Sh. Sunil Jyoti
Colleges and Universities
Lovely Professional University, Punjab Technical University, Dr B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar, DAV Institute of Engineering & Technology, Doaba College - Jalandhar
Jalandhar (Punjabi Gurmukhi: ????? Shahmukhi: ???????) is a city in the northwestern India state of Punjab.
- Map of Jalandhar
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Map of Jalandhar
The oldest city in Punjab, in recent years it has seen rapid urbanisation and developed into a highly industrialised centre of commercial activity. Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab from Indias independence (1947) until Chandigarh was built in 1953. Situated on the Grand Trunk Road, it is a major rail and road junction, and is 144 km northwest of the state capital, Chandigarh. The city was known as Jullundur in British India.
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History of Jalandhar District comprises three periods - ancient, medieval and modern. According to the history of Jalandhar District, in ancient time, the district comprised the whole of the Upper Doabas from Ravi River to Sutlej River. According to the Padama Purana, the district takes its name from the demon king Jalandhara. The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively. The archaeological explorations made during the recent years have pushed the ancient times of Jalandhar District of Harappa period. Modern history of Jalandhar District also states that Khilafat Movement was started in the district in early 1920 to bring pressure upon British rulers to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi extended sympathy and support to this movement. Jalandhar District was declared Proclaimed Area under the Seditious meetings Act. After the independence of the country, however the district was affected by communal riots and exodus of minority communities from both sides of the border, consequent upon the partition of the country.
The city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer vary from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures vary from highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of ?5 °C (23 °F). The climate is dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm.
Upmarket localities include Civil lines, Mota Singh Nagar, Model Town, Jawahar Nagar, Gupta Colony, Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar, Kot Ram Dass & Butta Mandi.