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Savitribai Phule

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March 10, 1897


Savitribai Phule

Savitribai Phule wwwthebetterindiacomwpcontentuploads201310

Jyotirao Phule (m. 1840–1890)

Khandoji Navse Patil, LaxmiBai

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Full name
Savitribai Jyotirao Phule

Savitribai phule

Savitribai Jyotirao Phule (3 January 1831  – 10 March 1897) was an Indian social reformer and poet. Along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, she played an important role in improving women's rights in India during British rule. Phule along with her husband founded the first girls' school in Pune run by native Indians at Bhide Wada in 1848. She worked to abolish discrimination and unfair treatment of people based on caste and gender. She is regarded as an important figure of the social reform movement in Maharashtra.


Savitribai Phule Savitribai Phule Jayanti Bhavan39s College

Savitribai phule by sayali shiknis

Early life

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Savitribai Phule was born in 1831 in Naigaon,Tal. Khandala, Dist. Satara, Maharashtra. Her family were wealthy farmers. Her father was patil (head of village). At the age of nine, she was married to twelve-year-old Jyotirao Phule in 1840. Savitribai and Jyotirao had no children of their own. but they adopted Yashavantrao, a son born to a widowed Brahmin.


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When Jyotirao Phule started the native girls school in Pune in 1848, Savitribai was its first teacher. The couple also opened a care centre called Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha for pregnant rape victims and helped deliver their children.


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Savitribai and her adopted son, Yashwant, opened a clinic to treat those affected by the worldwide Third Pandemic of the bubonic plague when it appeared in the area around Nallasopara in 1897. The clinic was established at Sasane Mala, Hadapsar on the eastern outskirts of Pune, in an area free of infection. Savitribai personally took patients to the clinic where her son served them. While caring for the patients, she contracted the disease herself. She died from it on 10 March 1897 while serving a plague patient.


Savitribai Phule wrote many poems against discrimination and advised people to get educated. Two books of her poems were published posthumously, Kavya Phule (1934) and Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar (1982).


Pune City Corporation created a memorial for her in 1983 (See infobox image)

  • In 2015, the University of Pune was renamed as Savitribai Phule Pune University in her honour.
  • On 10 March 1998 a stamp was released by India Post in honour of Phule.
  • On 3 January 2017, the search engine Google marked the 186th anniversary of the birth of Savitribai Phule with a Google doodle.

    Along with Ambedkar and Annabhau Sathe, Phule has become an icon in particular for the Dalit Mang caste. Women in local branches of the Manavi Hakk Abhiyan (Human Rights Campaign, a Mang-Ambedkarite body) frequently organise processions on their jayanti (birthday in Marathi and other Indian languages).


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