazaar has made it quite a congested place full of the noise of the town life. Nevertheless it attracts thousands of pilgrims from the Jain community all over the world, for the annual Diksha Mahotsav in the third week of March. The old walled city, with its four gates is known locally for its Mughal period architecture. Even the local market within the walled city is known as Anarkali bazaar, after the title of a beauty at Mughal Emperor Akbars court. This bazaar is very congested. Despite all the congestion the stray cows can be found in the narrow lanes bringing the traffic to a halt.
Jagraon is also the home of Late Lala Lajpat Rai, a well-known figure in the Indian Independence movement, who greatly influenced patriots and great freedom fighters like Shaheed Bhagat Singh. His house is now a municipal library. The Chiefs of Jagraon according to Major Charles Francis Massys Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab were the Chandravanshi Rajputs, the last being Rai Inayat Khan,the custodian of Guru Sahibs Ganga Sagar at the time of the Partition of India in 1947. Rai Aziz Ullah Khan ex-MP (MNA) in Pakistan is the grandson of Rai Inayat Khan.
Jagraon is located at 30.78°N 75.48°E? / 30.78; 75.48. It has an average elevation of 234 metres (767 ft).
Jagraon is rather hot in the summers and cold in the winters. The smog owing to the burning of Paddy straw after harvesting spoils the charm of the autumn season which is otherwise balmy. Often the shortage of electricity during the summer season poses a challenge to the residents of the town. For this reason the NRI population of the area visit it mainly during winters. For the same reasons marriages are solemnised in the cold weather.
The geographical center of present day Indian state of Punjab lies only around 8 miles north of the city. The tehsil of Jagraon is bound to the North by River Satluj, which separates it from District Jalandhar. To the West lies Moga district. Raikot lies 13 miles to the South and Ludhiana city is 24 miles East.
Jagraon is well connected by Rail and road to Ludhiana, Firozpur and rest of the country. It is located at the junction of National Highways No. 95 and 71. The nearest domestic and defence airports are: Halwara (16 km), Sahnewal (45 km) and Adampur (70 km). The nearest international ports are Guru Ram Das International Airport, Rajasansi (150 km), Wagah Landport (Border with Pakistan) (162 km) and Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi (360 km).
The construction of a four lane express-way on the National Highway 95 which connects the city to major cities like Ludhiana(27 km),Chandigarh(120 km)in the east and Moga,Ferozepur in the west is stuck up now. It includes bypass flyovers over the cities falling on this stretch. This project was meant to give a boom to the real estate of the city as it is one of the nearest city to the Ludhiana Metro. This project which was intended to be completed by 2014 to reduce the 45 mins drive from Ludhiana to Jagraon to approximately 15-20 Mins is unfortunately in a state of Limbo at present. Several accidents occur due to the diversions caused by the construction work that is suspended since several months.