Tripti Joshi (Editor)

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Nationality  Indian
Name  Purushottam Deshpande
Website  puladeshpande.net
Education  M.A., LL.B.

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande filmsdivisionorgshopimages7843pula5jpg

Native name  पुरुषोत्तम लक्ष्मण देशपांडे
Born  8 November 1919 (age 80) (1919-11-08) Mumbai, Maharashtra
Occupation  Writer, actor, music composer, film and television producer, film director, music director
Role  Writer · puladeshpande.net
Spouse  Sunita Deshpande (m. 1946–2000)
Movies  Ek Hota Vidushak, Aaj aur Kal
Albums  Devbappa (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
Parents  Lakshmibai Deshpande, Lakshman Deshpande
Died  12 June 2000 (aged 80) Pune, Maharashtra, India

Similar  Sunita Deshpande, Pralhad Keshav Atre, Shanta Shelke

Purushottam Lakshman Deshpande (8 November 1919 – 12 June 2000), popularly known by his initials ("Pu. La.") or as P. L. Deshpande is regarded as a colossus among 20th century Marathi writers.He was also an accomplished film and stage actor, music composer, harmonium player, singer, and orator.

Contents

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande Pu La Deshpande Book Collection LibraryMantra

Early life

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande BIGARI TE MATRIC PU LA DESHPANDE YouTube

Purushottam Lakshman Deshpande was born on 8 November 1919 in Gaodevi area (Krupa Hemraj Chawl) in Mumbai in a GSB-Gaud Saraswat Brahmin family to Lakshman and Lakshmibai Deshpande. Deshpande’s maternal grandfather, Vaman Mangesh Dubhashi, was a poet and connoisseur of literature. He had translated Rabindranath Tagore’s Gitanjali into Marathi under the title Abhang Gitanjali The family used to stay at Kenway house (opposite Robert Money School), Proctor road, Grant Road. His family then moved to Jogeshwari where he stayed at the newly formed Saraswati Baug Colony till he was 8 years old. His first 8 years and Saraswati Baug is nicely described in his story "Balpanicha Kaal Sukhacha" in his book Purchundi. The family then moved to Vile Parle. He lived in many places like Pune, Belgaum, Varli, Santacruz, and Delhi. Finally, Pu La Deshpande settled in Pune.

Education

Deshpande studied at Parle Tilak Vidyalaya.He attended Ismail Yusuf College after high school and then Government law college for LLB. Later he attended Fergusson College in Pune and obtained his Masters in Arts, (M.A.) in 1950. He also took lessons in playing harmonium from Dattopant Rajopadhye of Bhaskar Sangitalaya.

Personal life

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande httpsmarathidjsorgfolderthumb950241044991Pu

His first wife (the former Ms. Sundar Divadkar from a family in Karjat) died soon after the wedding in the early 1940s. On 12 June 1946, Deshpande married his teacher colleague,Sunita Thakur.Sunita Thakur was an accomplished writer in her own right.

Professional life

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande Laxman Deshpande Marathi Literature

Both P L Deshpande and his wife served as teachers in Orient High School, Mumbai. He also worked for some years as a college professor in Rani Parvati Devi College Belgaum, Karnataka and Kirti College, Mumbai. He also worked for newly founded Doordarshan, the state owned Indian TV. He was the first person to interview the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on Indian television. He was deputed to the BBC in UK for a year-long training. After which he spent some time in France and in West Germany. It was this specific period and stays in these countries that his later travelogue "Apoorvai" was to be based upon. His other travelogue include Poorvarang" and Jave tyanchya Desha

Accomplishments

Purushottam Laxman Deshpande Best Of P L Deshpande Marathi Songs Purushottam Laxman Deshpande

Pu La Deshpande was proficient Hindustani classical musician. He went on to gain fame as author, screenplay writer, actor, director, music director and singer. During his lifetime he also participated in several philanthropist activities

Death

Deshpande died in Pune, Maharashtra on 12 June 2000 due to complications from Parkinson's disease. He was aged 80.Sunita-bai survived him. He died on the 54th anniversary of their marriage. A large public park on Sinhgad Road in his adopted home town, Pune, was named after him in commemoration.

Literary accomplishments

Pu La Deshpande was most well known for his writings as a humorist. However he was a prolific writer in all genres and produced numerous original works as well as adaptations of works from other languages into Marathi. He preferred to identify his Marathi adaptations of plays and novels in other languages as bhawanuwad (भावानुवाद), roughly meaning "translation of expressions" or "translation of feelings". Most of his writings are deeply rooted in Marathi language.

One-act plays

  • मोठे मासे आणि छोटे मासे (Mothe Mase Aani Chhote Mase) – 1957
  • विठ्ठल तो आला आला (Vitthal To Aala Aala) – 1961
  • आम्ही लटिके ना बोलू (Aamhi Latike Na Bolu) – 1975
  • Plays

  • तुका म्हणे आता (Tuka Mhane Ata) – 1948
  • पुढारी पाहिजॆ (Pudhari Pahije) – 1951
  • अंमलदार (Ammaldar) – 1952...based on Nikolai Gogol's Inspector General
  • भाग्यवान (Bhagyawan) – 1953
  • तुझें आहे तुजपाशीं (Tujhe Ahe Tujapashi) – 1957
  • सुंदर मी होणार (Sundar Mi Honar) – 1958
  • पहिला राजा/आधे अधूरे (Pahila Raja/adhe Adhure) – 1976...based on Jagadish Chandra Mathur's Adhe Adhure
  • तीन पैशांचा तमाशा (Teen Paishancha Tamasha) – 1978...based on Bertolt Brecht's The Three Penny Opera'
  • ती फुलराणी (Ti Fulrani) – 1975...based on George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion
  • वाऱ्यावरची वरात (Varyavarchi Varaat)
  • एक झुंज वाऱ्याशीं (Eka Jhunja Waryashi) -1988... based on "The Last Appointment" By Vladin Dozortsev
  • वटवट वटवट (Vatvat Vatvat)  -1971
  • Children's plays

  • वयं मोठं खोटं (Waya Motha Khota) – 1956
  • नवे गोकुळ (Nawe Gokul) – 1958
  • Books (Humour)

  • नस्ती उठाठेव
  • गोळाबेरीज
  • अघळ-पघळ
  • मराठी वाङ्‌मयाचा (गाळीव) इतिहास
  • Books (Travelogues)

  • वंगचित्रे (Vangachitre) – 1974
  • अपूर्वाई (Apoorvai) – 1960
  • पूर्वरंग (Poorvarang) -1963
  • जावे त्यांच्या देशा (Jaave Tyanchya Desha) – 1974
  • Books (Translations)

  • काय वाट्टेल ते होईल (Kay Wattel Te Hoeel) – 1962...translation of Helen and George Papashvily's Anything Can Happen
  • एका कोळीयाने (Eka Koliyane) – 1965...translation of Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea
  • कान्होजी आंग्रे (Kanhoji Angre)(Translation of English novel "Maratha Admiral Kanhoji Angre" by Manohar Malgoankar)
  • पोरवय (Porawaya)  –1995... translation of "Chhelebela" By Ravindranath Tagore
  • Biography

  • गांधीजी (Gandhiji) – 1970
  • Books (Life Sketches)

  • गणगोत (Ganagot) – 1966
  • गुण गाईन आवडी (Guna Gaeena Awadi) – 1975
  • मैत्र (Maitra) )  – 1989
  • आपुलकी (Apulaki) ) – 1998
  • Other Books

  • व्यक्ती आणि वल्ली (Vyakti Ani Valli) – 1966
  • एक शून्य मी (Ek Shunya Mee)
  • चित्रमय स्वगत (Chitramay Swagat)
  • पु. ल : एक साठवण (Pu. La. : Ek Sathawan)  – 1979
  • दाद (Daad)
  • द्विदल (Dwidal)
  • चार शब्द (Char Shabd)
  • मुक्काम शांतिनिकेतन
  • रवीन्द्रनाथ : तीन व्याख्याने (Ravindranath : Teen Wyakhyane)
  • टेलिफोनचा जन्म (Teliphonacha Janma)
  • Humorous Essays

  • गच्चीसह झालीच पाहिजे (Gacchisah Zalich Pahije)
  • एका रविवारची सकाळ (Eka Rawiwarchi Sakaal)
  • माझे शहरी जीवन (Maze Shahari Jeevan)
  • बिगरी ते मॅट्रिक (Bigari Te Matric)
  • मुंबईकर, पुणेकर का नागपूरकर? (Mumbaikar, Punekar Ka Nagpurkar?)
  • म्हैस (Mhais)
  • मी आणि माझा शत्रुपक्ष (Mi Ani Majha Shatrupaksha)
  • पाळीव प्राणी (Paliv Prani)
  • काही नवे ग्रहयोग (Kahi Nave Grahayog)
  • माझे पोष्टिक जीवन (Majhe Poshtik Jeewan)
  • Most of these appear in his book, Vyakti ani Walli ((English translation:sketches of personalities).

  • पेस्तन काका (Peston Kaka)
  • हरी तात्या (Hari Tatya)
  • सखाराम गटणे (Sakharam Gatane)
  • नामू परीट (Namu Parit)
  • नारायण (Narayan)
  • अंतू बर्वा (Antu Barva)
  • पानवाला (Panwala)
  • भय्या नागपूरकर (Bhayya Nagpurkar)
  • नाथा कामत (Natha Kamat)
  • चितळे मास्तर (Chitale Master)
  • Some of the above characters first appeared in various periodicals at different times. But later all of them were combined into and released as a single book titled व्यक्ती आणी वल्ली (Vyakti ani Valli).

    One-man stage shows

  • बटाट्याची चाळ (Batatyachi Chaal)
  • असा मी असामी (Asa Mi Asami)
  • हसविण्याचा माझा धंदा (Hasawinyacha Majha Dhanda)
  • वा-यावरची वरात (Waryawarachi Warat) – A large part of this play is one man show.
  • Books (Collection of Speeches)

  • रसिकहो!
  • सुजनहो!
  • मित्र हो!
  • श्रोते हो!
  • रेडियोवरील भाषणे व श्रुतिका (भाग एक व दोन)
  • Movies

  • कुबेर (Kuber) – 1947: Actor and Playback Singer
  • भाग्यरेषा (Bhagyaresha) – 1948: Actor and Playback Singer
  • वंदेमातरम् (Wandemataram) – 1948: Actor and Playback Singer
  • जागा भाड्याने देणे आहे (Jaga Bhadyane Dene ahe) – 1949: Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues
  • मानाचे पान (Manache Pan) – 1949:  – Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues; and Co-Music Director in collaboration with Ga Di Madgulkar
  • मोठी माणसे (Mothi Manase) – 1949: Music Director
  • गोकुळचा राजा (Gokulacha Raja) – 1950: Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues
  • जरा जपून (Jara Japoon) – 1950: Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues
  • जोहार मायबाप (Johar Maybap) – 1950: Actor
  • नवरा बायको (Nawara Bayako) – 1950: Music Director and Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues
  • ही वाट पंढरीची (Hi Wat Pandharichi) – 1950: Actor
  • पुढचे पाऊल (Pudhache Paool) – 1950: Actor and Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues in collaboration with Ga Di Madgulkar
  • वर पाहिजे (War Pahije) – 1950: Actor and Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues in collaboration with Achyut Ranade
  • देव पावला (Dewa Pawala) – 1950: Music Director
  • दूध भात (Doodh Bhat) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Story, Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • घरधनी (Ghardhani) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • नवे बिर्हाड (Nawe Birhad) – 1952: Writer of Story and Screenplay
  • माईसाहेब (Maisaheb) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues
  • संदेश (Sandesh) [in Hindi] – 1952: Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues (translated by Mir Asgar Ali)
  • देवबाप्पा (Dewabappa) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Story, Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • गुळाचा गणपती (Gulacha Ganapati) – 1953: Director, Music Director, actor, and Writer of Story, Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • फूल और कलियाँ (Phool Aur Kaliyan) [in Hindi] – 1960: Story writer -
  • आज और कल (Aaj aur Kal) [in Hindi] – 1966: Story writer -
  • चिमणराव गुंड्याभाऊ (Chimanarao Gundyabhau) – : Narrator
  • एक होता विदूषक (Ek Hota Vidushak) – 1993: Screenplay and Dialogues
  • Awards and recognitions

  • पुण्य भूषण (Punyabhushan) – 1993
  • पद्मभूषण (Padma Bhushan) – 1990
  • महाराष्ट्र गौरव (बहुरूपी) (Maharashtra Gaurawa (Bahurupi) Award)
  • पद्मश्री (Padma Shri) – 1966
  • Sahitya Akademi Award (Marathi) – Vyakti Ani Valli (1965)
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship – 1979
  • Honorary Doctor of Literature Degrees 1. Rabindra Bharati University (1979) 2. University of Pune (1980) 3. Tilak Maharashtra University (1993)
  • महाराष्ट्र भूषण Maharashtra Bhushan Award-1996
  • Kalidas Samman 1987
  • P. L. Deshpande was the first interviewer to interview Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, for the then newly founded Doordarshan.
  • A cultural center, P. L. Deshpande Kala Academy at the Ravindra Natya Mandir in Mumbai, has been named after him.
  • A garden, Pu. La. Deshpande Udyan, in Pune has been named after him.
  • Social work

    Pu La Deshpande donated and participated in several social causes. He preferred adding the name "Muktangan" to any cause he donated to. Some of his prominent philanthropic involvements are as below

  • Seed donation to Muktangan Deaddiction and Rehabilitation Center
  • Donation to IUCAA Muktangan Vidnyan Shodhika
  • Donation to Neehar, a hostel for the children of prostitutes
  • Donation for closed-door auditorium and an open theatre for the blind students at Baba Amte's Anandvan
  • Supporter of Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (Committee for Eradication of Superstitions), promoting cultivation of scientific temperament
  • References

    Purushottam Laxman Deshpande Wikipedia