Tripti Joshi

Central Province, Sri Lanka

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Country  Sri Lanka
Language spoken  www.cp.gov.lk
Capital  Kandy
Governor  Surangani Ellawala

Largest city  Kandy
Area  5,674 km2
  Sarath Ekanayake
Population  2,558,716
Central Province, Sri Lanka in the past, History of Central Province, Sri Lanka
Colleges and Universities  University of Peradeniya
Points of interest  Sigiriya, Temple of the Tooth, Knuckles Mountain Range, Royal Botanical Gardens - Peradeniya, Kandy Lake
Destinations  Kandy, Nuwara Eliya, Matale, Sigiriya, Peradeniya

Map of Central Province, Sri Lanka

The Central Province (Sinhalese: මධ්‍යම පළාත Madhyama Palata, Tamil: மத்திய மாகாணம் Malaiyakam Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. (The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils.) The Central Province is primarily in the central mountainous terrain of Sri Lanka. It is the 6th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people. It is bordered by North Central Province to the north, Uva Province to the east, North Western Province to the west and Sabaragamuwa Province to the south and west. The province's capital is Kandy.

Contents

Central Province, Sri Lanka Beautiful Landscapes of Central Province, Sri Lanka

The cities of Matale and Nuwara Eliya are in the Central Province. The province is famous for its production of Ceylon tea, planted by the British in the 1860s after a devastating disease killed all the coffee plantations in the province. The Central Province attracts many tourists, with hill station towns such as Gampola, Hatton and Nuwara Eliya.

Central Province, Sri Lanka Cuisine of Central Province, Sri Lanka, Popular Food of Central Province, Sri Lanka

Srilanka central province baseball under 13 team america tour by sandil


History

Central Province Sri Lanka Wikipedia

Though three successive European powers invaded Sri Lanka during the 16th to the 19th century, the Central Province maintained its independence until the early 19th century when the British conquered Kandy. The British then established a colonial headman ranking system in 1824, which came into effect in 1832.

httpsiytimgcomvikWWYUv5vcAhqdefaultjpg
Colonial head mudaliyars
  • Sir Christofel de-Silva (1824–1842)
  • Don William Gunawardene De-Saram III (1842–1856)
  • Sir Hendrick Ekanayake (1856–1860)
  • Sir Alexander-James Divakara Mohotti (1860–1888)
  • Don Agaris Divakara Mohotti (1888–1924)
  • The Mudaliyar Office was abolished in 1924 and the last of the colonial headman retired from their positions and gave up the rule to the British officers in 1926. All headman positions were then passed down to the newly elected governor-general of Central Province. This was established in 1929 as a way for the British to directly rule the provinces.

    The historic Matale town, Temple of the Tooth, Dambulla cave temple, Aluwihare temple and the Sigiriya rock are in the Central Province.

    Geography

    The province has an area of 5,674 km² and a population of 2,421,148. Major towns include Kandy (119,186), Matale (39,869), Dambulla (75,290), Gampola (26,481), Nuwara Eliya (27,449) and Hatton (16,790).

    Mountain ranges

    Knuckles Mountain Range, Adam's Peak and Horton Plains are UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Central Province.

    Climate

    The climate is cool, and many areas above 1,500 metres often have chilly nights. The western slopes are very wet, some places have almost 7,000 mm of rain per year. The eastern slopes are parts of the mid-dry zone as it is receiving rain only from North-Eastern monsoon. The temperatures range from 24°C at Kandy to just 16°C in Nuwara Eliya, which is 1,889 m above sea level. The highest mountains in Sri Lanka are in the Central Province. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with deep valleys cutting into it. The two main mountain regions are the central massif and the Knuckles range to the east of Kandy.

    Demographics

    The population is a mixture of Sinhalese, Tamil and the Moors. Many tea plantation workers are Indian Tamils, brought over to Sri Lanka by the British in the 19th century.

    Administrative divisions

    Central Province is divided into three districts and 36 divisional secretariats.

    Divisional secretariats

    The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary' and are known as a 'D.S. Divisions'.

    There are 36 divisional secretariats in Central Province, which are listed below, by district. There are 20 in Kandy District, 11 in Matale District and 5 in Nuwara Eliya District.

    Maps

  • Searchable Map of Sri Lanka
  • References

    Central Province, Sri Lanka Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Kandy
    Matale
    Nuwara Eliya
    Topics