PFC Central Sport Club of the Army, Moscow (Russian: Профессиональный футбольный клуб – ЦСКА) is a Russian professional football club. It is based in Moscow, playing its home matches at the 30,000-capacity Arena CSKA. The club is the most known division of the CSKA Moscow sports club.
Founded in 1911, CSKA had its most successful period after World War II with five titles in six seasons. It won a total of 7 Soviet Top League championships, including the last-ever season in 1991. The club has also won 6 Russian Premier League titles, and the 2004–05 UEFA Cup.
CSKA was the official team of the Soviet Army during the communist era. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union it has become privately owned, with the Ministry of Defence as a shareholder. Russian businessman Roman Abramovich's Sibneft corporation was a leading sponsor of the club from 2004 to 2006.
Officially, CSKA is a professional club and thus no longer a section of the Russian military's CSKA sports club. The Russian Ministry of Defense is a PFC CSKA shareholder, however, and the central club claims them as their own (see CSKA Moscow). The Moscow Army men won their 10th national title back in 2006 and they are one of the most successful clubs in Russian football, having an extensive legacy in Soviet football as well. CSKA won the Soviet championship seven times (1946, 1947, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1970, 1991), silver – 1938, 1945, 1949, 1990, bronze – 1939, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1964, 1965; the Soviet Cup five times (1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1991); the Russian Cup in 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013; won the Russian Premier League champions title in 2003, 2005, 2006, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16 finishing second in 1998, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2010 and 2014–15, bronze 1999, 2007, 2012 and the Russian Super Cup in 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009,2012–13. After winning the Soviet championship in 1951, the club started the 1952 championship with 3 wins, but were forced to withdraw from the league as punishment for a disappointing showing of the Soviet Union football team at the Helsinki Olympics. In 2004, the club received a major financial infusion from a sponsorship deal with Sibneft, an oil company owned by Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich. Abramovich did not take an ownership interest in the club, as he was the owner of English Premier League club Chelsea and UEFA rules allow only one club controlled by any one entity (person or corporation) to participate in European club competition in a given season. The partnership with Sibneft lasted until 2006, when VTB became the sponsor of the club. CSKA started 2009 without a shirt sponsor.
On 4 November 1992, CSKA qualified for the group stage of the UEFA Champions League which contained only 8 teams after defeating Spanish champion FC Barcelona 4–3 on aggregate.
On 16 March 2010, CSKA qualified for the quarterfinals of the UEFA Champions League after defeating Sevilla FC 3–2 on aggregate. They were later eliminated from competition by Internazionale, losing by 1–0 scorelines in both Milan and Moscow. On 7 December 2011, CSKA qualified for the knockout phase of the UEFA Champions League after winning crucial 3 points by defeating Internazionale with scoreline 1–2 in Milan.
On 6 October 2016, Finland announced that Roman Eremenko had been handed a 30-day ban from football by UEFA, with UEFA announcing on 18 November 2016, that Eremenko had been handed a 2-year ban from football due to testing positive for cocaine.
On 6 December 2016, CSKA announced that manager Leonid Slutsky would leave the club after seven years at the club, following their last game of 2016, away to Tottenham Hotspur. 6 days later, 12 December, Viktor Goncharenko was announced as the club's new manager, signing a two-year contract.As of match played 6 December 2016
CSKA Moscow won their first, and so far only, European competition on 18 May 2005 in Lisbon, Portugal. Sergei Ignashevich lifted the 2005 UEFA Cup after CSKA ran out 3-1 winners over Sporting CP in Sporting's own Estádio José Alvalade stadium. Goals from Aleksei Berezutski, Yuri Zhirkov and Vágner Love saw CSKA become the first Russian club to win a major European title, as well as the first Russian club to complete a treble.
CSKA was nicknamed Horses because the first stadium was built on the old racecourse/hippodromo in Moscow. It was considered offensive, but later it was transformed into The Horses, and currently this nickname is used by players and fans as the name, along with other variants such as Army Men (Russian: армейцы) and Red-Blues (Russian: красно-синие ).1911–22 : Amateur Society of Skiing Sports (OLLS) (Russian: Общество Любителей Лыжного Спорта)
1923 : Experimental & Demonstrational Playground of Military Education Association (OPPV) (Russian: Опытно-Показательная Площадка Всеобуча)
1924–27 : Experimental & Demonstrational Playground of Military Administration (OPPV) (Russian: Опытно-Показательная Площадка Военведа)
1928–50 : Sports Club of Central House of the Red Army (CDKA) (Russian: Спортивный Клуб Центрального Дома Красной Армии)
1951–56 : Sports Club of Central House of the Soviet Army (CDSA) (Russian: Спортивный Клуб Центрального Дома Советской Армии)
1957–59 : Central Sports Club of the Ministry of Defense (CSK MO) (Russian: Центральный Спортивный Клуб Министерства Обороны)
1960– : Central Sports Club of Army (CSKA) (Russian: Центральный Спортивный Клуб Армии)
CSKA had its own stadium called "Light-Athletic Football Complex CSKA" and abbreviated as LFK CSKA. Its capacity is very small for a club of its stature; no more than 4,600 spectators. This is one of the primary reasons the club uses other venues in the city. Between 1961 and 2000, CSKA played their home games at the Grigory Fedotov Stadium. In 2007, the Grigory Fedotov Stadium was demolished in 2007, and ground was broken on the club's new stadium Arena CSKA later the same year. During construction of their new stadium, CSKA played the majority of their games at the Arena Khimki and Luzhniki Stadium. After several delays in its construction, Arena CSKA was official opened on 10 September 2016.
On 28 February 2017, CSKA Moscow, announced that they had sold the naming rights to the stadium to VEB, with the stadium becoming the VEB Arena.As of 28 January 2017
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.12 – Club supporters (the 12th man)
16 – Serhiy Perkhun, goalkeeper (2001) – posthumous honor.
Soviet Top League and Russian Premier League (13)
1946, 1947, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1970, 1991, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16
Soviet First League (2)
Soviet Cup and Russian Cup (12)
1945, 1948, 1951, 1955, 1990–91, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013
Russian Super Cup (6)
2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2014
UEFA Cup (1)
Had international caps for their respective countries. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for CSKA.
As of 3 December 2016
Players highlighted in bold are still playing professionally. Chelsea