Sneha Girap

Eisenstadt

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Country  Austria
Elevation  182 m
Population  13,165 (2012)
Area  42.91 km2
State  Burgenland
District  Statutory city
Mayor  Andrea Fraunschiel (OVP)

Eisenstadt ( Hungarian: , Croatian: , Slovene: ) is a city in Austria, the state capital of Burgenland. It has a population of about 13,165 (2012). In the Habsburg monarchy, Kismarton (Eisenstadt) was the seat of the Eszterhazy Hungarian noble family. The composer Joseph Haydn lived there as Hofkapellmeister under Esterhazy patronage.

Contents

Map of Eisenstadt

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Geography

Eisenstadt Beautiful Landscapes of Eisenstadt

Eisenstadt lies on a plain leading down to the river Wulka, at the south foot of the Leitha Mountains, about 12 kilometres (7 miles) from the Hungarian border.

History

Archeological finds prove that the Eisenstadt area was already settled in the Hallstatt period. Celts and Romans settled somewhat later. During the Migration Period, the area was settled by different Germanic tribes and the Huns. Around 800, during the reign of Charlemagne, settlement by the Bavarii began.

The fortress built on the original earth works was destroyed by the troops of Leopold III, Margrave of Austria. In 1241, it was destroyed by the Mongol invaders. In 1373, the town came into the possession of the Kanizsai family, who rebuilt the walls surrounding the town and built a fortress at the site of the present day castle between 1388 and 1392. In 1388, Eisenstadt was given the right to hold markets by Emperor Sigismund.

In 1445 Archduke Albert VI of Austria acquired the town. In 1451 it was ceded to Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor by Matthias Corvinus in return for the Holy Crown of Hungary. Matthias Corvinus reconquered it by force in 1482, but Maximilian I acquired it again in 1490. It remained under Habsburg rule until 1622. In 1529 and 1532 the Ottoman Empire conquered Eisenstadt with their advance on the city of Vienna (see Ottoman wars in Europe). It was captured by the army of Imre Thokoly in 1683, and it saw the defeat of the kuruc army of Sandor Karolyi by the Habsburgs in 1704. A royal town since 1648, it was destroyed by fire in 1589 and 1776.

In 1648, it passed under the rule of the Esterhazy family. These Hungarian princes permanently changed the face of the city due to their extensive construction especially on their castle, Schloss Esterhazy. The appointment of Joseph Haydn as the princes Hofkapellmeister (court orchestra director, composing and performing music) began the great artistic period in the citys history. In 1809, Eisenstadt was occupied by French troops during the Napoleonic Wars; in 1897, it was joined to the railway network.

Until the end of World War I, it was the seat of Kismarton district in Sopron county in the Kingdom of Hungary. Without plebiscite, the city and the entire Hungarian territory of Burgenland (with the exception of the city of Sopron where the only plebiscite was held) was transferred to Austria by the Saint-Germain and Treaties of Trianon in 1921. Since 30 April 1925, Eisenstadt is seat of the Burgenland state government and thus the state capital. During World War II, Eisenstadt was heavily bombarded. In 1945, it was occupied by the Red Army, and the city remained until 1955 under Soviet occupation. In 1960, Eisenstadt became the see of its own Roman Catholic diocese.

Main sights

  • Schloss Esterhazy and Schlosspark, the Esterhazy castle and park.
  • Orangerie
  • Gloriette, the former Esterhazy hunting lodge.
  • Culture

    Eisenstadt Culture of Eisenstadt

    Eisenstadt hosts a Haydn festival, the Haydnfestspiele.

    Museums

  • Haydnmuseum, a museum dedicated to Joseph Haydn, who lived in the building between 1766 and 1778.
  • Landesmuseum (regional museum).
  • Osterreichisches Judisches Museum(Austrian Jewish Museum).
  • Diozesanmuseum (museum of the local Roman Catholic diocese).
  • Feuerwehrmuseum (fire department museum).
  • Opera singers take jerusalem food market by surprise


    References

    Eisenstadt Wikipedia (,)http://japanorama.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/alfred-eisenstaedt-1936.jpg(,)http://japanorama.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/nurses-eisendtadt.jpg(,)http://www.holbergprisen.no/sites/default/files/2006_eisenstadt_w680.jpg(,)http://res.cloudinary.com/bombmagazine/image/upload/q_50/v1412266435/tartt_01_body.jpg(,)http://www.backpackingtips101.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Esterhazy-Palace.jpg(,)http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/Shmuel_N._Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://images.trvl-media.com/media/content/shared/images/travelguides/destination/viewfinder/images/res40/48000/48186-Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://static1.squarespace.com/static/5006128ce4b0830aa84ee2e1/50fea406e4b0e7255a600784/50fea409e4b0e7255a6013d2/1358865496538/Mountain_Church_Haydn-Church.jpg(,)http://images.trvl-media.com/media/content/shared/images/travelguides/destination/viewfinder/images/res40/48000/48183-Eisenstadt.jpg(,)https://c2.staticflickr.com/6/5220/5383476259_50e087e235_b.jpg(,)http://images.trvl-media.com/media/content/shared/images/travelguides/destination/viewfinder/images/res30/48000/48194-Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://images.trvl-media.com/media/content/shared/images/travelguides/destination/viewfinder/images/res30/48000/48190-Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://www.visiteurope.com/images/images/v1/Bergkirche_in_Eisenstadt_L.jpg(,)https://worldonpostcards.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/ethiopia-3.jpg(,)http://www.eisenstadt-tourismus.at/tl_files/standard-bilder/besichtigungen/Schloss_Esterhazy_1.jpg(,)http://cache4.asset-cache.net/xc/468927715.jpg%3Fv%3D2%26c%3DIWSAsset%26k%3D2%26d%3D8P_m27G5CF475xhjwag4_dMNVQ2H0i9lvvLQxxTU6cS1ARe3dd_m1ImX2cpfaNhm0(,)http://cdn2.vtourist.com/19/3668529-A_nice_little_Heurigen_Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/02/0b/96/8b/great-location.jpg(,)http://cdn2.vtourist.com/19/3668530-A_nice_little_Heurigen_Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://cdn3.vtourist.com/19/3668531-view_of_the_cathedral_Eisenstadt.jpg(,)http://www.hotelburgenland.at/virtual-tour/hotel-tour/Bienenkorb.jpg(,)http://www.mytable.com/r16b32c6e-eed1-48c8-a2dc-a24ca1007016/en/document/Restaurant-Eisenstadt-16(,)http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/06/75/55/6e/henrici.jpg(,)http://www.austria.info/media/13712/bgld-eisenstadt-leopoldinentempel-c-ntg-mike-ranz-d.jpg(,)http://www.austria.info/media/17083/thumbnails/haydn-haus-eisenstadtoewd.jpg.2586756.jpg(,)http://mw2.google.com/mw-panoramio/photos/medium/37496225.jpg(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139f083b3fc4b9cee00000b_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x749.jpg(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139faa2b3fc4b0e2000001a_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x665.png(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139efb5b3fc4b9cee000004_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x749.jpg(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139fa9bb3fc4b9cee000017_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x681.png(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139faafb3fc4b0e2000001b_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x646.png(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139faa0b3fc4be834000015_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x638.png(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139faa7b3fc4b9cee000018_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x720.png(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139fac4b3fc4b9cee00001b_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-1000x707.png(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139f020b3fc4b9cee000007_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-528x705.jpg(,)http://ad009cdnb.archdaily.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/5139f039b3fc4b0e2000000a_eisenstadt-culture-congress-centre-pichler-traupmann-architekten_-528x391.jpg


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