District Purba Medinipur
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Elevation 9 m
Area code 03228
|State West Bengal|
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 246.9 km²
|PIN 721139 (Panskura) 721645 (Chaitannyapur) 721131 (Haur)|
Panskura is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Tamluk subdivision of Purba Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 metres above mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5 km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran), Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.
Panskura is located at 22°23′49″N 87°44′28″E.
Panskura CD Block is bounded by Daspur I CD Block, in Paschim Medinipur district, in the north, Kolaghat and Tamluk CD Blocks, in the east, Moyna CD Block in the south and Debra and Pingla CD Blocks, in Paschim Medinipur district, in the west.
It is located 26 km from Tamluk, the district headquarters.
Area and administration
Panskura CD Block has an area of 246.92 km2 (including Panskura municipality). It has 1 panchayat samity, 14 gram panchayats, 208 gram sansads (village councils), 247 mouzas and 225 inhabited villages. Panskura police station serves this block. The block was earlier named Panskura I and in 2011 it was renamed Panskura. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Panskura.
Gram panchayats of Panskura block/ panchayat samiti are: Chaitanyapur I, Chaitanyapur II, Ghoshpur, Gobindanagar, Haur, Keshapat, Khandakhola, Mysora, Panskura I, Pratapur I, Pratapur II, Purusottampur, Radhaballavchak and Raghunathbari.
As per 2011 Census of India Panskura CD Block had a total population of 283,303, all of which were rural. There were 145,563 (51%) males and 137,740 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 32,726. Scheduled Castes numbered 29,183 (10.30%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 12,531 (4.42%).
As per 2001 census, Panskura I block had a total population of 298,163, out of which 152,618 were males and 145,545 were females. Panskura I block registered a population growth of 15.62 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Panskura CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Jiakhali (6,672), Kamila (4,369), Baharputa (4,660) and Radhaballav Chak (4,489).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Panskura CD Block was 209,614 (83.65% of the population over 6 years) out of which 116,589 (56%) were males and 93,025 (44%) were females.
As per 2011 census, literacy in Purba Medinipur district was 87.02%. Purba Medinipur had the highest literacy amongst all the districts of West Bengal in 2011. Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate
Bengali is the local language in these areas.
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 228,369 and formed 80.61% of the population in Panskura CD Block. Muslims numbered 54,538 and formed 19.25% of the population. Others numbered 396 and formed 0.14% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,343,972 and formed 85.24% of the population in Purba Medinipur district. Muslims numbered 743,436 and formed 14.59% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
According to the District Human Development Report of Purba Medinipur: the density of population (2001 census) at 1,028 persons per km2 was higher than the West Bengal average of 903 persons per km2. It is an overwhelmingly rural district with the urban population being only 7.23% of the total population. The scheduled castes form 19.05% of the total population and the scheduled tribes 5.41%, the former or the two together being the lowest in the state.
The agricultural sector is the lifeline of a predominantly rural economy. It is largely dependent on the Low Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 50%) or High Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 27%) for irrigation, as the district does not have a good network of canals, compared to some of the neighbouring districts. In many cases the canals are drainage canals which get the backflow of river water at times of high tide or the rainy season.
In 2007-08, around 85% of the mouzas in the district had electric connections and around 40% of rural households had electricity. Over 90% of the rural households had access to toilet facility. In rural areas the tubewell was taken to be a reliable source of drinking water till arsenic contamination put a question mark on it. Piped water supply is a distant dream for rural people. In the rural areas of the district 6% households enjoy piped drinking water supply facility. In Purba Medinipur, around 70% of the people have a low standard of living.
The average size of land holding in Purba Medinipur, in 2005-06, was 0.73 hectares against 1.01 hectares in West Bengal. In 2001, agricultural workers plus cultivators formed 55.41% of the total workers (main plus marginal). For rice cultivation, the area cultivated under Aman (or winter crop) is one and a half times that of the area under Boro (or summer crop). Purba Medinipur’s net district domestic product derives one fifth of its earnings from fisheries, the highest amongst all the districts of West Bengal. Betelvine is a major source of livelihood in Purba Medinipur district, particularly in Tamluk and Contai subdivisions. Betelvine production in 2008-09 was the highest amongst all the districts and was around a third of the total state production. In 2008-09, Purba Mednipur produced 2,789 tonnes of cashew nuts from 3,340 hectares of land.
The report has provided CD Block-wise data for Modified Human Poverty Index of the district. The information has been modified to suit this page and published in the table alongside. The CD Block-wise mean MHPI is estimated at 24.9. 11 out of 25 CD Blocks are found to be severely deprived in respect of grand CD Block average value of MHPI (CD Blocks with lower amount of poverty are better): All the CD Blocks of Haldia and Contai subdivisions appeared backward, except Ramnagar I & II, of all the blocks of Egra subdivision only Bhagabanpur I appeared backward and in Tamluk subdivision none appeared backward.
(Note: Certain topics, such as Literacy, Education, Healthcare etc., are not covered here and are covered elsewhere in this page.)
Panskura CD Block had 1,100 hectares of canals. In 2003-04 Panskura had 39 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 30 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 692 km surfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti.
In 2003-04 the farmers of Panskura CD Block could be classified as follows: Bargadars 6.66%, patta (document) holders 11.40%, small farmers 10.83%, marginal farmers 21.42% and agricultural labourers 49.68%.
As of 2003-04, Panskura CD Block had 2,893 hectares vested land, out of which 999 hectares was distributed amongst 6,906 persons.
In 2003-04 net area sown in Paskura CD Block was 18,189 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 16,000 hectares.
In 2003-04 Panskura CD Block produced 37,290 tonnes of Aman paddy from 16,290 hectares, 53,440 tonnes Boro paddy from 13,820 hectares, 6,370 tonnes of jute from 430 hectares and 6,540 tonnes of potatoes from 360 hectares.
In Panskura CD Block 798 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 405 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 13,968 qtl.
The Howrah-Kharagpur line was constructed in 1900. The Howrah–Kharagpur line was electrified in 1967-69.Panskura is a station on this line.
The Dankuni-Kharagpur sector of NH 6 passes through this block.
Panskura CD Block has 8 ferry services and 10 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2003-04, Panskura CD Block had 138 primary schools with 18,890 students, 12 middle schools with 4,950 students, 19 high schools with 10,571 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 11,026 students. Panskura I CD Block had 354 institutions with 21,552 students for special and non-formal education.Panskura I CD Block had 190 mass literacy centres
Panskura CD Block had 3 health centres, 44 clinics and 2 dispensaries with 31 beds and 4 doctors in 2003.