Suvarna Garge (Editor)

1722

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1722


1722 (MDCCXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1722nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 722nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 22nd year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1720s decade. As of the start of 1722, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

January–June

  • March 8 – Battle of Gulnabad in Persia: Pashtun people of Afghanistan led by Mahmud Hotak decisively defeat forces of the Persian Safavid dynasty, precipitating its fall.
  • April 5 (Easter Sunday) – Dutch admiral Jacob Roggeveen lands on what is now Easter Island.
  • May 5 – Pennsylvania colony enacts a statute requiring all persons importing any person previously convicted of sodomy to pay £5 for each such incoming person.
  • June 2 – Wapping, a black male slave owned by a Mr. Heale, is hanged for murder in the colony of Virginia.
  • July–December

  • July – Russo-Persian War (1722–23) begins with Peter the Great's Persian campaign.
  • July 25 – Father Rale's War (1722–25) begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border.
  • August 15 – William Battin, 17, is hanged for arson and murder in the colony of Pennsylvania.
  • October 23 – The six-month-long Siege of Isfahan ends when the Safavid capital Isfahan capitulates to the Afghan rebels. Safavid Sultan Husayn abdicates and acknowledges Mahmud Hotak as the new Shah of Persia.
  • December 20 – After the longest reign by a Chinese Emperor in history (61 years), the Kangxi Emperor dies and is succeeded by his son Yinzhen as Yongzheng Emperor.
  • Date unknown

  • The Silence Dogood letters appear, written by Benjamin Franklin.
  • Edenton is incorporated as the county seat of Chowan County, North Carolina. The governor and assembly of North Carolina move to Edenton, making it the de facto capital of North Carolina until 1746, when the government is moved to New Bern.
  • Peter the Great of Russia creates the Table of Ranks.
  • A small group of Bohemian Brethren (the "Hidden Seed") from northern Moravia are allowed to settle in a new village, Herrnhut, on the Berthelsdorf estate of the pietist Count Nicolaus Zinzendorf in Upper Lusatia (Saxony), forming the Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine, seed of the Moravian Church's renewal.
  • Foundation of the first public theatre in Denmark, Lille Grønnegade Theatre in Copenhagen.
  • Modern music theory finds definition in Jean-Philippe Rameau's Traité de l'harmonie réduite à ses principes naturels ("Treatise on Harmony"), published in Paris.
  • Brown Bess Musket enters into service of the British Army
  • Johann Sebastian Bach composes The Well-Tempered Clavier.
  • Births

  • January 1 – Sir George Baker, 1st Baronet, British physician (d. 1809)
  • January 3 – Fredrik Hasselqvist, Swedish traveller and naturalist (d. 1752)
  • January 12 – Nicolas Luckner, German in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France (d. 1794)
  • January 15 – Herman Scholliner, German historian (d. 1795)
  • January 18 – Antonio Rodríguez de Hita, Composer (d. 1787)
  • January 26 – Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (d. 1805)
  • January 29 – Duchess Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Prussian princess (d. 1780)
  • February 3 – Duchess Louise Frederica of Württemberg, German noble (d. 1791)
  • February 4 – Antonio Greppi (1722–1799), Italian banker (d. 1799)
  • February 5 – Anders Rudolf du Rietz, Swedish general, count and politician (d. 1792)
  • February 14 – Georg Christian Füchsel (d. 1773)
  • February 19 – Charles-François Tiphaigne de la Roche, French author (d. 1774)
  • February 21 – Lord Robert Manners-Sutton, British politician (d. 1762)
  • February 22
  • Théophile de Bordeu, French physician (d. 1776)
  • John Redman (physician), American physician (d. 1808)
  • February 24 – John Burgoyne, British army officer (d. 1792)
  • March 3 – Pietro Maria Gazzaniga, Italian theologian (d. 1799)
  • March 6 – Johann Christian Brand (d. 1795)
  • March 7 – Louis-Jacques Goussier, French artist (d. 1799)
  • March 15 – Gabriel Lenkiewicz, Temporary Vicar General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1798)
  • March 17 – William Wentworth, 2nd Earl of Strafford (1722–1791), English earl (d. 1791)
  • March 18
  • Ulrika Eleonora von Düben, Lady in waiting (d. 1758)
  • Heinrich XI, Prince Reuss of Greiz, German noble (d. 1800)
  • March 19 – Edmund Nelson (clergyman), English priest (d. 1802)
  • March 23
  • Marguerite-Thérèse Lemoine Despins, Canadian anness (d. 1792)
  • Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche, French astronomer (d. 1769)
  • April 8 – Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht, German composer (d. 1794)
  • April 11 – Christopher Smart, English poet (d. 1771)
  • April 12 – Pietro Nardini, Italian composer and violinist (d. 1793)
  • April 19 – Duke Clement Francis of Bavaria, German nobleman (d. 1770)
  • April 22 (bapt.) – Joseph Warton, English poet and critic (d. 1800)
  • April 25 – Mark Robinson (Royal Navy officer), Royal Navy admiral (d. 1799)
  • April 26 – George Coventry, 6th Earl of Coventry, English noble and politician (d. 1809)
  • April 29 – Francesco Carafa di Trajetto, Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1818)
  • May 2 – Gerhard Schøning, Norwegian historian (d. 1780)
  • May 4
  • David Leslie, 6th Earl of Leven, British noble (d. 1802)
  • Robert McQueen, Lord Braxfield, Scottish advocate and judge (d. 1799)
  • May 9 – Morgan Edwards, British historian and minister (d. 1795)
  • May 11 – Petrus Camper, Dutch scientist (d. 1789)
  • May 23 – Claudius Franciscus Gagnières des Granges, French martyr (d. 1792)
  • May 25 – Anton Cebej, Slovenian artist (d. 1774)
  • May 26 – Washington Shirley, 5th Earl Ferrers, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1778)
  • May 28 – Hugh Pigot (Royal Navy officer, born 1722), Royal Navy admiral (d. 1792)
  • May 29 – James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster (d. 1773)
  • June 7 – George Paulet, 12th Marquess of Winchester, British politician (d. 1800)
  • June 19 – George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen (d. 1801)
  • June 25 – St George Gore-St George, Irish politician (d. 1746)
  • June 28 – Daniel Dulany the Younger, American politician (d. 1797)
  • June 30 – Jiří Antonín Benda, Bohemian composer (d. 1795)
  • July 1 – Vasily Dolgorukov-Krymsky, Russian general (d. 1782)
  • July 11 – Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt, German prince (d. 1782)
  • July 14 – Jean-Pierre du Teil, French general (d. 1794)
  • July 16 – Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (d. 1803)
  • July 21 – James Colebrooke, British baronet (d. 1761)
  • July 23
  • Antoine Petit, French physician (d. 1794)
  • Anne-Catherine de Ligniville, Madame Helvétius, French salon holder (d. 1800)
  • July 25 – Jakab Fellner, Hungarian architect (d. 1780)
  • August 1 – Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne, French princess (d. 1739)
  • August 5 – William Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont, Irish politician (d. 1806)
  • August 9 – Prince Augustus William of Prussia (d. 1758)
  • August 11 – Richard Brocklesby, British doctor (d. 1797)
  • August 12 – Giuseppe Baldrighi, Italian painter (d. 1803)
  • August 14 – Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 7th Baronet (d. 1785)
  • August 22
  • Constantine Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave, Irish Baron (d. 1775)
  • Josef Georg Hörl, Austrian politician (d. 1806)
  • August 24 – John Gilbert Cooper, British poet and writer (d. 1769)
  • September 1 – Karl Gotthelf von Hund, German Baron (d. 1776)
  • September 2 – Vigilius Eriksen, Danish artist (d. 1782)
  • September 5 – Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony (d. 1763)
  • September 6 – Christian IV, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, German noble (d. 1775)
  • September 7 – Ernst Anton Nicolai, German chemist (d. 1802)
  • September 13 – John Home (d. 1808)
  • September 16 – Gabriel Christie (British Army officer), British Army general (d. 1799)
  • September 21 – Gisela Agnes of Anhalt-Köthen, Princess of Anhalt-Köthen by birth and by marriage Princess of Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1751)
  • September 22 – John Home, Scottish dramatist (d. 1808)
  • September 27 – Samuel Adams, Boston politician, leader in the American Revolution (d. 1803)
  • October 2 – Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (d. 1776)
  • October 3 – Johann Heinrich Tischbein, German artist (d. 1789)
  • October 5 – Richard Hotham, English eighteenth century property developer and politician who rose from humble origins to a position of some power and influence (d. 1799)
  • October 10 – Humphry Marshall, American botanist (d. 1801)
  • October 20 – Joachim Edler von Popper, Austrian banker (d. 1795)
  • October 24 – Dominic Schram, German theologian (d. 1797)
  • October 31 – Princess Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel, German princess (d. 1787)
  • November 4 – Raphael Cohen, Rabbi (d. 1803)
  • November 5 – William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English dueller (d. 1798)
  • November 11 – Nicolas Antoine Boulanger, French philosopher (d. 1759)
  • November 18 – Ichijō Michika, Court noble (d. 1769)
  • November 19
  • Leopold Auenbrugger, Austrian physician (d. 1809)
  • Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania (d. 1810)
  • November 21 – Richard Bampfylde, British politician (d. 1776)
  • November 22 – Marc Antoine René de Voyer, French noblw (d. 1787)
  • November 25 – Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von Crantz, Luxembourgian botanist (d. 1797)
  • November 30 – Théodore Gardelle, Swiss painter and enameller (d. 1761)
  • December 1
  • Jean-Pierre de Bougainville, French writer (d. 1763)
  • Anna Louisa Karsch, German poet (d. 1791)
  • Dunbar Douglas, 4th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish peer (d. 1799)
  • December 4 – Guillaume Piguel (d. 1771)
  • December 12 – Charles Wallop, British politician (d. 1771)
  • December 20 – Joseph O'Donnell Sr., Irish soldier (d. 1787)
  • December 24 – Sampson Sammons, American army officer (d. 1796)
  • December 28
  • John Pitcairn, British Marine officer who was stationed in Boston (d. 1775)
  • Eliza Lucas, American agronomist (d. 1793)
  • December 30 – Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)
  • date unknown – Flora MacDonald, Scottish heroine (d. 1790)
  • probable – Hyder Ali, Indian general and Sultan of Mysore (d. 1782)
  • Deaths

  • January 21 – Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)
  • January 29 – Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, Swedish military leader (b. 1651)
  • February 5 – Éléonore Desmier d'Olbreuse, Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (b. 1639)
  • February 10 – Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (b. 1682)
  • March 11 – John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)
  • March 31 – Eberhard von Danckelmann, Prime Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia (b. 1643)
  • April 13 – Charles Leslie, Irish Anglican theologian (b. 1650)
  • April 21 – Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • May 20 – Sébastien Vaillant, French botanist (b. 1669)
  • June 5 – Johann Kuhnau, German composer (b. 1660)
  • June 16
  • John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general (b. 1650)
  • Marc'Antonio Zondadari, 65th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1658)
  • September 18 – André Dacier, French classical scholar (b. 1651)
  • November 20 – Johann Adam Reincken, German organist (b. 1643)
  • December 5 – Marie Anne de La Trémoille, princesse des Ursins, politically active Spanish court official (b. 1642)
  • December 20 – Kangxi Emperor of China (b. 1654)
  • December 23 – Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)
  • References

    1722 Wikipedia


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