Rau is situated on National Highway 3 (NH3), Mumbai Agra Road (popularly known as A.B. Road) between Mhow & Rajendra Nagar, Indore area of Indore city near Rangwasa village.
The road connecting Pithampur (An industrial area of Indore region) to Indore Central, branches out from Rau, towards Pithampur from NH3.
Rau is situated at an altitude of about 530 meters above MSL. The climate is subtropical, which is typical in this part of country. Summers are hot and dry followed by monsoon months, with approximately 32–35 inches of rainfall followed by mild winters in the months of December and January.
Summer daytime temperature can reach 45 °C with 20–25% humidity. Winter night temperature can fall to 5–6 °C with 20–25% humidity. Annual rainfall is about 32–35 inches (800 mm).
As of 2001 India census, Rau had a population of 20,845. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rau has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 54%. In Rau, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rau is situated on National Highway 3 (NH3) and has got frequent intracity connection with Indore City-Mhow-Pithampur through an extensive network of city buses, both private and run by Atal Indore City Transport Services Limited.
Rau railway station was situated on Metergauge rail line from Ratlam to Akola. There are regular passenger train services throughout the day connecting Rau with local stations of Ujjain, Indore, Ratlam, Mhow, Khandwa, Akola. Nearest junction station is the main railway station of the city Indore, 18 km away.
In 2008, the Union Cabinet approved the gauge conversion for the Akola–Ratlam rail line.(472.64 km). The cost of the gauge conversion would be about Rs.1421.25 crore. The rail line has been completed up till Mhow and trail is done on route.
Rau comes under Indore Parliamentary constituency and is a separate seat for State Assembly. The current MLA for Rau Constituency is Jeetu Patwari who defeated the Ex MLA Jitu Jirati.
It comes under jurisdiction of Indore Collector, an IAS officer and Senior Superintendent of Police, an IPS Officer.
In Rau There is A Municipal Cooperation (Nagar Parishad) and the chairman is Mr. Shivnarayan Dingu ( Shiv Dingu )
In Rau there is also a Police Station which is situated on A.B. Road Rau near Nagar Panchayat Rau or under the foot over bridge
The State Institute of Hotel Management (SIHM) Indore is situated at Rau bypass and approximately 3 km from Rau circle. Indian Institute of Management Indore is situated in Rau. Rau also has many Engineering Colleges and Management Colleges attached to Devi Ahilya University, Indore & Rajiv Gandhi Technical University. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, dealing with research in Laser & Nuclear science (RRCAT) is also in Rau. Indore Professional Studies (IPS) Academy is situated in Rau. Emerald Heights International School, St. Norberts, LG Academy and Prerna Bal Niketan are the major Academic Institutions situated here. Many engineering colleges are there in and around Rau Area viz. Medicaps Group of Institutions, Sanghvi Institute of Management and Science, Indore Institute of Science of Technology, S D Bansal College, IPS academy. These colleges collectively educate more than 10000 students in Rau, from which a large percentage of students coming from small cities near Indore. To accommodate these students there are many hostels, some of which are Shree Ram Hostel, Pinaki Hostel, Rupam Hostel, Laxmi Hostel.
The famous Umiya Dham temple, Mamaji Ka Dhaba, Mashal Hotel, Hotel S-47, Nakhrali Dhani are also few popular eating zone. Rau is also famous for the Dusherra Vijayadashami festival celebrated on the tenth day of the month of Ashwin according to the Hindu lunisolar calendar which corresponds to September or October of the Gregorian calendar. The first nine days are celebrated as Maha Navratri(Devnagari: नवरात्रि, 'nine nights') or Sharada Navratri (the most important Navratri) and culminates on the tenth day as Dusehhra. In Navratri the last two days i.e. Mahaashtami and Mahanavmi are also remarkable because of the traditional Mata ki Sawari in which people use to worship the Goddess Amba - Durga and Chousath Jogini Kalika Maharani with Bairav Baba.
Rau comes under Indore (Lok Sabha constituency) and is a separate seat for State Assembly named Rau (Vidhan Sabha constituency), sending its own Member of the Legislative Assembly (India).
It comes under jurisdiction of Indore Collectorate, an IAS officer and Senior Superintendent of Police, an IPS Officer.