| 152,010 (2012)|
Herbert Napp (CDU)
Neuss ( [ˈnɔʏs]; spelled Neuß until 1968; Limburgish: Nüss; Latin: Novaesium) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the west bank of the Rhine opposing Düsseldorf. Neuss is the largest city within the Rhein-Kreis Neuss district. It is primarily known for its historic Roman sites, as well as the annual Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest. In 1984 Neuss celebrated 2000 years since its foundation. It therefore holds the title of "Germany's oldest city" alongside the city of Trier.
Neuss was founded by the Romans in 16 BC as a military fortification (castrum) with the current city to the north of the castrum, at the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Erft, with the name of Novaesium.
Legio XVI Gallica ("Gallic 16th Legion") of the Roman army was stationed here in 43-70 AD. It was disbanded after surrendering during the Batavian rebellion (AD 70).
Later a civil settlement was founded in the area of today's centre of the town during the 1st century AD. Novaesium, together with Trier (Augusta Treverorum), is one of the three oldest Roman settlements in Germany.
Neuss grew during the Middle Ages because of its prime location on several routes, by the crossing of the great Rhine valley, and with its harbour and ferry. During the 10th century, the remains of the martyr and tribune Saint Quirinus, not to be confused with the Roman god Quirinus, had been relocated to Neuss. This resulted in pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Quirinus even from countries beyond the borders of the Holy Roman Empire. Neuss was first documented as a town in 1138.
One of the main events in the town's history is the siege of the town in 1474–75 by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, that lasted for nearly a year. The citizens of Neuss withstood the siege and were therefore rewarded by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. The town was granted the right to mint its own coins and to carry the imperial coat of arms, the imperial eagle and the crown, in the town's own coat of arms. Neuss became a member of the Hanseatic League, although it was never accepted by the other members of the League.
In 1586, more than two-thirds of the city was destroyed by fire, and several wars during the reign of King Louis XIV of France resulted in worsening finances for Neuss. Its importance as a place for trading declined rapidly, and from the mid-17th century onwards, Neuss became a place only important for its agriculture.
Until the late 18th century, Neuss belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. From 1794 to 1814, Neuss was part of France during the reign of Napoleon. In 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars, Neuss became part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and was reorganized as a district with the municipalities of Neuss, Dormagen, Nettesheim, Nievenheim, Rommerskirchen and Zons. The town had a population of 6,333 at that time. It was part of the Prussian Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1815–22) and its successor, the Rhine Province (1822–1946).
Neuss regained its economic power in the 19th century, with expansion of the harbour in 1835, and increasing industrial activity. The city's boundaries were expanded in 1881. Neuss became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia in 1946.
In 1968 the spelling of the name was changed from Neuß to Neuss. In 1975 the town of Neuss and the district of Grevenbroich were joined to form the district of Rhein-Kreis Neuss with a population of 440,000 and its seat of government in Neuss. Neuss is also home to Toshiba's European headquarters.1849-1851: Heinrich Thywissen, Mayor (Bürgermeister)
1851-1858: Michael Frings, Mayor
1858-1882: Johann Joseph Ridder, Mayor
1882-1889: Carl Wenders, Mayor
1890-1902: Engelbert Tilmann, Mayor
1902-1921: Franz Gielen, Lord Mayor
1921-1930: Heinrich Hüpper, Lord Mayor
1930-1934: Wilhelm Henrichs, Centre Party (Germany), Lord Mayor (Oberbürgermeister)
1934-1938: Wilhelm Eberhard Gelberg, NSDAP, Lord Mayor
1938-1945: Wilhelm Tödtmann, NSDAP, Lord Mayor
1945-1946: Josef Nagel, Lord Mayor
1946: Josef Schmitz, Lord Mayor
1946-1961: Alfons Frings, CDU, Lord Mayor
1961-1967: Peter Wilhelm Kallen, Lord Mayor
1967-1982: Herbert Karrenberg, CDU, Lord Mayor
1982-1987: Hermann Wilhelm Thywissen, CDU, Lord Mayor
1987-1998: Bertold Mathias Reinartz, CDU, Mayor
1998-2015: Herbert Napp, CDU, Mayor
Since 2015:Reiner Breuer, SPD, Mayor
One sports club is Neusser Schlittschuh-Klub. Their sections are figure skating, ice stock sport and, as the only club in Germany, bandy. With the lack of a large ice surface, the variety rink bandy is practiced. And there is also a football club in the city of Neuss, the VfR Neuss Football Club. There is also a fieldhockey club, HTC Schwarz-Weiss Neuss, and TC Blau-Weiss Neuss, a famous tennis club where Nadal began his career. And an American Football Club, the Neuss Frogs. Besides Neuss owns an all-weather racecourse called "Galopprennbahn Neuss".Botanischer Garten der Stadt Neuss, the city's botanical garden
Saint Quirinus Minster: a 13th-century late romanesque church, dedicated to the city's patron saint and housing a shrine with his relics. Its dome-shaped eastern tower is one of the city's landmarks. In 2009 it was granted the title of minor basilica.
Obertor (Upper Gate): southern city gate, built c.1200; today part of the Clemens-Sels-Museum. It is the only remaining of originally six gates that were part of the medieval town fortification.
Blutturm (Bloody Tower): built in the 13th century, the only remaining round tower of the historic town fortification.
Zum "Schwatte Päd" (The Black Horse): the oldest public house in the Lower Rhine region, established 1604
Saint Sebastianus Church
Saint Maria Church:
Christuskirche (Christ church): historicistic church, the city's oldest Protestant church
Globe Theater, a replica of the London Globe Theatre, with an annual Shakespeare festival
Neusser Bürger-Schützenfest: one of Germany's largest marksmen's festivals, taking place annually on the last weekend in August; roundabout 7000 marksmen take part in the traditional parades.
Hildegund (virgin) (1170-1188), saint
Johann Pennarius (1517-1563), auxiliary bishop in Cologne
Hermann Thyraeus (1532-1591), theologian and member of the Society of Jesus
Peter Thyraeus, (1546-1601) Jesuit, professor of theology in Würzburg
Theodor Schwann (1810-1882), physiologist
Franz Maria Feldhaus (1874-1957), technical historian and scientific writer
Joseph Frings (1887-1978), Archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne
Kurt Josten (1912-1994), German-British jurist, state official and resistance fighter
Erik Martin (born 1936), author, songwriter and editor
Mario Ohoven (born 1946), financial intermediary and investment adviser
Elke Aberle (born 1950), actress
Mònica Oltra (born 1969) Spanish politician; currently vice president, spokesperson and minister for Equality and Inclusive Policies of the Valencian government.
Friedhelm Funkel (born 1953), football player and coach
Heike Hohlbein (born 1954), writer
Jürgen P. Rabe (born 1955), physicist
Norbert Hummelt (born 1962), writer
Kai Böcking (born 1964), moderator
Franziska Pigulla (born 1964), German actress, news presenter and voice actress
Thomas Rupprath (born 1977), swimmer
Lars Börgeling (born 1979), pole vaulter
Judith Flemig (born 1979), volleyball player
Marcel Ohmann (born 1991), ice hockey player
Danny da Costa (born 1993), footballer
Houri Hagopian, also known as 'Neus'
Châlons-en-Champagne, France, since 1972
Pskov, Russia, since 1990
Rijeka, Croatia, since 1990
Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, since 1999
Nevşehir, Turkey, since 2007