Born and brought up in Calcutta (now Kolkata), into a family from Uttar Pradesh and his father was a respected banker with Allahabad Bank. Anjan did his B.Com. and LLB from Calcutta University, it was here that he started taking part in local Hindi and Bengali theatre groups in 1968, and did plays for All India Radio. Meanwhile, he also did a small role in the film Chameli Mem Shaeb. Soon he acted with noted groups on the city like Kala Bhavan, Sangeet Kala Mandir and Adakar and acted appeared in a few Bengali films.
As per his fathers wishes he joined the Allahabad Bank, and continued acting in plays on the side. It was only after the death of his sister in 1976 that his father relented and allowed him get transferred to Bombay (now Mumbai) to pursue his acting career further.
Upon arrival he immediately joined Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA) and worked in its several productions, and remained with it ever since, after staying its General Secretary of IPTA for a while, he went on to become the Vice-President. He also worked with Prithvi Theatre in the city.
Anjan started his career with Bengali plays like 'Neel Darpan', 'Kayakalp', 'Anwar' around the year 1967. In Mumbai, with Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA), he contributed to several plays including the most renowned 'Safaid Kundali' (The Caucassion chalk circle) by M.S.Sathyu and other Stage plays in the social category with association of the same theatre group. Theatre led to film roles like in Kundan Shah's Saza-E-Maut, Hrishikesh Mukherjee's comedy classic, Gol Maal (1979) and JP Dutta's Ghulami (1985). Now he moved in Television with Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi and went on act in notable TV series like Manoranjan, 'Tamas' by Govind Nihlani, Nukkad and Katha Sagar, finally in 1987, he received the lead in comedy series, Wagle Ki Duniya based on R.K. Laxman's common man, which brought him his place in the limelight. He also acted in Shyam Benegal's epic series, Discovery of India.
He often plays skeptical bureaucratic roles, sometimes the conventional narrow-minded father character, and as the veteran actor who effectively enacted the troubles and ways of life of a common-middle-class man in Wagle Ki Duniya, a creation by known cartoonist 'R.K. Laxman' and director Kundan Shah. He has acted in over 127 Hindi films including Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa, as head hockey official, Mr. Tripathi in Chak De! India, and in other films like Raju Ban Gaya Gentleman and No Entryand many other characters in various films. In 2005, he played the lead in M.S. Sathyu's production Raat, written by Javed Siddiqui and based on Ariel Dorfman's play Death and the Maiden. Other plays Anjan continues to do include Moteram Ka Satyagrah directed by M. S. Sathyu based on the writings of Munshi Premchand and Safdar Hashmi and 'Kashmakash' directed by Ramesh Talwar. These plays mostly run at Prithvi Theatre, Mysore Association-Sion, TejPal Auditorium. Anjan's Moteram Ka Satyagrah and Shatranj Ke Mohre are some plays which have been running now for more than 20 years.
All through his acting career, he remained a bank employee from where he later retired in 2001.
Anjan Srivastav is married, and a father of twins, a boy and a girl and a daughter younger to the twin. Most of his family members are active workers in the theatre field.
At first, during his younger days, Anjan rebelliously fulfilled his acting dream, through the medium of Bengali theatre, while he stayed with his parents at Calcutta, mostly against his father's wishes.
Only after the death of his sister, as situations changed, Anjan struggled his way in the Bombay IPTA theatre group, and film industry with his first appearance in Hrishikesh Mukherjee's 'Golmaal', all this while working in a bank alongside to keep up financially. Eventually, in 1988, Anjan appeared in R.K.Laxman's series 'Wagle ki Duniya', a sitcom which achieved a cult status with 13 episodes and Anjan immediately became a household name.
Aanjjan has been contributing to stage acting for the last 49 years. He has been directed majorly by MS Sathyu, Ramesh Talwar, RM Singh, Jaydev Hattangadi, Waman Kendre & many more to join the list. His benchmark performances have been in play's like Shankar Shesh's classic 'Ek Aur Dronacharya', Premchand's Moteram Ka satyagrah (Dramatized by Habib Tanvir & Safdar Hashmi). Moteram directed by MS Sathyu opened in 1989, and is still running with Aanjjan portraying the role of protagonist Pandit Moteram Shastri. Yet another landmark production 'Ek Maamooli Aadmi' based on Akira Kurosava's landmark film IKIRU (play directed by Raman Kumar), where he portrays the role of Ishwar Chand Awasthi, a middle aged man leading a monotonous life, and the changes he brings within himself as he realizes the end is near. Aanjjan has been a lifetime member of the Indian People's Theatre Association and has contributed as an actor to the organization for over 38 years. He began his journey in IPTA with RM Singh's Ateet ki Parchaiyan (Based on Ibsen's THE GHOST) and went on to give performances in some of the most socially influencing plays, being Sathyu Bakri, Sufaid Kundali, Dande Ka Ghoda, Rakshas, Kurkshetra se Kargil Tak and many more. He also contributed as an actor to plays like Aakhri Peshi, Waman Kendre's Saiyyan Bhai Kotwal (Tempt Me not), Ramesh Talwar's longest running production "Shatranj Ke mohre" (based on PL Deshpande's writing), Salim Arif's Tajmahal Ka Tender and a long list of productions to follow.Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi (1984)Nukkad (1986–1988)Wagle Ki Duniya (1988–1990) as WagleNaya Nukkad (1993-1994)Paltan (1997)Alpviram(1998) as Amrita's grandfatherBhanwar (1998–1999)Woh Rehne Waali Mehlon Ki (2005)Virrudh (2007-2008) as PandeyjiMrs. & Mr. Sharma Allahabadwale (2010) as Sarveshwarprasad Mukteshwarprasad SharmaNa Bole Tum... Na Maine Kuch Kaha (2012) as Vedkant VyasSamvidhaan(2014) as Pandit Balkrishna SharmaGol Maal (1979) (Conistable)Sazaye Maut (1981)Bharat Ek Khoj (discovery of India) Young age Chandragupta MauryaBemisal (1982) - DoctorSaath Saath (1982) - Dr. B.M. AcharyaYeh Jo Hai Zindagi (1984) TV seriesGhulami (1985)Jawaab (1985) - Mehta (Journalist)Loha (1987) - ChampaklalMr India (1987) - BaburamKaash (1987)Aakhri Adalat (1988) - Dr. Abdul RehmanShahenshah (1988)- Mr. PathakSalaam Bombay! (1988) - Psychic SuperintendentDayavan (1988) - S.P. RaghavanMain Azaad Hoon (1989) - RastogiAwwal Number (1990) - Cricket CommentatorAgneepath (1990)Yodha (1991)- MantriNarasimha (1991) - Narasimha's dadMississippi Masala (1991) - JammubhaiRaju Ban Gaya Gentleman (1992) - SaxenaChamatkar (1992) - Tripathi-Inspector/commissionerKhuda Gawah (1992) - KamaljitJo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar (1992) - Race commentatorKabhi Haan Kabhi Naa (1993) - VinayakRoop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja (1993)- Mr. NarangDamini - Lightning (1993) - Chandrakant (Damini's dad)Ghatak: Lethal (1996) - Dhamu KakaGupt: The Hidden Truth (1997) - Commissioner PatwardhanSanam (1997)China Gate (1998) - Pandey/DKPyaar To Hona Hi Tha (1998) - Shekhar's FatherBandhan (1998 film)Chakravyuh (Bengali) (2000)Pukar (2000)Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar (2000)Dattak (2001)Pyaar Ishq Aur Mohabbat (2001)Lajja (2001)Shararat (2002)Little John (film) (2002) by Singheetam Srinivas RaoStumped (2003 film)Run (2004 film)Aan: Men at WorkChak De! India (2007) - Mr. TripathiHalla Bol (2008) - Amanullah KhanArjun: The Warrior Prince (2008) - (Animation) Lord ShivaFlavors (2004) - Mr. GopalkrishnaWhat's Your Raashee? (2009) - Bharatbhai PatelYuvvraaj (2008) - Om Mama jiNishani Dava Angatha (2009) - Marathi FilmMittal v/s Mittal (2010) - Mitali's Father|Paathshaala (2010)Tees Maar Khan (2010)P Se PM Tak(2014)SEZ (2014) - Marathi FilmEk Nadir Galpo: Tale of a River (2014) - (Bengali) by Sameer ChandaJab Harry Met Sejal (2017)Amma (2017)Ek Thi Rani Aisi Bhi (2017Firangi (2018)