Neha Patil (Editor)

1118

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1118


Year 1118 (MCXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Europe

  • Peace between England and Flanders is agreed.
  • British isles
  • Enna mac Donnchada mac Murchada becomes King of Dublin in Ireland.
  • Cu Faifne mac Congalaig becomes King of Uí Failghe in Ireland.
  • Maelsechlainn Ua Faelain becomes King of the Déisi Muman in Ireland.
  • The cantrefs of Rhos and Rhufoniog are annexed by Gruffudd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd in Wales.
  • The Archbishop of York is no longer required to be crowned by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • Reconstruction begins on Peterborough Cathedral in England, destroyed by fire in 1116.
  • Byzantine Empire
  • John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor.
  • Eastern Europe
  • Đorđe, Vojislavljević ruler of Serbia, is overthrown by Uroš I of Raška.
  • George of Duklja is overthrown by his cousin Grubeša.
  • Radostl becomes Bishop of Krakow.
  • Zbraslav, now part of Prague, is founded.
  • Sylvester of Kiev becomes bishop of Pereyaslav.
  • France
  • A rebellion against Henry I of England breaks out in Normandy.
  • Alberich of Rheims becomes Master at the school of Rheims.
  • Charles I, Count of Flanders marries Margaret of Clermont.
  • Peter Abelard and Héloïse d'Argenteuil have a child and marry secretly in Paris. Her uncle Fulbert has Abelard castrated and both Abelard and Héloïse enter religious orders.
  • Amaury IV of Montfort divorces his wife Richilde, daughter of Baldwin II, Count of Hainaut.
  • Wulgrin III becomes Count of Angoulême.
  • Gervais becomes Count of Rethel.
  • Montlhéry Castle is dismantled by Louis VI of France.
  • Germany
  • Magdeburg is almost destroyed by fire.
  • Reichenbach Abbey is founded.
  • Zwickau, Eisenstadt, Kirchgandern, and Wolfenbüttel are first mentioned.
  • Otto of Bamberg is suspended by the Pope, and Norbert of Xanten defends himself against charges of heresy at the Synod of Fritzlar.
  • Italy
  • January 24 – Pope Gelasius II succeeds Pope Paschal II as the 161st pope.
  • March 10 – Gregory VIII is elected antipope.
  • The cathedral of Ferentino is completed.
  • The restoration of Santa Maria in Cosmedin begins.
  • The economic competition between Milan and Como drives the two cities to war.
  • Scandinavia
  • Upon the death of his brother Philip, Inge the Younger becomes sole king of Sweden.
  • Þorlákur Runólfsson becomes Bishop of Skálholt.
  • Spain
  • The Almoravids lose their control of the Ebro valley:
  • Pope Gelasius II grants the status of Crusade to the Christian effort in the Ebro valley attracting numerous Gascon, Occitan and Norman knights.
  • December 18 – Alfonso the Battler expels the Moors from Zaragoza.
  • The troops of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona led by archbishop Oleguer Bonestruga capture Tarragona from the Moors.
  • Asia

    East Asia
  • The Genei era begins in Japan.
  • The Zenghe era of Emperor Huizong of Song China ends, and the Chonghe era begins.
  • The Yongning era of Emperor Chongzong of Western Xia ends.
  • Caucasus
  • David IV of Georgia captures Lori from the Seljuk Turks.
  • David IV of Georgia settles a number of Kipchaks in Georgia.
  • Western Asia
  • June 11 – Roger of Salerno, Prince of Antioch, captures Azaz from the Seljuk Turks.
  • The Byzantine general Philocales captures Sardis from the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm.
  • Baldwin I of Jerusalem invades Egypt.
  • Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem.
  • Roman of Le Puy becomes lord of Oultrejordain.
  • Joscelin I succeeds Baldwin of Le Bourg as Count of Edessa.
  • Garmond of Picquigny becomes Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.
  • Suleyman I ibn al-Ghazi becomes emir of Aleppo.
  • Ahmed Sanjar and Mahmud II proclaim themselves rival Seljuk sultans upon the death of Mehmed I of Great Seljuk.
  • Al-Mustarshid becomes Abbasid caliph.
  • Bahram Shah becomes Ghaznavid Emperor.
  • South Asia
  • June 29 – Vikram Chola becomes regent of the Chola kingdom.
  • Battle of Kennagal: The Hoysala Empire defeats the Chalukya.
  • Births

  • November 28 – Manuel I Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1180)
  • Gualdim Pais, Portuguese Grand-Master of the Templars (d. 1195)
  • Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy
  • Gertrude, daughter of Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor and wife of Henry X, Duke of Bavaria
  • Christina, daughter of Canute Lavard, wife of Magnus IV of Norway
  • Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1185)
  • Nur ad-Din Zangi, ruler of Syria (d. 1174)
  • Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, founder of the Rifa'i Sufi order
  • Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese general (d. 1181)
  • Saigyo, Japanese poet
  • Deaths

  • January 21 – Pope Paschal II
  • April 2 – King Baldwin I of Jerusalem
  • April 16 – Adelaide del Vasto, regent of Sicily, mother of Roger II of Sicily, queen of Baldwin I of Jerusalem
  • May 1 – Matilda of Scotland, queen of Henry I of England
  • June 5 – Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • August 15 – Alexius I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1048)
  • Gissur Ísleifsson, Bishop of Skálholt
  • Domnall mac Muirchertaig ua Briain, King of Dublin
  • Florence of Worcester, long thought to be the author of the chronicle of John of Worcester
  • Rogan mac Domnaill meic Conchobair, King of Uí Failghe
  • Count William of Évreux
  • William III, Count of Angoulême
  • Lithuise of Blois
  • Milo II, lord of Montlhéry
  • Hugh I, Count of Rethel
  • Gerberge I, Countess of Provence
  • Philip Halstensson, king of Sweden since 1105
  • Jaquinta of Bari, Apulian dowager queen consort of Dioclea
  • Maur, Bishop of Kraków
  • Basil the Physician, Bogomil leader
  • Arnulf of Chocques, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
  • Mehmed I of Great Seljuk, Seljuk sultan
  • Al-Mustazhir, Abbasid caliph
  • Arslan Shah, Ghaznavid Emperor
  • References

    1118 Wikipedia


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