Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Montezuma County, Colorado

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Named for  Moctezuma II
Largest city  Cortez
Time zone  Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Founded  1889
Unemployment rate  6.5% (Apr 2015)
Seat  Cortez
Congressional district  3rd
Area  5,284 km²
Population  25,642 (2013)
Montezuma County, Colorado s3amazonawscomloaimagesinv8463188463181003
Website  montezumacounty.org/web/
Rivers  San Juan River, McElmo Creek, Mancos River
Points of interest  Mesa Verde National, McPhee Reservoir, Petroglyph Point Trail, Cliff Palace, Mesa Top Loop
Destinations  Mesa Verde National, Cortez, San Juan National Forest, Mancos, Dolores

Montezuma County is the southwesternmost of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,535. The county seat is Cortez.

Contents

Map of Montezuma County, CO, USA

Mesa Verde National Park, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Yucca House National Monument, and Hovenweep National Monument preserve hundreds of ancient Amerindian structures, including the famous cliff-dwellings, found in the county. Montezuma County is also home to most of the Ute Mountain Indian Reservation, home of the Weeminuche Band of the Ute Nation, known as the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, with its headquarters at Towaoc.

History

Montezuma County has been settled since approximately AD 600, and had an estimated population of approximately 100,000, four times its current population, in the 12th century. However, a series of events caused virtually all permanent settlements to be abandoned between 1200 and 1300, and the area was contested between nomadic Ute and Navajo bands until resettlement occurred in the 1870s. Montezuma County was created out of the western portion of La Plata County by the Colorado Legislature in April 1889. It was named in honor of a famous chief of the Aztec Indians in Mexico, Moctezuma II. The building ruins in Mesa Verde National Park were thought to be of Aztec origin at the time.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,040 square miles (5,300 km2), of which 2,030 square miles (5,300 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (0.5%) is water.

A large county, roughly 1/3 of its area is tribal land, 1/3 is federal land (administered by the National Park Service, the United States Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management), and 1/3 private or state/county land. It is also varied topographically, ranging in elevation from about 6,000 feet (1,800 m) to more than 13,200 feet (4,000 m), and from high Colorado Plateau desert to alpine tundra. The county has the second largest reservoir in Colorado, McPhee Reservoir, many other large reservoirs, and hundreds of private lakes and ponds. Much of the county is irrigated cropland, and it produces fruit, large numbers of cattle and sheep, and beans. It is served by U.S. Highways 160 and 491 (formerly US 666), and by Cortez Municipal Airport. It has no rail service, although both Mancos and Dolores were established as railroad towns in the 1890s.

Adjacent counties

  • Dolores County - north
  • San Juan County - northeast
  • La Plata County - east
  • San Juan County, New Mexico - south
  • Apache County, Arizona - southwest
  • San Juan County, Utah - west
  • Montezuma County is the only county in the United States to border three counties with the same name in three different states (San Juan County in Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah). The "border" with San Juan County, Colorado, is, however, only a point of zero length.

    State protected area

  • Mancos State Park
  • Other protected area

  • McPhee Reservoir
  • Trails and byways

  • Great Parks Bicycle Route
  • San Juan Skyway
  • Trail of the Ancients
  • Western Express Bicycle Route
  • Demographics

    As of the census of 2000, there were 23,830 people, 9,201 households, and 6,514 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 10,497 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.72% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 11.23% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 9.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

    There were 9,201 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04.

    In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

    The median income for a household in the county was $32,083, and the median income for a family was $38,071. Males had a median income of $30,666 versus $21,181 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,003. About 13.10% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.20% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

    City

  • Cortez
  • Towns

  • Dolores
  • Mancos
  • Census-designated places

  • Lewis
  • Towaoc
  • Other unincorporated places

  • Arriola
  • Pleasant View
  • Yellow Jacket
  • References

    Montezuma County, Colorado Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    San Juan National Forest
    Dharm Adhikari
    Adrift (2009 Vietnamese film)
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L