Sneha Girap (Editor)


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Country  Philippines
Languages spoken  Tagalog, Ilocano, Sambal, Pangasinan, Kapampangan, English
Area  3,830.83 km2
Region  Central Luzon
Capital  Iba
Governor  Hermogenes Ebdane
Population  534,443
Destinations  Olongapo, Subic, Iba - Zambales, San Antonio - Zambales, Subic Bay
Colleges and Universities  Ramon Magsaysay Technological University (Iba - Zambales), Columban College (Olongapo), Magsaysay Memorial College (San Narciso - Zambales), St Joseph College-Olongapo (Olongapo), Comteq Computer and Business College (Olongapo)

Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region in the island of Luzon. Its capital is Iba. Zambales borders Pangasinan to the north, Tarlac and Pampanga to the east, Bataan to the south and the South China Sea to the west. With a land area of 3,830.83 km2, Zambales is the second largest among the seven provinces of Central Luzon. The province is noted for its mangoes, which are abundant from January to April.


Map of Zambales

Zambales does not have a functional airport - the closest airport is Clark International airport. Subic Bay International Airport, which is located in Cubi Point in the Subic Bay Freeport Zone is no longer functional for international or domestic flights.

Road to san antonio zambales philippines

The Freeport Zone (SBMA) is host to many tourist attractions which include casinos, beach resorts, parks, beachside huts and cottages and historical sites.

Zambales anawangin surfing capones potipot


Zambales in the past, History of Zambales

The area now occupied by Zambales was first explored by the Spanish in 1572, led by Juan de Salcedo. Among the earliest towns founded were Subic (1572), Botolan (1572), Masinloc (1607), Iba (1611), and Santa Cruz (1612). Masinloc became the provinces first capital. However, the capital was moved among the last three towns above during its history before settling in Iba, due to its strategic location. Seven of the provinces original northern towns, which included Bolinao, Infanta and Alaminos were later transferred under the jurisdiction of Pangasinan because of their distance from the capital. The first civil governor of Zambales during the American era was Potenciano Lesaca from 1901-1903.

Zambales Day is celebrated every August 30.


Zambales Beautiful Landscapes of Zambales

Zambales lies on the western shores of Luzon island along the South China Sea. Its shoreline is ragged and features many coves and inlets. The Zambales Mountains in the eastern part of the province occupies about 60% of the total land area of Zambales. Subic Bay, at the southern end of the province, provides a natural harbor, and was the location of the U.S. Naval Base Subic Bay until its closure in 1992.

Zambales Beautiful Landscapes of Zambales

The summit and crater lake of Mount Pinatubo lies within Botolan municipality in Zambales, near the tripoint of Zambales, Pampanga, and Tarlac provinces. This volcano, once considered dormant, erupted violently in 1991. The former summit of the volcano was obliterated by the eruption and replaced by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) wide caldera, within which Lake Pinatubo is situated. With an average depth of 800 m (2,600 ft), Lake Pinatubo is the deepest lake in the Philippines. The highest point of the caldera rim is 1,485 m (4,872 ft) above sea level, some 260 m (850 ft) lower than the pre-eruption summit. A vast portion of the Zambales province acquired desert-like features in 1991, after being buried by more than 20 feet (6.1 m) of lahar.


Tourism plays a large role in the economy of Zambales. Local and foreign tourist flock its many beaches creating many job opportunities and contributing to the economy. Most of the province is still agricultural but there are considerable industrial zones that provide jobs not just for residents of Zambales but also for neighboring provinces. Mining has recently been booming in Zambales where there is an abundant deposit of Nickel and other minerals.

Tourist attractions

Zambales has 173 kilometres (107 mi) of beaches, with coral reefs, dive spots, surfing areas, hotels and day-use beach huts. The province is approximately a 3 to 4 hour drive from Manila, depending on traffic.

  • The "Fiesta Poon Bato" (literal translation is Feast of the Sacred Stone), held in January, is a religious festival that attracts over half a million people each year. The festival venerates Ina Poon Bato (literal translation is Mother of the Sacred Stone) also known as Nuestra Senora de la Paz y Buen Viaje (Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage), the oldest known image of the Virgin Mary in Asia. The Barrio of Poon Bato located in the Botolan that is host to the image and the fiesta, was completely destroyed during the 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption. The icon was saved and moved, along with the barrio inhabitants, to nearby Loob Bunga Resettlement Area.
  • The "Mango Festival" is held in the provincial capital of Iba every April, and the "Domorokdok" (Sambal word for Dance) Festival is held each May in Botolan. These include street dancing, agricultural shows, competitions like sand castle building and "bikini open" beauty pageants.
  • The Capones Island Lighthouse in Barrio Pundaquit, San Antonio, is home to a Spanish Light House built during the 1800s.
  • Paynauwen Festival it is the local town Festival In Iba,Zambales. The word Paynauwen Means to Rest.. It Is usually Celebrated after Dinamulag Festival
  • Singkamas Festival in San Marcelino
  • Mapanuepe Lake in San Marcelino
  • Potipot Island in Candelaria
  • Ramon Magsaysay House in Castillejos
  • Sagrada Familia Cave in Santa Cruz
  • San Salvador island in Masinloc
  • Hermana Menor and Hermana Mayor island in Santa Cruz
  • Century Old Tree in San Felipe
  • St.Augustine Cathedral in Iba
  • References

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