The 63rd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 7 to May 14, 1840, during the second year of William H. Seward's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.
State Senator Noadiah Johnson died on April 4, 1839; and State Senator Edward P. Livingston resigned on October 9, 1839; leaving two vacancies in the Third District.
At this time there were two political parties: the Democratic Party and the Whig Party.
The State election was held from November 4 to 6, 1839.
State Senator John Hunter (2nd D.) was re-elected.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 7, 1840; and adjourned on May 14.
George W. Patterson (W) was re-elected Speaker with 68 votes against 56 for Levi S. Chatfield (D).
Upon taking their seats in the Senate, Humphrey, Sanford and Root drew lots to decide which one of the three senators elected in the Third District would serve which term. Sanford drew the one-year term, Humphrey the two-year term, and Root the full term.
On January 14, the Legislature elected Nathaniel P. Tallmadge (W) to the seat in the U.S. Senate which he had vacated on March 4, 1839.
On January 20, Mayor of Rochester Samuel G. Andrews was elected Clerk of the Senate, to succeed John F. Bacon who had been Clerk since 1814.
The Legislature appointed Thurlow Weed to succeed Edwin Croswell as State Printer.
On February 3, Lt. Gov. Bradish did not attend the session, and Frederick A. Tallmadge was elected President pro tempore of the Senate. On the same day, Jacob Haight (W) was re-elected State Treasurer.
On February 22, the Legislature elected George H. Boughton, Simon Newton Dexter, Henry Hamilton, David Hudson and Asa Whitney to succeed William Baker, William C. Bouck, John Bowman, Jonas Earll, Jr. and State Senator Samuel Young as Canal Commissioners.
On September 2, the Democratic state convention met at Syracuse, and nominated William C. Bouck for Governor, and State Senator Daniel S. Dickinson for Lieutenant Governor.
The Whig state convention nominated Gov. Seward and Lt. Gov. Bradish for re-election.The First District (4 seats) consisted of Kings, New York and Richmond counties.
The Second District (4 seats) consisted of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Rockland, Suffolk, Sullivan, Ulster and Westchester counties.
The Third District (4 seats) consisted of Albany, Columbia, Delaware, Greene, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Schoharie counties.
The Fourth District (4 seats) consisted of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Montgomery, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren and Washington counties.
The Fifth District (4 seats) consisted of Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Oswego and Otsego counties.
The Sixth District (4 seats) consisted of Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Chemung, Chenango, Livingston, Steuben, Tioga and Tompkins counties.
The Seventh District (4 seats) consisted of Cayuga, Cortland, Onondaga, Ontario, Seneca, Wayne and Yates counties.
The Eighth District (4 seats) consisted of Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Monroe, Niagara and Orleans counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.Clerk: John F. Bacon, until January 20, 1840
Samuel G. Andrews, from January 20, 1840
Sergeant-at-Arms: Richard M. Meigs
Doorkeeper: Philip M. De Zeng
Assistant Doorkeeper: Chauncey Dexter, from January 25, 1840
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the result given in The New Yorker.Clerk: Philander B. Prindle
Sergeant-at-Arms: Minos McGowen
Doorkeeper: Samuel Francis Jr.
Assistant Doorkeeper: Abraham H. Grovesteen