A number of myths surround the name Neemuch. One is that the city received its name because of the large number of neem trees found here while originality is that first people of this city were of the Meena caste, leading to the name "Meenuch", which over time became Neemuch. A further theory is that "Nimach" is an abbreviation of "North India Mounted Artillery and Cavalry Headquarters".
The city was the location of a palace in the district of the Ajmer. Originally a part of the territory of Malwa, it was given to the Rana in 1768 to pay off debts incurred by the rana (king) of Mewar. After that it became a British cantonment of the Gwalior princely state, except for short periods in 1794 and 1844 and 1965. The Neemuch cantonment played a significant role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and was the centre of disturbances in Malwa.
In 1857, Neemuch was the most southerly place to which the Rebellion extended. A brigade of native Bengal troops were stationed at Neemuch, then mutinied and marched to Delhi. European officers took refuge in the fort, and were later besieged by a rebel force from Mandasor. The Europeans defended the city until relieved by the Malwa field force. Since 1895 Neemuch has been the headquarters of the political agent in Malwa, a subdivision of the British Central India Agency.
Neemuch was also the station for the following Indian Army Regiments:Bombay Army - 2nd Bombay Light Cavalry
Bombay Army - 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry (Lancers)
Bombay Army - 23rd Bombay Native Light Infantry
Bengal Army - 37th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
Bengal Army - 49th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
Bengal Army - 72nd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry
Neemuch was also the station of the 26th and 48th field artillery batteries of the British in India.
Neemuch district is part of the Ujjain Division. It borders Rajasthan to the west and north and Mandsaur district to the east and south. It was split from Mandsaur District on 30 June 1998.
The city is divided into three main parts: Neemuch city, Chhavani, and Baghana.
Chhavani is the main commercial area hosting Pustak bazar, Dusshera maidan, Satya Path, Tilak Marg, Budha Gopal Street, Bohra gali, Rabindranath Tagore Marg and Sabji market, bus stand, timber market, Ambedkar Road and Nasirabad - Mhow National highway no. 56 and Neemuch - Bhopal State Highway no. 87. Baghana is widely known for its 'Anaj Mandi'.
The Neemuch district has approximately 9,56,000 inhabitants as of 2001.
Distances to other towns:
Neemuch is famous for Krishi Upaj Mandi (Agriculture Produce Market). This is main market for all the livelihood and another attraction is CRPF. These two bodies are situated between the Chhawani and Baghana, these are the oldest market of the Neemuch. The other important attraction for Neemuch are famous Bhadawa Mata temple at the outskirts of Neemuch .
As of 2011 India census, Neemuch City had a population of 127,000. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Neemuch has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 62%. In Neemuch, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
According to 2011 census 70.31% of the population of Neemuch District is in rural areas while 29.69% is in urban areas.
Neemuch District has fourth lowest rural growth rate of 11% in Madhya Pradesh, while state average is 18.4%, highest being 31.7% of Jhabua.
Neemuch district comes under Agroclimatic zone Malva Plateau, lies between the parallels of latitude 24°15’ – 24°35’ north, and between the meridians of longitude 74°45’ - 75°37’ east spread over an area of 3875 square kilometres. It has surrounding of Kota, Jhalawar, Chittaurgarh and Pratapgarh District of Rajasthan State while Mandsaur District of Madhya Pradesh.
Due to location of Neemuch City in Malwa region. the climate is pleasant and the nights are more pleasant. The highest maximum temperature of 46° is reached in May and June and remains up to last week of June. In winters, the minimum temperature reaches 2 °C in the months of December and January. The average rainfall of Neemuch City is 812 mm and maximum rainfall occurs in month of July and August. The lowest rainfall of 501.6 mm was recorded in 2007 where as maximum rainfall of 1352 mm occurred in 2006. The reason for drop rainfall in 2007 was due to the drought condition in the district. Wind direction is from south—west to north in April to September months and in the remaining months of the year it is north—east direction to south-west direction. Wind speed is low in two months of the year.
Rainfall data in the climate table is average of 5 years (2008-2012)
The soils in the district are generally of four types viz., medium deep black cotton soil, red loamy soil, laterite soil and alluvial soil. Black cotton soil is derived from weathering and disintegration of basaltic lava flow. Major parts of the district are covered by medium deep black soils. Red loamy soils consist of sandy loam to clayey loam and brick in colour. This soil is derived from Vindhyan sandstone and shale and occurring in valley portion on the plateau and adjacent to hill composed of Vindhyan sandstone. This type of soil covers a Northern part of the district. Laterite soil dark brown to pink coloured lateritic soil is found as capping over hillocks of basaltic terrain. Alluvial soils are greyish yellow to brownish yellow in colour and occupy along the major rivers.
The local economy of Neemuch is mainly based on the agriculture produce market (called Krishi Upaj Mandi in local Hindi language) which is Asia's largest production mandi and world's second largest as per 2011 report by MCX & WTO for agri product. Some of the crops traded in the agriculture market of Neemuch are opium, wheat, maize, groundnut, gram, ginger, garlic, soyabean, oured, mustard, posta, corn, potato and different types of pulses. Neemuch has many cooking oil mills.
Neemuch district is one of the largest producers of opium in the country. Neemuch also has one of the only two opium factories in India. The climate of Neemuch district is apt for the production of opium and thus the opium trade is one of the major occupations in the region. Neemuch also has one of the only one isabgol husk plant in MP. The climate of Neemuch district is apt for the production of isabgol (psyllium seed).
Major exportable items are: isabgol, ashwagandha, methi dana, ajwain, coriander, soya products like, oil deoiled cake, soya paneer, soya papar, soya milk, etc., garlic powder dehydration of onion and ginger, green chilly powder, mushroom, leather garments, artificial jewellery.
Brahmakumaris Pyramid and 12 Jyotirlingam mandir with beautiful fountains.
Welspun Solar MP project, Asia's largest solar power plant, inaugurated by Narendra Modi, as BJP's prime ministerial candidate. It is a 151 megawatt photovoltaic power station constructed at a cost of 1100 crore rupees (about $182,000,000) on 305 hectares (750 acres) of land operating since February 2014 at Neemuch.
Neemuch also has one of the only 51 automatic solar resource monitoring stations (ASRMS) in India. The implementation started in February 2011 and it was commissioned on 30 September 2011. It is to assess and quantify the solar radiation availability, along with weather parameters, with a view to develop a solar atlas. Report of Solar Radiation Resource Assessment (SRRA) Station at Neemuch can be found online. It indicates monthly values of solar radiation and meteorological parameters.
Under the leadership of Mr. G.D. Agrawal and the help of Mr. Ramji Lal Goel, Gomabai Netralaya was established at Neemuch in Madhya Pradesh in 1992. Within a short span of a decade, it has become one of the leading ophthalmic centres in India. Patients are provided state-of-art services at affordable rates and even free of cost for economically weaker patients. Neemuch, though situated in Madhya Pradesh, is located close to Rajasthan and Gujarat. Therefore, tribal and rural poor from these states constitute 70% of patients. Gomabai Netralaya has played a key role in achieving the highest per capita rate of eye donation in India for Neemuch and the excellent facilities provided by the institute for performing penetrating keratoplasty, can provide complete solution to the problem of corneal blindness in the region. Gomabai Netralaya is also involved in a continuous process of educating staff and conducting innovative research into the cause and cure of blinding eye diseases.
Located at Village Jhanjharwada and Dhamaniya and Soniyana village of Neemuch district (M.P). The proposed Food Park assumes a sizing of 55.74 ha or 137 acres, as an outcome of detailed demand assessment and infrastructure planning. The land reportedly houses mineral deposits worth Rs 2500 crores. The mineral is rare across the world, and the situation is same in India too. This is being developed under Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC).
There are many tourist places around Neemuch, most of which are religious. Notably, Nava Toran temple at Khor, Sambharkund Mahadev (7 km) it is closer to Suwakheda and Bhadwamata (20 km), Bhanwarmata (25 km), Sukhanandji (20 km) (it is closer to Jawad), Sitaram Jaju Sagar-Harkiakhal Dam (15 km), Gandhi sagar dam (around 100 km), Chittorgarh (56 km), and Udaipur (around 135 km). One of the main temples of Neemuch is Kileshwar which hosts yearly the Shivratri festival where thousands of devotees flock to the temple for the Darshan of Lord Shiva. The city is known for its five annual religious melas (fairs). Nimach is also well known for the its special Muharram processions of Tazia. The tradition of Tazia procession is almost 150 years old. This is an occasion when all the people, be it any community, come together. This procession commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali of the Battle of Karbala in 680.
Sukhanandji Ashram is situated at a distance of about 32 km from Nimach on the border of Rajasthan in an ancient rock-cave. There is a temple of Shiva here. This place is site of scenic beauty. There is a spring of perennial water. It is said to be founded by Śuka, the son of Vedavyasa. He was also known as Sri Suka, Sukadev and Brahmarata. Śuka was born of his wife, sage Jābāli's daughter Pinjalā (Vatikā). A character in a number of Puranic texts belonging to various traditions, mainly Vaishnavism. He is believed to be a son of Vyasadeva. It also believed that Vedavyasa first wrote Bharata-Samhita which contained twenty-four thousand verses (slokas) and taught that to his son Śuka.
There are two annual fairs organized at this place: One on Haryali amavashya of Srawan month and other on Baisakh purnima.
Nova Toran temple at village Khor near Vikram Cement campus is an important remnant of an 11th-century temple which consists of ten decorative arches arranged in two rows - one lengthwise and the other width wise crossing each other at the centre and supported on a pair of pillars in the hall and porches. The temple is decorated with leaf-shaped borders, heads of makaras, garland bearers etc. There is a statue of Varaha at the centre of the temple.
The temple is in a ruined condition. It contains a proch, mahamandapa and garbhagriha and pradakshinapth. It has a Siva linga in the sanctum. The exterior is ornamented with simple mouldings (c. 12th century).
This monument has been declared to be of national importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 (24 of 1958).
Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary is wildlife sanctuary situated on the northern boundary of Mandsaur and Nimach districts in Madhya Pradesh, India. It is spread over an area of 368.62 km squire adjoining Rajasthan state in India. It was notified in 1974 and more area was added in 1983. The Chambal River passes through the sanctuary and divides into two parts. The western part is in Nimach district and eastern part is in Mandsaur district.
Morwan Dam is 24 km from Neemuch and a beautiful place to visit. Dam is constructed on river Gambhiri and mainly used for irrigation and water supply to nearby places. It is having a beautiful garden and boating facilities are also available. Frequent buses are available to reach there (Neemuch-Singoli-Kota Road).
The Gandhi Sagar Dam is the first of the four dams built on the Chambal river. It is located in the Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is a 64 metre high masonry gravity dam, with a live storage capacity of 6,920 million cubic metres and a catchment area of 22,584 km2. The dam was completed in 1960. The hydro-power station comprises five generating units of 23 MW capacity each. The water released after power generation is used for power generation at Jawahar Sagar Dam and is used for irrigation through Kota Barrage.
The Bhadva Mata Temple is situated 19 km from Neemuch town in Bhadva village. It is believed that who so ever takes bath in the Baori situated in temple premises get cured of paralysis and Polio. During Nay Ratri 9 days festival takes place in this temple where about 2 lac devotes from all over the country visit this temple. Apart from there temple, there is one more temple in the near vicinity of Neemuch town namely Bhanwarmata (25 km).
The most important festival of Neemuch is the Shivratri festival which is celebrated every year in the month of March at this temple. Religious tourism to the Kileshwar temple also contributes to wealth creation as 50000 devotees from the town and nearby flock visits during shivratri. Thousands of devotees flock to the temple for the Darshan of Lord Shiva. This festival is arranged and managed by Municipal Council Neemuch. Ground at the temple is also used as a picnic spot for school children as it consist of a small amusement park and large ground covered with grass.
This dam was constructed in 1960 as a water supply source for Neemuch. This is at a distance 16 km in the south of Neemuch. This is also a picnic spot particularly during rainy season when many near by residents go there for entertainment and enjoyment with their familiars. There is beautiful garden and rest house near this dam.
Situated at Veer Park Road, It is the most famous among children's & well connected to the all part of city.
It is a theme park. It is maintained by the Central Reserve Police Force and opens only on Sundays.
The Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary situated in the south-east portion of the Pratapgarh district in Rajasthan, India. It is a dense forest, with an area of 422.95 square kilometres, which is about 40% of the total land area of the district. The land is undulating because of the confluence of three different formations — Malwa Plateau, the Vindhyachal Hills and Aravali mountain ranges.
Menal is famous for its ancient Shiva temples, picturesque water falls and dense forests. It is also known as the "Mini Khajuraho" blessed with natures bounty.
Prithviraj Chauhana, who also ruled Delhi for a while, had set his heart on Menal, and it became his favourite mountain retreat when the scorching Rajasthan summer would set in. For this he built a palace on the banks of the Menal river which runs over granite slabs before finally plunging into a gorge over 122 meters deep. The entrance to the mansion is via a two storeyed gateway carved with images of the gods Ganesha and Bhairava. The square courtyard beyond the entrance houses a huge Shiva temple of stone, built in the ancient Hindu style with a carved pagoda and pillars. The walls of the temple are carved with motifs of Hindu deities and various other themes, interspersed with images of elephants. of special mention are the images of Shiva and Parvati which form the chief subject of the engravings. Shiva and Parvati are depicted in various postures and surrounded by dancers, musicians, lesser gods and animals. Halfway up the pagoda is a large stone lion, perhaps depicting victory. A number of smaller ruined temples lie around the Shiva temple.
The 11th-century Mahanaleshvara temple is a perfect example of the western Indian style of stone temple architecture. The entrance is embellished with a seated stone lion, and there are number of guardian deities carved on protruding panels in the walls. The inner sanctum is dominated by projecting balconies while the roof is a pyramidal array of ribbed and finely carved stone.Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha, chief minister of Madhya Pradesh from 18 January 1978 – 19 January 1980
Sunderlal Patwa, chief minister of Madhya Pradesh from 20 January 1980 - 17 February 1980 and 5 March 1990 – 15 December 1992
There are two PG: colleges, one for law and another for arts. there are 196 primary schools, 6 senior secondary schools, 15 secondary schools and 42 middle schools in Neemuch city as per census — 2001, figures. Besides these, there are 20 middle schools and 30 primary schools run by private individuals in the private buildings. There are 10 typing institutes also in the city to impart typing proficiency. There is one general hospital with 275 beds in the city. Besides this, there is an eye hospital named Goma Bai Eye Hospital. Other than this, there are 3 government dispensaries, and one family welfare centre. There are 10 private nursing homes having 365 beds. For special treatment people have to go to Indore, Udaipur & Ahmedabad. There are two stadiums and one swimming pool in the city. There are 30 parks and gardens. Besides, this, there are 25 open spaces available within the colonies of east. One Dushara Maidan, 3 cinemas, 22 auditoriums and 4 public libraries exist in the city. There are 6 kabristans and 4 cremation grounds. Besides this, there are 3 fire tenders, one post office, 6 sub post offices, one telephone exchange, 4 electric substations and 3 police stations.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Town Hall (डॉ भीमराव अम्बेडकर टाऊन हाल) Badminton Hall and E-Library Gandhi Vatika, Neemuch Gandhi Vachnalay, Baghana, Neemuch .
Production of mineral 2010-11
List of the units in Neemuch and near by
- Govt. Afeem & Kshrod Industries, Neemuch
- Vikram cement, Khor
- Alfaeen Industries, Neemuch
Neemuch has a rich sporting history especially in soccer. Despite being a small town, Neemuch has produced a number of players who have played in the Indian soccer league. Neemuch has about 12 local soccer clubs which participate in the tournament organized by local municipal council every year. Cricket is also a very popular sport.
In Madhya Pradesh also football is second largest sport. Over 9000 players play from over 1500 clubs across the state. There are as many as 70 all India and 100 state level tournaments each year.
Football teams Central Reserve Police (Neemuch) Neemuch XI
Neemuch's Olympic size (50 x 21 meter) swimming pool, known as Padm Taran Pushkar, was inaugurated in 1978. It has 1-meter and 3-meter springboards and 5-meter and 10-meter high diving platforms. Water polo can also be played in the pool.
Neemuch has a well developed infrastructure for education, health and public utilities. Public facilities like Gomabai Eye Hospital along with 6 hospitals & dispensaries. 10 private nursing homes, 2 degree colleges, 6 senior secondary schools, 16 secondary schools, 42 middle schools, 196 primary schools exists in the city. Bus stand for private buses & state road ways exists at the same location. Three fire tenders, telephone exchanges, GPO, 4 electric sub station, 4 police stations also exist in the city.
Under Atal Jyoti Abhiyan Neemuch is having 24X7 power supply from 25 May 2013. Neemuch district’s population is 8 lakh 25 thousand 958 and total number of villages 674. Number of power consumers is 1 lakh 65 thousand 565 including 39 thousand 956 permanent agriculture pumps consumers. In the district, average power load is 70-75 MW, 53 feeders of 33/11 KV and 196 of 11 KV. There are 176 rural and 20 urban feeders. Besides, length of 33 KV lines is 644 kilometers, 11 KV lines 3,306 kilometers, low-tension lines (aerial bunch cable) 2553 kilometers and low-tension lines 8285 kilometers.
Neemuch is an important broad gauge railway station of Ajmer — Ratlam route. Neemuch railway station was constructed by British in 1880. It has direct links to Ratlam, Ujjain via Nagda and Kota & Bundi in Rajasthan via Chittorgarh. It is about 140 km from Ratlam and 60 km from Chittorgarh by rail and road. A demand for separate Rail Line from Neemuch via Jawad, Singoli (two Tehsil headquarters) to Kota has always been raised by its people and representatives that will reduce the distance between Neemuch and Kota by about 40 KM and a survey was also been passed by Former Rail Minister Mallikarjun Kharge in his interim rail budget in 2014.
Neemuch city has a network of district roads and a National Highway 79 connecting with other cities of this district, Madhya Pradesh state and neighbouring Rajasthan state. NH 79 links it Ajmer, Chittor & Ratbm of MP. The state highway connects the city with Udaipur in Rajasthan via Chhoti Sadri. Except national highway, district roads going to Singoli and Manasa are maintained by state PWD where as the city roads are maintained by the municipal council.
The roads within the CRPF area are maintained by the central government. The national highway passing through the city is 24 to 30 m wide where as the other roads in the city are 18, 12 and 9 m wide, The roads within Chhawani area near Clock Tower have been narrowed down due to construction of shops along the roads. This city has one bus stands but requires development works at bus stand.
There is no truck stand or transport Nagar in the city and the trucks are parked along Neemuch-Mandsaur road from fountain chowk to Mandsaur side, creating traffic hazards because the repair shops and automobile shops are also existing at the same road. The city has an air strip in the south side of the city and can be developed as a regular domestic airport.
An airstrip (हवाई पट्टी) also exists on the south of the railway line near Jaisinghpura village.
Operating agency Indian Air Force.
An air taxi service is introduced by Madhya Pradesh Tourism (with Ventura AirConnect) which provides air connectivity with Neemuch on requirement.
Neemuch only have one FM radio channel All India Radio at 100.1 MHz. It is a low power transmitter relay of 100 W.
Apart from major newspaper publishing houses, various regional publishers are also dominant in the city, namely "Nai Vidha" Dashpur Express, Malwa Today, Malwa Darshan, Neemuch Patrika, etc. Dominant state newspaper publishing houses are Nai duniya Dainik Bhaskar and Raj Express.The Conceited Sparrow of Neemuch: A Conceit in Four Flights of Fancy (1880)
The name of Neemuch is also mentioned in the poem "The Seven Seas/The Ladies" by Rudyard Kipling who is a British author and poet, born in Bombay.
Narrative of a Journey Through the Upper Provinces of India, Volume 2 by Reginald Heber
Studies In Indian History: Rajasthan Through the Ages the Heritage of Rajputs (set Of 5 volumes)