Bahraich is located at 27.58°N 81.6°E / 27.58; 81.6. It has an average elevation of 126 metres (413 feet). Bahraich has a warm humid subtropical climate with cool, dry winters from December to February and dry, hot summers from April to June. The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September, when Bahraich gets an average rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds, and occasionally frontal rainfall will occur in January. In winter the maximum temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the minimum is in the 3 °C (37 °F) to 7 °C (45 °F) range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January. Summers are extremely hot with temperatures rising to the 40 °C (104 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F) range, the average highs being in the high of 30s (degree Celsius).
Bahraich has a vast forest cover. Shisham, Dhak, Mahua, Babul, Neem, Peepal, Ashok, Khajur, Mango and Gular trees are grown here. Different varieties of mangoes are grown specially Dasheri in district. The main Crops are Wheat, Paddy, Sugarcane, Mustard and Vegetables such as Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Brinjals are grown here. Apart from this many medicinal and herbal plants are also grown here like Tulsi, Peppermint.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bahraich district had a population of 3,487,731 out of which males were 1,843,884 and females were 1,643,847. The literacy rate was 64.20 per cent.Qazipura (South)
Badihaat, Dargah Shareef (Included Parli Bagh, ImamGanj, Bakshipura), Bakshipura, Bakshipura Nai Basti, GulamAlipura, Choti Bazar, MansoorGanj, Hamzapura, WazeerBagh, Qanoongopura(South & North), DhapaliPurwa, MakkaPura(Raipur Raja), Rahuwa, Civil Lines, Akbarpura, Khatripura, Gudri, Chawani, sufipura, Digiha Tiraha, Ghasiyaripura, Meerakhelpura, Peepal Tiraha, Madahav Rati, MATERA KALAN, BEHRA, RAKHAUNA, KHAIRA KALAN, SHIVPUR, NANPARA, etc..
The main occupation of the residents of Bahraich is agriculture. In the British period, Bahraich was a famous market for grains and pulses. Even today, it is famous for agricultural products like pulses, wheat, rice, corn, sugar, and mustard. Bahraich also has a Galla Mandi(Grain Market) which is second biggest Grain Market in Uttar Pradesh. Also, there are dense forests in Nanpara and Bhinga region which account for herbs and timber. Trees like teak, Shisham and Khair are found here. As a result, "kattha" factories are situated in Mihinpurwa block of Baraich. Ideal wood for furniture and buildings work is found here. Fruit trees grown here are mango and guava. The principal crops of the region are wheat, rice, sugarcane, pulse, and mustard. Sericulture is another occupation of the people of the region.
Bahraich is divided into two Parliament Constituency Bahraich and Kaisergunj.
- Bahraich seat of MP is govern by Miss Savitri Bai Phule (BJP)
- Kaisergunj seat of MP is govern by Mr. Brij Bhushan Singh (BJP)
- Bahraich City Seat of MLA belongs to Mrs.Anupama Jaiswal (BJP)
- Matera Seat of MLA belongs to Yasar Shah (SP)
- Mahsi Seat of MLA belongs to Mr. Sureshwar Singh (MLA BJP)
- Kaisergunj seat of MLA belongs to Mr. Mukut Bihari Verma (BJP)
- Balha Seat of MLA belongs to Akhaybar Lal Gaud (BJP)
- Payagpur Seat of MLA belongs to Subhash Tripathi (MLA BJP)
Bahraich is a growing district in the direction of education.Sanjeevani Institute of Technology and Management
Mahila Mahavidyalaya (Women PG College)
Thakur Hukum Singh Kisan Post Graduate College
Mithilesh Nandini Reshama Arif Mahavidyalaya, Nanpara
Seemant Degree College, Rupaidiha
Lord Buddha Degree College, Rupaidiha
Ameer Hasan Farooqui Masoodiya mubaraka degree college, Nanpara
Maharaja Balbhadra Singh Raikuwar Mahavidyalaya, Khutehna
Shanti Inter college Ameenpur Bahraich
Scholars Bower Educational Academy
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV)
Tara Mahila Inter College (Women Inter College)
Maharaj Singh Inter College
Vaidya Bhagwan Deen Mishra Gandhi Inter College
Sant Pathik Inter College (Pashupati Nagar)
Seventh-Day Adventist Inter College (SDA)
St. Norbert's School
Azad Inter College
City Montessori School(C.M.S.)
Buddha Public School (BPS)
Government Inter College
Government Girls Inter College
Kamla Devi Inter College
Barrows Blue Bells School
Ravindra Nath Tagore Inter College
Bal Shiksha Niketan Girls Inter College
Sir Syed Girls Inter College
Masood Gazi Girls Inter College Dargah Bahraich
Gandhi Inter College
Guru Kripa Divine Grace Public School
Jamia Arabia Masoodia Noorul Uloom
Jamia Imadadia Baitul Uloom
Jamia Madinatul Uloom
Madarsa Hidayatul Uloom
Choti Takia Madarsa
Jamia Badi Takia
Jamia Falahul Muslimeen Qanoongupura
Maktab Masoodia Junior High School, Qazipura (Estd.1895 AD.)
Jamia Islamia Arbia Madintul Uloom Bandriya Bagh
Among many languages spoken in the district are Awadhi, a vernacular in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region. A wide range of Awadhi is spoken in Bahraich. Urdu is also a majority spoken language in the city. English is a most liking language. Bhojpuri & Sanskrit also spoken.
As Bahraich is situated in The Awadh region has its own distinct Nawabi style cuisine, the most famous cuisine of Awadhi Region consist of various kinds of biryanis, kebabs and breads. Kababchi Gali of district is famous in nearby regions for its Kebabs.
In the past pehlwani, kabbadi, chess, kite flying, pigeon flying, and cockfighting were popular pastimes. Today cricket, football, badminton and hockey are among the most popular sports in the city. The city has its own sports stadium called Indira Gandhi Sports Stadium; it host many sports tournaments every year. The city also has many sports clubs.
Bahraich is well connected with other districts of Uttar Pradesh. UPSRTC provides road connectivity to Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Bareilly, Haridwar, Delhi, Balrampur, Gonda, Barabanki, Pratapgarh, Shimla, Mathura, Banda, Jaunpur, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Shrawasti and Agra. There are buses for Lucknow in every 15 minutes. NH 28C connects the city to Barabanki and state capital Lucknow.
Bahraich is also on Indian Railways route map and provided a meter gauge line, running from Gonda to Bareilly and serve by several slow speed train and an express connecting Kasganj to Gonda. Jarwal Road is a small station 55 km from district headquarters and lies on Delhi–Barauni line. However, there have been talks of the State Government with Ministry of Railways for the development broad gauge line and connect Bahraich with Lucknow and other major cities of Uttar Pradesh. Gonda to Bahraich railway route is closed since July 2016 and work is in progress for broad gauge conversion and this is expected to be completed by mid 2017. New rail line to Balrampur via Shravasti is approved and work is going to start soon. And as per news from rail ministry this will be extended to Mehndaval, Khalilabad.
Private Auto Rickshaws and Cycle Rickshaw are also part of transportation; those are easily available at all major landmarks of the city.
The prominent English dailies of the city are The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Pioneer. Several daily newspapers in Hindi and Urdu are published in the city. Amongst the Hindi papers are Dainik Jagran, Amar Ujala, Dainik Hindustan, Rashtriya Sahara, Jansatta. The main Urdu papers are The Inquilab and Rozanama Rashtriya Sahara etc. Some of Them also have their Local Offices in City. All major Indian news channels and newspapers have correspondents in Bahraich.
Bahraich has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Bahraich. It broadcasts on FM frequencies @ 100.1 .Siddhnath Temple
Dargah of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud
Shravasti-45 km from city center
Ghantaghar (Clock Tower Of Bahraich)
Roughly 50 km from Bahraich, there are remains of an ancient Buddhist monastery. This place is known as Shravasti and it is one of the most popular destinations around Bahraich. It is a holy place for Buddhists and Jains, where Lord Buddha spent twenty four years of his life preaching Buddhism. Shravasti is visited by tourists from Korea, Japan, Sri Lanka & China.
Bahraich hosts the biggest wildlife reserve of the state of Uttar Pradesh - Katarniya ghat wildlife reserve. It is located at the distance of about 86 km by road & 105 km by rail from Bahraich city, the district headquarters of the Bahraich District, U.P., India, about 7 km from Nepal Border, Lucknow 205 km, nearest market Bichhia Bazaar is 6 km.
Tiger, Leopard, Swamp Deer, Chital, Kankar, Flying Squirrel, Blue Bull (Bison), Sambhar, Black Buck, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Jackal, Bear, Deer, Rhinoceros, Elephant, Four Horned Antelope, Indian Gazelle, Peafowl. A new release on the tiger population in 2011 revealed that the number of tigers in the sanctuary and surrounding areas (Indo-Nepal) is rising.