|Covid-19|Peace between England and Flanders is agreed.
Year 1118 (MCXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
British islesEnna mac Donnchada mac Murchada becomes King of Dublin in Ireland.
Cu Faifne mac Congalaig becomes King of Uí Failghe in Ireland.
Maelsechlainn Ua Faelain becomes King of the Déisi Muman in Ireland.
The cantrefs of Rhos and Rhufoniog are annexed by Gruffudd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd in Wales.
The Archbishop of York is no longer required to be crowned by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Reconstruction begins on Peterborough Cathedral in England, destroyed by fire in 1116.
Byzantine EmpireJohn II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor.
Eastern EuropeĐorđe, Vojislavljević ruler of Serbia, is overthrown by Uroš I of Raška.
George of Duklja is overthrown by his cousin Grubeša.
Radostl becomes Bishop of Krakow.
Zbraslav, now part of Prague, is founded.
Sylvester of Kiev becomes bishop of Pereyaslav.
FranceA rebellion against Henry I of England breaks out in Normandy.
Alberich of Rheims becomes Master at the school of Rheims.
Charles I, Count of Flanders marries Margaret of Clermont.
Peter Abelard and Héloïse d'Argenteuil have a child and marry secretly in Paris. Her uncle Fulbert has Abelard castrated and both Abelard and Héloïse enter religious orders.
Amaury IV of Montfort divorces his wife Richilde, daughter of Baldwin II, Count of Hainaut.
Wulgrin III becomes Count of Angoulême.
Gervais becomes Count of Rethel.
Montlhéry Castle is dismantled by Louis VI of France.
GermanyMagdeburg is almost destroyed by fire.
Reichenbach Abbey is founded.
Zwickau, Eisenstadt, Kirchgandern, and Wolfenbüttel are first mentioned.
Otto of Bamberg is suspended by the Pope, and Norbert of Xanten defends himself against charges of heresy at the Synod of Fritzlar.
ItalyJanuary 24 – Pope Gelasius II succeeds Pope Paschal II as the 161st pope.
March 10 – Gregory VIII is elected antipope.
The cathedral of Ferentino is completed.
The restoration of Santa Maria in Cosmedin begins.
The economic competition between Milan and Como drives the two cities to war.
Upon the death of his brother Philip, Inge the Younger becomes sole king of Sweden.
Þorlákur Runólfsson becomes Bishop of Skálholt.
SpainThe Almoravids lose their control of the Ebro valley:
Pope Gelasius II grants the status of Crusade to the Christian effort in the Ebro valley attracting numerous Gascon, Occitan and Norman knights.
December 18 – Alfonso the Battler expels the Moors from Zaragoza.
The troops of Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona led by archbishop Oleguer Bonestruga capture Tarragona from the Moors.
East AsiaThe Genei era begins in Japan.
The Zenghe era of Emperor Huizong of Song China ends, and the Chonghe era begins.
The Yongning era of Emperor Chongzong of Western Xia ends.
CaucasusDavid IV of Georgia captures Lori from the Seljuk Turks.
David IV of Georgia settles a number of Kipchaks in Georgia.
Western AsiaJune 11 – Roger of Salerno, Prince of Antioch, captures Azaz from the Seljuk Turks.
The Byzantine general Philocales captures Sardis from the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm.
Baldwin I of Jerusalem invades Egypt.
Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem.
Roman of Le Puy becomes lord of Oultrejordain.
Joscelin I succeeds Baldwin of Le Bourg as Count of Edessa.
Garmond of Picquigny becomes Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.
Suleyman I ibn al-Ghazi becomes emir of Aleppo.
Ahmed Sanjar and Mahmud II proclaim themselves rival Seljuk sultans upon the death of Mehmed I of Great Seljuk.
Al-Mustarshid becomes Abbasid caliph.
Bahram Shah becomes Ghaznavid Emperor.
South AsiaJune 29 – Vikram Chola becomes regent of the Chola kingdom.
Battle of Kennagal: The Hoysala Empire defeats the Chalukya.
November 28 – Manuel I Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1180)
Gualdim Pais, Portuguese Grand-Master of the Templars (d. 1195)
Eudes II, Duke of Burgundy
Gertrude, daughter of Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor and wife of Henry X, Duke of Bavaria
Christina, daughter of Canute Lavard, wife of Magnus IV of Norway
Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (d. 1185)
Nur ad-Din Zangi, ruler of Syria (d. 1174)
Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, founder of the Rifa'i Sufi order
Taira no Kiyomori, Japanese general (d. 1181)
Saigyo, Japanese poet
January 21 – Pope Paschal II
April 2 – King Baldwin I of Jerusalem
April 16 – Adelaide del Vasto, regent of Sicily, mother of Roger II of Sicily, queen of Baldwin I of Jerusalem
May 1 – Matilda of Scotland, queen of Henry I of England
June 5 – Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester
August 15 – Alexius I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1048)
Gissur Ísleifsson, Bishop of Skálholt
Domnall mac Muirchertaig ua Briain, King of Dublin
Florence of Worcester, long thought to be the author of the chronicle of John of Worcester
Rogan mac Domnaill meic Conchobair, King of Uí Failghe
Count William of Évreux
William III, Count of Angoulême
Lithuise of Blois
Milo II, lord of Montlhéry
Hugh I, Count of Rethel
Gerberge I, Countess of Provence
Philip Halstensson, king of Sweden since 1105
Jaquinta of Bari, Apulian dowager queen consort of Dioclea
Maur, Bishop of Kraków
Basil the Physician, Bogomil leader
Arnulf of Chocques, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
Mehmed I of Great Seljuk, Seljuk sultan
Al-Mustazhir, Abbasid caliph
Arslan Shah, Ghaznavid Emperor